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Cathedrals & Capitals: Scandinavia by Sea

Program Number: 19192RJ
Start and End Dates:
7/24/2015 - 8/6/2015;
Duration: 13 nights
Location: Sweden/Russia/Finland/Estonia/Denmark/England/Norway
Price starting at: $5,820.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Adventure Afloat Study Cruise; Ocean Cruises
Meals: 34; 12 Breakfasts, 10 Lunches, 12 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian; Low Salt; Low Fat    

Discover Scandinavia by water, undoubtedly the best way to experience a region known for its soaring fjords, Viking longships and fantastic legends and lore tied to the mighty sea. Sail to the capitals of Sweden, Finland and Denmark, plus Saint Petersburg, Russia’s gateway to the West.




Activity Particulars

Must be able to handle your own luggage, get on and off a motor coach, walk a few blocks and climb a few stairs.



Programs with Crystal Cruises are designed for the independent traveler. These programs offer a lower activity level and the ability to choose your own shore excursion based on your preferences and physical ability. Road Scholar will provide one exclusive shore excursion and private onboard lectures with our own Study Leader.



Itinerary At-a-Glance

London (England), 1 night; aboard Crystal Symphony, 11 nights.



Day 1: Overnight flight from the U.S.A.


Days 2-4: Arrival London (England) / embark Crystal Symphony / At Sea:

Experience a panoramic overview of London's monuments and most famous sights on an exclusive Road Scholar excursion. Lodging: Four-star hotel.



Day 5: Oslo (Norway):

Explore Norway's cosmopolitan capital independently. You may wish to visit the outstanding Viking Ship Museum.



Day 6: Copenhagen (Denmark):

Experience the vitality of this elegant Scandinavian city as you explore its expansive parks and plazas, as well as its historic galleries and buildings.



Day 7: Visby (Finland):

Built on the site of a former Viking settlement, this town became the Baltic Sea headquarters of the Hanseatic League. Discover its well-preserved historic town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



Day 8: Helsinki:

Step ashore in Helsinki, “City of the Sea.” Over the centuries Helsinki has produced some of the world’s finest architects, and the legacy of their splendid work is there to be seen all around you.



Days 9-11: St. Petersburg (Russia):

An extended discovery of Saint Petersburg allows you to cross decorated bridges arching above the numerous waterways and canals and see the spectacular cathedrals, fortresses and palaces built under Peter the Great.



Day 12: Tallinn (Estonia):

Explore the charming Old Town in Tallinn, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.



Days 13-14: Stockholm (Sweden) / disembark / departure:

Explore Sweden’s capital, a city that sprawls over 14 islands. Stroll its lively streets among many historic buildings.



Crystal Symphony

This sleek 781-foot ocean liner is one of the most spacious at sea. It accommodates 940 passengers for whom it provides a spa, fitness facility, two pools, Jacuzzis and inspired dining options, including a restaurant, café and outdoor grill. Complimentary fine wines and premium spirits are available to you throughout the voyage.


Meals and Lodgings
   Club Quarters - Trafalgar Square
  London, UK:England 1 night
   Crystal Symphony
  At Sea, At Sea 11 nights
 Club Quarters - Trafalgar Square
Type: Full Service Hotel
  Ship Information: N/A
  Contact info: 8 Northumberland Avenue
London, NA WC2N 5BY UK:England
phone: +44 (0)20 7839 9333
web: clubquarters.com/london/trafalgar-square
  Facility amenities: Free High Speed Internet Access LCD TV Complimentary coffee and tea Alarm Clock radio with iPod dock Complimentary exercise equipment & 24 hour key access Fitness Room Room Service Self Service Laundry Facilities
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: TBD Please contact RS Travel Services to book additional nights.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM

