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From Athens to the Pyramids Aboard Minerva: Greece, Turkey, Egypt and Jordan

Program Number: 21372RJ
Start and End Dates:
10/20/2014 - 11/7/2014;
Duration: 18 nights
Location: Greece/Jordan/Egypt/Lebanon/Cyprus/Turkey
Price starting at: $3,999.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Adventure Afloat Study Cruise; Ocean Cruises Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 49; 17 Breakfasts, 15 Lunches, 17 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

Learn about the great ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean on this small ship voyage from Greece to the Middle East. The outstanding experts joining you aboard the Minerva bring the countries you explore to vivid life through lectures and “deck talks” while the ship close-cruises iconic shorelines.

Activity Particulars

Walking up to one mile per day; some uneven, hilly terrain and stairs without railings.

Itinerary At-a-Glance

Athens (Greece), 1 night; aboard Minerva, 14 nights; Cairo (Egypt), 2 nights.

Day 1:
Overnight flight from the U.S.A

Days 2-4:
Arrival Athens (Greece) / coach to Piraeus to embark Minerva:

Walk in the steps of Socrates and Plato on the Acropolis, then examine artifacts up close at the spectacular new Acropolis Museum. Lodging: Centrally located four-star hotel.

Day 5:
Kusadasi (Turkey):

Take a field trip to Ephesus, a great city of the ancient world. Its well-preserved ruins include Hadrian’s Temple and the Library of Celsus.

Days 6-7:
At Sea / Antalya:

Journey across the lush farmland of the Pamphylian plain to Aspendos, an archaeological site boasting one of the world’s finest Roman theaters.

Day 8:

Venture to the village of Uzuncaburc in the Toros Mountains. It was built amongst the ruins of ancient temples where priest-kings once conducted ceremonies.

Day 9:
Limassol (Cyprus):

On the island of Cyprus, discover the ancient coastal city of Paphos to view detailed mosaics depicting myths and the everyday lives of the ancients.

Day 10:
Beirut (Lebanon):

Delve into the history of Beirut from ancient times to the Lebanese Civil War. Walk along the Green Line, which separated the city from 1975 to 1990.

Days 11-13:
At Sea / Ain Sukhna (Egypt):

Set sail for Egypt and transit the historic Suez Canal. Go ashore for a field trip to the Monastery of Saint Anthony, located in a desert oasis, where monks have been living since 356 AD.

Days 14-15:
At Sea / Aqaba (Jordan):

Experience the amazing city of Petra, carved into rose-colored rock by the ancient Nabataean people. See the treasury, theater and more.

Day 16:
Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt):

Climb into a 4x4 vehicle for an exciting excursion into the wadis of the Sinai Desert. Stop to visit a Bedouin camp and share tea and bread.

Days 17-19:
Disembark / flight to Cairo / departure:

With Cairo as your base, explore great sites of Ancient Egypt: the pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx, the step pyramid of Zoser and more. Lodging: Four-star hotel with pyramid views.

MV Minerva

This stylish, newly upgraded vessel is operated by a long-established British company and boasts a loyal following of British travelers. It offers its 350 passengers two restaurants plus al fresco dining, a cinema, two bars, a library/card room, a swimming pool, a gym and a sauna. The spectacular Orpheus Lounge provides panoramic views of your surroundings.

Meals and Lodgings
   Titania Hotel
  Athens, Greece 1 night
  Aboard the MV Minerva, UK:England 14 nights
   Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo
  Cairo, Egypt 2 nights
 Titania Hotel
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: This classically designed modern hotel is an urban oasis conveniently nestled in the historic and commercial center of Athens, between Syntagma and Omonia, the city's major squares. Reflecting the ancient atmosphere of its location, the hotel features a typically decorated interior with traditional touches that evoke images of the city’s historic heritage. There are also artistic antique-style elements which decorate the rooms, creating the perfect atmosphere for your stay in this wonderful city.
  Contact info: Panepistimiou 52
Athens,  106 78 Greece
phone: +00302103326000
  Room amenities: Guestrooms feature satellite television with pay movies, refrigerators, and minibars. Bathrooms include bathroom phones, hair dryers, and bathtubs. Other amenities include complimentary newspapers, air conditioning, housekeeping and wake-up calls.
  Facility amenities: Titania Hotel features a restaurant, serving breakfast only. A complimentary breakfast is served each morning. The property provides 24-hour room service. Meeting facilities include conference rooms, exhibit space, banquet facilities, and meeting rooms for small groups. Titania Hotel also offers a bar/lounge, a business center, and a coffee shop/café. The property has a 24-hour front desk.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: TBD Please contact your program provider for details.

