Road Scholar : Home
The Best of Morocco: Ancient Medinas to Modern Identity

Program Number: 20739RJ
Start and End Dates:
3/8/2014 - 3/20/2014; 10/24/2015 - 11/5/2015; 3/12/2016 - 3/24/2016; 10/15/2016 - 10/27/2016;
Duration: 12 nights
Location: Morocco
Price starting at: $3,995.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 24; 11 Breakfasts, 8 Lunches, 5 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

No country conjures up images of ancient medinas and bustling bazaars, evokes the smell of mint tea and spices, or touches the spirit with the sound of the muezzin’s call to prayer like Morocco. From the sacred fountains and medieval souks of Fes, follow the ancient caravan routes to the trading city of Beni Mellal and then on to magical and mysterious Marrakech. Along the way university professors, Islamic scholars, activists and local experts illuminate Morocco’s captivating history, spirituality and modern identity as it strives to play its part in the world today.


• Learn about Islamic architecture in the heart of the oldest continuously functioning university in the world, Al Quaraouiyine.
• Walk the food market of Fes before our Moroccan cooking session, and gain an up-close perspective on Moroccan cuisine.
• Experience the mosques, palaces, gardens and markets of fabled Marrakech on expert-led excursions and independently.

Activity Particulars

Active program; walking and standing for up to four hours per day, often on uneven terrain.

Itinerary Summary

Arrival Rabat, coach to Fes, 5 nights; coach to Beni Mellal, 1 night; coach to Marrakech, 4 nights; coach to Casablanca, 1 night; departure.

Overnight flight from the U.S.A.
1 night
Arrival Rabat
Coach to Fes
5 nights

Local experts lead you through the narrow streets of the old medina, or Arab quarter, of Fes, pointing out the ornate details of the Islamic architecture. Examine the Roman and Berber ruins of Volubilis, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Discover the holy town of Moulay Idriss, where the religion of Islam first arrived in Morocco. Visit the University of Al-Karaouine, by some accounts the oldest continually functioning university in the world. Discuss art and spirituality in Morocco during a lesson at the historic Bou Inania Madrasa.

Coach to Beni Mellal
1 night
Coach to Marrakech
4 nights
Coach to Casablanca
1 night

Journey to the inland trading city of Beni Mellal, surrounded by the Atlas Mountains and fertile plains. Continue to Marrakech to explore Koutoubia Mosque, the Saadian tombs, Bahia Palace, the legendary Mamounia hotel and the beautiful Majorelle and Menara Gardens. Take a field trip to the medieval Berber town of Aghmat. Meet the workers at a nongovernmental organization that promotes children’s rights.


Hemmed in by northern Africa and the dunes of the Sahara and mere miles from Mediterranean Europe, Morocco sports a strong indigenous Berber culture laced with centuries of influence by Jews, Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs and others. These strains of culture can be seen in the mosques and souks of Marrakech, the Jewish enclaves of Casablanca and the Berber villages of the High Atlas mountain range that forms the backbone of this colorful modern nation.

Fes: Five-star hotel perched in the hills above the city. Beni Mellal: Hotel with mountain views. Marrakech: Five-star hotel designed in contemporary Andalusian style. Casablanca: Modern, centrally located hotel.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Farah Cherif

Farah Cherif is co-founder and director of the Center for Cross Cultural Learning and founding member and president of Thaqafat, a Moroccan non-profit organization. She conducts research in the fields of comparative religion and women's issues. Farah has a bachelor's in Arabic language and literature and a master's in comparative literature.
Rachid Qasbi

