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On the Road: Hopi Mesas, Canyon de Chelly and Monument Valley — Hopi & Navajo

Program Number: 18591RJ
Start and End Dates:
3/30/2014 - 4/5/2014; 3/20/2016 - 3/26/2016; 4/8/2016 - 4/14/2016; 9/25/2016 - 10/1/2016; 10/23/2016 - 10/29/2016;
Duration: 6 nights
Location: Phoenix, Arizona
Price starting at: $1,099.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: On the Road; Native American Studies
Meals: 18; 6 Breakfasts, 6 Lunches, 6 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

Stay on both the Navajo and Hopi reservations and immerse yourself in these cultures with exposure to native speakers and artisans who share insights into their life ways. Visit the Hopi village of Old Oraibi atop a windswept mesa. At Canyon de Chelly, field trips visit both North and South rims and the inner Canyon. Experience Monument Valley’s iconic formations and sweeping vistas.


Enjoy two Navajo-led 4x4 adventures to see ruins, petroglyphs and natural beauty.
Enjoy a docent-led field trip to Phoenix’s famed Heard Museum, telling the stories of the Native American peoples of the Southwest.
Visit Hubble Trading Post and hear from Navajo and Hopi speakers about their cultures and challenges.

Activity Particulars

Field trips require ability to walk 1/2 mile at a time, 1 mile total daily. Trails are sometimes uneven on packed dirt with little elevation change. Optional longer hike at Canyon de Chelly to Anasazi ruin site. Elevations up to 7,300 feet.

Itinerary Summary

Arrival Phoenix, 1 night; Second Mesa, 2 nights; Chinle, 2 nights; Cameron, 1 night; Phoenix, departure.

Coordinated by Northern Arizona University.

Canyon de Chelly

Canyon de Chelly’s isolation and geology offer a sense of the elemental and serene. Canyon walls rise to 1,000 feet above the flat canyon floor, protecting it from easy discovery and harsh weather, while the preserved ruins of the Puebloan peoples who began building here 900 years ago underscore 20 centuries of near-continuous human habitation.

Sonoran Desert

The Sonoran Desert is one of the largest and hottest deserts in North America, covering parts of Arizona, California and Mexico. Plants that thrive in the harsh conditions here include the giant saguaro cactus, which grows nowhere else. Noted Sonoran Desert wildlife includes the Gila monster, western diamondback rattlesnake and desert tortoise.

Hopi Reservation

The Hopi Reservation in Arizona is home to the Hopi people, who continue to live on this land where they have long “maintained [their] sacred covenant with the ancient caretaker of the earth, to live as peaceful and humble farmers respectful of the land and its resources.” The reservation encompasses 12 villages spread over 2,531 square miles.


An affluent city adjacent to Phoenix, Scottsdale enjoys an annual average of more than 330 days of sunshine, a factor that, along with the area’s wide-open desert landscape, makes the city a haven for golfers. Scottsdale’s vibrant nightlife and busy hotel scene are balanced out by its proximity to mountain areas popular with outdoor enthusiasts.


Phoenix is a thriving metropolis surrounded by majestic mountains. Along with the visual beauty of the land, the city has a rich heritage of Native American and Hispanic cultures. Native American and western expansion influences are seen in the art and architecture of Phoenix, and an abundance of museums and art galleries showcase the culture.

Phoenix: Modern hotel with free airport shuttle. Second Mesa: Hopi Cultural Center, motel on the Hopi Reservation. Chinle: Hotel adjacent to Canyon de Chelly. Cameron: Inn and Trading Post on the Navajo Reservation.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Richard Stephens

Rich has been director of Northern Arizona University’s highly popular Road Scholar programs since 2001. He previously spent many years in the field as a program coordinator and group leader, where he honed his skills and learned the importance of detailed, pre-trip planning. Before making his home in Arizona’s spectacular red-rock country, Rich spent 10 years in Yosemite National Park and the Santa Cruz mountains as an environmental educator.
Azalia Lewis

