Road Scholar : Home
Malta, Keystone of Mediterranean History

Program Number: 3215RJ
Start and End Dates:
11/8/2014 - 11/19/2014; 3/5/2016 - 3/16/2016; 4/9/2016 - 4/20/2016; 9/10/2016 - 9/21/2016; 10/8/2016 - 10/19/2016; 11/5/2016 - 11/16/2016;
Duration: 11 nights
Location: Malta
Price starting at: $3,222.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 23; 10 Breakfasts, 6 Lunches, 7 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

The tale of 7,000 years of human history is told in the honey-colored limestone of Malta, fashioned into architecture dating from prehistory through the Bronze Age and into Roman, medieval, Norman, Baroque and British colonial times. Examine the world's largest collection of UNESCO World Heritage monuments, including the world's oldest free-standing structures, massive 16th century fortifications, palaces of noblemen and knights, and WW2 war rooms on a journey from incredible past into vibrant present. Lingering echoes of the days of British occupation keep this delightful destination comfortably foreign but easy to navigate, with signs and newspapers in English. Abundant sunshine, a nearly constant view of the sea and a temperate climate add to the appeal. The frequent use of Malta as a location for the filming of major motion pictures also makes many parts of it seem already somehow familiar. "A Symphony in Limestone", myths and legends of the distant past rise from the pavements to enhance a full course of lectures by various experts in their fields.


• Step back in time with a full day on the sleepy sister island of Gozo, where (so it is said) Calypso enchanted Ulysses for seven years
• Share a meal with invited local residents.
• View Malta's incredible collection of archaeological treasures, from ancient megalithic temples to artifacts of the Phoenician and Roman eras -- including the oldest freestanding buildings on Earth!

Activity Particulars

Walking indoors and out, sometimes unpaved terrain, hills, steps; strong sun, frequent winds.

Itinerary Summary

Arrival Sliema, 10 nights; departure.

Overnight flight from the U.S.A.
1 night
Arrival Sliema
10 nights

Lectures and presentations address the Maltese language, the cultures of Malta’s prehistory and the sophisticated temples they constructed in almost complete isolation. Learn about the painter Caravaggio and his captivity in Malta, the island’s strategic role in World War II, its religious landscape and the Maltese economy. Historians put the British colonization of Malta into perspective with that of other colonies and you visit the capital city of Valletta to learn the history of this baroque jewel, including the Hospitaller Order of St. John that transformed Malta into its impregnable headquarters, the siege of 1565 and the lifestyles of ordinary folk during the time of the knights. Ferry to the island of Gozo to visit the oldest freestanding buildings on earth and the walled hilltop citadel. A curator takes you into the underground Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum, a world wonder reopened to the public after a decade of preservation initiatives.


This tiny island just off Sicily boasts a unique though varied culture having been the target of conquests of all the major European and Arab powers. The small country features the oldest known human constructions in the world. The temple Magar Qim’s sacrificial alters and limestone decorations were all carved using only determination and flint tools in 3600 B.C.

Four-star hotel noted for its blend of Victorian décor and gracious Mediterranean hospitality. Superbly located on a quiet street in the heart of the fashionable town of Sliema and close to popular restaurants and night spots in St.Julians.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Marius Zerafa

“St. Jerome” was painted in Malta by Caravaggio when he was a killer on the run. In 1984 it was stolen, and Father Marius Zerafa, then Director of Museums, was contacted for the ransom. Now retired, Father Zerafa shares his personal story of the theft, intrigue and ultimate recovery with participants, all the while presenting a vivid portrait of Caravaggio, his time in Malta and his pivotal place in the evolution of art in the period.
Lawrence Ancilleri

Recently retired from teaching at the Malta College of Arts, Science and Technology, Lawrence still lectures part-time at the University of Malta. Lawrence is the co-founder of a non-government organization caring for children with learning difficulties and ex-convicts. He has also stood as a candidate for the Maltese Parliament in two consecutive elections. A graduate of the University of Malta, Lawrence holds degrees in history and Mediterranean and diplomatic studies.
Charles Dalli

Charles Dalli studied history at the University of Malta and received his master’s in medieval history at the University of Cambridge, England. He lectures full-time in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Malta, where he teaches medieval history. He has researched medieval Maltese history in archives in Sicily and Spain, and has published two books on the subject.
Joseph Magro-Conti