Rachid Qasbi joined the Center for Cross Cultural Learning (CCCL) in 2006 as full time Arabic instructor, as well as a coordinator of several programs. He teaches Fu’sha (standard Arabic), Darija (Moroccan dialect), and Tamazight (Berber language), while also assisting in summer abroad studies. His interests include traveling, cross-cultural exchange, and peace and justice issues. Rachid holds a bachelor’s degree in English linguistics from Ibn Tofail University in Kentira, Morocco.
Meals and Lodgings
   Palais Ommeyad ;
  Fes, Morocco 5 nights
   Hotel Chems
  Beni mellal, Morocco 1 night
   Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
  Marrakech, Morocco 4 nights
   Ibis Casa City Center
  Casablanca, Morocco 1 night
 Palais Ommeyad ;
Type: Hotel
  Description: .the hotel provides the best in services and amenities. This hotel offers numerous on-site facilities to satisfy even the most discerning guest.
  Contact info: 48, Zenjfour Bab Guissa 30000 Fès Acienne Médina
Fes,  30000 Morocco
phone: +212 5 35 63 87 20
  Room amenities: Hair dryer, iron, direct phone line, air-conditioner, mini-bar, cable television, room service.
  Facility amenities: Non smoking rooms, daily newspaper are just some of the facilities at your disposal. The complete list of recreational facilities is available at the hotel, including outdoor pool, massage, sauna, jacuzzi, spa.Wi-Fi in public areas, room service
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Please , check the website please send an e-mail to
  Check in time: 11:30 PM

 Hotel Chems
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The Chems of Beni Mellal is located in a priviliged position offering stunning vistas of the middle Atlas mountains, yet in close proximity to the bustling city of Beni Mellal.
  Contact info: Route de Marrakech, Beni mellal
Beni Mellal, MO  Morocco
phone: + 212 5
  Room amenities: Air Conditioned, Cable / Satellite TV, Direct dial phone,
  Facility amenities: 80 Rooms plus 2 suites all with bathroom and toilet, air-conditioning, mini bar and television. The beautifully landscaped gardens and olive groves are a perfect place to relax, or for the more adventurous, organized excursion or tennis, mountain
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes

 Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
Type: Five-Star Hotel
  Description: In the heart of the most elegant part of town, the Sofitel Marrakech Lounge & Spa is where you find the fashionable luxury boutiques, casinos, nightclubs and restaurants. The hotel is a short walk from the Jema El Fna square and 10 mins from the airport.
  Contact info: Rue Harroun Errachid Quartier de l hivernage 40000 MARRAKECH,
Marrakech, MO  Morocco
phone: +212524425600
  Room amenities: Non-smoking rooms, Cable television, direct phone line in room, air-conditioning, mini-bar, hair dryer, Wifi, Safety deposit box
  Facility amenities: Sofitel Marrakech Hotel provides a wide range of facilities: 24-hour room service, dry cleaning, a foreign currency exchange, a hairdresser, boutiques, car rental, the hotel provides a gym and a dedicated area for sauna and massage.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes

 Ibis Casa City Center
Type: Three-Star Hotel
  Description: The Ibis Moussafir Casablance City Center hotel is a newly opened hotel in the heart of Casablanca. Its unique features are it proximity to the old medina, and its location by the main train station in Casablanca casa-Port. Its is also located 30 minutes away from Mohamed V airport and is a short distance from the sea shore, the old downtown, business district, Hassan II mosque, shopping centers, musems and the port
  Contact info: Angle rue Zaid Ouhmad
Casablanca,   Morocco
phone: +212 22 466560
  Facility amenities: air conditioning, cable TV, direct dial phone, hair dryer, wake-up call, mini-bar, safety deposit box, voice mail, and offers non-smoking rooms. The hotel offers internet wi-fi connection, a nice restaurant, a bar and offers a 24-hour service.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights after: US$ 100 rate subject to change
  Check out time: 11:30 AM

