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Mount Rushmore, Black Hills and Badlands: Vanishing Trails

Program Number: 13160RJ
Start and End Dates:
7/27/2014 - 8/2/2014; 8/17/2014 - 8/23/2014; 9/7/2014 - 9/13/2014; 9/14/2014 - 9/20/2014; 9/21/2014 - 9/27/2014; 9/28/2014 - 10/4/2014; 5/3/2015 - 5/9/2015; 5/10/2015 - 5/16/2015; 5/17/2015 - 5/23/2015; 5/24/2015 - 5/30/2015; 5/31/2015 - 6/6/2015; 6/7/2015 - 6/13/2015; 6/14/2015 - 6/20/2015; 6/21/2015 - 6/27/2015;
Duration: 6 nights
Location: Mount Rushmore, South Dakota
Price starting at: $1,099.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: National Parks; History & Culture; Native American Studies Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 16; 6 Breakfasts, 4 Lunches, 6 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian; Gluten Free    

The land now shadowed by Mount Rushmore was, up until the 1870s, called the "last great unknown." Enrich your understanding of American growth in this vast wilderness as you immerse yourself in the discovery of Mount Rushmore, Crazy Horse, Badlands National Park and Deadwood. Study the lives of gold seekers and sod busters, and discover the Old West before a handful of presidents made it famous.




Highlights

• Field trips get you up close to Mount Rushmore, the Crazy Horse Memorial and Custer State Park’s bison, and begging burros.
• Experience Deadwood and its colorful history — Calamity Jane, Wild Bill Hickok and The Homestake Gold Mine.
• Ride a historic 1880 steam engine train to explore the beautiful back country of the Black Hills.



Activity Particulars

Walking indoors and out along groomed paths up to one mile with some stairs. Elevations between 4,300 and 5,200 feet.




Date Specific Information

9-21-2014

Special Event: This program date includes the annual Custer State Park Buffalo Roundup. Feel the thunder as you watch cowboys and cowgirls round up and drive the herd of approximately 1,300 buffalo over the rolling prairie.



Coordinated by Black Hills Educational Institute.




Mount Rushmore

Massive granite faces overlook the forested treetops of the Black Hills, representing the first 150 years of American history in the sculptural representation of four U.S. presidents: Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln. Mount Rushmore and the gateway town of Keystone attract visitors to this beautiful, storied region of the state.



Accommodations
Secluded timber frame lodge a short distance from Mount Rushmore nestled on 31 forested acres with a large meadow that is often a wildlife playground.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
John Esposti

Born and raised in central New Jersey, John Esposti made the decision at five years of age to go out west and meet his destiny. At 18, he enrolled at the University of Idaho and received a degree in education. He then moved to Valdez, Alaska to teach woodworking, drafting and electronics. After four years of working and experiencing all sorts of adventures in a wild and amazing land, he climbed onto a sailboat and sailed off into the sunset bound for Hawaii, and later attended the University of Hawaii. After marrying his wife, Cindy, John returned to the Black Hills to operate a family-run business named Rushmore Cave. After selling the cave business in 2008, John worked for three years at the renowned Black Hills Institute of Geological Research in Hill City, S.D. Today, he and Cindy are starting a new venture called GeoFunTrek, with a goal to provide stimulating visitor experiences in the form of day-long educational explorations in the Black Hills.
 
Stephen Yellowhawk

Stephen Yellowhawk was born on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation in Eagle Butte, S.D., and was raised in Rapid City by his grandparents, Gerald and Johanna Yellowhawk. He was first inspired to dance by his uncle, Jim Yellowhawk, a world-renowned artist, and has been sharing his talents for traditional dance since he was 14 years old. Stephen received a bachelor’s in elementary education from Oglala Lakota College, and is actively pursuing a master’s degree in leadership and management, with the goal of becoming a leader in Indian education. He is currently employed at the Okiciyapi Wellness Center as a health technician, providing guidance to Native American diabetic patients, and serves as the board president for the Black Hills Powwow Association.
 
