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Richmond in the Civil War: Confederate Capital and Union Objective

Program Number: 21375RJ
Start and End Dates:
9/28/2014 - 10/3/2014; 11/2/2014 - 11/7/2014; 3/29/2015 - 4/3/2015;
Duration: 5 nights
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Price starting at: $739.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: History & Culture; Political Science
Meals: 15; 5 Breakfasts, 5 Lunches, 5 Dinners    
Meal Options: Low Fat; Vegetarian; Low Salt; Gluten Free    

When the U.S. divided into North and South, some expected a quick and glorious war. Instead came four long years of attrition and sacrifice. Richmond was at the center of the conflict as the capital of the Confederacy and the object of the Union’s military campaign. With authors, historians, and other experts, examine the big issues that led to rupture, survey battles and leaders, and investigate the consequences of the war for all players.




Highlights

• At the White House of the Confederacy, be introduced to the rooms where Confederate President Jefferson Davis lived with his family, and at the adjacent museum examine one of the richest collections of Civil War artifacts.
•At the Richmond National Battlefield Visitor Center--located at Tredegar Iron Works, the South’s essential armory--gain an overview of the military campaigns for Richmond.
• Select between two tracks of the program that look at different aspects of the Civil War and Richmond.



Activity Particulars

Walk up to two miles a day.




Date Specific Information

9-28-2014

The Civil War’s Causes & Consequences: On this date, learn how Richmond managed as armies warred over its fate. Sight down a cannon barrel at Drewry’s Bluff to see how the capital was defended. Tour the Virginia State Capitol to stand where Robert E. Lee first took command. Compare the peaceful setting at today’s Chimborazo Visitor Center to the vast hospital complex for wounded and sick soldiers that stood there during the war. This date includes three field trips.



11-2-2014, 3-29-2015

In Lincoln’s Footsteps: On this date, trace the final throes of this great conflict at sites that Lincoln visited in spring 1865 as he tracked the Union Army’s progress through Virginia. Walk the streets of Richmond as Lincoln did the day after the rebel stronghold fell. See the Union-held military installation at Fort Monroe National Monument and visit Petersburg National Battlefield to learn about its siege, the longest military event of the Civil War. Learn about the social revolution that emancipation entailed and be introduced to people who tried to make this profound change work at sites including Emancipation Oak and the oldest African-American museum in the country. This date includes three field trips.



Coordinated by Virginia Commonwealth University.




Richmond

Founded in 1607, Virginia's capital is situated at the falls of the James River. This seat of colonial and Civil War history blends the legacy of settlers, patriots, presidents, free blacks and civil rights leaders with superb museums, monuments, mansions and gardens.



Accommodations
Modern hotel in downtown Richmond.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Jeffrey Ruggles

Jeffrey Ruggles is a historian and photographer whose specialities include the history of Virginia and 19th-20th century popular culture. He has published a book on photography and a biography of Henry Box Brown. His professional background includes curator at Virginia Historical Society, gallery exhibitions, and permanent installations. Jeffrey also owned and operated a popular restaurant in Richmond's Shockoe Bottom for a number of years.
 
John Quarstein

John Quarstein is an award-winning historian, preservationist and author who has taught at the University of Virginia, the College of William and Mary, Old Dominion University and Virginia Commonwealth University. A Civil War expert, he formerly served as the director of the Virginia War Museum in Newport News. John is active in preserving Civil War and other historic sites throughout Virginia and received the President’s Award for Historic Preservation in 1993.
 
John Coski

John Coski, historian and library director at the Museum of the Confederacy, has authored books and numerous journal and review articles about the Civil War. He received media attention for his book, "The Confederate Battle Flag; America's Most Embattled Emblem," and discussed its controversial subject during an interview on National Public Radio. John received his Ph.D. in history from the College of William and Mary, and was previously professor at both William and Mary and at Hollins College.
 