Type: Cruise Ship
  Description: No matter which corner of the globe you choose to discover, after exploring ashore, you will always appreciate Minerva’s stately comforts: a relaxed lounge with entertainment, well-stocked library, restaurants, gym, Wheeler bar and Shackleton's bar. An elegant environment in which polished wood and gleaming brass are complemented by works of art and fresh flowers. With over 50 years experience in discovery cruising, Swan Hellenic knows all the ingredients for the perfect cruise. From the on board environment to inspiring itineraries, and from our knowledgeable reservations team to our European ship's officers and attentive crew, we are committed to providing you with the ultimate discovery cruise experience. You will travel with like-minded people and as you share the experiences of your voyage, you may find acquaintances turn into lasting friendships. Your cruise will be further enriched by the presence of distinguished speakers drawn from the academic, diplomatic and media worlds. Their presentations and the more informal conversations you can enjoy in the Darwin Lounge will really bring our destinations to life.
  Ship Information: Gross Tonnage - 12,449 Length - 437 ft Beam - 66 ft Draft - 19 ft Cruising Speed - 14 knots Passenger Decks - 6 Stabilisers - retractable fin Registration - Bahamas Passengers - 350 Crew - 160; mainly Filipino and Ukrainian Officers - British and European Entered Service - 29th April 1996
  Contact info: Swan Hellenic - North America
1800 S.E. 10th Avenue, Suite 205
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316 USA
phone: 866-923-9182
  Room amenities: TV, Hairdryer and Personal Safe in Every Cabin
  Facility amenities: Facilities include: 44 Balcony cabins 100 Outside cabins (74% outside cabins including 23% balcony cabins) 2 Restaurants Orpheus Lounge Internet Lounge Livingstone Lounge Darwin Lounge Shackleton & Wheeler Bars Cinema Library/Card Room Boutique and Gift Shop Swimming Pool Gymnasium, Sauna and Spa Services Complimentary Launderette with Washers and Dryers Beauty Salon Medical Centre Telephone, Fax and E-mail Facilities
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes

 Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo combines an exciting location & good service This hotel offers its guests a unique opportunity to explore the historical surroundings in total comfort & convenience. Located in a magnificent park at the foot of the Giza Pyramids & the Sphinx, 35 km from Cairo international airport.
  Contact info: 1 Alexandria Desert Rd.
P.O. Box 16 Pyramids
Giza,  12556 Egypt
phone: + 20 233 776 444
  Room amenities: A/C, Satellite TV, direct dial phone, minibar, safe, broadband internet connection, hairdryer,
  Facility amenities: Concierge, dry cleaning service, currency exchange, gift shop, fitness center, jacuzzi, massage, outdoor heated pool, sauna, restaurants, 24 hour room service, bar.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights after: Available upon request Please contact Road Scholar Travel Services for rates and reservations.
  Check out time: 12:00 PM

Travel Details
  Start of Program:
This program begins in the late afternoon on Day 2 in Athens, Greece at the program hotel. You will be staying at Titania Hotel that night.
  End of Program:
This program ends on Day 19 at the hotel in Cairo, Egypt You will be staying at Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo the night before.
  Required documents:
The Participant Information Form is required. **IMPORTANT: REGISTERING FOR YOUR CRUISE ONLINE** Swan Hellenic requires all guests to register online prior to departure. You will need to provide full passport details, including address and telephone number, and next of kin contact information in case of an emergency. This information must be received no later than 60 days prior to departure. Passengers must visit the website at - click on "Already Booked" then "Required Passenger Information" to enter your details. The embarkation date is the date you board the ship. Furnished data will be provided to foreign government immigration officials and is required for on-board administration. PLEASE NOTE: Your cruise documents will not be issued prior to your online registration, and embarkation onto the ship may be denied. If you did not receive a booking number or if you need assistance registering online, please contact our program department at 1.866.359.5966 and someone will assist you.
  Parking availability:
We do not recommend driving to the site.
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
To Start of Program
  Location:  Athens
  Transportation to site: The Titania Hotel is located approximately 30 minutes from the airport at Panepistimiou Avenue, near Syntagma square, right in the heart of the Historical and Commercial Centre of Athens. Participants who purchased their air travel through Road Scholar, and are arriving in Athens on October 21st, will be met at the airport and provided with a transfer to the hotel. Independent travelers making their own way to the hotel have several options from the Athens airport. Taxi The taxi terminal is located just outside the airport arrivals terminal at Exit 3. It is important to have your hotel name written in Greek and once you board a taxi remember to ask the driver to reset the meter. There is a flat rate of 35 Euro day time and 50 Euro night time for going to the center of Athens. Metro The metro is another transportation option available at the Athens International Airport. It is quite easy to use and the charges are very consistent. The train station is connected to the airport although one will require to go a level up from arrivals using an elevator and cross over a pedestrian bridge. Express bus The express bus station is located just in front of the Athens Airport Arrivals. The express bus X95 is the one that goes directly to the Syntagma square. It takes approximately one hour to get to the center of Athens. In total, there are around four bus lines that operate from the Athens International Airport. Please note that public transportation options may change at any time without notice.
  From End of Program
  Location:  Cairo
  Transportation from site: All participants who purchased their air travel through Road Scholar Travel Services will be provided with a transfer from the hotel in Cairo to the airport. Independent travelers may arrange a taxi with the hotel.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Daily Schedule