 Crystal Symphony
Type: Cruise Ship
  Description: With her sleek silhouette and shimmering elegance, the legendary Crystal Symphony finds a natural home in the world's most glamorous harbors and idyllic ports of call. Generous per-passenger space ratios have become a Crystal trademark, along with forward-facing observation decks, a Palm Court lounge, and a wide teak promenade encircling the ship. A makeover in 2006 refreshed the Bistro Café and shops, reconstructed the casino and Starlite Lounge, and added a new nightclub called Luxe. An even more extensive refurbishment in 2009 transformed the Crystal Penthouses, Lido Café, and Prego Italian restaurant. Accented by a lovely waterfall, the focal point of the central two-deck atrium is a sculpture of two ballet dancers created especially for the space. Crystal Cove, the lobby lounge, is the spot to meet for cocktails as you make your way to the nearby dining room. Throughout the ship, public rooms shine with low-key contemporary style and flow easily from one to the next.
  Ship Information: Ship's Registry: The Bahamas 781 feet long x 99 feet wide 51,044 gross registered tons 20 knots cruising speed 21 knots maximum speed 922 passengers capacity An international crew of 545 with 40 countries represented European-trained hotel and dining staff
  Contact info: 2049 Century Park East, Suite 1400
Los Angeles, CA 1400 USA
phone: 310-785-9300
web: www.crystalcruises.com
  Room amenities: Cabins: There are no inside cabins on Crystal Symphony. Still, relatively small stateroom sizes are cozy and chic with boutique-hotel-style decor. All cabins have ample closet and drawer/shelf storage, as well as bathroom shelves. Many have private balconies furnished with chairs and tables. Most suites and penthouses have a walk-in closet. Crystal Penthouse suites have guest powder rooms. Amenities: Rich wood cabinetry, 100% Eygyptian cotton sheets, feather beds and plush duvets, wood and padded hangers, a small refrigerator filled with complimentary bottled water and soft drinks, a personal safe, two hair dryers, a flat-screen TV with a DVD player, and a sitting area with sofa, chair, and table are typical standard features in all cabins. Suite and penthouse extras vary, but all have a DVD/CD player, butler service, personalized stationery, and stocked minibars with wine, beer, and choice of liquor. Bathrooms: Every bathroom has oval glass sinks, granite counters, a full-size tub, Aveda toiletries, plush towels, and bathrobes for use during the cruise. Many suites and penthouses have a whirlpool tub and separate shower.
  Facility amenities: Public spaces have a sophisticated and contemporary feel with fine Italian and French fabrics, Axminster wool carpets, oriental rugs, teak deck furniture and English mohair lap blankets. 8 passenger decks, 2 specialty restaurants, dining room, buffet, ice cream parlor, Wi-Fi, safe, refrigerator, minibar (some), DVD, 1 pool, Fitness classes, gym, hair salon, 1 hot tub, sauna, spa, steam room, 5 bars, casino, cinema, dance club, library, dry-cleaning, laundry facilities, laundry service, Internet terminal, library
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
This program begins at 6:30 p.m. at Program Orientation in the program hotel in London, England You will be staying at Club Quarters - Trafalgar Square that night.
  End of Program:
This program ends on the morning following disembarkation from the Crystal Symphony in Stockholm, Sweden. You will be staying at Crystal Symphony the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. **IMPORTANT INFORMATION** All participants must register online with Crystal Cruises. To register go to checkin.crystalcruises.com to access the Priority Check-in and Planning Center. To log in, you need type in your first/last names as they appear on your passport and your booking number (which appears on your cruise confirmation or can be obtained from Road Scholar). You will need to enter your contact and passport information in order to register. Once registered you will be able to book excursions and on-board activities (such as specialty dining, spa appointments, etc). If you did not recieve a booking number, please call us at 1.866.359.5966. For more information on using the Priority Check-in & Planning Center please see the attachment at the end of this booklet. Proof of citizenship is required for ALL guests. For full information regarding traveling with Crystal Cruises, we recommend visiting the Crystal Cruise website at: www.crystalcruises.com and refer to the "Cruise Guidebook"
  Parking availability:
No parking available.
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
  Train or bus availability: Trains and buses are available from London Heathrow Airport.
To Start of Program
  Location:  London
  Transportation to site: All participants who arranged their air travel through Road Scholar will be transferred from London Heathrow Airport to the program hotel. If you did not purchase your air through Road Scholar, you may join the designated group transfer as long as your flight arrives before or at the same time as the group flight. The designated group transfer time will be sent with your final program materials, approximately 5 weeks prior to the start of your program. If you are making your own flight arrangements, we recommend booking flights that arrive in London before 4:00 pm.
  From End of Program
  Location:  At Sea
  Transportation from site: There will be one group transfer from the hotel to the airport in Stockholm on the morning of the program. All participants must disembark the ship in the morning, and are welcome to join this transfer. The designated group transfer time will be sent with your final program materials, approximately 5 weeks prior to the start of your program.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Depart North America for London
(Friday, July 24)
   
