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The Thrill of Flight

Program Number: 16190RJ
Start and End Dates:
1/18/2015 - 1/23/2015; 3/1/2015 - 3/6/2015;
Duration: 5 nights
Location: St. Petersburg, Florida
Price starting at: $795.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Science & Nature
Meals: 15; 5 Breakfasts, 5 Lunches, 5 Dinners    
Meal Options: Gluten Free; Low Salt; Low Fat; Vegetarian    

To fly, to soar into the heavens has captivated people since Icarus mythologically put on wings and flew toward the sun. Learn about the many ways flight has impacted our lives and see what’s behind the thrill (a mixture of excitement and fear) that almost everyone experiences the first time they feel the rush of takeoff and look out the window of an airliner at the receding earth below. Return to the beginning of scheduled air travel when in January 1914, the very first airliner flew from St. Petersburg to Tampa. Explore the award-winning Tampa International and a small general aviation airport. Hear pilots and flight experts bring to life the history of aviation and the triumphs of famous aviators and speculate on the future of flight.




Highlights

• Visit a small airport for private and business airplanes on St. Petersburg's beautiful waterfront.
• At Tampa International Airport, appreciate its architecture and the challenges of airport security, airfield maintenance, cargo transport and more.
• Visit the busiest and largest Coast Guard Air Station in the country.



Activity Particulars

Boarding/disembarking coaches, standing during field trips, climbing stairs, some uneven terrain, some sites without elevators.



Coordinated by Eckerd College.




St. Petersburg (Florida)

Known as the “Sunshine City” with an average of 361 sunny days per year, “St. Pete” has 234 miles of shoreline and boasts 125 city parks, as well as one of America’s top-ranked beaches and the largest municipal arena in the southeast.



Accommodations
Waterfront hotel on Tampa Bay with two swimming pools, private beach, tennis and shuffleboard, bicycle rentals, and fitness center.
Meals and Lodgings
   Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
  St. Petersburg, Florida 5 nights
 Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Type: Hotel
  Description: With two pools and private beach, this full service 18-acre tropical resort is located directly on Tampa Bay. Convenient to nearby Gulf beaches and area attractions and all there is to do in St. Pete and the Tampa Bay area.
  Contact info: 6800 Sunshine Skyway Lane
St. Petersburg, FL 33711 USA
phone: 727-867-1151
web: http://www.marinacoveresort.com
  Room amenities: Clock radio; coffee maker; free local phone calls' hair dryer; microwave (on request); refrigerator; 2nd floor rooms have a balcony
  Facility amenities: Arcade and game room; ATM; bar and lounge; fitness center; gift shop; wireless internet access in public areas; laundry facilities; private beach; hot tub; 2 outdoor swimming pools; shuffleboard, tennis and volleyball courts.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: call for prices Call the hotel directly at 727-867-1151 for prices.
  Check in time: 4:00 PM
  Additional nights after: call for prices Call the hotel directly at 727-867-1151 for prices.
  Check out time: 11:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
Approximately 5:00pm. You will be staying at Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove that night.
  End of Program:
1:00pm. You will be staying at Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required.
  Parking availability:
Parking is free and available close to the accommodations.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  St. Petersburg, Florida
  Nearest city or town:  Tampa, Clearwater
  Nearest highway: I-275
  Nearest airport:  Tampa International Airport and St. Petersburg/Clearwater International
  From End of Program
  Location: St. Petersburg, Florida
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Tampa International Airport & St. Petersburg/Clearwater International Airport

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Supershuttle
phone: 800-258-3826

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates
Prices are subject to change.

   

Website: www.supershuttle.com Reservations are recommended, but not necessary

 

To/From Magnuson Hotel

 

From Train Station

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Amtrak
phone: 813-221-7600
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates
Prices are subject to change.

   

Amtrak: 601 N. Nebraska Avenue Tampa, FL 33602 Taxi: Yellow:813-253-0121 United:813-253-2424

 

To/From Magnuson Hotel

 

From Bus Terminal

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Greyhound Lines
phone: 727-898-1496

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates
Prices are subject to change.