Day 1: Departures from the US
(Monday, October 20)
 In Transit: Flights depart from various US gateways

Day 2: Flights arrive in Athens, Greece
(Tuesday, October 21)
 Arrive To: Athens, Greece
 Afternoon: Join your group leader and fellow participants for introductions and program orientation.
 Dinner: Welcome dinner at the hotel
Accommodations: Titania Hotel
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 3: Athens / Embark MV Minerva
(Wednesday, October 22)

Note: This excursion involves a steep, uphill walk to the Acropolis area. Large bags and backpacks are no longer admitted to the Acropolis site, so please bring minimal bags.

 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Discover the Acropolis and the New Acropolis Museum: The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. Although there are many other acropoleis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as "The Acropolis" without qualification. Opened to the public in 2009, the New Acropolis Museum represents one of the highest-profiled cultural projects undertaken in Europe in the past decade. The Acropolis Museum is an archaeological museum focused on the findings of the archaeological site of the Acropolis of Athens. The museum was built to house every artifact found on the rock and on its feet, from the Greek Bronze Age to Roman and Byzantine Greece. It also lies on the archaeological site of Makrygianni and the ruins of a part of Roman and early Byzantine Athens.
 Lunch: On your own to sample the local cuisine of Athens.
 Afternoon: After some free time in Athens, transfer with the group to Piraeus to embark the MV Minerva.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 4: Piraeus, Greece
(Thursday, October 23)

Note: The museum is 2-stories and has an elevator

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Piraeus Archeaological Museum: Piraeus was the naval dockyard and an important commerical center of Ancient Attica. This museum offers another aspect to the compelling sites you saw in Athens. The collection is well displayed with exhibits from the Classical and Roman eras, many of which were found in the port area. Of particular importance are the tomb reliefs and the bronze statue of Apollo, Piraeus Kouros.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: The Minerva will depart the port of Piraeus at 14:00.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Kusadasi, Turkey
(Friday, October 24)

Note: This tour involves walking down through the site of Ephesus. The stones underfoot have been worn smooth over time and can be slippery, especially if wet. Comfortable, non-slip are recommended. There are several flights of steep narrow steps within the site of the Roman Houses; you enter at the lower level and exit at the top level, so all flights of steps are up, with narrow walkways and observation platforms.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Minerva will arrive in Kusadasi at 8:00. Explore spectacular Ephesus, perhaps the best preserved ancient city in the East Mediterranean. During your walk through this evocative site you'll see imposing structures such as Hadrian's Temple, the Library of Celsus, and the 24,000 seat theater, together with baths and houses which give an excellent insight into Roman life. Next, explore some of the recently excavated Roman houses. Situated behind the shops on the south side of the Street of Kuretes, near the Library of Celsus, are the remains of luxurious private houses thought to have been occupied from the 1st–7th centuries AD. They are known as the ‘Slope Houses’ because of their location on the slopes of Mt Coressus. Although more than 250,000 people inhabited Ephesus, only Roman citizens were allowed to live close to the city centre. The remains of these houses, built on terraces and often comprising two or three stories, reveal traces of fine frescoes and mosaics.
 Lunch: Enjoy a typical Turkish lunch at a local restaurant in Kusadasi.
 Afternoon: Your afternoon is free to explore the port independently. The Minerva is scheduled to sail at 23:00.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: At Sea - Cruising the Mediterranean Ocean
(Saturday, October 25)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Spend the day at sea, sailing towards Antalya, Turkey. Join your Study Leader for a lecture on board.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: Continue sailing towards Antalya.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Antalya, Turkey
(Sunday, October 26)

Note: Time permitting, there is a further optional uphill walk to see the stadium, Odeion, Market and Basilica.