Dr. Magro Conti is an archaeologist who studied at the University of Malta. He now works for the government in the National Planning Authority, and is responsible for evaluating potential archaeological sites before permits can be issued for new buildings.
Meals and Lodgings
   Palace Hotel
  Sliema, Malta 10 nights
 Palace Hotel
Type: Five-Star Hotel
  Description: Inspired by the pulse and passion of a city centre hotel, and located in Malta's central city of Sliema, from its rooftop The Palace enjoys scenic views of the Mediterranean Harbour and Malta's Capital city Valletta. WIFI is free of charge through out the hotel, which provides every modern convenience. This hotel is an upgrade for this group, November 2014 only. Some meals and program activities will be at the adjoining sister property The Victoria Hotel. NOTE: During breakfast shorts are allowed, however, during dinner time men are requested to wear long trousers.
  Contact info: High Street
Sliema,   Malta
phone: (+356) 21 333 444
  Room amenities: Tea & coffee making facilities, daily maid service, air-conditioning/heating, television & radio with pay per view movie channels, a fully stocked mini bar, an in-room safe (at a charge), direct dial telephone, en-suite bathrooms with shower/bath, toiletries and hairdryer.
  Facility amenities: Guests can make use of an indoor pool, an outdoor pool, fully equipped fitness centre, sauna, steam rooms.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: TBA Reservation request form provided by Program Provider with confirmation materials. Independent non-group airport transfers can also be requested on this form, at a cost lower than for taxi. Written confirmation will be provided. Payment to be made locally in Euros or dollars.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: TBA Reservation request form provided by Program Provider with confirmation materials. Independent non-group airport transfers can also be requested on this form, at a cost lower than for taxi. Written confirmation will be provided. Payment to be made locally in Euros or dollars.
  Check out time: 12:00 PM

Travel Details
  Start of Program:
6:00 PM You will be staying at Palace Hotel that night.
  End of Program:
7:00 AM You will be staying at Palace Hotel the night before.
  Required documents:
The Participant Information Form is required.
  Parking availability:
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
To Start of Program
  Location:  Sliema
  Nearest city or town:  Valletta
  Nearest airport:  Malta - MLA
  Transportation to site: Taxi or private car
  From End of Program
  Location: Sliema
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Daily Schedule

Day 1: Departure from North America
(Saturday, November 8)
 In Transit Overnight: Trans-Atlantic flight from North America

Day 2: Welcome to Malta! Meet your companions and leaders.
(Sunday, November 9)
 Afternoon: Look for program staff holding the Road Scholar sign in the arrivals hall at the airport. (Participants enrolled on "program-only" basis should consult special instructions.) Transfer to the hotel will take about 20 minutes. Check in and settle into rooms. Exact time (6:00 PM or 6:30 PM depending on arrivals) will be advised for "Welcome" gathering and distribution of materials, general information about the hotel facilities and procedures, answers to any immediate questions. NOTE: Itineraries are subject to variation for local conditions not always known far in advance. All indicated features will be included, but may be re-ordered. The exact schedule for each program is supplied at the "Welcome" gathering on the day of arrival.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room. Tables will be assigned for our group. Buffet menu consists of multiple choices for starter, main course and dessert. Procedures will be more fully explained on site. The food in Malta is mostly continental with a British character. There is also Italian influence resulting in a variety of pasta dishes, and fresh seafood prepared in Mediterranean fashion -- with lemon, for example, or with tomato, garlic, capers. Beef, chicken, veal and the local specialty - rabbit, are generally served in sauces, with potato and vegetables on the side. Be sure to try the crusty Maltese bread and a soft goat cheese from Gozo.
 Evening: The balance of the evening is at your leisure.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 3: Orientation/Language/Marsaxlokk Fishing Village/Craft Market
(Monday, November 10)
 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room. Please fill our tables as you arrive since coffee and tea service may be delayed until a table is full. Breakfast buffet usually includes both cooked (eggs, sausage, bacon) and cold items such as yogurt, cereal, breads, cold-cuts, cheese.
 Morning: In the hotel lecture room, Road Scholars will meet staff and introduce each other, go over any late changes or questions regarding the program. Group Leader will provide an informative introduction to the Maltese Language - Although English is a national language, this lecture will include the historic origins of the exotic native tongue. With roots that may go back to ancient Aramaic, Maltese is the only Semitic language written from left to right in the Roman alphabet. Then transfer by motor coach to Valletta for "Malta Experience" audio/visual presentation that organizes the many layers of Malta's history in a polished format. Continue enjoying the local atmosphere with a visit to an ethnic market of fresh food, handicrafts and small souvenirs along a harbor of colorful and characteristic fishing boats.
 Lunch: Continue to an area restaurant for typical national dish of rabbit stewed in wine and garlic. (Alternative dishes will be available.)
 Afternoon: The afternoon is at leisure to rest and refresh.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own. Many restaurants and cafes are within easy walking distance of the hotel. A list of suggestions will be provided.
 Evening: At leisure for personal activities
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 4: Prehistoric Cultures of Malta/Blue Grotto/Caravaggio
(Tuesday, November 11)