 Depart From: Depart from North America

Day 2: Welcome and Orientation in London
(Saturday, July 25)
   
 Arrive To: Arrive to London Heathrow Airport and transfer to the program hotel.
 Afternoon: At 6:30 p.m. attend a program orientation at the hotel where you will meet your fellow Road Scholar participants and Study Leader.
 Dinner: Enjoy a Group Welcome Dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Club Quarters - Trafalgar Square
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 3: London / Embark Crystal Symphony
(Sunday, July 26)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: The Queens Gallery and overview of London. Depart the hotel for a panoramic overview of London's monuments and most famous sights. Your London expert continues a discussion of the city's history, as well as its architecture throughout the ages. The Royal Mews, hear how the Mews serves The Queen in the performance of her official duties and prepares for major State and ceremonial occasions, from the State Opening of Parliament to royal weddings.
 Lunch: Lunch on your own
 Afternoon: Group transfer to the port and embarkation on Crystal Symphony in the afternoon.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 4: At Sea
(Monday, July 27)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: Join your study leader for an exclusive Road Scholar lecture.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill.
 Afternoon: Join your study leader for an exclusive Road Scholar lecture.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Oslo, Norway
(Tuesday, July 28)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: At the head of the Oslofjord, which boasts many densely wooded islands, lies the impressive Norwegian capital of Oslo. This inspiring city is the site of many of Norway's finest historic and cultural achievements. Towering above our dock near the city center is the imposing Akershus Fortress and Castle. Graceful Viking ships, the Munch Art Museum and Gustav Vigeland's awesome sculpture collection are among the rich treasury of attractions this city has to offer.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Independent exploration of Oslo continues.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Copenhagen, Denmark - Group Cultural Field Trip
(Wednesday, July 29)

Note: Today's field trip is included in your program price. Please do not book an Independent Crystal Shore Excursion today if you intend on joining the group.