 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Minerva will arrive in Antalya at 7:00. Travel through the lush agricultural land of the Pamphylian plain to the superb theater at Aspendos, built in the 2nd century AD and probably the finest and best preserved in Asia Minor. Time permitting, enjoy a further optional walk uphill along a narrow path to see the Stadium, Odeon, Market and Basilica.
 Lunch: Return to the ship for lunch.
 Afternoon: If time allows, have some free time to explore the port before the ship sets sail. The Minerva is scheduled to depart the port of Antalya at 15:00
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Tasucu, Turkey
(Monday, October 27)

Note: The journey to Uzuncaburc entails driving along a twisting mountain road. As Uzuncaburc village is 3,000 feet above sea level, you might like to bring a light jacket. Basic toilet facilities are available. Comfortable walking shoes and clothing, a hat and sunscreen are recommended.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Uzuncaburc Village: Drive up into the Taurus mountains to Uzuncaburc, a village built amongst the remains of the ancient temple city known as Olba in the Hellenistic period and the Diocaesarea from the time of the Emperor Vespasian. Created as a center of worship to Zeus Olbius, the city was ruled by a dynasty of priest-kings who conducted ceremonies in a large temple, the remains of which are visible today; the temple is the earliest known Corinthian temple in Asia Minor. You'll also see the remains of the Roman theater and colonnaded streets. After your visit continue to Cambazli Church, a ruined byzantine church.
 Lunch: Return to the ship for lunch.
 Afternoon: If time allows, have some free time to explore the port before the ship sets sail. The Minerva is scheduled to depart the port of Tasucu at 15:00
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Limassol, Cyprus
(Tuesday, October 28)

Note: Toilets are available at the House of Dionysus and at Agios Neophytos. Admittance may be denied to the monastery for those wearing shorts (either sex) and to those who have their shoulders uncovered. The order of visits may vary.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Ship arrives in Limassol at 8:00. Paphos, once the island's capital, features in both mythology and history. Drive from Limassol pausing for a photo stop at "Petratou Romiou", Aphrodite's Rock, regarded since ancient times as the birthplace of Aphrodite, goddess of love and fertility. Continue along the coast to Paphos to visit the Houses of Dionysos, Theseus and Aion and the small 2nd century Odeon. See the beautiful 3rd century floor mosaics, which once graced the villas of Roman nobles. You will also have time at leisure to stroll around the harbor area before continuing to the monastery of Agios Neophytos founded in 1159. Visit the Enkleistra, the cave hewn out of the mountain by Saint Neophytos and turned into a cell and church. Admire the fine Byzantine frescoes, dating from the 12th to the 15th centuries, before returning to the ship.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: If time allows, have some free time to explore the port before the ship sets sail. The Minerva is scheduled to depart the port of Limassol at 19:00
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: Beirut, Lebanon
(Wednesday, October 29)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Ship arrives in Beirut at 8:00. Beirut, formerly the "Paris of the Middle East" contains archaeological excavactions, which have revealed evidence of ancient civilizations from all historical periods. Walk along the Green Line area followed by some free time. There will also be a visit to the National Museum, which houses an impressive collection of archaeological artifacts covering Lebanon's history.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: If time allows, have some free time to explore the port before the ship sets sail. The Minerva is scheduled to depart the port of Beirut at 19:00
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11: At Sea - Cruising the Mediterranean Sea
(Thursday, October 30)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Today is spent at sea sailing south towards Egypt. At some point during the next two days, the ship will transit the Suez Canal. Announcements on the ship in your daily program, and from the captain, will let you know the exact time you will make the transit.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: At sea. Join your Study Leader for a lecture onboard.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: At Sea
(Friday, October 31)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Relax on board the ship as you sail towards El Sokhna, Egypt.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: Continue sailing towards El Sokhna. Join your Study Leader for a lecture onboard.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
 Evening: The Minerva is scheduled to arrive in El Sokhna at midnight.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: El Sokhna, Egypt
(Saturday, November 1)

