Today's activities include climbing some steps and getting in and out of small boats to ferry across to the temples.
We will cruise to Wadi Es-Seboua. The local population calls this vast stretch of water The Nubian Sea, with its shoreline offering timeless desert landscapes, hilly and rugged, or flat and sandy with clean freshwater beaches. We will continue cruising, and view Qasr Ibrim from the sun deck. Prior to the construction of the High Dam south of Aswan, Qasr Ibrim stood on the highest of three headlands on the east bank of the Nile some 70 meters above the river. Today, it is usually an island, though at times the lake has revealed a land bridge joining the island to the shore. Today, this complex is the last on Lake Nasser prior to Abu Simbel, but visitors may only gaze upon it from the comforts of a Lake Nasser Cruise boat, as it is no longer accessible to explore, however, the Egypt Exploration Society does continue work on the site, as they have since 1959. Qasr is Arabic for "fort," so in English its name means Fort of Ibrim. Its name is ultimately derived from its ancient Meroitic name, Pedeme. In classical texts it was called Primis and in Coptic, Phrim, which was corrupted to Ibrim in Arabic. The exact origin of the site is really not known, though it may have originally been built up during the Middle Kingdom when the 12th-dynasty kings were establishing control of the trade route along the Nile. However, the earliest archaeological evidence for the site dates to about 1000 BCE, considerably after the end of the Middle Kingdom. Obviously, its site so high above the Nile was recognized for its strategic importance early on and in fact there were fights for its possession throughout the centuries, even into modern times.
We will take a tender to explore the Temple of Amada, which includes important historical inscriptions and is significant as the oldest of the Lake Nasser temples. One inscription carved on a stela on the rear wall of the sanctuary in the third year of Amenhotep II describes an Egyptian military campaign into Asia, and his bringing back the bodies of rebel chieftains to hang on the walls of Thebes and one on the prow of his ship sailing through Nubia as a warning. Another, carved on a stela on the northern side of the entrance doorway describes a Libyan invasion of Egypt in the fourth year of Merenptah, the son of Ramesses II.