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How Colossal Miscalculations and Audacious Generals Prolonged the Civil War

Program Number: 17428RJ
Start and End Dates:
4/21/2014 - 4/26/2014; 5/11/2015 - 5/16/2015;
Duration: 5 nights
Location: Williamsburg, Virginia
Price starting at: $849.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: History & Culture Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 15; 5 Breakfasts, 5 Lunches, 5 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian; Kosher; Gluten Free    

Gain a detailed understanding of the crucial 1861-62 Civil War campaigns of the Virginia Peninsula, discovering how these oft-overlooked events tremendously impacted the politics, strategies and length of the war. Witness the war’s impact on towns caught in the middle, families left behind and slaves hungry for freedom, and walk the hallowed ground of a half-dozen battlefields to experience them from the perspective of the soldiers who fought and died there.




Highlights

• Through in-depth, on-scene exploration, uncover the stories of battles from Big Bethel to the little-known but important clash at Williamsburg to the “murderous” charge at Malvern Hill.
• Wonder at the revolving ironclad Monitor turret, resurrected from the sea, during an exclusive visit to the lab where it is being preserved.
• Be captivated by the story of a contraband slave, newly emancipated and learning to deal with the realities of freedom and lost family ties.



Activity Particulars

Walking up to 3 miles per day over uneven terrain at a moderate pace. Some areas have no resting place.




Date Specific Information

4-21-2014, 5-11-2015

Enjoy the latest in hearing technology — listening devices — on this date.



Coordinated by Road Scholar.




Williamsburg (Virginia)

One of America’s first planned cities, this one-time capital of the New World was laid out in 1699, and today, the historic community serves as a well-preserved center of American Colonial history, from nearby Jamestown to impeccably restored buildings.



Accommodations
Comfortable hotel two blocks from Colonial Williamsburg.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Peggy Vogtsberger

Peggy is an expert on the American Civil War and is editor of the book, “The Dulanys of Welbourne: A Family in Mosby’s Confederacy”, a collection of the letters of Col. Richard Dulany of the 7th Virginia Cavalry. A frequent lecturer for various Civil War groups, Peggy was a founding member of the John Pelham Society, as well as of the Williamsburg Civil War Roundtable, where she has served as president and newsletter editor. She has particular interests in battles and personalities in the Western Theater of the Civil War and in the Peninsula Campaign. Currently working for the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Peggy has lived on the Virginia Peninsula for over 40 years.
 
Tim Smith

Tim, a native of Baltimore, is a Licensed Battlefield Guide at the Gettysburg National Military Park and a research historian for the Adams County Historical Society. He has published numerous articles on the battle experience of soldiers and civilians and is the author of "The Story of Lee's Headquarters: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania" and co-author of "Devils Den: A History and Guide." Tim has appeared in several televised Civil War documentaries and contributes regularly to Blue and Grey magazine.
 
Carson Hudson

Carson Hudson is an Emmy-award winning screenwriter who has dedicated his career to bringing the music, lore and history of America to life. After in-depth research of entertainment forms from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, he began to regress his performance skills into the past, learning traditional performance practices and sideshow secrets. Since then, he has researched, written, performed, and directed more than a score of productions and programs for the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. This work earned him an Emmy and several Telly Awards in screen writing. In spite of all this, he still manages to find time to lecture on Revolutionary and Civil War military history for Road Scholar programs. Carson is the author of "Civil War Williamsburg" and "These Detestable Slaves of the Devil" (on colonial witchcraft).
 
Mike Cobb

Mike has served for many years as the historian for the City of Hampton, Virginia. He was a driving force in the founding of the Hampton History Museum, where 400 years of history are interpreted in eight galleries. Currently, Mike is the curator for the museum, overseeing the preservation and cataloguing of hundreds of thousands of artifacts. A particular passion for him is the restoration and interpretation of Fort Wool, one of the army facilities that remained in Union hands during the Civil War. Mike is also deeply involved in the development of the newly designated National Monument at Fort Monroe, which was recently turned over by the Army to the Commonwealth of Virginia. Mike is the author of several books on Hampton, Fort Wool, and Civil War history and frequently lectures for local historical groups as well as for Road Scholar.
 
Michael Moore

Michael Moore is the curator and registrar for Lee Hall Mansion and Endview Plantation in Newport News. He received a bachelor of arts history from Christopher Newport University and a master of arts in history from Old Dominion University. While earning his graduate degree, he taught American history at ODU. During his tenure with the City of Newport News, Michael has curated several exhibits at local historic sites and lectured to various historical societies and civic groups. In addition, he has led battlefield tours throughout Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland. Aside from his work with the City of Newport News, the Maritime Archaeological and Historical Society, the Isle of Wright County Historic Recourses, and the York County Historical Museum retain him as a consultant. Michael is the co-author of The Peninsula Campaign of 1862: A Military Analysis. He has also served as editor and photographic editor for eight books and written articles for Virginia Cavalcade, North & South, and Military Collector & Historian.
 