Travel Details
  Start of Program:
5:30 PM You will be staying at Palais Ommeyad ; that night.
  End of Program:
6:30 AM You will be staying at Ibis Casa City Center the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. U.S. Citizens need a passport to travel to Morocco that must be valid for 6 months beyond duration of stay. Visas are not required for American tourists traveling to Morocco for fewer than 90 days.
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
To Start of Program
  Location:  Fes
  Nearest city or town:  Meknes
  Nearest highway: Fes- Rabat
  Nearest airport:  Airport Fes Sais
  Transportation to site: From Casablanca to Fes: - If your flight arrives into Casablanca rather than Fes , you have three options for transferring to Fes to the first program site: Take a Grand Taxi from the airport (white Mercedes taxis can be found directly outside the airport). This is the most expensive option, running approximately 2000 MAD, US$ 235 . - Take a train from the Casablanca airport into the Fes Train tickets from Casa Voyageurs are approx: US$26,54 for first class or US$17,69 for second class. The train stops running at 10:30 pm. Please note that you can pay your train tickets only in Moroccan Dirhams and in cash. * From Fes Saiss Airport to Fes Medina - Grand Taxis are easily available (white Mercedes taxis can be found directly outside the airport). and the cost is usually 150 to 200 MAD.US$ 17,69 to US$ 23,58 The CCCL does not reserve taxis neither negotiate the price. You are responsible of paying directly the taxi driver NOTE: You can also ask the Center for Cross Cultural Learning to send a car with a driver to meet you at the airport. If you would like to take advantage of this transfer option, you should let Road Scholar know right away. We will need your complete flight information and will confirm the price at the time of reservation. Please expect to pay directly the CCCL GL on the first day of the program. You will be given a receipt for this transfer
  From End of Program
  Location:  Casablanca
  Nearest city or town:  Rabat
  Nearest highway: Casablanca- Rabat
  Nearest airport:  Mohamed V Airport
  Transportation from site: You could take the train from Marrakech Train Station to the Mohammed V Casablanca airport. For more information on prices and scheduled departures, please check the following website: * You can also ask the Center for Cross Cultural Learning to send a car with a driver to meet you at the airport. If you would like to take advantage of this transfer option, you should let Road Scholar know right away. We will need your complete flight information and will confirm the price at the time of reservation. Please expect to pay directly the CCCL GL on the first day of the program. You will be given a receipt for this transfer
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Daily Schedule

Day 1: Overnight in Transit
(Saturday, March 8)
 Depart From: International flight to Morocco