Note: Optional boat trip requires walking a short but steep hill to and from the water. Non-opting participants can wait at an area cafe or shop the small craft vendors.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Hotel Lecture Room: Lecture: Prehistoric Cultures of Malta - Even though this miniature island has made various other significant contributions to world heritage, there is no doubt that nothing rivals its megalithic temples. Built in the period 3600 - 2500 B.C. by a small community enjoying an extraordinary cultural efflorescence in almost complete isolation, these buildings constitute architectural feats of the highest order. They show an internal evolution in form (from the simple to the more complex,) size of stone blocks used (from small to gigantic,) and in the artistic furnishings with increasingly greater refinement and sophistication. Then we will board the coach to visit several sites of Neolithic (New Stone Age) Temple monuments. Moderate walking on gravelly surfaces and some standing under open skies.
 Lunch: Lunch at a casual area restaurant
 Afternoon: Free time in the area of the restaurant at Wied Zurrieq near the Blue Grotto to enjoy natural scenery. Those who wish may board 8-passenger motored boats (cost included) to view geological layering of limestone that is so important to Malta's 6,000 year history of building. Return to hotel.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room
 Evening: Hotel Lecture Room: Lecture: The Painter Caravaggio in Malta - One of the most important and influential painters of the period, Michaelangelo Merisi de Caravaggio led a colorful life that included both masterpieces and captivity in Malta. His story is adventure and the work he left in Malta includes two priceless treasures painted during his time as a Knight of the Order of St. John.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Valletta, "a city built by gentlemen for gentlemen"
(Wednesday, November 12)

Note: Moderate walking on paved but hilly streets in an historic area. Participants who opt to skip will be provided with a place to sit until the group recollects. Many cafes and shops in the area.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Motorcoach transfer to the capital city of Valletta, built by European Knights after the Great Siege of 1565. This baroque jewel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with wonderful historic structures adapted for reuse for government administration, shops and businesses. Visits to Upper Barrakka Gardens and panoramic view of historic Grand Harbour and the "Three Cities" area beyond; St. James Cavalier and Centre for Creativity - a magnificently restored space that was a munitions storage as part of the fortifications of the Knights during the 16th and 17th centuries.
 Lunch: Lunch in an area restaurant
 Afternoon: Continued Field Trip in the city includes breath-taking St. John's co-Cathedral, the Caravaggio paintings in the cathedral museum, and the National Museum of Archaeology collection of incomparable artifacts of the "Temple Period". Walking and some steps for entry. Return to hotel
 Dinner: Dinner on your own to sample local restaurants
 Evening: Evening at your leisure, perhaps to take in a performance on your own.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 6: The Knights/Free time/Gozo Rummy
(Thursday, November 13)
 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Hotel lecture room: Lecture: The Three Monotheistic Religions of the Mediterranean - An overview of the socio-religious context of the Middle East and Mediterranean region with regard to the great faiths of the people of the book: Judaism, Christianity, Islam. Return by coach to the city of Valletta and visit the Grand Master's Palace. On-site Lecture: The Hospitaller Order of St. John and the Siege of 1565 - The advent of the Order in Malta led to a radical transformation in the role of the island from an ill-defended barren island to the impregnable headquarters of the crusading order. Their initial establishment was in the port of Birgu in the "Three Cities" area, headquarters of the Siege of 1565, after which the city was named Vittoriosa (“the victorious.”) Walking, some steps to upper floors. Possible elevator working.
 Lunch: Lunch on your own in Valletta at any of many cafe's and restaurants.
 Afternoon: Time is provided to explore Valletta on your own. Scheduled pick-up will return participants to the hotel.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room
 Evening: Instruction in a lively themed card game will be provided, with several tables set up for play. NOTE: The rules for this game were created by participants in one of the first Road Scholar groups to Malta: "Seven cards for the seven years Calypso kept Ulysses captive in a cave on Gozo."
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 7: The enchanting sister island of Gozo
(Friday, November 14)