Paul Horsted

Paul Horsted has been photographing South Dakota’s people and places for more than 30 years. Early in his career, he was a staff photographer at the Sioux Falls Argus Leader, and later served as chief photographer at the South Dakota Department of Tourism. Now living in Custer, Paul has been an independent freelance photographer for the past two decades. His work has appeared in publications such as LIFE magazine, Reader's Digest, and Smithsonian, and he's a frequent contributor to South Dakota Magazine. Paul is co-author of the award-winning book, “Exploring With Custer: The 1874 Black Hills Expedition,” and of the more recent book, “The Black Hills Yesterday & Today.” In 2009, Paul and his research partners released a companion volume about the 1874 Custer Expedition's travels to and from the Black Hills, entitled, “Crossing the Plains With Custer.”
 
Lilah Pengra

A student of humankind, Lilah Morton Pengra earned her doctorate in 1975 from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in anthropology, with special interest areas in sociolinguistics and American ethnic groups. She taught has taught extensively on the topic, worked as a medical anthropologist, and is the author of the books “Your Values, My Values: Multicultural services in developmental disabilities,” and “Sarah Campbell: The first white woman in the Black Hills was African American.” She also leads presentations for the South Dakota Humanities Council on topics designed to reduce racism. Lilah lives with her husband in a passive solar home near Buffalo Gap that they designed and built. In her free time, she creates unique art jewelry, works to restore native prairie in her yard, and enjoys studying local history.
 
Jon Nelson

Jon Nelson has been researching the pre-settlement period of the Black Hills region for more than a decade. He’s the co-author of “Crossing the Plains with Custer,” which follows the route of the Custer Expedition as it traveled from Fort Lincoln near Bismark, N.D., some 300 miles to the Blacks Hills. John lives in Rapid City, S.D.
 
Penny Island

Penny Island has many stories to share about Deadwood, South Dakota. An elementary teacher for 37 years who made history “come alive” for her students, she retired in May 2012. Penny has a B.S. in elementary education and special education, and a master’s degree from St. Scholastica in curriculum and instruction. Fun times for Penny are spending time with family, hunting in the Black Hills for old mining towns and spending time at her cabin in the mining town of Galena. She also enjoys reading, quilting, driving her 1934 street rods, and sharing her knowledge of this area with visitors.
 
Peggy Norris

Dr. Peggy Norris is the deputy director for education and outreach for Sanford Underground Research Facility and a staff member at Black Hills State University. Dr. Norris received her education at Rice University (B.A.) and Columbia University (Ph.D.) in physics and chemistry, and worked more than 25 years at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, Calif. In 2009, she took the opportunity to become a full time educator, relocating to South Dakota and the Sanford Lab to help realize this exciting scientific and educational endeavor.
 
Meals and Lodgings
   K Bar S Lodge
  Keystone, SD 6 nights
 K Bar S Lodge
Type: Hotel
  Description: The K Bar S Lodge, built in 2006, is located a short distance from Mount Rushmore. It is quietly secluded on 31 forested acres and away from busy streets. Battle Creek winds its way throughout the property and the large meadow in front of the Lodge is often a playground for deer and turkeys.
  Contact info: 434 Old Hill City Rd.
Keystone, SD 57751 USA
phone: 866-522-7724
web: www.kbarslodge.com
  Room amenities: Each room is equipped with an ironing board and iron, hair dryer, in room Keurig coffee maker, radio-alarm clock w/ MP3 dock, free high-speed wired internet, and mini refrigerator.
  Facility amenities: The timber frame lobby provides a spectacular view of Mount Rushmore. The Lodge offers complimentary coffee in the lobby and complimentary guest laundry facilities. An elevator serves the main lodge building while ramps service all other hotel room buildings.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Call the Lodge for pricing. Additional night reservations may be made by contacting the K Bar S Lodge directly.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: Call the Lodge for pricing. Additional night reservations may be made by contacting the K Bar S Lodge directly.
  Check out time: 11:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
Hotel check-in: Available from 3:00 p.m. Registration in the hotel lobby between 4:30 and 5:15. Orientation at 5:30. You will be staying at K Bar S Lodge that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends after breakfast at 9:00 a.m. Hotel check-out by 11:00 a.m. You will be staying at K Bar S Lodge the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required.
  Parking availability:
There is free parking at the K Bar S Lodge.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Keystone, SD
  Nearest city or town:  Rapid City, SD
  Nearest highway: US Hwy 16A off US Hwy 16 from Rapid City
  Nearest airport:  Rapid City Regional Airport
  From End of Program
  Location: Keystone, SD
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Rapid City