   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: ROAD SCHOLAR EXCLUSIVE: The ship arrives in Copenhagen this morning. Join your Study Leader for a brief exploration of Denmarks' enchanting capital city by coach, including a stop to see the the famous Little Mermaid statue. Then travel to Humlebaek to discover the Louisana Museum of Modern Art. The museum’s permanent collection includes more than 3000 works and is one of the largest in Scandinavia. Pause in Helsingør (Elsinore) for a view of Kronborg Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the setting for Shakespeare's Hamlet. In Helsingør discover Den Internationale Højskole (The International People's College) and meet with students and local residents to discuss the politics, daily life and importance of cultural heritage in modern Denmark.
 Lunch: Enjoy a sampling of traditional Danish dishes during a group lunch in Helsingør at Den Internationale Højskole.
 Afternoon: Travel back to the ship by coach as your Study Leader shares some final tales and insights about his home country.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Visby, Sweden
(Thursday, July 30)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: Join your study leader for a lecture titled: "Kings, Tsars and Revolutionaries". The ship is scheduled to arrive in Visby at 11:00 am.
 Lunch: Lunch at leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill.
 Afternoon: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Visby, the Jewel in the Crown on the Island of Gotland, is a medieval city entrenched in the lore of yesteryear. Called "The Durbovnik of the Baltic," Visby is a historic highlight of Sweden, as it boasts an array of church ruins dating from the 12th Century, the Great City Wall, that was originally built to protect the city, and a multitude of wooden and limestone homes erected in the Middle Ages. A thoroughly alive and vital city, Visby's ideal seaside location, nestled within the shadow of a steep cliff, is made unique by the remnants of its historical past.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Helsinki, Finland
(Friday, July 31)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: The ship arrives in Helsinki this morning; after breakfast choose to explore the city on your own, or select from an array of Crystal excursion options. A heritage spanning over 450 years awaits you as you step ashore in Helsinki, "City of the Sea." Spurred on by the inspiration of Carl Ludvig Engel a native of Berlin who had worked earlier in Tallinn and St. Petersburg, Helsinki has produced some of the world's finest architects. Today, the legacy of their splendid work is seen everywhere. Nonetheless, nature has not been subdued, as leafy parks and picturesque bays continue to exert their timeless influence.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Continue your exploration of Helsinki.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: St. Petersburg, Russia
(Saturday, August 1)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Explore St. Petersburg: The ship arrives in St. Petersburg this morning; after breakfast choose to explore the city on your own, or select from an array of Crystal excursion options. **PLEASE NOTE: Russian visas are provided for Crystal shore excursions, but if you plan to spend any time off the ship on your own you MUST obtain your own Russian visa in advance. Formerly known as Leningrad, St. Petersburg is Russia's second-largest city. It lies on a series of islands on the broad reaches of the mighty Neva River. The network of decorated bridges arching above the numerous waterways and canals are a visual delight. Over 300 years ago, this area was merely marsh and forest land. Peter the Great's vision was to build a window to the west, a city that would be a reflection of the great capitals of Europe. With the energy and drive so characteristic of this great man, he began the task. Magnificent Russian Versailles and Fontainbleau, with names like Pavlovsk and Peterhof, now encircle St. Petersburg; hence this comparatively young city has become ageless.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Continue to explore St. Petersburg.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
 Evening: The ship remains in port overnight.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: St. Petersburg, Russia
(Sunday, August 2)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Enjoy more time to explore St. Petersburg.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Enjoy more time to explore St. Petersburg.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
 Evening: The ship remains in port overnight.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11: St. Petersburg, Russia
(Monday, August 3)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Continue exploration of St. Petersburg, Russia.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Enjoy a final exploration of St. Petersburg in the early afternoon before returning to board the ship. In the late afternoon attend an onboard lecture presented by your Study Leader: A brief overview of the cultural history of Finland with in-depth discussion of a few of Finland's greatest writers, artists and musicians throughout the ages. The ship departs St. Petersburg this afternoon at 4 pm.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: Tallinn, Estonia
(Tuesday, August 4)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Tallinn, capital of the independent republic of Estonia, was a key trading city of the Hanseatic League and one of the largest cities in Europe in the Middle Ages. The exceptionally well-preserved Old Town has earned Tallinn a place on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Today, Tallinn is home to almost a third of Estonia's population. Ancient town walls, old churches, graceful steeples, twisty cobblestone streets, red-tiled roofs and imposing towers reveal German, Swedish and Russian architectural influences. The fortress on Castle Hill and many ancient protective bastions stand as a historical tribute to a time, in the 15th century, when Tallinn was heavily fortified.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Continue independent exploration of Tallinn.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: Stockholm, Sweden
(Wednesday, August 5)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: INDEPENDENT EXPLORATION: Sweden's capital, Stockholm, which sprawls over 14 islands, is often called the "Beauty on the Water." Resting amid wooded hills, it is a city surrounded by water, firmly linked by over 50 bridges. Originally founded as a fortress in the 12th century, the earliest mention of Stockholm as a city was in the year 1252. By 1850, the city had less than 100,000 inhabitants. Today it is one of Europe's most prosperous cities with a population of over a million.
 Lunch: At leisure on board the ship in the Crystal Dining Room, the Lido Café, or the Trident Grill, or you may choose to eat independently ashore. Some Crystal shore excursions will include lunch (depending on the length).
 Afternoon: Independent exploration of Stockholm continues before returning to the ship.
 Dinner: Join your study leader for a group dinner in the Crystal Dining Room.
   