Note: Walking and standing under open skies. Some unavoidable steps in the Citadel. Ferries have an elevator to passenger lounge. Visit to Citadel requires walking up a steep hill; an alternative place to wait will be provided for those who prefer not to climb.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room. Early breakfast probably will include only cold items -- not cooked.
 Morning: Early departure by motorcoach and along the scenic northern coast of the island to the ferry pier for crossing to the smaller sister island of Gozo. Greener and more rural that Malta, Gozo has a charming character all its own. 20-minute crossing by stabilized car ferry with passenger lounge and deck seating will pass the tiny island of Comino. Gozo filed trip visits include Ggantija Temples, acknowledged to be the oldest freestanding buildings on earth.
 Lunch: Lunch at an area restaurant in Gozo
 Afternoon: Continued field trip includes the walled hilltop citadel where in olden days the local farmers used to retreat to sleep for protection from pirate slavers. Also excursion to the Dwejra area of fossilized shell and natural formations. Return to Malta and hotel in the late afternoon.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 8: Three Cities - Cottonera/Grand Harbour
(Saturday, November 15)

Note: Considerable walking, up to two miles during the course of the day, on paved but hilly streets in an historic area. Participants who opt to skip will be provided with a place to sit until the group recollects.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Hotel lecture room: Lecture: Cottonera - A Regional Experience - Discussion on the lifestyles and social values of ordinary urban and peasant folk at the time of the Knights in Malta, and an intimate portrait of the politics of a working man’s community. Transfer by motorcoach to the "Three Cities" or Cottonera area. Exploration continues with a walking presentation through the Inquisitor’s Palace, the streets of Birgu and near historic Fort St. Angelo.
 Lunch: Typical worker's lunch at a casual local sports club.
 Afternoon: A friendly volunteer game of Bacci, with instruction on the Maltese style of play. Then walk downhill to the harborside and board motorized 8-passenger boats of the traditional style. Cruise some of the creeks and inlets of the Grand Harbor that has played such a role in Malta's long history. Housing at various times Phoenician Galleons, Roman vessels, warships of the crusading Knights and much of the British Fleet, the harbor now sees Mediterranean cruise liners, film star Yachts, and frequently ships of the U.S. sixth fleet. Return by coach to the hotel.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room
 Evening: Hotel lecture room: Lecture: Malta Under the British - Malta under British rule was a different story than that of the brief French colonization which immediately preceded. This lecture puts the colonization of Malta into perspective with that of other colonies, from the 1800’s through to 1960’s.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Hypogeum/Mosta and St. Anton Gardens, Economy
(Sunday, November 16)

Note: Participants must climb a narrow spiral staircase with railing on exit from the Hypogeum. Those who do not wish to go all the way (one story underground) can watch the short introductory film and return to the reception area to wait for the others. Visit to Tarxien temples requires some standing under open skies.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: The morning is free to pursue personal interests, with staggered departure times for visits to the Hypogeum. (Participants will know their time slot in advance.) After 10 years of conservation initiatives in cooperation with UNESCO, the underground Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum reopened to the public in late 2000. Entrance to this eighth world wonder of the Maltese Temple Period is restricted to ten persons per hour and must be pre-arranged. In small groups, Road Scholar participants will transfer by mini-van to visit this prehistoric site, guided by a museum curator,and return to hotel. Walkway with railing provided. Steps required to enter and exit underground chambers..
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel
 Afternoon: Field trip includes a stop at Mosta church to view one of the largest unsupported domes in the world, penetrated by a bomb in World War II which miraculously did not explode. Also public gardens attached to the President's residence. Light walking. Some steps to enter church. Return to hotel and time to freshen up. Hotel lecture room: Lecture: The Maltese Economy: Its Strengths and Vulnerability - The interaction of geographical and economic conditions, production, spatial distribution and wealth consumption of Malta as a small state in the central Mediterranean, will be viewed particularly in relation to its strengths and vulnerability as an island.
 Dinner: Transfer to an area restaurant to share a pasta dinner with invited guests from the Maltese community. This mix of contemporaries from various walks of life often sparks lively conversation. Evening return to hotel.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: Environment, Mdina/Rabat/Under The British
(Monday, November 17)