Day 2: Arrival Morocco
(Sunday, March 9)
 Arrive To: Group arrival in Rabat Sale-Airport. Program Orientation at the Center for Cross-Cultural Learning in Rabat. Departure to Fes.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
Accommodations: Palais Ommeyad ;
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 3: Learn from university professors, experts, activists, artists and researchers about themes related to spirituality, religiosity and daily life in Morocco
(Monday, March 10)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Enjoy two introductory lectures, "Islam & Politics in Morocco" and "The Spirit of Fes through Women’s Narratives."
 Lunch: At a restaurant.
 Afternoon: Founded in the ninth century and home to the oldest university in the world, Fes reached its height in the 13th and 14th centuries when it replaced Marrakesh as the capital of the kingdom. Experience an expert-led exploration of the urban fabric and principal monuments in the medina — madrasas, fondouks, palaces, residences, mosques and fountains — that date from this period. Make your way through the narrow streets and alleys, exploring the oldest Islamic Arab architecture in Morocco, the Medersa, the Foundouq museum and the tanneries. Walk past the mausoleum where the founder of the first Islamic dynasty in Morocco is buried, as well as the Qaraouyine Mosque that was built by a woman in the ninth century.
 Dinner: Enjoy dinner on your own.
Accommodations: Palais Ommeyad ;
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 4: Explore Volubilis and the Town of Moulay Idriss
(Tuesday, March 11)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Combine a group departure to Volubilis with a lecture, "Agriculture in Morocco." Volubilis is the site of the largest and best-preserved Roman ruins in Morocco. Dating largely from the second and third centuries, excavations have revealed that the site was originally settled by Carthaginian traders even earlier. At its peak, it is estimated that the city housed up to 20,000 people. Gain an understanding of why Islam succeeded in Morocco and why Christianity and the Roman culture left so little impact on Morocco.
 Lunch: At a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Visit the town of Moulay Idriss, which is named after the Prophet Mohammed’s great grandson, who is considered the country's most revered saint. He came to Morocco from Mecca in the late eighth century, settled at Volubilis and converted the locals to Islam. He became their leader and also established Morocco's first imperial dynasty. Moulay Idriss is considered the holiest town in Morocco with the shrine of this saint causing it to be the location of the largest pilgrimage in the country as the town fills with Moroccans of all walks of life for the annual moussem in late August.
 Dinner: Enjoy dinner on your own.
Accommodations: Palais Ommeyad ;
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 5: Stroll through the food market of Fes on a shopping spree before our Moroccan cooking session and gain an up-close perspective on Moroccan cuisine.
(Wednesday, March 12)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Learn how to prepare Moroccan cuisine in Fes, considered the capital of Moroccan fine and delicate cooking. Begin with a grocery trip to the local souk, where participants will buy fresh ingredients and spices. The cooking lesson takes place at a Riad, a traditional Moroccan home, which has been restored to a beautiful guest house. Learn from a renowned chef who has been at the helm of the kitchens of some of Fes' best restaurants.
 Lunch: At a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Enjoy a free afternoon, perhaps choosing to continue exploring Fes, the second-largest city of Morocco with a population of approximately 1 million. It has been called the “Mecca of the West” and the “Athens of Africa.” There is much to experience in Fes el Bali, the oldest walled part of Fes that was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981. It is believed to be the biggest car-free urban area in the world.
 Dinner: Enjoy dinner on your own.
Accommodations: Palais Ommeyad ;
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 6: A lecture on Islamic architecture will be held in the heart of the oldest continuously functioning university in the world, Al Quaraouiyine.
(Thursday, March 13)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Visit the University of Al-Karaouine, the oldest continually functioning university in the world. Discuss art and spirituality in Morocco during a lesson at the historic Bou Inania Madrasa.
 Lunch: On your own.
 Afternoon: Enjoy a free afternoon.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
 Evening: Delight in a Malhoun musical performance led by a female singer that demonstrates the artistic combination of Andalusian music and melodic, medieval Moroccan poetry.
Accommodations: Palais Ommeyad ;
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 7: Explore a rural weekly market with its ancestralways of healing, trading and socializing
(Friday, March 14)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Depart for Beni Mellal via Khenifra in the heart of the Atlas Mountains and visit a rural weekly market, called a souk, where villagers come to shop, trade, socialize, and visit a doctor or healer. Traditionally ancestral, souks are evolving to include contemporary consumable products and services.
 Lunch: In Khenifra.
 Afternoon: Arrive in the inland trading city of Beni Mellal, at the foot of Mount Tassemit and next to the plains of Beni Amir. The walls of the city of 163,000 date to 1688, but most of the city is quite modern and is an important economic center for the region. Textile manufacturing is the backbone, but local agricultural products such as oranges, olives and figs find their way to market via Beni Mellal.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