Accommodations: Crystal Symphony
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Disembark in Stockholm / Departures
(Thursday, August 6)
   
 Breakfast: At leisure on board in the Crystal Dining Room (open seating) or the more casual Lido Café. Room Service is also available 24 hours a day.
 Morning: Disembark the ship and transfer to the airport for flights returning to North America.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
 
  London British Museum
England's largest museum and one of the oldest in the world, this famous museum boasts vast Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek, Roman, European and Middle Eastern galleries, among many others. Begun in 1753 with a 'cabinet of curiosities' bequeathed by Sir Hans Sloane to the nation on his death, the collection mushroomed over the ensuing years partly through plundering the empire. Among the must-sees are the Rosetta Stone, the key to deciphering Egyptian hiero­glyphics, discovered in 1799; the controversial Parthenon Sculptures, stripped from the walls of the Parthenon in Athens by Lord Elgin (the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire), and which Greece wants returned; the stunning Oxus Treasure of 7th- to 4th-century-BC Persian gold; and the Anglo-Saxon Sutton Hoo burial relics. For additional information, visit http://www.britishmuseum.org/
  London Eye
The London Eye began spinning at the southwestern end of Jubilee Gardens in 2000. Not only has it fundamentally altered the South Bank skyline but, standing 135m tall in a fairly flat city, it is visible from many parts of the city. A ride – or 'flight', as it is called here – in one of the wheel's 32 glass-enclosed eye pods holding up to 28 people draws 3.5 million visitors annually. At peak times (July, August and school holidays) save money and shorten queues by buying tickets online. Alternatively, visit before 11am or after 3pm to avoid peak density. A ride takes 30 minutes and, weather permitting, you can see 25 miles in every direction from the top. Together with its 23m-tall spindle, the hub of the London Eye weighs 330 tonnes, more than 20 times the weight of Big Ben. For additional information, visit http://www.londoneye.com/
  Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
The original Globe theatre was erected in 1599. Rival to the Rose Theatre, all was well but did not end well when the Globe burned down within two hours during a performance in 1613 (a stage cannon ignited the thatched roof). Its present-day incarnation is the vision of American actor and director Sam Wanamaker who sadly died before the opening night in 1997. Admission includes the exhibition hall and guided tour of the theatre (departing every 15 to 30 minutes), faithfully reconstructed from oak beams, handmade bricks, lime plaster and thatch. Tours shift to the nearby Rose Theatre instead when matinees are being staged in season. From April to October plays are performed, and while Shakespeare and his contemporaries dominate, modern plays are also staged. As in Elizabethan times, seatless 'groundlings' can watch in all-weather conditions for the best views. There's no protection from the elements and you'll have to stand, but it's an unforgettable experience. For additional information, visit http://www.shakespearesglobe.com/
  Tower of London
One of London's four World Heritage Sites, the Tower offers a window on to a gruesome and quite compelling history. In the 1070s, William the Conqueror started work on the White Tower to replace the castle he'd previously had built here. By 1285, two walls with towers and a moat were built around it and the defences have barely been altered since. A former royal residence, treasury, mint and arsenal, it became most famous as a prison when Henry VIII moved to Whitehall Palace in 1529. The most striking building is indeed the central White Tower, with its solid Romanesque architecture and four turrets. Today it houses a collection from the Royal Armouries, including Henry VIII's commodious suit of armour. On the 2nd floor is St John's Chapel, dating from 1080 and therefore the oldest church in London. To the north stands Waterloo Barracks, which now contains the spectacular and newly redisplayed Crown Jewels, including the platinum crown of the late Queen Mother, set with the 105-carat Koh-i-Noor (Mountain of Light) diamond and the Imperial State Crown. On the far side of the White Tower rises the Bloody Tower, where the 12-year-old Edward V and his little brother were held 'for their own safety' and later murdered. Sir Walter Raleigh did a 13-year stretch here, when he wrote his History of the World. On the small green in front of the Chapel Royal of St Peter ad Vincula stood Henry VIII's scaffold, where seven people, including Anne Boleyn and her cousin Catherine Howard (Henry's second and fifth wives) were beheaded. Enjoy an entertaining free guided tour with any of the Beefeaters (Yeoman Warders). Hour-long tours leave every 30 minutes from the bridge near the main entrance. Book online for cheaper rates for the Tower. For additional information, visit http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/
  Victoria & Albert Museum
The Victoria & Albert Museum has the finest collection of decorative art and design ever assembled and galleries are being redeveloped and reinvented all the time. Visitors are particularly drawn to the fashion displays and the Islamic and Asian galleries with their carpets, ceramics, and ornate arms and armour. For additional information, visit http://www.vam.ac.uk/
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


A History of Scandinavia: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland


Author: T.K Derry


Description: Scandinavia from prehistory to the present with chapters on the Viking and Lutheran kingdoms, medieval times, monarchies, the World Wars and modern period, emphasizing the common cultural, political and social backgrounds.