Azalia Lewis is descended from the Navajo, Hopi, and Laguna tribes. Currently residing near the mouth of Canyon De Chelly National Monument, Azalia is Kin'ya'aani, (towering house clan), Kis'anni, (born for Hopi), Maii' deeshgizhnii, (born into coyote pass clan), and Too' lanii dinee', (born into Laguna). She attended school in Chinle and is pursuing a career in the art of jewelry making. Azalia looks forward to meeting new people and sharing the beauty of her multicultural background.
Ray Coin

A member of the Hopi tribe, Ray Coin is from the Third Mesa village of Bacavi on the Hopi Reservation in northeast Arizona. His father worked at the Museum of Northern Arizona, and while growing up, Ray and his siblings rubbed elbows with the geologists, archaeologists, ecologists and palaeontologists doing field work at the museum during the summer months. Ray has been sharing his Hopi culture with Road Scholar participants since 1993.
Dorothy Ami

Dorothy Ami is a well-respected Hopi potter. Her demonstrations detail the pottery making process — from gathering the clay to tempering, coiling a piece, making the paints from nature, painting with a yucca brush and firing.
Meals and Lodgings
   Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North
  Phoenix & The Valley of the Sun 1 night
   Hopi Cultural Center
  Hopi Indian Reservation (Second Mesa) 2 nights
   Canyon de Chelly / Chinle Holiday Inn
  Chinle, AZ 2 nights
   Cameron Trading Post
  Cameron, AZ 1 night
 Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North
Type: Hotel
  Description: Discover contemporary conveniences at Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North. Set minutes from Phoenix Sky Harbor International (PHX) Airport, this hotel is convenient to freeways, light rail transportation and downtown Phoenix.
  Contact info: 3838 East Van Buren Street
Phoenix, AZ 85008 USA
phone: 602-306-2323
  Room amenities: The Garden Sleep SystemT, Feather Pillows Non Allergenic, Complimentary WiFi access, LCD Flat Panel TV, TV-Premium HBO,CNN,ESPN, Safe, Coffee Maker, Hairdryer, Iron/Ironing Board, Microwave, Mini Refrigerator, air conditioners.
  Facility amenities: Complimentary 24-hour Phoenix Sky Harbor International (PHX) Airport shuttle. 24-hour Business Center and complimentary WiFi access, Photo Copying Service and Printer. Fitness center and outdoor pool, 24 hr Pavilion Pantry Market, Baggage Storage, Lounge, Coin Laundry, Elevators.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Call for rates. Hotel is offering a discount off the best available rate for our clients. In order to get this discount you must contact the group sales manager, Crystal Peters, direct. Her contact info: Phone: 602-293-0338; email: Do note that this hotel sells out regularly during March - April period so if you are staying during that time period make your bookings well in advance.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM

 Hopi Cultural Center
Type: Motel
  Description: Being part of the overall Hopi Cultural Center, the motel is in the center of cultural and economic events on the Hopi Reservation.
  Contact info: US Highway 264
Second Mesa, AZ 86043 USA
phone: 928-734-2401
  Room amenities: Satellite TV, individually controlled AC/heat, phone, clock radio, individual bath, free wifi.
  Facility amenities: On site restaurant, museum, native arts and crafts workshops and vending areas.
  Smoking allowed: No

 Canyon de Chelly / Chinle Holiday Inn
Type: Motel
  Description: Located on the high desert of the Colorado Plateau, the Holiday Inn Chinle stands at the entrance to Canyon de Chelly National Monument. The canyon is the second largest in the USA. In huge hollows at the base of the canyon's vertical walls, ancient cliff dwellings of the Anasazi people stand well preserved since their construction more than 10 centuries ago. Petroglyphs both in and near the ruins clearly depict events of the canyon's early inhabitants. The remote location deep within the Navajo Nation removes it from the impact of the modern world and retains the canyon's sense of timelessness.
  Contact info: Indian Rt 7
Chinle, AZ 86503 USA
phone: 928-674-5000
  Room amenities: AC, coffee/tea makers, remote control cable TV. Free high speed internet access in rooms; bring your own laptop. Limited cell phone service available in Chinle / Canyon de Chelly. Small refrigerator in each room.
  Facility amenities: 108 guest rooms. Full service restaurant featuring authentic American Indian cuisine and traditional American fare. Room service available. Gift shop with authentic Native American art and jewelry. Fax service. Seasonal outdoor swimming pool. Guest laundromat. Limited cell phone service available in Canyon de Chelly / Chinle.
  Smoking allowed: Yes