Note: This excursion is expected to depart at 7:30 and return to Minerva at 16:45. The tours at the Monasteries are conducted by the monks and the areas visited may vary. Your guide will translate at St. Paul's Monastery. Basic toilet facilities are available and there will also be a toilet on each coach. A lunch pack will be provided from the ship. You will be required to remove your shoes at the monasteries; you may wish to bring a pair of socks with you.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: St. Anthony's Monastery, which lies at the foot of Al-Qalzam Mountain, was founded in 356AD just after the death of St. Anthony; it is the oldest active monastery in the world. The monastery and its neighbor, St. Paul's, are both Coptic Christian monasteries and the oldest inhabited monasteries in Egypt. Hidden deep in the Red Sea Mountains, both still observe rituals that have barely changed in 16 centuries. St. Anthony's Monastery has exceptional wall paintings of the Holy Knights in bright colors. A fortified wall surrounds the Monastery, a protection from raids by nomadic Bedouin tribes. Until recently the only way into the Monastery was by a pulley and winch system. The Monastery of St. Paul probably dates to the fifth century and was founded in memory of one of Egypt's greatest saints, who is said to have lived in a cave, over which the monastery was built - for a period of some 80 years.
 Lunch: Lunch bags are provided by the ship during this excursion.
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail towards Safaga, Egypt
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: At Sea - Cruising the Red Sea
(Sunday, November 2)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: At Sea. Join your Study Leader for a lecture onboard.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: At Sea
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 15: Aqaba, Jordan
(Monday, November 3)

Note: The terrain is rough and comfortable footwear is essential. Whilst this excursion involves some extensive walking, Petra is truly memorable and whether you attempt the whole site (approximately 8 km/4 hours 15 minutes), or only part of it, you will come away having experienced one of the world’s greatest sites. This excursion is expected to disembark at 07.45 and will return after sunset.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Ship arrives in Aqaba at 7:00. Discover Petra, one of the most impressive and memorable sites in the whole of the Middle East. Begin your visit by walking down through the narrow Siq (Gorge), finally catching glimpses of the Treasury (El Khasneh) until it is fully revealed. Continue along the Outer Siq, passing the Street of Facades, the Theatre and Nymphaeum before walking through the Temenos Gate. The outward walk ends by the Museum at the Forum Basin Restaurant where, if you wish, you can use the facilities or get a refreshment before commencing the return walk.
 Lunch: A late lunch will be served at a hotel prior to the return journey to Aqaba. Bottled water is included at lunch; please check the price prior to ordering any other drinks as imported drinks are very expensive.
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship, or explore the port on your own. The Minerva is scheduled to depart the port of Aqaba at 20:00
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 16: Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
(Tuesday, November 4)

Note: As this excursion involves travelling off-road, please be aware that the rough terrain will make the journey bumpy and uncomfortable at times. Each 4x4 vehicle accommodates 6-8 passengers on inward facing bench style seating. Good walking shoes are recommended. There are only very basic toilets on this field trip.