Meals and Lodgings
   Clarion Hotel Historic District
  Williamsburg, VA 5 nights
 Clarion Hotel Historic District
Type: Hotel
  Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.
  Contact info: 351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com
  Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge
  Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds) Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.
  Check in time: 4:00 PM
  Additional nights after: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds) Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.
  Check out time: 11:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
4:00 pm Program Registration begins at hotel. Check into room; program starts at 5:15 pm. You will be staying at Clarion Hotel Historic District that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends at 11:30 with box lunch provided for trip home. You will be staying at Clarion Hotel Historic District the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. None
  Parking availability:
free parking at hotel
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Williamsburg, VA
  Nearest city or town:  Richmond
  Nearest highway: Interstate 64
  Nearest airport:  Newport News/Williamsburg
  From End of Program
  Location: Williamsburg, VA
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Newport News

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Oleta Coach Lines
phone: 757-253-1008
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

varies depending on gas prices; call for rates
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20-30 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

about 20

   

Although this is a smaller airport than Richmond or Norfolk, it is the closest and most convenient in terms of getting to and from the airport. Besides the van service listed above, several taxi companies are also available in the ground transportation area of the airport. A n alternative includes Marrow Transit (757-564-5466). When using Oleta or Marrow, mention that you are a Road Scholar participant. Note that Williamsburg taxis can drop off but not pick up from the airport.

 

Richmond

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Oleta Coach Lines
phone: 757-253-1008

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

varies, depending on current gas prices; call for rates
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

about an hour depending on traffic 

 

Distance:

 

about 45-50 miles

   

Alternate transportation from/to airport available through Groome Transportation (800-552-7911) or Marrow Transit, a private car service,757-564-5466. Call for rates and reservations. When using Oleta or Marrow, be sure to mention you are with Road Scholar.

 

Williamsburg

 

From Train Station

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Newtown Taxi
phone: 757-564-6969
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

varies depending on gas prices, call for rates
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

10 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

2-3 miles

   

Williamsburg is served by both Amtrak and Greyhound, which both arrive at the same Transportation Center. For train information, call 1-800-872-75-7245 or go to www.amtrak.com.

 

Williamsburg

 

From Bus Terminal

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Newtown Taxi
phone: 757-564-6969
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

see train info
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

see train info 

 

Distance:

 

see train info

   

Williamsburg is served by both Amtrak and Greyhound, which both arrive at the same Transportation Center. For bus information, call 1-800-231-2222 or go to www.greyhound.com.

 

Norfolk

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Commercial Van/Shuttle
Oleta Coach Lines
phone: 757-253-1008
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

varies, depending on current gas prices; call for rates
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

1-1.5 hours, depending on traffic 

 

Distance:

 

about 45 miles

   

Travel from this airport to the hotel (and back after the program) includes passage through the Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel which is frequently congested, causing long delays. The trip may well cost in excess of $100 per person one way. We recommend using Richmond or Newport News Airports if possible. Alternate transportation includes Marrow Transit (757-564-5466) or Cary Airport Connection (757-963-0433). If using Oleta or Marrow, be sure to mention that you are a Road Scholar participant.

 
Driving Directions
  From Hampton Roads Travel WEST on Interstate I-64 toward Williamsburg. Just EAST of Williamsburg, leave I-64 on exit #242A/Route 199 toward Jamestown. Drive 1.3 miles; take exit for Route 60. At stop sign at bottom of ramp, turn left onto Route 60 WEST. The hotel is a little over 1 mile on the right, shortly after the road narrows to two lanes. If you get to the stoplight, you have gone too far.
  From Richmond and I-95 Travel EAST on Interstate I-64 toward Williamsburg. Just EAST of Williamsburg, leave I-64 on exit #242-A/Route 199 toward Jamestown. Drive 1.3 miles; take exit for Route 60. At stop sign at bottom of ramp, turn left onto Route 60 WEST. The hotel is a little over 1 mile on the right, shortly after the road narrows to two lanes. If you get to the stoplight, you have gone too far.
  From Southside Virginia via the Jamestown Ferry Cross the James River on the Jamestown Ferry/Route 31. Follow Route 31/Jamestown Road toward Williamsburg for about 4.2 miles. Turn right at the traffic light onto Route 199. Follow Route 199 about 3.8 miles to exit for Route 60. At stop sign turn left onto 60 WEST. The hotel is a little over a mile on the right, just after the road narrows to two lanes. If you get to the stoplight, you've gone too far.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Overview of the Civil War on the Peninsula
(Monday, April 21)
   