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Rapid Taxi
phone: 605-348-8080
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates.
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

30 miles

   

Please call no earlier than two days ahead for reservations. Cash and credit cards accepted.

 

Rapid City

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Airport Shuttle Company
phone: 800-357-9998
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates.
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

30 miles

   

Please call a week in advance for reservations. The Airport Shuttle Company accepts cash. Credit cards accepted at terminal desk only.

 

Rapid City

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Car Rentals
Budget
phone: 605-393-0488
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates.
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

30 miles

   

Unless you require personal transportation during the week or you plan to extend your visit, we recommend using the Taxi or Airport Shuttle service. All local transportation is provided during the program.

 

Rapid City

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Car Rentals
Alamo / National
phone: 605-393-2664
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Call for current rates.
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

30 miles

   

Unless you require personal transportation during the week or you plan to extend your visit, we recommend using the Taxi or Airport Shuttle service. All local transportation is provided during the program.

 
Driving Directions
  Denver The Black Hills are about 400 miles north of Denver in western SD. Driving from Denver there are many routes through Nebraska or Wyoming. If arriving through Wyoming, the best route is north from Lusk on US Highway 85 to US Highway 18 at Mule Creek Junction. Turn right, east, toward Edgemont SD. After 12 miles, turn left on US Highway 89 that will then merge 16 miles later and become US Highway 385 north. Follow 385 north through the towns of Custer and Hill City to US Highway 16. Follow Highway 16 east to 16A and proceed as described below into Keystone and to the K Bar S.
  Minneapolis Rapid City is about 700 miles west, south west of Minneapolis. Follow I90 to Rapid City and then US 16 and 16A into Keystone.
  Rapid City The K Bar S Lodge is located just 1/3 mile west of Keystone, South Dakota on the Old Hill City Road. If you are arriving on Interstate 90 take exit 57, which becomes Mount Rushmore Road and US Highway 16. Continue on Hwy. 16 south approximately 25 miles to a large arched wooden bridge that is the exit to US Highway 16A. This is well signed as the route to Mount Rushmore. From this bridge continue south approximately 3 miles to Keystone. As you arrive in Keystone, you’ll approach a stop light. At this light, turn right on Old Hill City Rd. and go less than 1/2 mile to the K Bar S sign showing the address as 434 Old Hill City Road. Turn right at the sign and go onto the property. Arriving by plane at Rapid City Regional Airport, you'll drive west on US Highway 44 and into Rapid City. At the intersection with US Highway 16, turn left (south) and go approximately 25 miles to a large arched wooden bridge that is the exit to US Highway 16A. Continue as above.
Elevation Note: Keystone is about 4,300 feet above sea level. Several of our field trips will be near 5,200 feet.

Equipment Requirements: Comfortable walking shoes, a light rain jacket, and a leak-proof water bottle are highly recommended.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrival and Lodge Check-in / Registration and Orientation / Welcome Dinner
(Sunday, May 17)
   
 Afternoon: Lodge Check-in: Available from 3:00 p.m.

Program Registration 4:30: After you have your room assignment, come over to the Road Scholar table and pick up your welcome packet containing your name-tag, up-to-date schedule that we will review during Orientation, and to confirm the time and location of the Orientation session. If you arrive late, please ask for your packet at the front desk when you check in.

Orientation: 5:30 p.m. The Group Leader will greet you with a warm welcome and lead introductions. We will review the up-to-date daily program schedule and any changes, discuss responsibilities, safety guidelines, emergency procedures, and answer any questions you may have.