   

Greyhound Lines 180 9th Street North St. Petersburg, Fl 33705 Taxi: United:727-535-0000 Clearwater Yellow:727-799-2222

 

Tampa International Airport & St. Petersburg/Clearwater International Airport

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Car Rental

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates
Prices are subject to change.

   

Tampa Airport Car Rental Avis:800-831-2847 Budget:800-527-0700 Dollar:800-800-4000 Hertz:800-736-8222 Thrifty:800-847-4389 St. Petersburg/Clearwater Airport Alamo:727-530-5491 Avis:727-530-5491 Budget:727-535-5263 Dollar:727-531-3557 Enterprise:727-524-1239 Hertz:727-531-3774

 

Tampa International Airport & St. Petersburg/Clearwater International Airport

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates
Prices are subject to change.

   

Tampa Airport: Yellow:813-253-0121 United:813-253-2424 St. Petersburg/Clearwater Airport United:727-535-0000 Clearwater Yellow:727-799-2222

 
Driving Directions
  From North to Magnuson I-4 or I-75 south, merging onto I-275 (St. Petersburg). You will travel approximately 20 miles, all the way through Tampa, across Tampa Bay and past the downtown St. Petersburg exits. Take I-275 south to exit 16. Turn left at the stop. Turn right on Sunshine Skyway Lane. The Magnuson Hotel will be on your left.
  From South to Magnuson I-75 north to I-275. Cross the Sunshine Skyway Bridge ($1.25 toll). Take Exit 16 right onto Sunshine Skyway Lane. The Magnuson Hotel will be on your right.
  From St. Petersburg Clearwater Airport to Magnuson Turn left onto Roosevelt Blvd. (686) as you exit the airport. Follow to Ulmerton Road.Take I-275 south to exit 16. Turn left at the stop. Turn right on Sunshine Skyway Lane. The Magnuson Hotel will be on your left.
  From Tampa International Airport to Magnuson I-275 south toward St. Petersburg. You will travel approximately 20 miles, all the way through Tampa, across Tampa Bay and past the downtown St. Petersburg exits. Take I-275 south to exit 16. Turn left at the stop. Turn right on Sunshine Skyway Lane. The Magnuson Hotel will be on your left.
Elevation Note: Sea level.

The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrival/Orientations - Introductions
(Sunday, March 1)
   
 Afternoon: CHECK IN: From 3:00 pm at the Magnuson Hotel front desk. REGISTRATION: After you have your room assignment, you will be directed to the meeting room to register with the program staff and pick up your arrival packet containing the up-to-date schedule that we will review during orientation. . PLEASE BE AWARE THAT PROGRAM ACTIVITIES AND SCHEDULED TIMES COULD CHANGE DUE TO UNFORESEEN CIRCUMSTANCES. In the event of changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding! ORIENTATION: 5:00 pm. Meet and greet everyone in an introductory get-acquainted session. We'll then review the updated schedule and any changes, discuss responsibilities, safety guidelines, emergency procedures and answer any questions you may have. The rest of the evening is yours to continue making new friends, unpack, or relax by the pool.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel
 Evening: The evening is yours to begin to know your fellow participants, walk around the hotel, unpack or relax. .
   