 Afternoon: Registration and Welcome. Meet your fellow Participants and get settled into your room.
 Dinner: Enjoy a good, traditional style dinner with a Southern accent, served buffet style in a private dining area. All dinners for the week will be in this venue.
 Evening: Class: "An Overview of the Civil War on the Virginia Peninsula, 1861-62" Learn about the maneuverings and clashes in this strategically critical area that began right after the firing on Fort Sumter. Hear about flamboyant generals and others that were overly cautious. Discover how this region contributed major policy trends to the debate on slavery and emancipation.
   
Accommodations: Clarion Hotel Historic District
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Field Trips to Fort Monroe National Monument and site of the Battle of Big Bethel
(Tuesday, April 22)

Note: Most of the walking on the field trip is on paved walks on level ground. Those not wishing to climb onto the ramparts can continue their exploration of the museum.



   
 Breakfast: Start the day with a generous buffet breakfast in our private dining area.
 Morning: Class: "War Comes to the Peninsula: The Battle of Big Bethel and the Burning of Hampton" Explore the first year of the war when the Union fortified Fort Monroe which guarded the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay. Discover General Benjamin Butler's unique application of the concept of contraband. Learn about the tragic burning of the town of Hampton by Confederate troops under the flamboyant General John B. Magruder. Class: "Fort Monroe during the Civil War" This fort was built in the early nineteenth century on the site of two colonial era forts and was a crucial foothold for Union forces less than 100 miles from the Confederate capital at Richmond. It served as a launching point for a number of campaigns, became "Freedom's Fort" for thousands of escaping slaves, and was visited on more than one occasion by Abraham Lincoln. Learn about the rich history of this army post that continued right up to the 21st century when it was recently designated a National Monument and turned over to the Commonwealth of Virginia.
 Lunch: A lighter mid-day fare will be served in our private dining area.
 Afternoon: Field Trip: " Fort Monroe" Travel to historical Fort Monroe where you will explore the Casemate Museum that chronicles the fort's history. Peer into the room that housed the imprisoned Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Follow your guide to Quarters #1 where R. E. Lee once lived, see the Lincoln Cannon, and investigate the beautiful Centurion's Chapel. On the way home, stop off to visit the site of the Battle of Big Bethel, which many count as the first real land battle of the war. This site is hidden away and rarely explored, but includes the remnants of earthworks and a monument to the first Confederate soldier killed in fighting.
 Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.
 Evening: Class: "The Battle of the Ironclads: The USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia" In early March of 1862, Hampton Roads witnessed a monumental clash that changed forever naval warfare. Learn about the refitting of the Merrimack by the Confederate government to create the ironclad CSS Virginia. Marvel at her initial success in attacks on the wooden ships of the US Navy. Then learn about her nemesis, the ironclad USS Monitor, the "Cheese Box on a Raft" that arrived in a nick of time to save the Union fleet. This was one of the great naval confrontations of all time and the story is full of amazing details.
   
Accommodations: Clarion Hotel Historic District
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Visits to the USS Monitor Center, the site of the Battle of Dam #1, and Yorktown Battlefield and Village
(Wednesday, April 23)

Note: The afternoon is a fast-paced visit to a museum and two battle sites. Extensive walking over uneven ground and standing is involved while in the field.



   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.
 Morning: Class: "The Siege of Yorktown: Much Ado but Nothing" Learn about McClellan's fixation on taking Yorktown where Confederate troops had rebuilt the old Revolutionary War earthworks to anchor the north end of the Warwick River Line. The siege involved the massive infusion of heavy siege guns and saw the use of hot air balloons for observation of the enemy.
 Lunch: Enjoy a delicious box lunch in the café' at the Mariners' Museum, including a choice of drinks and a tasty dessert.
 Afternoon: Field Trip: "USS Monitor Center (Mariners' Museum); Battle of Damn #1 Site; Yorktown Battlefield" Visit the wonderful new Monitor Center where artifacts from the famous vessel recovered from the ocean floor are being preserved and displayed. The trip will include an exclusive behind-the-scenes visit to the lab where the preservation work is taking place. You will be inches from parts of the this famous ship! Extra time is also provided for further independent exploration of the Monitor Center and the rest of the Mariners' Museum. Later in the afternoon walk among the original earthworks built by troops from both sides along the Warwick River at the site of the Battle of Dam #1. Finish the field trip with a visit to Yorktown to see the battlements surrounding the little village and the national cemetery where so many casualties of the campaign lie.
 Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.
 Evening: Performance: "The Contraband Story and the African American Experience" Enter the world of the African American slave after battle was waged up and down the Peninsula. A wonderfully talented interpreter will tell you of the incredible struggle of slaves to gain freedom and describe what the war meant to them. Share with her the poignant story of her search for her lost daughter and the results of the heart-wrenching reunion.
   