 Cameron Trading Post
Type: Motel
  Description: Adjacent to the Cameron Trading Post, the Inn is in the hub of activity for the western Navajo Reservation. It features an operating trading post with Native American arts and crafts.
  Contact info: 466 N US Highway 89
Cameron, AZ 86020 USA
phone: 928-679-2231
  Room amenities: Satellite remote control TV, wi-fi, individually controlled AC/heat, phone, clock radio, irons, coffee/tea maker. Refrigerators and microwaves are available in suites.
  Facility amenities: On site restaurant, convenience store, gas station, ATM.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Additional nights after: Seasonal. Contact the Cameron Inn for the rates applicable to your stay.
  Check out time: 11:00 AM

Travel Details
  Start of Program:
On-site registration at 4:30-5:15 PM in hotel meeting room. You will be staying at Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends with airport drop off by 1:00 PM, followed by a drop off at the starting hotel. You will be staying at Cameron Trading Post the night before.
  Required documents:
The Participant Information Form is required. None
  Parking availability:
Free parking at hotel for the duration of the program.
To Start of Program
  Location:  Phoenix & The Valley of the Sun
  Nearest city or town:  Phoenix
  Nearest highway: I-10. I-17, US 60
  Nearest airport:  Phoenix Intl Airport (Sky Harbor)
  From End of Program
  Location:  Departures
Travel Details

Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport from Last Location


To Airport




Commercial Van/Shuttle
NAU Road Scholar


Per Person/One Way:


Included in program.
Prices are subject to change.


NAU transportation will stop at Phoenix Airport followed by a stop at starting location.


Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North


From Airport




Hotel Shuttle
phone: 602-306-2323


Per Person/One Way:


Prices are subject to change.


Travel Time:


Travel time from airport and hotel upon shuttle pick up is 12 minutes. 




5 miles


Upon arrival - Call Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North once you have retrieved your luggage in the baggage claim area. Return shuttles from the hotel to the airport run every hour and half hour (24 hours a day).

Driving Directions
  From the Airport to Hilton Garden Airport North Take East Airport exit to 44th Street north to Van Buren. Left on Van Buren to hotel.
  Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North From West From the I-10, head east into Phoenix and take exit 147A for the AZ-202 Loop East. Take exit 2 for 40th St and go right (south). Take the 3rd right onto E Van Buren St. and the hotel is .2 miles ahead on your left.
  Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North from the North Heading south on I - 17 into Phoenix, take the I-10 East exit. Keep right to take AZ-202-LOOP E via EXIT 147A. Take the 40th St exit, EXIT 2, and go right toward 44th St. After .5 miles you will see Van Buren ST and take a right. The hotel is on your right after 2 miles
Elevation Note: Up to 7,000 feet. Those with heart/lung concerns should consult a physician before attending.

The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Daily Schedule

Day 1: Registration/Program Orientation and Introductions
(Sunday, March 30)
 Afternoon: On site program registration from 4:30 - 5:15 PM in the hotel meeting room.
 Dinner: Dinner in the hotel restaurant.
 Evening: Your coordinator will lead a session of introductions and orientation, followed by questions and answers.
Accommodations: Hilton Garden Inn Phoenix Airport North
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Visit Heard Museum travel from Phoenix to Hopi Mesas.
(Monday, March 31)

