Italy’s stunning cliffs and sparkling beaches harbor some of the world’s greatest treasures. This enchanting land will capture your senses with epicurean delights and artistic wonders that have become the gold standard across Western Civilization. Since Ancient Rome first stood as the most powerful city in the world, the Italian peninsula has filled the dreams of its residents and visitors alike.
Italy fully encompasses two sovereign nations within its borders — Vatican City and San Marino.Vatican City is the world’s smallest nation by size and population. San Marino was founded in A.D. 301 and its constitution was written in 1600, making it the oldest constitutional republic in the world.
Completed in A.D. 80, the Roman Colosseum is estimated to have held a maximum capacity of 80,000 spectators with attendance averaging 65,000; this is larger than many modern day stadiums including Gillette Stadium, the home of the New England Patriots, with a seating capacity of 65,878.
Italy’s cuisine greatly varies from region to region — iconic Italian meals are after a combination of flavors from both northern and southern Italy. Fans of parmesan cheese and preserved meats like salami and prosciutto can thank northern Italian cuisine along with its thicker, butter-rich dishes such as fettuccine alfredo. Olive oil and garlic enthusiasts owe a debt of gratitude to southern Italy, where pizza, mozzarella cheese and eggplant parmigiana originate.