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Richmond in the Civil War: Confederate Capital and Union Objective

Program Number: 21375RJ
Start and End Dates:
11/2/2014 - 11/7/2014; 3/29/2015 - 4/3/2015; 10/11/2015 - 10/16/2015;
Duration: 5 nights
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Price starting at: $739.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: History & Culture; Political Science
Meals: 14; 5 Breakfasts, 5 Lunches, 4 Dinners    
Meal Options: Low Fat; Vegetarian; Low Salt; Gluten Free    

When the U.S. divided into North and South, some expected a quick and glorious war. Instead came four long years of attrition and sacrifice. Richmond was at the center of the conflict as the capital of the Confederacy and the object of the Union’s military campaign. With authors, historians, and other experts, examine the big issues that led to rupture, survey battles and leaders, and investigate the consequences of the war for all players.




Highlights

• At the White House of the Confederacy, be introduced to the rooms where Confederate President Jefferson Davis lived with his family, and at the adjacent museum examine one of the richest collections of Civil War artifacts.
•At the Richmond National Battlefield Visitor Center--located at Tredegar Iron Works, the South’s essential armory--gain an overview of the military campaigns for Richmond.
• Select between two tracks of the program that look at different aspects of the Civil War and Richmond.



Activity Particulars

Walk up to two miles a day.




Date Specific Information

11-2-2014, 3-29-2015

In Lincoln’s Footsteps: On this date, trace the final throes of this great conflict at sites that Lincoln visited in spring 1865 as he tracked the Union Army’s progress through Virginia. Walk the streets of Richmond as Lincoln did the day after the rebel stronghold fell. See the Union-held military installation at Fort Monroe National Monument and visit Petersburg National Battlefield to learn about its siege, the longest military event of the Civil War. Learn about the social revolution that emancipation entailed and be introduced to people who tried to make this profound change work at sites including Emancipation Oak and the oldest African-American museum in the country. This date includes three field trips.



Coordinated by Virginia Commonwealth University.




Richmond

Founded in 1607, Virginia's capital is situated at the falls of the James River. This seat of colonial and Civil War history blends the legacy of settlers, patriots, presidents, free blacks and civil rights leaders with superb museums, monuments, mansions and gardens.



Accommodations
Modern hotel in downtown Richmond.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Jeffrey Ruggles

Jeffrey Ruggles is a historian and photographer whose specialities include the history of Virginia and 19th-20th century popular culture. He has published a book on photography and a biography of Henry Box Brown. His professional background includes curator at Virginia Historical Society, gallery exhibitions, and permanent installations. Jeffrey also owned and operated a popular restaurant in Richmond's Shockoe Bottom for a number of years.
 
John Quarstein

John Quarstein is an award-winning historian, preservationist and author who has taught at the University of Virginia, the College of William and Mary, Old Dominion University and Virginia Commonwealth University. A Civil War expert, he formerly served as the director of the Virginia War Museum in Newport News. John is active in preserving Civil War and other historic sites throughout Virginia and received the President’s Award for Historic Preservation in 1993.
 
John Coski

John Coski, historian and library director at the Museum of the Confederacy, has authored books and numerous journal and review articles about the Civil War. He received media attention for his book, "The Confederate Battle Flag; America's Most Embattled Emblem," and discussed its controversial subject during an interview on National Public Radio. John received his Ph.D. in history from the College of William and Mary, and was previously professor at both William and Mary and at Hollins College.
 
Meals and Lodgings
   Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
  Richmond 5 nights
 Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Type: Full Service Hotel
  Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.
  Contact info: 555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown
  Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access
  Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program. Participants should contact the hotel directly at 804-788-0900. (Do not call the 1-800 reservation number because these calls do not go directly to the hotel.)
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program. Participants should contact the hotel directly at 804-788-0900. (Do not call the 1-800 reservation number because these calls do not go directly to the hotel.)
  Check out time: 12:00 PM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
3:30-5:00 PM in hotel lobby for Road Scholar registration You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends after early lunch at 11:30 AM. You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. No
  Parking availability:
Parking in the garage adjacent to the hotel is free for the length of the program.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Richmond
  Nearest city or town:  Petersburg 25 miles south, Williamsburg 50 miles east
  Nearest highway: I-64 and I-95
  Nearest airport:  Richmond International Airport (RIC)
  From End of Program
  Location: Richmond
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Richmond Amtrak Station (Staples Mill Road)