Meals and Lodgings
   Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
  Richmond 5 nights
 Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Type: Full Service Hotel
  Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.
  Contact info: 555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown
  Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access
  Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.
  Check out time: 12:00 PM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
3:30-5:00 PM in hotel lobby for Road Scholar registration You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends after early lunch at 11:30 AM. You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. No
  Parking availability:
Parking in the garage adjacent to the hotel is free for the length of the program.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Richmond
  Nearest city or town:  Petersburg 25 miles south, Williamsburg 50 miles east
  Nearest highway: I-64 and I-95
  Nearest airport:  Richmond International Airport (RIC)
  From End of Program
  Location: Richmond
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Richmond Amtrak Station (Staples Mill Road)

 

From Train Station

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Taxi stand
phone: NA0-0 0-0-0/ x0-

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20-25 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

8 miles

   

The Richmond Amtrak station at Staples Mill Road is 8 miles from the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The best method of transportation is by taxi, and a cabstand is available. (Bus service is infrequent and slow.) The second Richmond station, Amtrak Downtown at Main Street Station, is much closer, only one mile from the hotel, but has a limited schedule. No cabstand is available, but you can call a cab from the station.

 

Richmond Greyhound Bus Station

 

From Bus Terminal

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Limited taxi service
phone: NA0-000-00 0 x00-00-0-0/

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

15 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

3.5 miles

   

Taxi is the best way to travel from the Greyhound Bus Station to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. No cabstand but you can call a cab from the station. (Local bus service is infrequent and requires a transfer.)

 

Richmond International Airport (RIC)

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
CMC Ground Transportation
phone: 804-360-2122

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Varies, $25-$35
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

10 miles

   

Several choices to travel from the airport to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The shuttle service listed above is one way. Also, a 24-hour taxi stand is available outside the baggage claim area, with cabs generally from several different companies.

 
Driving Directions
  From the East to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 West to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow signs to I-95 South (first a left exit and then a left turn). On I-95 South, proceed only a short distance and take the third exit, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the North to the Crowne Plaza Downtown Richmond Take I-95 South to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the South to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-95 North to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take the first exit after crossing James River bridge, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the West to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 East to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow I-64 East/ I-95 South. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
Equipment Requirements: Comfortable walking shoes for field trips
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrival & Registration, Introductions & Orientation
(Sunday, September 28)
   
 Arrive To: HOTEL CHECK-IN: From 3:30pm.

PROGRAM REGISTRATION: After you have your room assignment, come over to the Road Scholar desk in the lobby to register with the program staff and pick up your arrival packet that will contain your name tag and most up-to-date schedule that we'll review during orientation this evening. Please let us know if you'll be arriving after 5:00pm.

Please be aware that program activities and scheduled times could change due to local circumstances. Although it rarely happens, classes and field trips may be slightly altered from this itinerary to accommodate instructors' schedules. In the event of any changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding.

 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel: Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: ORIENTATION: In our classroom. Greet the program staff and your fellow participants during an introductory get-acquainted session. We'll review the updated schedule, cover responsibilities, safety guidelines, and emergency procedures, and answer any questions, and have an informative overview of the program ahead. The remainder of the evening is yours to continue getting to know one another, walk around, or just relax.

America's Civil War lasted four years, from 1861-1865, with more than 600,000 casualties. This introductory program takes place during the Sesquicentennial of the Civil War and surveys its causes, highlights, and effects.

   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Overview of the War, Historic Tredegar Iron Works, Richmond National Battlefield Park, Drewry's Bluff, Evening Program
(Monday, September 29)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel: Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: CLASS: America's Civil War lasted four years, from 1861-1865, with more than 600,000 casualties. This introductory program takes place during the Sesquicentennial of the Civil War and surveys its causes, highlights, and effects. Our first class this morning addresses causes of the Civil War as we examine the state of the country at the close of the Revolution and the remaining economic, social, and political tensions that ultimately led to conflict some 80 years later. We'll consider causes and effects from a number of perspectives: North and South, rich and poor, slave and free.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel: Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: FIELD TRIPS: Richmond National Battlefield Park sites at Drewry's Bluff and Tredegar Iron Works, and The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar.

As the Confederate seat of government and supply, Richmond was the focus of Union campaigns in 1862 and 1864-65. In response the Confederate government erected a large defensive system that encircled much of the city, especially to the east. A key to the defensive line on the James River was Drewry's Bluff. Seven miles south of the capital, Drewry's Bluff housed Ft. Darling, an integral part of Richmond's defense until the fall of Petersburg in April 1865. During our field trip with our instructor to Drewry's Bluff, part of the Richmond National Battlefield Park, we'll see why this area was so important, and learn about Union and Confederate navies and how the War was fought at sea.

We then visit the Richmond National Battlefield Park headquarters at Tredegar Iron Works. In addition to the ironworks and foundry that armed the Confederacy, there are numerous exhibits explaining the causes, course of conflict, and consequences of the Civil War.

