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Documenting the Past: The Easter Island Archaeology Project

Program Number: 16289RJ
Start and End Dates:
4/6/2014 - 4/19/2014;
Duration: 13 nights
Location: Easter Island (Rapa Nui), Chile
Price starting at: $4,973.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Service Learning Activity Level: n (see description)
Meals: 34; 12 Breakfasts, 12 Lunches, 10 Dinners    

Join archaeologists and other researchers for a hands-on exploration of one of the world’s most mysterious and fascinating places: Easter Island, famous for the more than 800 statues (moai) that grace the island.




Highlights

• Visits to historic sites including a UNESCO World Heritage Site led by local resident experts.
• Provide service to the Rapa Nui community and the world through archaeological and other field work.
• Meet and share a meal with local residents at their home.



Activity Particulars

Walking up to two miles daily on uneven ground.




Date Specific Information

4-6-2014

The program does not go to Santiago, Chile.



Itinerary Summary

Arrival Santiago (Chile), fly to Rapa Nui (Easter Island), 11 nights; departure.



Coordinated by Hawaii Pacific University.



Overnight flight from the U.S.A.
1 night


Arrival Santiago (Chile)
Flight to Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
11 nights
Overnight return flight to the U.S.A.
1 night

Upon arrival in Rapa Nui, home to a civilization once collapsed and in the midst of rebirth, discover its stunning remains, including more than 800 rock hewn moai, or statues, adorning the island’s many ahu, or ceremonial sites. Join researchers and archaeologists in their scientific quest to extract further insight into the civilization that originated with the landing of adventurous Polynesians. Six days of field work includes evaluation of known and potential sites, GPS plotting, narrative and photographic site descriptions, and synthesizing data. In addition, experts lead you to stunning sites, including Ahu Nau Nau, site of seven moai, and Tongariki, site of 15 moai and unique petroglyphs. Enjoy an afternoon at Anakena, a sheltered, white-sand beach, as well as a meal at a local family’s home for a taste of modern Rapanui cuisine.
Lodging: Centrally located hotel; small hotel with Polynesian flair.




Easter Island (Rapa Nui)

Discovered on Easter Sunday in 1722 by the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, the island of Rapa Nui had already been inhabited by native Polynesians for more than a thousand years. Evidence of this ancient peoples’ traditions remains in the iconic moai, large stone statues carved from volcanic ash.



Accommodations
Comfortable hotel.
Meals and Lodgings
   Hotel Otai
  Rapa Nui, Chile 11 nights
 Hotel Otai
Type: Hotel
  Description: Surrounded by beautiful gardens, the Hotel Otai is a small hotel located in the center of Hanga Roa. "Otai" meaning "on the Coast" in the Rapanui language, is also conveniently located just a walk away from the coastline. The hotel is known for its cozy and family atmosphere.
  Contact info: Hanga Roa
Easter Island, AA  Chile
phone: +011- 56- 32 100 250
web: www.hotelotai.com/
  Room amenities: International Direct Dial (IDD) Telephone, Balcony, hair dryers and umbrellas are also available.
  Facility amenities: The hotel has 41 rooms with fully-equipped bathrooms. There is a restaurant specializing in Polynesian specialities and international cuisine, and there is a small cozy bar. Laundry service is available from Monday to Saturday. There is a small library with variety of books from around the world and pertaining to Rapanui.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Check out time: 10:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
After group arrival in Easter Island (Rapa Nui), orientation after breakfast around 10 am. You will be staying at Hotel Otai that night.
  End of Program:
Ends in Easter Island (Rapa Nui) after breakfast and checkout on Day 13. You will be staying at Hotel Otai the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. Participants are required to complete a Housing & Transportation form, a Health & Safety Questionnaire, and to provide a clear copy of passport page with participant's photograph. A valid passport with expiration more than 6 months from date of program is required for travel. No visa is required by US nationals for visits of up to 90 days, but a US$131 reciprocity fee, payable in USD cash on arrival, will be charged for tourists. The receipt is regarded as a multiple entry visa and is valid until the passport expires. A passport is required for travel to Chile. For more detailed information, go to www.travel.state.gov and search "Chile".
  Required innoculations:
Yes: While currently not required, participants should check with their doctors or the Center for Disease Control regarding inoculations.
  Parking availability:
Free
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
To Start of Program
  Location:  Rapa Nui
  Nearest city or town:  Hanga Roa
  Transportation to site: Group participants arrive in Rapa Nui and ground transportation is provided to the first overnight accommodation.
  From End of Program
  Location: Rapa Nui
  Transportation from site: The group departs Rapa Nui to USA via Santiago, Chile. Ground transportation is provided from departure hotel to airport in Rapa Nui.
    (Additional transportation information same as above)


Required innoculations:

Yes: While currently not required, participants should check with their doctors or the Center for Disease Control regarding inoculations.