Accommodations: Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Retired airline Captain David "Mac" McLay shares a memoir of "An Aviators Life"/ Historian Dr. Warren Brown offers a answer to the question "Who Killed the Red Baron"/ Field trip to Albert Whitted Airport
(Monday, March 2)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel with at least one hot item. Assorted fruit, juices, coffee and tea.
 Morning: LECTURE; Captain David "Mac" McLay shares a personal history - from RAF cadet flights during schooldays in the North of England, to immigration and a tour of duty with the US Air Force, and a 26-year international flying career with Pan American World Airways. His insights and anecdotes span six decades, from World War II to the fall of the Berlin Wall and beyond. He will discuss Pan Am's pioneering "firsts" and 'round-the-world route expansion; the introduction of turbojet airliners; and what were - arguably - the closing years of the "Golden Era of Commercial Aviation." Welcome aboard – and enjoy your Jet Clipper flight! ~~~ After this presentation there is a fifteen minute refreshment break.~~~ LECTURE; After the break, Dr. Warren Brown, historian and Florida Aviation Historical Society founder offers an answer to the question "Who Killed the Red Baron?" in a presentation about the last flight of the famous World War I pilot.
 Lunch: Enjoy a delicious lunch prepared for you by the hotel chef
 Afternoon: The afternoon brings a visit to St. Petersburg's downtown waterfront Albert Whitted Airport, This private airport, which serves over 100,000 flight operations a year, has the distinction of being the birthplace of one of the nation's first airlines, National Airlines, which began service in 1934.
 Dinner: The buffet at the college Continuing Education Center Dining Room includes hot entrees, side dishes, salad bar, soup, deli meats, bread, fresh fruit, desserts, and beverages. Self-service with trays
 Evening: Enjoy an entertaining presentation
   
Accommodations: Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Field trips to the US Coast Guard Air Station and to St. Petersburg Museum of History/Evening of musical entertainment with Joy Katzen-Guthrie
(Tuesday, March 3)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel with at least one hot item. Assorted fruit, juices, coffee and tea.
 Morning: The bus takes you to the largest and busiest Air Station in the Coast Guard. Their search and rescue and drug enforcement operations include the local Tampa Bay area and extend to the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean basin, and the Bahamas A Coast Guard officer will talk about these important activities and lead your tour of the field and hangars. As part of the tour you will have the opportunity to climb aboard a helicopter and C130 airplane.
 Lunch: Enjoy lunch prepared for you by the hotel chef and served at table
 Afternoon: This afternoon we visit the St. Petersburg Museum of History. Founded in 1920, it is the first museum in St. Petersburg and the third oldest in Florida. Its Flight One Gallery tells the story of 100 years of commercial aviation which began in St. Petersburg ion January 1, 1914, when pilot Tony Jannus flew a Benoist Airboat from St. Petersburg to Tampa. . The exhibit features a full scale flying replica of the airplane. An expert will greet our group and talk about his airplane and his airline. After the talk, there will be time to explore the rest of the museum, which includes galleries depicting the baseball history and the history of St. Petersburg. There will be time to explore the nearby shops and museums in downtown St. Pete before returning to the hotel.
 Dinner: The buffet at the college Continuing Education Center Dining Room includes hot entrees, side dishes, salad bar, soup, deli meats, bread, fresh fruit, desserts, and beverages. Self-service with trays
 Evening: Enjoy an evening of musical entertainment with one of St. Pete Road Scholar's favorite performers, Joy Katzen-Guthrie
   
Accommodations: Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Behind-The-Scenes Field Trip: Tampa International Airport/Lecture "The Wrong Stuff; Flying Flops & Failures"/evening presentation
(Wednesday, March 4)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel with at least one hot item. Assorted fruit, juices, coffee and tea.
 Morning: Tampa International Airport is an award winning facility thanks to its unique architectural design and travel friendly functionality. Join us on a special behind-the-scenes field trip to learn about and observe airport security enhancements, airfield maintenance, air cargo, the fire exercise training facility, security search area and more. As the planes land and take off next to us, we will learn about the landing systems, runways and taxiways.
 Lunch: Enjoy lunch prepared for you by the hotel chef and served at table
 Afternoon: LECTURE: "The Wrong Stuff" Here are the aerial oddballs from the obscure corners of aircraft design. Pioneering failures or badly designed futuristic concepts; outdated or ahead of their times, these designs were brilliantly strange or perhaps strangely brilliant. Not all were aerial Edsels. Some were aeronautically sound but sadly outclassesd by contemporary adversaries. Others were engineering successes but simply too expensive to build. One might think that most designers that produced flying flops or failures were crackpots or scheming entrepreneurs, but many were not. Some of the aircraft selected as "the wrong stuff" can be debated from many different perspectives. Lecturer Richard Weinstein examines some of them.
 Dinner: The buffet at the college Continuing Education Center Dining Room includes hot entrees, side dishes, salad bar, soup, deli meats, bread, fresh fruit, desserts, and beverages. Self-service with trays.
 Evening: Evening presentation
   