Note: Docent guided walking tour of Heard Museum

 Breakfast: Breakfast in the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Bring all luggage to the Bus or Van for loading. Enjoy a docent lead tour of the Heard Museum. Since its founding by Dwight and Maie Heard in 1929, the Heard Museum has grown in size and stature to become recognized internationally for the quality of its collections, its educational programming and its festivals. Dedicated to the sensitive and accurate portrayal of Native arts and cultures, the Heard is an institution that successfully combines the stories of American Indian people from a personal perspective with the beauty of art. Through innovative programs, world-class exhibitions and unmatched festivals, the Heard Museum sets the standard nationally for collaborating with Native people to present first-person voices. Partnerships with American Indian artists and tribal communities provide visitors with a distinctive perspective about the art and cultures of Native people, especially those from the Southwest.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Depart Phoenix and ascend from the Basin and Range region towards the San Fransisco Peaks and the Colorado Plateau. On our way to the Hopi Mesas begin our discussion of Hopi Culture.
 Dinner: Dinner at the Hopi Cultural Center restaurant. Vegetarian options include salad, hopi bean taco, grilled cheese and cottage cheese.
 Evening: After dinner, enjoy a Hopi culture presentation by a Hopi Native. Topics could include the Hopi's creation story, how they came to reside on their present day lands on the mesas in northeastern Arizona, the Hopi Ceremonial cycle, Hopi land issues, or other Hopi art or culture presentations.
Accommodations: Hopi Cultural Center
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Hopi Mesas. Cultural talk, art demonstration, village tour.
(Tuesday, April 1)

Note: Walking tour of Oraibi or Walpi village

 Breakfast: Breakfast in Hopi Cultural Center restaurant.
 Morning: Enjoy an art demonstration of traditional Hopi craft by an artisan. Your demonstration will either be on traditional basket weaving, Kachina Doll carving, or silver smithing.
 Lunch: Lunch in the Hopi Cultural Center restaurant. Vegetarian options available.
 Afternoon: After lunch, tour one of the oldest continuously inhabited villages in the United States. Oraibi, also referred to as Old Oraibi, is located on Third Mesa on the Hopi Reservation near Kykotsmovi Village. Oraibi was founded sometime before the year 1100 AD, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements within the United States. Your exposure to Oraibi is a chance to see and feel the pulse of a Hopi Village. Not typically open to tourist's, we ask that all participants remain sensitive to their surroundings and the cultural beliefs of the locals. Please no photography during this visit.
 Dinner: Dinner at the Hopi Cultural Center restaurant. Vegetarian options include salad, hopi bean taco, grilled cheese and cottage cheese.
 Evening: Review your experience with the Hopi with an open Q and A session with a Hopi member.
Accommodations: Hopi Cultural Center
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Navajo Culture / Canyon de Chelly South Rim Tour
(Wednesday, April 2)

Note: Several short walks to rim viewpoints. Optional 2.5 mile 600 feet hike.

 Breakfast: Enjoy a breakfast buffet at the Hopi Cultural Center
 Morning: Depart the Hopi Reservation after breakfast. Our journey to Canyon de Chelly will take us through some of the wildly stark and expansive lands of the Hopi and Navajo Reservations. Enroute we will visit the Hubble Trading Post National Historic Site in Ganado, Arizona, where you will step back in time and experience history first hand. Feel the old wooden floor give slightly and squeak beneath your feet as you enter the oldest, continuously operating trading post on the Navajo Nation. As your eyes adjust to the dim lighting of the "bullpen" you might catch the trader negotiating a deal with a Native American artist for their art. John Lorenzo Hubbell purchased a trading post here in 1878, and Hubbell family members operated this trading post until it was sold to the National Park Service in 1965.
 Lunch: Lunch in Canyon de Chelly at Garcia's Restaurant. The restaurant features a casual southwestern atmosphere that serves local native american and regional cuisines.
 Afternoon: Visit the Canyon de Chelly National Monument Visitor Center's excellent exhibits. Then take the guided tour of the canyon's South Rim with stops at overlooks including Spider Rock, a formation which has great symbolism in Navajo cosmology. For those who want more physical activity, we offer an unguided optional hike instead of the guided bus/van tour. White House Ruin Trail is 2.5 miles Round Trip, 600 vertical feet down and back up.
 Dinner: Dinner at Garcia's, featuring a casual southwestern atmosphere that serves local native american and regional cuisines.
 Evening: Hear a presentation on the history of the Dine' (Navajo) people and their special connection to Canyon de Chelly.
Accommodations: Canyon de Chelly / Chinle Holiday Inn
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Canyon de Chelly North Rim Tour, and inner canyon tour via 4 wheel drive truck.
(Thursday, April 3)

