First designating the Teton Range and 7 southerly Piedmont lakes as a National Park in 1929, Grand Teton National Park would struggle for 21 more years before adding an additional 200,000 plus acres to form the Park we enjoy today. With the enlargement of the Park in 1950, the publicity surrounding the successful conservation of Jackson Hole attracted many more visitors. More than 587,000 visitors came to the new Park in 1951 and there were not enough facilities to accommodate them. Feeling somewhat responsible for bringing so many visitors to the Park, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. was asked what could he do about the situation, he responded “I supposed I ought to build a hotel”. Early on, with a picnic lunch in hand, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. would often hike to the top of Moose Hill and gaze out upon the Willows and the towering Teton Range. Legend has it that this view influenced the location where he would eventually build Jackson Lake Lodge. Constructed in 1955, near what is now called “Lunch Tree Hill”, the Lodge is a tribute to the vision and the lasting memories that one special moment can create. Jackson Lake Lodge was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2003. Designed by Gilbert Stanley Underwood, who previously had designed the Ahwahnee, Bryce Canon, and North Rim Grand Canyon lodges, Jackson Lake Lodge combines some elements of these earlier rustic style buildings with the modern International style. This breakthrough opened the way for many modernistic visitor centers and accommodations in National Parks built under the Mission 66 initiative to accommodate major increases in visitation after WWII. The integrity of the Jackson Lake Lodge and its associated buildings, the exceptional importance of the integrated modern/rustic architectural design of the building, and its association Gilbert Stanley Underwood, contribute to its exceptional national significance under National Historic Landmark criteria.