Getting on/off motorcoach; driving about 1 mile, approximately 10 minutes to Pyramids. Walking about 3 miles, periods of standing; rough, uneven terrain, steep steps, strong sun, no shade. 80 to 100 steps at Solar Boat Museum. Driving about 24 miles, approximately 2 hours, return trip to Museum of Antiquities; museum is not air conditioned, so is quite hot and humid. Extent of walking and other activities during periods of independent exploration at field trip sites according to personal choice.
Led by a local expert, we will explore the most renowned sites of Egypt: the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Solar Boat Museum, and the Sphinx. There are more myths and mysteries about the Sphinx and pyramids of Giza than any other structures in the world. More than 100 pyramids survive in Egypt but these at Giza along with the Sphinx have long ruled our imagination. The consensus of historical and scientific opinion is that these are the pyramids of pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaura. The Great Pyramid of Khufu — completed c. 2560 BCE — is the only one of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in existence. It is still being studied and there remain significant questions to be answered. Our local expert will explain the significance of these structures to ancient Egyptian culture, within the context of some 5,000 years of history that saw great developments in science, medicine, and architecture. In 1954, parts of a cedarwood vessel were found at the pyramids complex. Egyptologists believe this full-sized vessel was built for use in the pharaoh’s afterlife. It has been completely assembled and we will see it in the Solar Boat Museum at the foot of the Great Pyramid. Our field trip will conclude at the Sphinx, which is surrounded by more questions and controversies. Who built it and when? What, or who, does it represent? Suffice it to say there are more discoveries to be made and new knowledge to be gained. After our field trip, we’ll board a motorcoach and ride into Cairo.
At a local eatery.
Led by our local expert, we will explore the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, commonly called the Egyptian Museum, home to a vast array of rare and priceless artifacts. An entire section in the museum has been dedicated to the “boy king” Tutankhamun, where we can marvel at the gold face mask that has become an icon of ancient Egyptian civilization. There is much more in this fascinating museum that awaits us, including a dazzling jewelry display, vases, and weapons recovered from his tomb. Sculptures in every shape and size testify to the importance of the great pharaohs. We’ll also visit the two rooms containing the mummies of kings and other royals, the largest such collection in the world, and have some time for independent exploration. We’ll return by motorcoach to the hotel. After some time to freshen up and relax, we’ll gather for a lecture on Egypt and the River Nile delivered by our local expert. We’ll be joined by the plane crew for pre-dinner drinks.
At the hotel.
At leisure. Prepare for check-out and our flight to Jordan in the morning.