 Evening: Enjoy an Ahidous performance, a traditional dance performed by Berber tribes from the Atlas Mountains in which men and women, side by side, dance in soft and undulating rounds, accompanied by singing punctuated by bendir instrument (a small drum). The choreography of Ahidous brings the community together in order to “speak” and sing the issues of daily life, be it social, economical or political.
Accommodations: Hotel Chems
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Explore Marrakech, a merging agora for diverse cultures and the heart of Southern Morocco with its African colors, Berber (Amazighi) origin and human warmth.
(Saturday, March 15)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Depart to Marrakech, Morocco’s fourth-largest city after Casablanca, Fes and Rabat. Like many Moroccan cities, Marrakesh comprises both an old fortified city packed with many people working in stalls — the medina — and modern neighborhoods, the most prominent of which is Gueliz. Near the foothills of the snow-capped Atlas Mountains and a few hours from the foot of the Sahara Desert, its name originates from the Berber words mur (n) akush, which means “Land of God.”
 Lunch: At the hotel.
 Afternoon: Enjoy a free afternoon to begin your fascinating orientation to Marrakech.
 Dinner: Enjoy dinner on your own.
Accommodations: Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 9: Experience the Koutoubia mosque and the fascinating Saadian Tombs.
(Sunday, March 16)
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel
 Morning: Begin today’s exploration of Marrakech in the Djemaa el Fna square viewing the Koutoubia mosque — dating to 1200 — whose beautiful minaret rises nearly 70 meters and can be seen from much of the city. Then experience the 16th-century Saadian Tombs, resting place of Saadian Sultan Ahmed el-Mansour ed-Dahbi, whose tastes included imported Italian marble and archways gilded with pure gold. The tombs lay hidden and mostly forgotten until 1917, when they were discovered during an aerial survey.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant
 Afternoon: Enjoy a free afternoon, perhaps visiting the Museum of Marrakech, housed in the 19th-century Dar Menebhi Palace. Carefully restored by the Omar Benjelloun Foundation in 1997, the museum holds exhibits of both modern and traditional Moroccan art, as well as fine examples of historical books, coins and pottery of Moroccan Jewish, Berber and Arab cultures.
 Dinner: On your own
Accommodations: Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 10: Visit the village of Aghmat, an exceptional archeological site in the suburbs of Marrakech, and interact with local residents and site excavators
(Monday, March 17)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Depart for the archaeological site of Aghmat, 30 kilometers southeast of Marakech. As you interact with site excavators and local residents, learn how Aghmat was built around a former Arab Andalusian king (Mouatamid Bnou Abbad) who had been exiled from Sevilla in southern Spain to the south of Morocco until his death. Aghmat was an important city for routes through the Atlas Mountains on the trans Saharan trade. Locals detail how such a site intertwines with the reality of the inhabitants.
 Lunch: Experience a lunch with locals.
 Afternoon: Return to Marrakech.
 Dinner: On your own.
Accommodations: Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 11: Expert-led Explorations of Marrakech Gardens
(Tuesday, March 18)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Experience an expert-led visit to two renowned, enchanting gardens — beginning with the Majorell Gardens, home to French artist Jacques Majorelles in the 1920s. Majorelles built houses on the property and surrounded them with pools, banana trees, coconut palms and bougainvilleas. Later, the French couturier Yves Saint-Laurent bought the property and transformed part of it into a private museum of North African artifacts and opened the garden to the public. Then continue to Menara Gardens, a 16th-century pavilion surrounded by an immense, ornamental lake. This idyllic setting has offered a pleasant escape from Marrakech to its inhabitants for centuries.
 Lunch: On your own.
 Afternoon: Enjoy a free afternoon.
 Dinner: Enjoy dinner and a musical performance at Soulayman Palace.
Accommodations: Hotel Sofitel Lange and Spa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 12: Visit the Elegant Bahia Palace and the Renowned Hotel/Palace la Mamounia
(Wednesday, March 19)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: This morning, explore the Bahia Palace and gardens, built in the late-19th century and intended to be the greatest palace of its time — the name means “brilliance.” As the black slave Abu Ahmed rose to power and wealth, he had the Bahia palace built by bringing in craftsmen from Fez. The structures tell a lot about the taste of the nouveau-riche of its time. Continue to the la Mamounia Hotel — an elegant palace that is a mythical landmark of the city. It faces the Atlas mountains and is at the heart of the old city of Marrakech. It is owned by the railways (ONCF), the city of Marrakech and the "caisse des dépôts Moroccain." Winston Churchill loved to winter here and the daughter of Russian Prime Miniester Vladimir Putin was married here in January 2013.
 Lunch: At the hotel.
 Afternoon: Departure to Casablanca
 Dinner: Check-in at the hotel. Farewell dinner.
Accommodations: Ibis Casa City Center
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: Departure Day
(Thursday, March 20)
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Group departure to Mohamed V Airport, Casablanca.
Meals Included: Breakfast
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List