Note: Several short walks to rim viewpoints

 Breakfast: Enjoy a breakfast buffet at Garcia's.The buffet includes, on alternating days: 2 types of eggs; pancakes or biscuits & gravy; corned beef hash or bacon/sausage; cream of wheat, whole/cut fruit, cereal.
 Morning: Board the bus for the morning tour of Canyon de Chelly's starkly beautiful North Rim and viewpoints with many views into Canyon del Muerto; or enjoy a lecture on Navajo culture.
 Lunch: Traditional Navajo lunch buffet at Garcia's restaurant in hotel.
 Afternoon: After lunch, Participants will meet 4-wheel drive tour trucks for the trip into Canyon de Chelly with certified Navajo guides. Travel into the canyon on this afternoon's tour of Canyon de Chelly and Canyon del Muerto's ruins, sandstone cliffs and canyons, petroglyphs and stunning scenery.
 Dinner: Dinner at Garcia's Restaurant.
 Evening: Enjoy a free evening to relax.
Accommodations: Canyon de Chelly / Chinle Holiday Inn
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: 4 wheel drive tour of Monument Valley, visit Goulding's Trading Post
(Friday, April 4)

Note: Several short walks to viewpoints on 4wd tour in Monument Valley

 Breakfast: Enjoy a breakfast buffet at Garcia's.The buffet includes, on alternating days: 2 types of eggs; pancakes or biscuits & gravy; corned beef hash or bacon/sausage; cream of wheat, whole/cut fruit, cereal.
 Morning: After breakfast, depart Canyon de Chelly for Monument Valley. Enjoy a four wheel drive tour of the backroads of Monument Valley with a Navajo guide. We explore all of the famous monuments including views of the Mittens, plus we visit the Monument’s restricted area. This area contains many rock windows and arches of unique shapes and sizes. Unparalleled photo opportunities in one of the West’s most photographed destinations.
 Lunch: Picnic Lunches.
 Afternoon: Depart Goulding's Trading Post after the tour for Cameron Trading Post.Drive through a scenic section of the Navajo Reservation past Comb Ridge, Tsegi Canyon, Black Mesa, the Elephant Feet, Tuba City, The Little Colorado River Canyon, the northern end of the Painted Desert, and wide open sweeping vistas.
 Dinner: You'll choose from two entrees at the Cameron Inn Restaurant including Navajo taco, chicken florentine, chef's salad, beef stew and more. A salad and dessert are included every evening. The restaurant is decorated with beautiful Navajo rugs, baskets, Tiffany glass cabinets and pottery and has an antique pressed tin ceiling.
 Evening: Program wrap-up, reflections on the week, and farewells.
Accommodations: Cameron Trading Post
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Depart to Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport and starting hotel for program conclusion.
(Saturday, April 5)
 Breakfast: Choose from a number of breakfast selections at the Cameron Inn Restaurant. Eggs, oatmeal, waffles, toast and bacon are among the choices. Coffee or tea and juice included.
 Morning: Board our motorcoach or van for the the trip to the Phoenix Airport(arrive by 1:00 PM), followed by a stop at the first program hotel.
 Lunch: Sack Lunch provided during drive to Phoenix.
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Free Time Opportunities
  Chinle, AZ Hiking in Canyon de Chelly: The White House Ruins Trail
This unforgettable hiking opportunity is not to be missed for those active people who want to see the canyon from top to bottom. The hike provides breathtaking views of the massive red cliffs with their caves and hollows and an amazing tree tunnel at the bottom near the ruin. The trail (1.5-miles each way) drops some 600 feet from the trailhead to the ruin. This is a well maintained and "manicured" trail. The trip down is more of an easy walk. The return is strenuous but there are adequate rest stops, with benches.
  Horseback Riding
Ride horseback accompanied by a Native America Guide onto the floor of Canyon de Chelly. Approximate cost is $20 per hour per person plus $20 per guide per group; cost will depend on number of participants. 2 hour minimum. Justin’s Horse Rental (928) 674-5678. For additional information, visit
  Cameron, AZ General Overview
Within 2 hours of Cameron: Sinagua ruins at Wupatki National Monument & Walnut Canyon National Monument, Grand Canyon National Park, Sunset Crater National Monument, Kachina Peaks Wilderness Area, Lowell Observatory, Museum of Northern Arizona, Northern Arizona University. For additional information, visit Scholar
  Scottsdale, Arizona General
All of the cultural, sporting and shopping opportunities available in the 4 million resident Valley of the Sun are available via rental car, cab or the Phoenix bus system.
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List