Note: Moderate walking on paved fairly level streets in an historic area. Participants who opt to skip will be provided with a place to sit until the group recollects.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Hotel Lecture Room: Lecture: The Natural Maltese Environment - An introduction to the natural resources of Malta with historical evaluation providing the listener with an understanding of their diversity and beauty, as well as problematic (environmental) issues relating to Malta and Gozo. Motorcoach to the ancient capital of Mdina. Sometimes known as the "silent city" for its unique hushed quality of quiet dignity, Mdina is a living museum with families still occupying its ancestral mansions. Walking presentation in this medieval walled city will include the bastions, city gates and the cathedral. Moderate walking with places to rest.
 Lunch: Lunch on your own to sample one of the charming restaurants in Mdina
 Afternoon: Spend the afternoon exploring Mdina on your own, or join a guided walk outside the city gates into nearby Rabat to visit 4th century Christian catacombs, passing by the Grotto of St. Paul where the apostle is believed to have lived for three months after shipwreck on Malta. Meeting place and time will be set for continuing Field Trip. Learn about Malta's remarkable 7,000 year tradition of building with stone at the Limestone Heritage Museum. A private workshop lets you discover for yourself the nature of the soft globergerina limestone as you carve a small piece to take home. Optional walking, steps.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room
 Evening: On your own, perhaps to stroll the seaside promenade or take in an optional performance at the Manoel Theatre in Valletta
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 11: World War Two
(Tuesday, November 18)

Note: War Rooms visit requires steps.

 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Hotel Lecture Room: Lecture: Malta's Strategic Role in World War II - Britain's concept of Malta as a strategic fortress colony led to a situation where the axis forces were particularly concerned to conquer the island, especially as it served as a base for the conquest of North Africa. Transfer by coach to Malta's World War II museum housed in Fort. St. Elmo, then on to the Lascaris War Rooms for a presentation by its curator. These chambers for strategic planning have been kept much as they were left when in use, including Ike's office. Return to hotel. Moderate walking. Steps at War Rooms.
 Lunch: Lunch is on your own.
 Afternoon: The afternoon is free for personal pursuits or to organize packing.
 Dinner: Transfer to an atmospheric local restaurant for Gala Dinner and group celebration of our time together. Evening return to hotel.
Accommodations: Palace Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 12: Departure from Malta
(Wednesday, November 19)
 Breakfast: Hotel Dining Room
 Morning: Departure transfers to airport. NOTE: Consult Travel Coordinator -- Overnight in Europe may be required on return to North America.
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
  Sliema Birgu/Three Cities Area: Fort Saint Angelo
16th-century bastion of the Knights, this mighty fortress is the star of the colorful story of the "Great Siege of Malta." It was from here that the knights held firm against the Turkish invasion of Suleiman-the-Magnificent and turned the tide for Christianity in Europe. Costumed recreations are staged on a variable basis. More information provided on site. For additional information, visit
  Birgu/Three Cities Area: Inquisitor's Palace
Not a domestic palace, but a place of judgment, this museum has been cleaned and restored to its original character. Visit tiny cells and the chamber where fates were decided. A collection of original furnishings lends a timeless quality to this authentic piece of history. For additional information, visit
  Birgu/Three Cities Area: Maritime Museum
A fascinating collection of boats, models and paraphernalia representing the maritime history of this area on Grand Harbour. The old grain storage buildings of the Knights are part of the property. For additional information, visit
  Ghar Dalam Cave and Museum
The museum houses the remains of extinct animals such as dwarf elephant and dwarf hippo, left here before the last Ice Age, when Malta was part of a land bridge connecting Europe with Africa. The cave from which the remains were excavated can be visited. For additional information, visit
  Gozo Cathedral
Featured in many photos of Gozo's old city, this cathedral is unique for its lack of dome. Not able to afford the architecture, the people of the time had the ceiling painted with a dome to compensate. For additional information, visit
  Gozo: Archaeology Museum
A small but interesting collection of pottery and material from the Temple Period occupies the ground floor of this small museum in the citadel. Upstairs are Punic and Roman remains excavated on Comino and Gozo including a unique Egyptian amulet. For additional information, visit
  Gozo: Folklore Museum
Original furnishings and tools tell the story of life in Gozo in Medieval times when farmers worked the fields by day and retreated to the safety of the walled city at night to escape slaves. For additional information, visit
  Limestone Heritage
A refitted quarry and museum of stone working in Malta, illustrating techniques and equipment used down through the ages. A brief film prefaces a walk through the quarry itself, with headsets and recorded presentation. For additional information, visit
  Ta Qali Craft Center
Quanset huts left from World War II now house cottage industry and larger handicraft production operations. Several glass-blowing factories have demonstrations and showrooms of exquisite pieces; also watch craftsmen working intricate silver and gold filigree. An aviation museum is also in the area.
  Valletta: Casa Rocca Piccola
A titled family of Malta opens the doors of its home to the public for an intimate look at its ancestral townhouse. Rooms that are still very much in use by the family are a charming addition to those that are mostly kept for preservation. For additional information, visit
  Valletta: Grand Master's Palace
Stately rooms and corridors are the hallmark of this Baroque treasure that is still very much in use. Gobelin tapestries and frescos that illustrate significant events of the Knights of St. John are highlights. Closed to the public while Parliament is in session. The Palace Armoury is located below with a separate entrance. For additional information, visit
  Valletta: World War II Museum
Housed within historic Fort St. Elmo, this museum holds a wealth of personal items and memorabilia from the war that earned Malta the George Cross for Bravery. For additional information, visit view-museum-mus_0051.html
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List