 

From Train Station

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Taxi stand
phone: NA0-0 0-0-0/ x0-

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20-25 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

8 miles

   

The Richmond Amtrak station at Staples Mill Road is 8 miles from the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The best method of transportation is by taxi, and a cabstand is available. (Bus service is infrequent and slow.) The second Richmond station, Amtrak Downtown at Main Street Station, is much closer, only one mile from the hotel, but has a limited schedule. No cabstand is available, but you can call a cab from the station.

 

Richmond International Airport (RIC)

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
CMC Ground Transportation
phone: 804-360-2122

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Varies, $25-$35
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

10 miles

   

Several choices to travel from the airport to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The shuttle service listed above is one way. Also, a 24-hour taxi stand is available outside the baggage claim area, with cabs generally from several different companies.

 

Richmond Greyhound Bus Station

 

From Bus Terminal

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Limited taxi service
phone: NA0-000-00 0 x00-00-0-0/

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

15 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

3.5 miles

   

Taxi is the best way to travel from the Greyhound Bus Station to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. No cabstand but you can call a cab from the station. (Local bus service is infrequent and requires a transfer.)

 
Driving Directions
  From the East to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 West to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow signs to I-95 South (first a left exit and then a left turn). On I-95 South, proceed only a short distance and take the third exit, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the North to the Crowne Plaza Downtown Richmond Take I-95 South to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the South to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-95 North to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take the first exit after crossing James River bridge, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the West to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 East to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow I-64 East/ I-95 South. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
Equipment Requirements: Comfortable walking shoes for field trips
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrival & Registration, Introductions & Orientation
(Sunday, November 2)
   
 Arrive To: HOTEL CHECK-IN: Available from 3:30pm.

PROGRAM REGISTRATION: After you have your room assignment, come over to the Road Scholar desk in the lobby to register with the program staff and pick up your arrival packet that will contain your name tag and most up-to-date schedule that we'll review during orientation this evening. Be sure to let us know if you expect to arrive after 5:00pm.

Please be aware that program activities and scheduled times could change due to local circumstances. Rarely, classes and field trips may need to be adjusted to accommodate instructors' schedules. In the event of any changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding.

 Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: ORIENTATION: In our private meeting room. Greet the program staff and your fellow participants during an introductory get-acquainted session. We'll review the updated schedule, cover responsibilities, safety guidelines, and emergency procedures, and answer any questions, and have an informative overview of the program ahead. The remainder of the evening is yours to continue getting to know one another, walk around, or just relax.

America's Civil War lasted four years, from 1861-1865, with more than 600,000 casualties. In this program that takes place during the Sesquicentennial observance, we look at the final months of the conflict and its consequences. Informative lectures set the stage for three days of field trips where you will see where history was made.

   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Classes: the Virginia Campaign of 1864-65, Emancipation, and Lincoln in Virginia
(Monday, November 3)
   
 Breakfast: Full breakfast buffet in the hotel dining area. Buffet includes choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: PRESENTATION: The campaigns in Virginia during the Civil War. This morning we look at the military and political sides of the campaigns that took place in 1862, 1863, and 1864-65. Union army moves on Richmond in 1862 and 1863 were fended off. The war began moving towards its inevitable conclusion in Spring 1864 with Ulysses Grant newly installed as commander of the Union army. In command of the Confederate army protecting Richmond was Robert E. Lee. During two months of heavy fighting, Grant swung his army around Richmond to eventually besiege Petersburg, where the conflict settled into trench warfare.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: This afternoon we'll take a walking field trip to the Virginia State Capitol, which also served as the capitol for the Confederacy, where we will have a guided tour. On the way to and from the Capitol, which is about 6 blocks from the hotel, we will be passing through the Burnt District, the part of the city that was destroyed in the Evacuation Fire of April 3, 1865.
 Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: PRESENTATION: African Americans in Virginia during the Civil War. Lincoln said “all knew” that slavery “was somehow the cause of the war.” Blacks had a big effect on the war in the state. The emancipation of slaves was a process that began early in the war at Fort Monroe and would continue until the Confederacy surrendered. Behind Union lines, camps were established to house and teach fugitives slaves, some of whom were recruited as Union soldiers.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Field trip to Hampton including Fort Monroe, Emancipation Oak, and the Hampton University Museum, and to the New Market battlefield
(Tuesday, November 4)
   