Dine Bahane: The Navajo Creation Story

Author: Zolbrod, Paul G

Description: This is the most complete version of the Navajo creation story to appear in English since Washington Matthews' Navajo Legends of 1847. Zolbrod's new translation renders the power and delicacy of the oral storytelling performance on the page through a poetic idiom appropriate to the Navajo oral tradition. Zolbrod's book offers the general reader a vivid introduction to Navajo culture. For students of literature this book proposes a new way of looking at our literary heritage.

Diné: A History of the Navajos

Author: Iverson, Peter; Roessel, Monty

Description: This comprehensive narrative traces the history of the Navajos from their origins to the beginning of the twenty-first century. Based on extensive archival research, traditional accounts, interviews, historic and contemporary photographs, and firsthand observation, it provides a detailed, up-to-date portrait of the Diné past and present that will be essential for scholars, students, and interested general readers, both Navajo and non-Navajo.

Harvey Girls: Women Who Opened the West

Author: Poling-Kempes, Lesley

Description: Interviews, historical research, and photos recreate the Harvey Girl experience of women who came to the west to work as waitresses, but many stayed and settled, founding cattle and mining towns. 320pp

Me and Mine: The Life Story of Helen Sekaquaptewa

Author: Udall, Louise

Description: An energetic Hopi woman emerges from a traditional family background to embrace the more conventional way of life in American today. Enchanting and enlightening—a rare piece of primary source anthropology. 262 pp

Native Roads : The Complete Motoring Guide to the Navajo and Hopi Nations

Author: Kosik, Frank

Description: Using the mile markers of the US, Arizona, and Navajo highways and routes running through the Navajo and Hopi nations as her organizing principle, the author offers a travel guide to the sites found in the area. Natural, historical, and cultural points of interest are covered, along with some information on lodging and services. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR 304pp

Roadside Geology of Arizona

Author: Chronic, Halka

Description: The 18th printing of this book in the Roadside Geology Series offers a mini-course in geology, focusing on what can be seen from Arizona highways. Although written especially for those with little or no geologic training, there's plenty here for the professional geologist as well--a great introduction to Arizona and its past. Geologic terms are defined where first used and again in the glossary. Inside the front cover is a legend to geological symbols and abbreviations commonly used by geologists. 321pp

The Fourth World of the Hopis: The Epic Story of the Hopi Indians As Preserved in Their Legends and Traditions

Author: Courlander, Harold

Description: Folklorist Courlander traces Hopi legends from the tribe’s search through the wilderness for its home location to its settling on the Hopi Mesas and development thereafter. 239pp

Traveling Indian Arizona

Author: O'Brien, Anne

Description: This empowering guide introduces readers to the Native American communities of Arizona. Traveling Indian Arizona covers the etiquette, present-day culture, traditions, cuisine, and arts of contemporary Arizona Native Americans. With this attractive illustrated book in hand, tourists will be prepared to explore the state's 21 tribal communities. 320pp

Warriors: Navajo Code Talkers

Author: Kawano, Kenji

Description: The American offensive in the Pacific during World War II [was] hampered by the Japanese ability to crack the most secret U.S. Codes. Navajo was virtually unknown outside the reservations, ... and [their] code proved uncrackable. Kenji Kawano's striking photographs capture the quiet dignity of the surviving veterans as they recall their actions --Los Angeles Times 128 pp

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