During free time, the Group Leader will often be available to guide informal excursions, activities, or meals not included in the program. You are welcome to join if you wish, with associated costs (if any) on your own, or explore independently.

Please be aware that program activities and scheduled times could change due to local circumstances. In the event of changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding.

 Dinner: In the dining facility at the Lodge, enjoy a dinner buffet with salad, entrée, and dessert plus coffee, tea, or water; other beverages available for purchase.

 Evening: At leisure. Continue getting to know your fellow participants, settle in to your room, and get a good night’s sleep for the full day tomorrow.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Tatanka: Story of the Bison / Discover the Historic Town of Deadwood and Lead / Homestake Gold Mine and Sanford Lab Program / Natural History Presentation
(Monday, May 18)

Note: Walking indoors and out along groomed paths, up to one half mile. Standing up to one half hour at a time in museums and historic buildings, some stairs. Coach time 50 minutes in the morning and 50 minutes in the late afternoon with expert interpretation and beautiful scenery along the way.



   
 Breakfast: In the Lodge dining facility, enjoy a tasty breakfast buffet with hot and cold cereals, waffles with fruit topping, hard-boiled eggs, rotating main dishes, pastries, bagels, yogurt, fruit, coffee, tea, milk and an assortment of juices.

 Morning: Kick off the week by discovering the Black Hills and surrounding area's rich Native American history and culture with a field trip to Tatanka: Story of the Bison, a native interpretation center with live demonstrations and personal contacts with native Lakota Sioux interpreters. Here we'll also see the third largest bronze sculpture in the world. Commissioned by actor Kevin Costner after making his block-buster movie, Dances With Wolves, this sculpture features several Native American riders chasing buffalo over a cliff. Each piece is 125% life size and incredibly well done.

Later this morning, hop aboard an interpretive guided trolley and travel through the historic town of Deadwood to learn about early gold seekers, miners and notorious characters such as; Wild Bill Hickok, Calamity Jane and Poker Alice who were instrumental in the development of Deadwood's illustrious reputation.

 Lunch: We'll dine at a popular restaurant in Deadwood.

 Afternoon: Lead, the sister city to historic Deadwood, has played a pivotal role in the history of the Black Hills. Home to the Homestake Gold Mine, the streets of Lead tell a tale as rich as the gold mined from its hills. The Homestake Gold Mine was one of the early enterprises associated with the Gold Rush of 1876. The mining of gold from Homestake ceased several years ago due to low gold prices but, has begun a new life serving as a laboratory 4,850 feet underground. The lab is working towards a revolution in physics by studying neutrinos. This afternoon enjoy a presentation from the Deputy Director for Education and Outreach for Sanford Underground Research Facility, followed by a unique guided Homestake Shaft tour.

 Dinner: At the Lodge.

 Evening: Learn more about natural and human history of the Black Hills.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Needles National Scenic Byway / Custer State Park's Wildlife Loop / Crazy Horse Memorial / Cultural Presentation
(Tuesday, May 19)

Note: Walking indoors and out along groomed paths, up to one mile. Standing up to one hour at a time in museums, some stairs. Time on coach varies throughout the day.



   
 Breakfast: At the Lodge.

 Morning: This morning traverse the Needles Highway in Custer State Park, where slender granite formations called "Needles" dominate the skyline. Deemed impossible to construct by critics, the Needles Highway -- a National Scenic Byway -- was completed in 1922. The spectacular drive through forested mountains includes 14 miles of sharp turns, low tunnels, and impressive granite spires. One of the most impressive features, the Needle’s Eye, has been formed by countless years of rain, ice, and wind.

We'll further our exploration of Custer State Park with a scenic drive around the Wildlife Loop Road. The park’s pine forests, grassy meadows and towers of granite offer spectacular views while also providing a remarkable, lush sanctuary for the park’s four-legged residents. Nearly 1,500 magnificent bison, along with fleet pronghorn, elusive elk, sure-footed mountain goats and a band of “begging burros“ -- wild donkeys that have learned to seek food hand-outs from motorists – all freely roam the park’s sprawling 71,000 acres.