Also at Tredegar is the American Civil War Center, the nation's first museum to interpret the Civil War from Union, Confederate, and African American perspectives, tracing all three stories and demonstrating how each group played a different role in the nation's central drama (see www.tredegar.org).

 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel: Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: EVENING PROGRAM: Learn more about the causes and conflict as a guest speaker examines how problems came to a head with the bombardment of Ft. Sumter and the initial conflict.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Morning and Evening Classes, Field trips to Virginia State Capitol and White House and Museum of the Confederacy
(Tuesday, September 30)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel: Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: CLASS: We follow the conduct of the war through the Peninsula Campaign of 1862, which brought the fighting to the outskirts of east Richmond.
 Lunch: Lunch on the 6th floor of the General Assembly Building on the State Capitol grounds. Cafeteria-style; seating includes great views of the grounds. Lunch choices include several hot and cold entrees, vegetables, pasta and other side dishes, salad bar, desserts, beverages.
 Afternoon: FIELD TRIPS: Virginia State Capitol and the Museum and White House of the Confederacy.

The State Capitol was designed by Thomas Jefferson and inspired by the Maison Caree in Nimes, France, and classical Roman temples. Our field trip will focus on the Capitol as the center of political power and as a ceremonial site for both Virginia and the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as president of the Confederate States of America on Capitol Square. A lifesize bronze statue inside the Capitol chambers shows Robert E. Lee accepting command of Virginia's military forces. Prominent Confederate leaders are depicted by statues in the chambers and on the grounds.

The Museum of the Confederacy's rich collection of artifacts encompasses thousands of rare objects and artwork, and a wide range of military items and artifacts that include uniforms, weaponry, flags and rare documents. The adjacent two-story White House, which we'll also explore, was the home of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family during the War. The Museum's historian will provide a lecture on conflict that also segues our study into "Consequences of the Civil War."

 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel: Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Evening Program: Our speaker will discuss Civil War Medicine.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Morning and Evening Classes/Free afternoon
(Wednesday, October 1)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel: Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Class: We’ll look at the period from 1862 to 1864 as seen from the perspective of Richmond.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel: Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: Free afternoon: a listing of suggested places to go will be provided.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel: Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Class: "Conflict and Consequences for African-Americans" examines slavery and non-slavery states, the growth of the abolition movement, and the consequences of both the conflict and war's end for African-Americans.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Morning class, Field Trip to Chimborazo Medical Museum and Glendale and Malvern Hill battlefields
(Thursday, October 2)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel: Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Class: We'll look at the closing stages of the war, including on the military side the Union Army's Virginia Campaign of 1864-65 that led to the Siege of Petersburg, and on the social side the shortages that began to dominate life in Richmond.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel: Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: Field trip to Richmond National Battlefield sites, Chimborazo Medical Museum and the Glendale Visitor Center.

To consider the human cost of war, we'll explore Chimborazo Medical Museum. It was known as "the hospital on the hill" and no other medical facility received more fame or notoriety than Chimborazo (see www.nps.gov/rich/historyculture/chimborazo). With its lead physician, Dr. James McCaw, Chimborazo operated like a small city with a team of surgeons, to more than 75,000 soldiers who passed through its doors. Part of the Richmond National Battlefield Park, Chimborazo today is a fascinating museum that translates the history of medicine and medical practice during the Civil War.

Next we'll go to the Glendale Visitor Center, in east Richmond near the battlefields of Fraysers Farm and Malvern Hill, the final major engagements of the 1862 Seven Days Battle. Malvern Hill is considered the best preserved battlefield in central Virginia.

 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel: Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Evening entertainment: "Musical Time Travel: Pre-Civil War and Civil War Music and Instruments"
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Final class/Lunch/Program departure
(Friday, October 3)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel: Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: CLASS: The final class looks at the many consequences of America's Civil War, in legislation, economy, and society.
 Lunch: The program concludes with lunch. We hope you have enjoyed this fascinating new program and will join us in the future for other rewarding Road Scholar programs. Best wishes for all your journeys!
   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia, and its People


Author: Marie Tyler-McGraw


Battle Cry of Freedom


Author: James McPherson


Description: A one volume overview of the Civil War that is one of the best



Lee and his generals in war and memory


Author: Gary Gallagher


Description: Gallagher teaches at the University of Virginia



Richmond, An Illustrated History


Author: Harry Ward




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