Baltic Cruising


Author: Thomas Cook Publishers


Description: This handy pocket guide covers history, politics, culture and highlights of the region from Denmark and Sweden to Russia.



Eyewitness Guide Denmark


Author: Eyewitness Guides


Description: This superb guide features color photography, dozens of excellent local maps and a region-by-region synopsis of the country's attractions.



Eyewitness Guide Germany


Author: Eyewitness Guides


Description: Featuring color photography, excellent local maps and a region-by-region synopsis of the country's attractions.



Eyewitness Guide St. Petersburg


Author: Eyewitness Guides


Description: With excellent local maps and site plans, this outstanding visual guide introduces the culture, history and attractions of St. Petersburg.



Eyewitness Guide Stockholm


Author: Kaj Sandell


Description: This superb, fully illustrated guide to Stockholm and surrounding islands features dozens of local maps and site diagrams.



Helsinki, A Cultural and Literary History


Author: Neil Kent


Description: A literary guide to Helsinki, its history and culture, organized into three sections: city of architects and engineers; city of music and arts; and city of hospitality. With maps and black-and-white illustrations.



Insight Guide Scandinavia


Author: Insight Guides


Description: From Denmark to Sweden, Norway and Finland, this guide introduces the region with outstanding color maps and photographs.



Land of the Firebird, The Beauty of Old Russia


Author: Suzanne Massie


Description: Massie traces both miniscule details and larger movements in pre-revolutionary Russian art, literature and daily life in this affectionate overview of 19th-century palaces, courts and culture.



Lenin's Tomb


Author: David Remnick


Description: A gripping eyewitness tale of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Remnick, the Washington Post reporter on the scene, combines fine historical scholarship with great storytelling.



Northern Europe Scandinavia Map


Author: Freytag & Berndt


Description: A colorful shaded relief map showing the Baltic region from Copenhagen to St. Petersburg and Hammerfest at a scale of 1:2,000,000.



Peter the Great, His Life and World


Author: Robert Massie


Description: In this Pulitzer Prize-winning biography, Massie portrays the giant of history who transformed Russia from backwater tsardom into a major empire.



Pocket Guide to the Birds of Britain and North-West Europe


Author: Chris Kightley


Description: A compact field-friendly guide to the birds found in the British Isles and the Faroes, Scandinavia and Northwest Europe.



Sunlight at Midnight: St. Petersburg and the Rise of Modern Russia


Author: W. Bruce Lincoln


Description: A wonderfully written, informative portrait of St. Petersburg, focusing on the city's development in the 18th and 19th centuries as Russia's "window on the West." Highly recommended for travelers with an interest in the character and significance of the city and its monuments.



The Baltic


Author: Alan Palmer


Description: Palmer chronicles the Baltic region from the Viking era and Byzantine Empire through wars, uprisings and other political conflicts of the twentieth century, and on to modern times, where he finds a group of nations and peoples poised to emerge as some of Europe's most vital democracies. In addition to the prolific British historian's considerable learning, he provides some rather entertaining anecdotes.



The German Way


Author: Hyde Flippo


Description: This clever A-to-Z guide to quirks, attitudes, behavior and customs is a terrific resource for travelers seeking insight into why the Germans, Austrians and Swiss do what they do.



The Germans


Author: Gordon A. Craig


Description: A gifted historian, Craig explores the complex paradoxes of German identity in this masterly portrait of German life, past and present, with chapters on religion, money, Jews, women, literature and society, Berlin and language.



The Northern Crusades


Author: Eric Christiansen


Description: The wilder-than-fiction story of the conquest and conversion of the pagan tribes of the Baltic coasts by the crusading knights of the Teutonic Order from the 13th to the 15th centuries.



The Vikings, Lords of the Seas


Author: Yves Cohat


Description: An indispensable reference that fits in your pocket, this slim volume is packed with maps, archival photographs, and illustrations. It tells of the Norse homeland, discoveries and settlements, and also features a useful chronology and excerpts from the Viking Sagas. Part of the "Discoveries" series.





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