 Breakfast: Full breakfast buffet in the hotel dining area. Buffet includes choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: FIELD TRIP: Fort Monroe. This fort in Hampton Roads, on a peninsula overlooking Chesapeake Bay, was the only federal military installation in the upper South remaining under U.S. control throughout the war. Lincoln visited here three times. Fort Monroe became an outpost of freedom when Major General Benjamin F. Butler used it to house refugee slaves after passage of the First Confiscation Act on August 6, 1861, which announced that any enslaved person used for a military purpose against the United States could be “confiscated” — in essence, freed. Fort Monroe thus became a staging ground for emancipation.
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch in Hampton, at a site with a view of Hampton Roads, the great harbor where the ironclads Monitor and Merrimac fought in 1862, and today is the largest U.S. Navy base at Norfolk.
 Afternoon: FIELD TRIP continues: Hampton University. We will visit two sites on campus: Emancipation Oak, which sheltered classes for new freedmen beginning in 1862, and Hampton University Museum, the oldest African-American museum in the country, with art and artifacts of Africa, American Indians, and famous black artists.

On the return to Richmond, we stop at New Market battlefield. after the 1864 battle there, 15 U.S. “Colored” soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.

 Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: PRESENTATION: Lincoln in Virginia. Learn about Lincoln's travels to Virginia as President during the Civil War for several purposes: diplomacy, to oversee the war effort, and to see the long-sought prizes claimed by his army. Lincoln acted behind the scenes to enable the creation of a new state from the western portion of Virginia.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Field trip to City Point and Petersburg; Free afternoon; evening class
(Wednesday, November 5)
   
 Breakfast: Full breakfast buffet in the hotel dining area. Buffet includes choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: FIELD TRIP: Petersburg National Battlefield. En route, we stop at City Point, the Union supply base on the James River that served as Grant's headquarters for the 10-month siege of Petersburg, and where Lincoln conferred with Grant. Lincoln spent two of the last three weeks of his life at City Point.

Petersburg was a crucial Confederate supply center and the key to Richmond. The siege here was the longest military event of the Civil War -- and the longest in American warfare -- lasting nine-and-a-half months and involving thousands of U. S. Colored Troops. It resulted in I70,000 casualties, untold civilian suffering, and the decline of Lee's army. Grant eventually cut off all of Petersburg's supply lines and Richmond fell on April 3, 1865. Lee surrendered six days later.

Included in our field trip are the trench lines and the site of the Crater, the most infamous incident of the siege that became a symbol of military debacle. Grant later called it “the saddest affair I have ever witnessed in the war."

 Lunch: Lunch in Petersburg. The historic Old Town neighborhood includes a number of buildings that endured the siege.

We return to the hotel after lunch.

 Afternoon: FREE AFTERNOON: Take the rest of the day for personal independent exploration. There are numerous options depending on your interests. In the downtown area are the Virginia State Capitol building; St. John’s Church of Patrick Henry fame, a National Historic Landmark; and riverside parks. Father west are the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and Carytown, a neighborhood of boutiques, coffee shops, and eateries. The group leader will be happy to offer suggestions.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own this evening. With lots of choices, you will surely find something to please your palate. The Shockoe Slip district is about 6 blocks east and there are many new downtown restaurants. The group leader will be happy to offer suggestions.
 Evening: PRESENTATION: Richmond during April 1865 and After. April 1865 began with the April 1 Battle of Five Forks that turned the line at Petersburg, leading to the fall of that city to Union forces on April 2. That caused Lee to abandon Richmond which fell and burned on April 3. On April 4 Lincoln and his son Tad with a small party walked the streets of Richmond. Grant's army pursued Lee's and caught it, leading to the surrender at Appomattox on April 9; followed by the assassination of President Lincoln on April 14. After April 1865, Virginia was a Military District run by Army officers. Reconstruction efforts by the Federal government were represented by the Freedman's Bureau, were fully underway by 1867, and lasted about ten years.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 5: Field Trip to the Confederate White House and Museum of the Confederacy and to the Maggie Walker House; evening performance.
(Thursday, November 6)
   