 Lunch: Enjoy an outdoor Western Cookout at the State Game Lodge - 1927 Summer White House to President Calvin Coolidge.

 Afternoon: In 1939, Chief Henry Standing Bear wrote to sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski, "My fellow chiefs and I would like the white man to know the red man has great heroes, too." In response, and without federal funding, Ziolkowski set out to create a memorial to the history and heritage of Native Americans, personified by Chief Crazy Horse. He began carving the mountain in 1948 and worked on the project until his death in 1982. His family continues the dream as work progresses on the world's largest mountain sculpture that still uses no tax dollars and is funded privately through a non-profit organization. When completed, the Crazy Horse Memorial will be the largest outdoor sculpture in the world: 641 feet long and 563 feet high.

This afternoon the Group Leader will provide an overview about Crazy Horse, it's campus that serves as a repository for Native American artifacts, arts, and crafts and the Native American Educational & Cultural Center.

 Dinner: At the Lodge.

 Evening: A local expert will captivate us with stories and historic accounts of the local culture, peoples, and traditions.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Mount Rushmore National Memorial / Explore Rapid City / Journey Museum / Mount Rushmore Lighting Ceremony
(Wednesday, May 20)

Note: Walking indoors and out along groomed paths, up to one half mile. Standing up to one hour at a time in museums, some stairs. Minimal times of 15 to 30 minutes on the coach.



   
 Breakfast: At the Lodge.

 Morning: Under the guidance of our expert Group Leader, explore our Shrine of Democracy - Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Danish-American sculptor Gutzon Borglum, the creator of Mount Rushmore, wrote: “The purpose of the memorial is to communicate the founding, expansion, preservation, and unification of the United States with colossal statues of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt.” Borglum intended his monumental sculpture to be not only a memorial to four of our greatest Presidents, but a Shrine to Democracy. Why these four? Washington led the nascent United States to win independence from Great Britain. Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence. Roosevelt the “trust buster” ensured the rights of working people and was instrumental in building the Panama Canal. Lincoln led the country through the Civil War. Borglum began work in 1927 and continued until his death in 1941, when his son, Lincoln Borglum, took it on and ended work later that year.

Feel free to expand your exploration of Mount Rushmore with an optional 1/2 mile walk on the Presidential Trail to Borglum’s studio. Here you will learn more about the monument, its construction, and the artist whose vision produced one of America’s most iconic symbols.

 Lunch: A buffet of soups or salads and sandwiches will be provided at the K Bar S Lodge.

 Afternoon: Venture into Rapid City, chosen as the “Most Patriotic City” by USA Today readers. We are greeted by the “City of Presidents” -- a 20-square-block section of historic downtown with life-size bronze statues of all of the past presidents along streets and sidewalks. Begun in 2000 to honor the legacy of the American presidency, each sculpture was privately funded, and the pattern of placement was chosen to maintain a coherent structure and eliminate any sense of favoritism or political gain. You will also have some free time for personal, independent exploration.

Later in the afternoon we'll re-group and visit the Journey Museum. The Journey Museum, and its four major collections, provides a metaphorical journey into the past of more than just this part of western South Dakota. The Journey brings into focus a cogent story of billions of years of eruption, exploration, evolution, conflict and change.

A tectonic shift deep inside the earth 2.5 billion years ago violently thrust the land now known as the Black Hills into being. One of the oldest mountain ranges in the world, they have been worn down by the ravages of time from a height that was greater than the Matterhorn, exposing the fine granite suitable now for mountain carving. Once on the edge of a great inland sea, this part of what is now the Great Plains was home to ancient dinosaurs. The Journey helps bring them back to relevance as we understand their time in this place.

Prehistoric people came here when ice still held sway over most of North America and it would be another 10,000 years before the arrival of current Native Americans. The Journey helps us understand their life before the arrival of the white man. As we continue through The Journey, we begin to comprehend their changing world with the arrival of gold seekers and settlers intent on building a future in Dakota Territory.