Morocco: The Islamic Awakening and Other Challenges

Author: Marvine Howe

Description: In Morocco, Marvine Howe, a former correspondent for The New York Times, presents an incisive and comprehensive review of the Moroccan kingdom and its people, past and present. She provides a vivid and frank portrait of late King Hassan, whom she knew personally and credits with laying the foundations of a modern, pro-Western state and analyzes the pressures his successor, King Mohammed VI has come under to transform the autocratic monarchy into a full-fledged democracy. Howe addresses emerging issues and problems--equal rights for women, elimination of corruption and correction of glaring economic and social disparities—a nd asks the fundamental question: can this ancient Muslim kingdom embrace western democracy in an era of deepening divisions between the Islamic world and the West? Please check :

The Performance of Human Rights in Morocco, Susan Slymovics

Author: Susan Slyomovics-

Description: Since independence in 1956, large numbers of Moroccans have been forcibly disappeared, tortured, and imprisoned. Morocco's uncovering and acknowledging of these past human rights abuses are complicated and revealing processes. A community of human rights activists, many of them survivors of human rights violations, are attempting to reconstruct the past and explain what truly happened. What are the difficulties in presenting any event whose central content is individual pain when any corroborating police or governmental documentation is denied or absent? Susan Slyomovics argues that funerals, eulogies, mock trials, vigils and sit-ins, public testimony and witnessing, storytelling and poetry recitals are performances of human rights and strategies for opening public space in Morocco. The Performance of Human Rights in Morocco is a unique distillation of politics, anthropology, and performance studies, offering both a clear picture of the present state of human rights and a vision of a possible future for public protest and dissidence in Morocco. Please check :

Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

Author: Laila Lalami

Description: Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits marks the debut of an exciting new voice in fiction. Laila Lalami evokes the grit and enduring grace that is modern Morocco. The book begins as four Moroccans illegally cross the Strait of Gibraltar in an inflatable boat headed for Spain.What has driven them to risk their lives? And will the rewards prove to be worth the danger? There’s Murad, a gentle, unemployed man who’s been reduced to hustling tourists around Tangier; Halima, who’s fleeing her drunken husband and the slums of Casablanca; Aziz, who must leave behind his devoted wife in hope of securing work in Spain; and Faten, a student and religious fanatic whose faith is at odds with an influential man determined to destroy her future. Sensitively written with beauty and boldness, this is a gripping book about what propels people to risk their lives in search of a better future. Please check :

Realm of the Saint: Power and Authority in Moroccan Sufism

Author: Vincent J, Cornell

Description: In premodern Moroccan Sufism, sainthood involved not only a closeness to the Divine presence (walaya) but also the exercise of worldly authority (wilaya). The Moroccan Jazuliyya Sufi order used the doctrine that the saint was a "substitute of the prophets" and personification of a universal "Muhammadan Reality" to justify nearly one hundred years of Sufi involvement in Moroccan political life, which led to the creation of the sharifian state. This book presents a systematic history of Moroccan Sufism through the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries C.E. and a comprehensive study of Moroccan Sufi doctrine, focusing on the concept of sainthood. Vincent J. Cornell engages in a sociohistorical analysis of Sufi institutions, a critical examination of hagiography as a source for history, a study of the Sufi model of sainthood in relation to social and political life, and a sociological analysis of more than three hundred biographies of saints. He concludes by identifying eight indigenous ideal types of saint that are linked to specific forms of authority. Taken together, they define sainthood as a socioreligious institution in Morocco. Please check :

Covering Islam

Author: Edward Said.

Description: From the Iranian hostage crisis through the Gulf War and the bombing of the World Trade Center, the American news media have portrayed "Islam" as a monolithic entity, synonymous with terrorism and religious hysteria. In this classic work, now updated, the author of Culture and Imperialism reveals the hidden agendas and distortions of fact that underlie even the most "objective" coverage of the Islamic world. Please check :

Islamism and Secularism in North Africa

Author: John Ruedy

Description: This book provides an excellent handbook to the Islamic movements in Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya and fills a major gap in the scholarship on Islam and the Arab West Please check :