Accommodations: Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Field Trip or expert lecture
(Thursday, March 5)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel with at least one hot item. Assorted fruit, juices, coffee and tea.
 Morning: Field trip or lecture on the future of flight
 Lunch: Lunch is at the hotel
 Afternoon: Time on your own to enjoy the amenities of the hotel or the vibrant waterfront downtown. Transportation is provided downtown
 Dinner: The buffet at the college Continuing Education Center Dining Room includes hot entrees, side dishes, salad bar, soup, deli meats, bread, fresh fruit, desserts, and beverages. Self-service with trays
 Evening: Evening presentation
   
Accommodations: Magnuson Hotel - Marina Cove
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Lecture: Legends of the Sky/Last day of program
(Friday, March 6)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel with at least one hot item. Assorted fruit, juices, coffee and tea.
 Morning: Hal Hultman will explore the courage and determination that inspired men and women to soar to the skies freeing them from the boundaries of earth.
 Lunch: After lunch at the hotel, the program concludes.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


The High and the Mighty


Author: Gann, Ernest


Description: Gann is simply the master when it comes to the aviation novel. His skill with the story, the characters, the events , the drama and the details that make it alive are awesome. Most novels and a disturbingly high percentage of non fiction books are written and edited by people who have little knowledge of the realities and physics of flying or the complex culture of the aviation community. Gann's work has so much authenticity that you can feel the well worn controls and sense the tension. He also manages to avoid the overly dramatic behavior trap that afflicts the behavior of characters in other flying novels. "If you flew in passenger aircraft during the piston era of the '40-50s and love airplanes, you must read this book. Readers learn what it was like to navigate by the stars, deal with cantankerous radial engines, set throttle, propeller and mixture controls while a paranoid passenger tries to vent his frustration on his wife's former boyfriend. Flying portions are gripping as co-pilot and lead character Dan Roman tries to find out what's wrong with a DC-4 before it's too late. Dan is the experienced, yet tragic, character played by John Wayne in the movie by the same name. All told, the book is one of Ernie Gann's finest, if not the finest."



To Conquer the Air: The Wright Brothers and the Great Race for Flight


Author: Tobin, James


Description: James Tobin, award-winning author of Ernie Pyle's War and The Man He Became, has penned the definitive account of the inspiring and impassioned race between the Wright brothers and their primary rival Samuel Langley across ten years and two continents to conquer the air. For years, Wilbur Wright and his younger brother, Orville, experimented in obscurity, supported only by their exceptional family. Meanwhile, the world watched as Samuel Langley, armed with a contract from the US War Department and all the resources of the Smithsonian Institution, sought to create the first manned flying machine. But while Langley saw flight as a problem of power, the Wrights saw a problem of balance. Thus their machines took two very different paths—Langley’s toward oblivion, the Wrights’ toward the heavens—though not before facing countless other obstacles. With a historian’s accuracy and a novelist’s eye, Tobin has captured an extraordinary moment in history. To Conquer the Air is itself a heroic achievement.



Son of Thunder


Author: Wetterling, J.D.


Description: Duty. Honor. My country, right or wrong, drives the young fighter pilots of Dusty Squadron, from flack in the face above the A Shau Valley to napalm in the jungle to midnight gunfights over the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Top Gun F-100 pilot John Ellsworth, the impetuous Son of Thunder, is the most zealous of the lot, and he pays dearly. A story of redemption in a war that changed the American culture. Son of Thunder is actually three books in one. First, it captures the essence of being a fighter pilot in combat, [offering] a true picture of the air war in a far corner of the world. Second, it is a charming love story. It is about the love that is felt by the very young, living their life to the hilt and loving for keeps. And finally, it is a subtle analysis of a war that went bad.Son of Thunder is a story that is told quietly, knowingly, and just about as well as it can be told. J. D. Wetterling is an excellent writer. He tells a gripping story about a fighter pilot's war in Vietnam, the camaraderie of the men and their belief that the cause was just and their actions right, and their growing disillusionment in government. He also tells a wonderful love story, a story about Kate, a nurse who is against the war, and their struggle to accommodate each other. In a real sense J. D. has written a book that helps bring understanding and healing to a very difficult chapter in American history.