 Dinner: At the Lodge.

 Evening: Tonight (weather and seasonal availability permitting), we will attend the Lighting Ceremony at Mount Rushmore - a patriotic program presented in the open, outdoor auditorium.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Prairie Homestead / Badlands National Park / Historical Exploration Presentation
(Thursday, May 21)

Note: Walking outdoors along board walks and groomed paths, up to one half mile. Coach time 1.5 hours to Badlands National Park with expert interpretation, stops and beautiful scenery along the way.



   
 Breakfast: At the Lodge.

 Morning: The settlers and gold seekers of early days often struggled daily just to stay alive - in their very effort to live and eat. En route to the Black Hills many dared to traverse across the rugged moon-like landscape that is now known as Badlands National Park. This morning, on the edge of the Badlands, we'll visit an original sod house on the prairie still owned by the descendants of hardy explorers. The Prairie Homestead Historic Site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and gives us a true sense of the rough life of settlers of this by-gone era.

Later this morning we’ll explore Badlands National Park. The Lakota gave this land its name, “mako sica,” meaning “land bad.” An inland sea covered this area 68-77 million years ago. Erosion of the Badlands over the last 75 million years reveals sedimentary layers of vivid colors resulting from different minerals and elements left from volcanic ash carried here by the wind from other parts of the world. Today, the 244,000 acres of mystical moon-like topography of spires and pinnacles surrounded by a sea of grass are inhabited by buffalo, deer, antelope, prairie dogs, and much more.

 Lunch: In the town of Wall just outside of Badlands National Park, enjoy a vintage, cafeteria-style lunch at famous Wall Drug.

 Afternoon: The Wall Drug Store got its start during the Depression years by offering free ice water to thirsty travelers. Wall Drug features the largest privately owned western and illustration art collection in the country and you are free to visit the gallery independently after lunch.

 Dinner: At the Lodge.

 Evening: This evening enjoy a unique look into the colorful past of those who blazed the trail expanding the western frontier.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Cultural Presentation / Historic 1880 Train Ride / Black Hills Geological Institute / Free afternoon for Independent Exploration / Final Banquet
(Friday, May 22)

Note: Walking outdoors along board walks and sidewalks, up to one half mile. Standing up to one hour at a time in museums, some stairs. Train ride one hour each way.



   
 Breakfast: At the Lodge.

 Morning: This morning a local expert will captivate us with unique and fascinating stories directly related to South Dakota and the Black Hills.

Later this morning, travel back in time as you ride through the beautiful back country of the Black Hills on the Historic 1880 Train. You'll have prime opportunity to spot a plethora of backcountry flora and fauna. The train will take you to the neighboring town of Hill City.

Led by a local paleontological expert, spend the late morning exploring The Black Hills Institute of Geological Research, the leader in paleontological excavations and preparation since 1974. The Institute helps supply museums and collectors the finest in professionally prepared fossils and cast replicas. They have been involved with the excavation of eight Tyrannosaurus rex skeletons since 1990, including SUE, STAN, BUCKY, DUFFY, and WYREX - interestingly, these five are among the top 10 most complete T. rex skeletons yet discovered.

 Lunch: This lunch in Hill City has been excluded from the program cost and is on your own to enjoy the food of your choice. The Group Leader will be happy to offer suggestions and give directions. You may also join the Group Leader for lunch at your own cost if you like.

 Afternoon: Free Afternoon. Take this opportunity to see and do what interests you most. The Group Leader will be happy to offer suggestions and give directions. Hill City has a unique collection of magnificent museums and cultural shops. If your interest is trains, the South Dakota State Railroad Museum, Ltd., is a not-for-profit organization that preserves and interprets railroad equipment, memorabilia, and the ever-changing historical material specific to South Dakota and related American railroads. Hill City also hosts a number of art galleries and shops of local artists and artisans.

Later in the afternoon, hop back on the iron horse for your return trip to the K Bar S Lodge.

 Dinner: Tonight, enjoy a casual evening of wine and hors d' oeuvres before our final dinner together.
   