Mystical Dimensions OF Islam

Author: Annemarie Schimmel

Description: Mystical Dimensions of Islam presents, for the first time, a balanced historical treatment of the transnational phenomenon of Sufism—Islamic mysticism—from its beginnings through the nineteenth century. Through her sensitivity and deep understanding of the subject, Annemarie Schimmel, an eminent scholar of Eastern religions, draws the reader into the mood, the vision, the way of the Sufi in a manner that adds an essential ingredient to her analysis of the history of Sufism. After exploring the origins of the mystical movement in the meditations of orthodox Muslims on the Koran and the prophetic tradition, the author then discusses the development of its different stages, including classical voluntarism and postclassical theosophical mystical trends. Particular emphasis is placed on spiritual education, the different ways of leading the mystic toward the existential realization of the profound mystery of the profession of faith that "there is no deity but God." Sufi psychology and Sufi orders and fraternities are comprehensively explored. Through an examination of mystical anthropology, which culminates in the veneration of the prophet and the saints, the questions of free will and predestination, of good and evil, are implied. The main burden of the text, however, is Sufism as reflected in Islamic poetry, and Professor Schimmel examines the various aspects of mystical poetry in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Sindhi, Panjabi, and Pashto. The author skillfully demonstrates how Sufi ideals permeated the whole fabric of Muslim life, providing the average Muslim—villager or intellectual—with the virtues of perfect trust in God and the loving surrender to God's will. Please check :

Gender in the Market: Moroccan Women and the Revoicing of Tradition

Author: Deborah Kapchan

Description: Gender on the Market is a study of Moroccan women's expressive culture and the ways in which it both determines and responds to current transformations in gender roles. Beginning with women's emergence into what has been defined as the most paradigmatic of Moroccan male institutions—the marketplace—the book elucidates how gender and commodity relations are experienced and interpreted in women's aesthetic practices. Deborah Kapchan compellingly demonstrates that Moroccan women challenge some of the most basic cultural assumptions of their society—especially ones concerning power and authority. Please check :

A Street in Marrakech

Author: Elizabeth Warnock Fernea

Description: This is a reflexive account of an American woman and her family's unpredictable journey through the private and public worlds of a traditional Muslim city in the process of change. As a Western stranger in Marrakech, Fernea was met with suspicion and hostility. The story of the slow growth of trust and acceptance between the author and her Moroccan neighbors involves the reader in everyday activities, weddings, funerals, and women's rituals. Both the author and her friends are changed by the encounters that she describes. A Street in Marrakech is a crosscultural adventure, ethnographically sound, and written in an accessible style. Please check :

Cooking at the Kasabah,

Author: Kitty Morse

Description: Moroccan food features the delicious flavors and health benefits of other Mediterranean cuisines, but tantalizes the senses with its own unique combinations of spices and simple ingredients. Grilled meats, vegetable or fruit tagines (stews), delicately spiced salads, couscous, and sweet or savory pastries are its hallmarks. Kitty Morse, who grew up in Casablanca, brings to this new book fascinating details about life and food in Morocco. Her approach to this exotic culinary tradition is surprisingly accessible yet authentic. With Morse's easy, step-by-step recipes and time-saving tips, any cook can create exquisite Moroccan flavors. On-location photos taken by the author's husband together with Laurie Smith's luscious stills create a beautiful insider's look at an intriguing cuisine and culture. Please check :

A house in fez: Building a life in the Ancient Heart of Morocco,

Author: Suzanna Clarke

Description: The Medina -- the Old City -- of Fez is the best-preserved, medieval walled city in the world. Inside this vibrant Moroccan community, internet cafes and mobile phones coexist with a maze of donkey-trod alleyways, thousand-year-old sewer systems, and Arab-style houses, gorgeous with intricate, if often shabby, mosaic work. While vacationing in Morocco, Suzanna Clarke and her husband, Sandy, are inspired to buy a dilapidated, centuries-old riad in Fez with the aim of restoring it to its original splendor, using only traditional craftsmen and handmade materials. So begins a remarkable adventure that is bewildering, at times hilarious, and ultimately immensely rewarding. A House in Fez chronicles their meticulous restoration, but it is also a journey into Moroccan customs and lore and a window into the lives of its people as friendships blossom. When the riad is finally returned to its former glory, Suzanna finds she has not just restored an old house, but also her soul. Please check :

The Land of Veiled Women ; Some Wandering in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco,

Author: Fraser, John Foster, Sir

Description: This is a pre-1923 historical reproduction that was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove books with imperfections introduced by the digitization process. Though we have made best efforts - the books may have occasional errors that do not impede the reading experience. We believe this work is culturally important and have elected to bring the book back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. Please check :