The B-17: The Flying Forts


Author: Caidan, Martin


Description: There is no such thunder in history -- nor ever will be again -- as the deep-throated roar of the mighty, four-engined B-17s that streamed across the skies in World War II. The long runways are silent now, the men and planes are gone. But out of the massive files of records available, and the memories of the men who flew, Martin Caidin has assembled this dramatic portrait of America's most formidable heavy bomber of the war. The B-17: The Flying Forts recreates a vanished era and a great and gallant plane -- a plane that could absorb three thousand enemy bullets, fly with no rudder, and complete its mission on two engines. A plane that American pilots flew at Pearl Harbor, Tunis, Midway, Palermo, Schweinfurt, Regensberg, Normandy, and Berlin, in thousands of missions and through hundreds of thousands of miles of flak-filled skies. A plane that proved itself in every combat theater as the greatest heavy bomber of World War II.



Roscoe Turner: Aviation's Master Showman


Author: Glines, Carroll V. and James Doolittle


Description: His name was synonymous with speed, his flamboyant persona as carefully crafted as that of a Hollywood star. Born in Corinth, Mississippi, in 1895, Joe Turner was an aerial showman, an audacious risk taker, and a tireless self-promoter who focused America's attention well into the 1960s on the potential of aviation for the common good. With complete access to Turner's personal papers, photographs, and memorabilia, biographer Carroll V. Glines presents the first full account of the life of this American daredevil aviator. Turner determined as a young man to make his way in the world at the forefront of the new, exciting, and risky technologies of speed in the air. After serving as a balloon pilot during World War I, Turner found his future in the 1920s as a stuntman, creator of his own flying circus, and a pilot in Howard Hughes's World War I feature, Hell's Angels, Hollywood's most expensive movie before Gone With the Wind. Turner glided smoothly into movie society, becoming good friends with fellow pilot and actor Wallace Beery and taking movie stars Clark Gable and Fred MacMurray for their first airplane rides. Turner knew how to attract attention. To create a consistent image in the public's mind--of himself and of aviation--he always dressed in a military-type uniform of blue tunic, cavalry twill riding britches, polished boots, and a pin of diamond-studded wings. He was perhaps best known as the pilot who flew with the lion cub Gilmore as an oil company promotion. His place in flight history rests on his skill as a racing pilot--he is the only person ever to win the Thompson Trophy three times and, along with Jimmy Doolittle, to win both the Thompson and Bendix trophies. In 1934 he and his two-man crew were the only Americans to finish the grueling London-to-Melbourne race.



Fighter Pilot: The Memoirs of Legendary Ace Robin Olds


Author: Olds, Robin, Christina Olds and Ed Rasimus


Description: Robin Olds was a larger-than-life hero with a towering personality. A graduate of West Point and an inductee in the National College Football Hall of Fame for his All-American performance for Army, Olds was one of the toughest college football players at the time. In WWII, Olds quickly became a top fighter pilot and squadron commander by the age of 22—and an ace with 12 aerial victories. But it was in Vietnam where the man became a legend. He arrived in 1966 to find a dejected group of pilots and motivated them by placing himself on the flight schedule under officers junior to himself, then challenging them to train him properly because he would soon be leading them. Proving he wasn’t a WWII retread, he led the wing with aggressiveness, scoring another four confirmed kills, becoming a rare triple ace. Olds (who retired a brigadier general and died in 2007) was a unique individual whose personal story is one of the most eagerly anticipated military books of the year.