Accommodations: K Bar S Lodge
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 7: Program Concludes
(Saturday, May 23)
   
 Breakfast: At the Lodge. This concludes our program. Please note that hotel check-out is by 11:00 a.m.

We hope you enjoy Road Scholar learning adventures and look forward to having you on rewarding programs in the future. Please be in touch via the Road Scholar Social Network, where you can share memories, pictures, and comments. Best Wishes for all your journeys!
   
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
 
  Keystone, SD General Overview
If you're planning on coming early or staying post program, there are many additional activities available here in the Black Hills. This program will touch on many of the general areas of interest but can not dig deeply into all there is to see and do here. There is an interesting and detailed history about Native Americans, plains settlers, gold seekers and more. Many people come to the Black Hills for exceptional trout fishing, photography, bicycling on old rail beds, hiking, and the study of specialized interests such as geology and palaeontology. There are numerous museums in Rapid City, Deadwood, Hill City, Custer and other smaller towns in the Black Hills. There is an almost endless list of public and private attractions to visit as well. Places such as Bear Country USA, Reptile Gardens, the Wild Horse Sanctuary, Mount Rushmore Gold factory (on-the-floor factory tours), Jewel Cave, and dozens of other fun activities await your visit. In Keystone there is mini golf, the Presidential Wax museum, Rushmore Borglum Story, places to get your photo taken in historic costumes, gold mine tours, and much, much more. You could travel to Devil's Tower in NE Wyoming and return to the Hills by driving through beautiful Spearfish Canyon, a National Scenic Byway. There is so much to do in the Black Hills, there is a good reason the Black Hills are dubbed "Beyond All Expectations". For additional information, visit www.blackhillsbadlands.com
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


Exploring with Custer: The 1874 Black Hills Expedition


Author: Ernest Grafe & Paul Horsted


Description: General George Armstrong Custer's Journey to the Black Hills in 1874 was better documented than any other military expedition of the Old West. Not only did William H. Illingworth record superb views of the landscape and several camps, but at least fifteen men wrote diaries, reports or newspaper dispatches brimming with vivid detail. This book blends the Illingworth photos and their present-day counterparts with selections from all known accounts to paint a unique portrait of everyday life along the trail. Please order through Paul Horsted at www.dakotaphoto.com or 1.800.248.2194



Moon of Popping Trees


Author: Rex Alan Smith


Description: The Massacre at Wounded Knee was the last major battle between whites and Native Americans.With parallels to concerns some have of today’s news reports, you’ll see that this massacre was largely a result of overblown news reports of the danger of the Native American Ghost Dance. Even more startling is the revelation in this book that the Ghost Dance had its origin in the Christian resurrection story. This book spans fifty years of the life and struggles of Native Americans as they try to maintain their lifestyle in the face of America’s westward expansion.



The Carving of Mount Rushmore


Author: Rex Alan Smith


Description: This entertaining and very readable book tells the fascinating stories of the people of Mt. Rushmore. Included are first person accounts of not only the carvers, the politicians and Borglum, but an almost unbelievable host of others who became part of the tumult and triumph that make this history read like a novel. If you’re only going to read one book about Rushmore, this is the one.



Pioneer Days in the Black Hills


Author: John S. McClintock


Description: A rough-and-tumble account of the early days of Deadwood and the Dakota Territory written by early day pioneer John S.McClintock. He provides material on the gold rush, skirmishes with Indians, exploits of road agents and outlaws, and appearances of celebrities such as Wild Bill Hickok and Deadwood Dick.



Roadside History of South Dakota


Author: Linda Hasselstrom


Description: Reading Roadside History of South Dakota is like having a knowledgeable friend explain the most fascinating and pertinent tidbits of the state's past without reciting a lot of boring details. The book's comfortable, conversational style guides readers smoothly along the state's highways and byways. Even those who think they already know South Dakota will can anticipate learning new things from this insightful, informative, yet thoroughly readable and entertaining roadside history. The material is rich, and Linda Hasselstrom reveals it in an exciting way by focusing on the people who made South Dakota what it is today.





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