The Middle Sea, A History of the Mediterranean

Author: - John Julius Norwich

Description: A marvelous writer who has already tackled Byzantium, the Normans in Sicily and Venice, Norwich spins his magic in this story of culture, trade and politics, royalty and rulers, wars and religion in the Mediterranean from antiquity to the end of the First World War.

Blue Guide Malta and Gozo

Author: - Geoffrey Aquilina Ross

Description: A comprehensive guide in the well known series, this book provides detailed coverage of the history, culture and architecture of these Mediterranean islands.

Fortress Malta, An Island Under Siege 1940-43

Author: - James Holland

Description: In this powerful, intimate book British journalist James Holland draws on letters, diaries and interviews to bring to life the military campaigns, heroism and drama of Malta during WWII.

Ironfire, A Novel of the Knights of Malta and the Last Battle of the Crusades

Author: - David Ball

Description: In this rousing historical novel the fates of a young boy, his sister, one of the Knights of Malta and an inquisitor play out against the backdrop of the 16th-century Ottoman assault on Malta, the formidable citadel of the Knights of St. John.

Legacy of a Lost Civilization

Author: Mediterranean Institute of Ancient Civilizations

Description: Original documentary on DVD - 105 minutes New light on the ancient world comes from prehistoric megaliths, the characteristics of sound and the strange artifacts found within them. The subject is a mysteriously advanced people who created gigantic stone monuments on the islands of Malta, more than a thousand years ahead of Stonehenge or the pyramids. Bridging from hard science to theory, this pioneering film delivers compelling incentive to take another look at what we thought we knew about the past. Legacy is dense with information and imagery that has never been seen in North America, much less considered by most of our scholars. The angles of interest range from anthropology and architecture, to art history and ancient religions, to physics and bio-behavioral science. Look inside ancient chambers and examine clues left in wondrous sculpture and artifacts. Filmed on location on Malta and Gozo.

Lonely Planet Malta & Gozo

Author: - Neil Wilson

Description: A compact, comprehensive guide to Malta, featuring maps, a good overview of culture, history and nature, and plenty of practical information on excursions, accommodations and sightseeing.

Malta - An Archaeological Paradise

Author: Anthony Bonanno

Description: Head of the Department of Classics and Archaeology at the University of Malta. Prof. Bonanno describes many of the artifacts and remains of Malta's Prehistory.

Maltese Prehistoric Art, 5000 - 2500 BC

Author: EDITOR: Tony Pace

Description: A compendium of articles, illustrations and photos documenting recent discoveries at the Gozo Stone Circle. The volume contains a catalog of over 150 important pieces in the collection of the Malta National Museum of Archaeology.

Paul, The Mind of the Apostle

Author: - .N. Wilson

Description: A richly detailed portrait of the apostle Paul, firmly grounded in the everyday details of life in the Roman Empire. It's a mind-opening, partly historical study of the culture, politics and religion of the early years of Christianity.

Tell Me About The Maltese Temples

Author: Linda C. Eneix

Description: In straightforward question-and-answer style, the author responds to what people most frequently ask about the astonishing prehistoric monuments of the Maltese Islands. Color photo illustrations. Dual language: English with translation in Maltese.

The Disorderly Knights

Author: - Dorothy Dunnett

Description: The third volume in the Lymond Chronicles follows Francis Crawford of Lymond to Malta, where he has been sent to help the Knights of Hospitallers defend their island against the invading Turks. He soon finds, however, that the greatest danger to the Knights comes from within their own order.

Treason's Harbour

Author: - Patrick O'Brian

Description: Stephen Maturin, Jack Aubrey and the crew of the H.M.S. Surprise contend with pirates and Napoleon's spies in this splendid novel set on and around Malta.

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