Accommodations: Clarion Hotel Historic District
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: The Battle of Williamsburg's Redoubt #1, guided walk through Williamsburg town highlighting Civil War history
(Thursday, April 24)

Note: Today's field trips involve a good deal of walking, mostly on paved paths and roads, at a leisurely pace and with many pauses.



   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.
 Morning: Class: "The Battle of Williamsburg: Maneuvering in the Mud" Investigate the movements of both armies up the Virginia Peninsula after Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston decided to pull his divisions back closer to Richmond and its strong defenses. Learn about the delaying movement that he undertook just east of Williamsburg to ensure that he could get most of the army to safety. This small but important battle had large effects on the reputations of a number of generals on both sides. Field Trip: "Redoubt Park, Williamsburg" Visit a number of sites on this guided excursion to get a good grasp of the extent of the Battle of Williamsburg. The new Redoubt Park on the site of a couple of the earthworks near the town includes interpretive signs and walking paths. The town itself, now know for its colonial interpretation, has several venues that were important during the course of the battle and subsequent occupation. Stroll the streets with an expert guide to see the colonial town in a whole new light.
 Lunch: A lighter mid-day fare will be served in our private dining area at the hotel.
 Afternoon: Free Afternoon: Further explore on your own other historical sites in the area that span 400 years of history.
 Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.
 Evening: Class: "The First Texas and Gaines's Mill in the Seven Days Campaign" This Confederate regiment had a storied history during the war, with famous commanders that included John Bell Hood. Investigate its role during the Peninsula Campaign and the Confederate breakthrough at the bloody Battle of Gaines's Mill just outside of Richmond at the beginning of the Seven Days. The presentation is usually given by a modern day member of the First Texas reenactment unit.
   
Accommodations: Clarion Hotel Historic District
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: The Seven Days Battles: Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill; also Berkeley Plantation
(Friday, April 25)

Note: This is an all day trip with several stops where participants must get on and off the bus. Walking at the sites is through fields and woods over uneven ground.



   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.
 Morning: Field Trip: "Gaines's Mill and Cold Harbor" Strap on you hiking shoes for this exploration of the intertwined battlefields where the armies fought first in 1862 and then again in 1864 during Grant's Overland Campaign. A National Park Service Ranger will lead you over the same ground that the soldiers struggled and died on, explaining for you the movements of the troops and the consequences of the battles. Time will also be spent at the Visitor Center to view a brief slide show and see the interactive map.
 Lunch: Lunch "in the field" with a box lunch that includes sandwich, chips, fruit, drink, and cookie.
 Afternoon: Field Trip: " Malvern Hill and Berkeley Plantation" Don't take off those hiking shoes yet! Travel after lunch to the site of the last battle of the Seven Days, where General Daniel Harvey Hill, gazing out over the field after the disastrous Confederate charge, proclaimed, "This is not war. This is murder". Finish the day with a stop at Berkeley Plantation where, appropriately enough to end this day's excursions, you will hear the story of how the poignant bugle call "Taps" was composed.
 Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.
 Evening: Class: "Civil War Photography: A Slice of Life" Explore with a Civil War historian his outstanding collection of images from the war. You will see soldiers in the field, hospital scenes, civilian life, and much more. Time permitting, you may also enjoy some period music by this multi-talented expert.
   
Accommodations: Clarion Hotel Historic District
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: The African American Experience on the Peninsula
(Saturday, April 26)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.
 Morning: Class: "The Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days in Perspective" Review the battles won and lost, the lessons learned or missed, and the reputations gained or stained during this tumultuous time. Consider what the war can teach us today and the light it throws on America's journey to freedom.
 Lunch: Box lunch ready after class for the trip back home
   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Free Time Opportunities
 
  Williamsburg, VA Williamsburg/Jamestown/Yorktown
When you come to our Road Scholar program, you will find the schedule filled with classes and extracurricular activities. Your free time will be limited to only a few hours a day. We spend much of our time on field trips to relevant historical sites. Because of the rich history of the area, we won't come close to going to every interesting place in the vicinity of Williamsburg. Consider coming a day or two early or staying a day or two after the program so you can explore the whole 400 year history of the region. For additional information, visit www.wm.edu/Road Scholar
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


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