 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Desert Drive: Undertaken in 4WD vehicles, this exciting excursion reveals views of the southern Sinai desert, the Straits of Tiran and the coast of Saudi Arabia. An hour’s drive will bring you to the Nabak National Park where you can see the mangrove forest – the most northerly in the world – and enjoy a short visit to the National Park Visitor Centre. Continue your desert drive, enjoying dramatic views of the desert’s mountains and wadis; a stop will also be made to sample traditional tea and bread in a Bedouin camp.
 Lunch: On board the ship.
 Afternoon: If time allows, have some free time to explore the port before the ship sets sail. The Minerva will remain in the port of Sharm el Sheikh overnight.
 Dinner: On board the ship.
Accommodations: Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 17: Sharm el Sheikh / Cairo, Egypt
(Wednesday, November 5)
 Breakfast: On board the ship.
 Morning: Disembark the ship and transfer to the airport for an early morning flight to Cairo. Upon arrival, transfer to see the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. The pyramids of Giza are perhaps the only true rival to the Great Sphinx when one thinks of ancient Egypt and its architecture. The Valley of Giza-- with its wonderful monuments-- is truly a marvel of architectural prowess. The three largest pyramids located in the valley consist of the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Kafhre and the Pyramid of Menkaura. Each Pyramid is a tomb dedicated to a different king of Egypt. Then descend the plateau to view the Great Sphinx and marvel the presence of the guardian of the necropolis. An imaginary creature that shows the strength of the lion and the intelligence of the human, carved out of one big knoll of rock more than 4600 years old.
 Lunch: At a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Explore Pyramids of Zoser & Teti: The Pyramid of Djoser (Zoser), or step pyramid is an archeological remain in the Saqqara necropolis, Egypt, northwest of the city of Memphis. It was built for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by his vizier Imhotep, during the 27th century BC. It is the central feature of a vast mortuary complex in an enormous courtyard surrounded by ceremonial structures and decoration. The Pyramid of Teti is located in the section of the Pyramid of Teti in the Necropolis of Saqqara. Its original height was about 52.5 m. It was poor in its architectural design, but inside it are some Pyramid Texts, inscribed all around the walls of the Burial Chamber and the inner corridors. This pyramid is the second to contain Pyramid Texts after the Pyramid of King Unas, the last king of the Fifth Dynasty.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
Accommodations: Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 18: Cairo, Egypt
(Thursday, November 6)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: This morning explore the Egyptian Museum with your Egyptologist. This trip does not include the mummy room.
 Lunch: At a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Field trip to the Khan Al Khalili Bazaar. Dating back to 1382, the market is peppered with trinkets ranging from traditional jewelry and clothes, to imitation western perfumes.
 Dinner: Farewell dinner at the hotel.
 Evening: At leisure.
Accommodations: Mercure Le Sphinx Cairo
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 19: Departures
(Friday, November 7)
 Depart From: Flights depart from Cairo
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
Meals Included: Breakfast
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

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Description: A compact illustrated guide in the popular series, featuring favorite attractions, events, restaurants, shops and excursions in Athens.

Greece Map

Author: Michelin

Description: A colorful shaded map of Greece, the Greek Islands and the western coast of Turkey at a scale of 1:800,000.

Greece, A Traveler's Literary Companion

Author: Artemis Leontis (Editor)

Description: In this terrific anthology, 24 modern Greek writers offer a flavor of their nation, its culture and people, beautiful landscapes and rich history.

Harem, The World Behind the Veil

Author: Alev Lytle Croutier

Description: A fascinating illustrated look at the culture of the Harem -- particularly the well-known quarters at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul. The author combines interviews, history and a wonderful selection of art in this intriguing book.

Istanbul and the Civilization of the Ottoman Empire

Author: Bernard Lewis

Description: In this slim volume the great Islamic scholar describes the invasion of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks on May 29, 1453, evoking the city at this pivotal moment in its long history.

Istanbul, Memories and the City

Author: Orhan Pamuk

Description: Nobel Prize-winner Pamuk writes with dazzling grace of the city of his birth, a magical place of crumbling mansions and Ottoman riches.

Lonely Planet Pocket Istanbul

Author: Verity Campbell

Description: With a section of not-to-miss highlights, a pull-out map and a calendar of annual events.

Lords of the Horizons

Author: Jason Goodwin

Description: Goodwin artfully combines his modern travels with scholarship, history and reflection, capturing the outrageous personalities, events and vagaries of the 600-year-old Ottoman Empire.

Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea, Why the Greeks Matter

Author: Thomas Cahill

Description: Cahill brings to life ancient Greek society and civilization through the lives and words of politicians, playwrights, a poet, a philosopher and an artist in this eloquent and absorbing tribute.

The Colossus of Maroussi

Author: Henry Miller

Description: Miller captures the spirit and warmth of the resilient Greek people in this inspired tale of a wartime journey from Athens to Crete, Corfu and Delphi with his friend Lawrence Durrell.

The Towers of Trebizond

Author: Rose MacAulay, Jan Morris (Introduction)

Description: Mixing high farce, archaeology, history and lively travel writing, Rose MacAulay's impossibly witty short novel is back in a new edition. Originally published in 1956, MacAulay follows the adventures of English missionaries traipsing across Turkey from Istanbul to Trabzon.

The World of the Ancient Greeks

Author: John Camp, Elizabeth Fisher

Description: Featuring hundreds of illustrations and invitingly short chapters on topics from the first Greeks to the Heroic Age and classical Athens. With modern color photographs of great Greek cities from Athens and Delphi to Knossos, Ephesus, Pergamum and Priene.

Turkish Reflections, A Biography of a Place

Author: Mary Lee Settle

Description: Settle's captivating travelogue is a richly detailed portrait of contemporary Turkey, its people, monasteries, myths, archaeological treasures and living traditions. Exemplary.

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