West With the Night


Author: Markham, Beryl


Description: Beryl Markham’s life was a true epic, complete with shattered societal expectations, torrid love affairs, and desperate crash landings. A rebel from a young age, the British-born Markham was raised in Kenya’s unforgiving farmlands. She learned to be a bush pilot at a time when most Africans had never seen a plane. In 1936, she accepted the ultimate challenge: to fly solo across the Atlantic. Her successes and her failures—and her deep, lifelong love of the “soul of Africa”—are all chronicled here with wrenching honesty and agile wit. Hailed by National Geographic as one of the greatest adventure books of all time, West with the Night is the sweeping account of a fearless and dedicated woman.



Voyager


Author: Yeager, Jeana, Dick Rutan and Phil Patton


Description: On the morning of December 23, 1986, Yeager and Rutan, man and wife, set down their one-of-a-kind, home-built airplane, Voyager, at the base in California where, little more than nine days earlier, they had begun their nonstop flight around the world, a 25,000-mile-plus adventure they describe in dramatically human terms in this richly illustrated book. They tell their story in alternating and nicely dovetailed this-is-how-it-was first-person pieces, with help from Phil Patton, who wrote Open Road and Razzle Dazzle. More than half the book focuses on the several years before the flight, which Jeana and Dick, with a growing legion of professional and volunteer helpers, spent designing, building, testing and testing again (dangerously) their ultra-light, catamaran-shaped craft with its tiny "horizontal telephone booth" cockpit. The intrepid pair, who "didn't know what we were getting ourselves into," met at an airshow, he a Vietnam flier of 105 missions, she both a pilot and a horse-trainer. They shared the dream of the flight, fell in love, married and went on to see their know-how and courage tested almost beyond endurance in the voyage that more than once nearly ended in disaster.



Reach for the Skies: Ballooning, Birdmen, and Blasting into Space


Author: Branson, Richard


Description: Bestselling author and billionaire entrepreneur Sir Richard Branson has always been obsessed with the skies. To promote a new Virgin Airlines route, he became the first man to water ski behind a blimp. His Virgin Galactic venture will soon offer ordinary people the opportunity to experience spaceflight aboard the first commercial spaceliner, SpaceShipTwo. In Reach for the Skies, Branson examines the history of aviation over the last two hundred years, putting the spotlight on trailblazers such as: * Tony Jannus, who made the first ever commercial flight over Tampa Bay, Florida, in 1914. * Leo Valentin, the "bird man" who jumped from 9,000 feet wearing a pair of wooden wings in the 1950s. * Steve Fossett, who broke 130 world records in planes, balloons, and airships. The pioneers of flight-not just the world-famous Wright Brothers, but also lesser known visionaries and dreamers-made it possible for any of us with the desire and the commitment to reach for the skies ourselves.



Flying the Andes: The Story of Pan American Grace Airways and Commercial Aviation in South America, 1926-1967


Author: Krusen, William A. and Stephen Morrill


Description: Finally a book addressing the pioneering, perils and success of establishing such a great airline has been written. William A. Krusen's book did justice to all of them from the founding fathers to pilots, pursers and stewardesses -the name of flight attendants had not been invented yet-, mechanics, radio operators, baggage handlers, everybody did his or her work very professionally which in the final analysis helped PANAGRA set the standards that so many new airlines tried to emulate. The book is 200% correct when praising Panagra for having taught Southamericans what transportation by air was all about starting with the acquisition of airplanes, setting up meteorological and radio stations, navigational aids, and most of all setting up very strict safety standards -which according to some well known world figures in the aviation industry it made them the safest and most safety-minded airline ever anywhere in the world. Their culture in spite of having disappeared more than 30 years ago still is there. The book falls short though in what is a cardinal rule for identifying airplanes, instead of referring to them as P-1 (the first plane to enter the fleet, and so on) the authors should have done a bit more of research so when describing any particular event they should have identified them as lets say N49550 a Hyper DC-3, or N88937 a DC-4, and so on. As you know airplanes, like people, like to be referred to by their "baptism" names, not by their social security number, airplanes also have their own identities, and pride.





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