Morocco: Globalization and its Consequences,

Author: Shana Cohen and Jarbi Jaidi,

Description: Cohen and Jaidi trace the development of contemporary Morocco in the Islamic world of North Africa, which is currently at the forefront of the clash between Western-style development and the politicized Islam that now pervades the Arab world. By applying globalization theory to detailed accounts of everyday life in an Arab society, the book is uniquely suited to students. Morocco in particular is a good place to look at this extremely important confrontation. It is among the most liberalized Islamic states, yet it is also in the midst of a revival of politicized Islam, which has its own globalizing agenda. The authors detail how this clash pervades Moroccan culture and society, and what it can tell us about the effects of globalization on the Arab world. Morocco is extremely close to the West in terms of physical proximity, and it is a favoured spot for Western tourists. Yet its closest neighbours in social terms are Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia, all of which have directly experienced the effects of politicized Islam in the last quarter century. Please check :

In and out of Morocco: Smuggling and Migration in a Frontier Boomtown,

Author: David a. Mcmurray

Description: Every summer for almost forty years, tens of thousands of Moroccan emigrants from as far away as Norway and Germany have descended on the duty-free smugglers' cove/migrant frontier boomtown of Nador, Morocco. David McMurray investigates the local effects of the multiple linkages between Nador and international commodity circuits, and analyzes the profound effect on everyday life of the free flow of bodies, ideas, and commodities into and out of the region. Combining immigration and population statistics with street-level ethnography, In and Out of Morocco covers a wide range of topics, including the origin and nature of immigrant nostalgia, the historical evolution of the music of migration in the region, and the influence of migrant wealth on social distinctions in Nador. Groundbreaking in its attention to the performative aspects of life in a smuggling border zone, the book also analyzes the way in which both migration and smuggling have affected local structures of feeling by contributing to the spread of hyperconsumption. The result is a rare and revealing inquiry into how the global culture is lived locally. Please check :

Searching for a Different Future: The Rise of a Global Middle Class in Morocco,

Author: Shana Cohen

Description: By examining how neo-liberal economic reform policies have affected educated young adults in contemporary Morocco, "Searching for a Different Future" posits a new socio-economic formation: the global middle class. During Morocco's postcolonial period, from the 1950s through the 1970s, development policy and nationalist ideology supported the formation of a middle class based on the pursuit of education, employment, and material security.Neo-liberal reforms adopted by Morocco since the early 1980s have significantly eroded the capacity of the state to nurture the middle class, and unemployment and temporary employment among educated adults has grown. There is no longer an obvious correlation between the best interests of the state and those of the middle-class worker. As Shana Cohen demonstrates, educated young adults in Morocco do not look toward the state for economic security and fulfillment but toward the diffuse, amorphous global market. Please check :

Islamic Art and Literature,

Author: Oleg Grabar and Cynthia Robinson

Description: Edited by Oleg Grabar, one of the leading experts in Islamic art history, along with Cynthia Robinson, this book breaks new ground in the field of Middle Eastern art history. While illuminated manuscripts from Persia and the Arab world are outstanding masterpieces of art, only recent scholarship in Islamic visual culture includes written sources in its consideration of the relationships between the textual and visual worlds. Likewise, scholars of Arabic and Persian literature have become aware of the comparative and interpretive possibilities contained within visual sources. Nevertheless, separation between the two fields of inquiry remains prevalent. These six essays--three by art historians and three by specialists in Arabic and Persian literature--examine specific instances in which texts and images which would seem to have been intended as one cultural product have traditionally been studied separately. Each essay reunites visual and written or oral products in order to evaluate the mechanisms through which written (or spoke) texts and the images produced in conjunction with them operate in precise contexts. The essays are enhanced with beautiful illustrations selected by the contributors. Please check :

Islamic Art and Spirituality,

Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr ,


Women as Brave as Men: Berber Heroines of the Moroccan Middle Atlas,

Author: Michael Peyron


Politics and Culture in Morocco,

Author: John p. Entelis


Moroccan Islam

Author: Dale Eickelman


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