 Breakfast: Full breakfast buffet in the hotel dining area. Buffet includes choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: FIELD TRIP: to Richmond sites. Begin with a motorcoach exploration of Richmond highlights including the historic neighborhoods of Church Hill and the Fan, the statues of Monument Avenue, and the James River. Our panoramic circuit continues to the historic Tredegar Iron Works.

Tredegar Iron Works is a historic site that comprises eight acres along the James River. Tredegar Iron Works produced half the Confederacy's cannons, armor for ironclads, railroad engines, and trackage. There are five surviving buildings from the Iron Works era, which house two Civil War museums. First, in the restored Pattern Building is the main Visitor Center for Richmond National Battlefield, operated by the National Park Service. Here are maps and artifacts of the many battlefields in the Richmond area, mostly east of the city, and the best display on the Evacuation Fire of April 3, 1865. Second, in the Foundry building is The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar, which interprets the Civil War from Union, Confederate, and African American perspectives.

Next we travel to the White House and Museum of the Confederacy. The White House has been fully restored to its appearance when Jefferson Davis and his family lived there during the Civil War. When Lincoln came to Richmond the day after the city fell, he made his way to the house and sat in the chair at Davis's desk. Next door to the White House is the Museum of the Confederacy where we will examine significant artifacts displayed from its rich collection.

 Lunch: For lunch we will visit a private club on historic Church Hill where the menu will feature traditional Virginia fare.
 Afternoon: FIELD TRIP: Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site. Maggie Lena Walker, born in 1865, bridged the gap between emancipation and entrepreneurship. In spite of humble beginnings in post-Civil War Richmond, she achieved national prominence as a businesswoman and community leader. She rose to prominence as a leader in the St. Luke's Beneficial Society, one of a number of organizations in the black community for the betterment of their lives and opportunities. Walker built the penny-savings bank at St. Luke's into a key institution for the black business community and became an inspiring symbol of pride and progress, devoting her life to civil rights advancement, economic empowerment, and educational opportunities for Jim Crow-era African Americans and women.

The residence was built in 1883 at 110 1/2 East Leigh Street, a prime location in the heart of Jackson Ward, the center of Richmond's African American business and social life at the turn of the century. The Walkers purchased the house in 1904. The furnishings you see are original family pieces, valuable in understanding Maggie Walker and her era. The community of Jackson Ward has been designated a National Historic Landmark District.

 Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: ENTERTAINMENT: “Musical Time Travel.” Enjoy pre-Civil War and Civil War music performed on period instruments by entertaining musicians.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Final class/Lunch/Program departure
(Friday, November 7)
   
 Breakfast: Full breakfast buffet in the hotel dining area. Buffet includes choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles. p> Please note that hotel check-out is by 12:00 Noon.
 Morning: CLASS: Consequences. Our final class looks at the many consequences of America's Civil War in legislation; the local, regional, and national economy; and changes in society.
 Lunch: Early lunch at the hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.

The program concludes with lunch. We trust you have enjoyed this fascinating trip into one of the most significant periods in American history and will return for other rewarding Road Scholar programs in the future. Best wishes for all your journeys!

   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia, and its People


Author: Marie Tyler-McGraw


Battle Cry of Freedom


Author: James McPherson


Description: A one volume overview of the Civil War that is one of the best



Lee and his generals in war and memory


Author: Gary Gallagher


Description: Gallagher teaches at the University of Virginia



Richmond, An Illustrated History


Author: Harry Ward




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