The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Depart USA
(Sunday, April 6)
   
 Afternoon: Overnight flight to Santiago

Day 2: Arrive Santiago/Connect to Rapa Nui Flight/Arrive Rapa Nui/Introductions & Orientation/Welcome Dinner
(Monday, April 7)
   
 Arrive To: Arrive in Santiago early morning, connect to morning flight to Rapa Nui.
 Arrive To: Arrive to Rapa Nui early afternoon. Transfer to hotel and check in.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel
 Afternoon: Free afternoon to rest and relax after a long day of flying
 Dinner: Welcome Dinner at the hotel
 Evening: Introductions & Brief Program Orientation – meet in the lobby area
 In Transit: The morning will be spent in transit to Rapa Nui. A meal is typically served in flight (subject to change)
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Class/Archaeological Sites Field Trip/Continuation of Field Trip
(Tuesday, April 8)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Class: Welcome and Introduction to Rapa Nui History and Archaeology. After our morning introductory class, we will depart on a field trip to Tahai, Ahu Vaihu, Rano Raraku, and Tongariki. Our first stop is at Tahai for an introduction to the famous monoliths of Rapa Nui, including Ahu Vai Ure, which is topped by 5 moai; Ahu Tahai (AD680); and Ahu Ko te Riku (12th century AD), a 15.5 ft. high 20 ton moai which is topped by a pukao (red scoria top knot). These three ahu, all facing inland, are part of one ceremonial compound which was restored in the 1960’s by the late archaeologist, William Mulloy. Located near Hanga Roa at the edge of the ocean, the area also has excellent examples of hare paenga (boat-shaped house foundations), hare moa (chicken houses), umu (earth ovens), occupation caves and a boat ramp, which will give us insight into the kinds of archaeological sites we may find as part of our service work. We then drive down the South Coast, past many collapsed ahu, toppled moai, and fallen stone fences built by the sheep company towards Rano Raraku, the quarry from which most Rapa Nui moai were carved, and to Ahu Tongariki, the largest ahu (temple platform) on the island. We’ll stop along the way at Ahu Vaihu, which is constructed of finely crafted stones and is located at Hanga Te`e, a small bay. The ahu has 11 toppled moai whose pukao (top knots) are lying where they fell, and a circle of rocks on the ground, used for paina ceremonies to honor the dead. Further east are Ahu Ura Ura Hanga O Te Mahina, and across a small bay, Ahu Akahanga. These ahu are connected with the legend of Hotu Matu`a, the island’s first ariki (high chief). We then depart for Rano Raraku, the quarry of the moai.
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch at Rano Rarku, the quarry of the moai.
 Afternoon: After lunch, we climb the hill to view the quarry from which the massive moai were carved out of the soft scoria. Moai in all stages of carving cover its southern flank, unfinished giants still imprisoned in stone, including the largest one ever attempted, which is 70 feet long! More than 394 moai were in the process of being carved when the work on them mysteriously ceased. The upright moai around the quarry slopes have been partially buried by hundreds of years of silt and erosion of the mountain slopes. They were placed in the upright position so that the carving of their backs could be completed. Time permitting, those who wish can hike to the rim of the volcano’s crater for a breathtaking view of the island and to see the caldera’s lake, the totora reeds from which rafts or boats were created, additional moai located on the crater’s interior walls, and part of the prehistoric engineering works used to slide the statues down the slopes. Not far from Rano Raraku is Tongariki, our furthest point in today’s explorations. Demolished before having been restored in 1960 by the tremendous force of a Pacific tsunami (tidal wave) generated by an earthquake in Valdivia (southern Chile), Tongariki was restored by Chilean archaeologist Claudio Cristino & later Sergio Rapu, with the help of Japanese archaeologists and the Rapa Nui people, so it now supports 15 moai from various eras. There is evidence that through the years more than thirty moai stood on the ahu, though not all at once. Also located here are petroglyphs of a turtle, a tuna fish, a birdman, faces of a Rapa Nui traditional god, Makemake, and designs similar to those found on rongo rongo boards.
 Dinner: Dinner at hotel.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Class and Archaeological Service Work/Continuation of Service Work
(Wednesday, April 9)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Class: Overview of Program Service Work and Archaeological Method Service Work Overview: Rapa Nui is an island rich with archaeological reminders of its heritage – estimates range between 20,000 and 40,000 sites on this small island. Because of the impressive size of its monolithic moai and their creation and movement by a stone-age culture, much attention has been given to the moai and the ahu on which they stand. Less attention has been given to understanding more about the daily lives of the Rapanui through identification and evaluation of archaeological sites related to daily living, which tend to be smaller and may be seen as “less impressive,” but which yield very important cultural information. In addition, due to the smaller size of many archaeological sites on the island, and the fact that they don’t stand out as much, many sites are threatened by development, agriculture, and livestock. It is our goal in this service program to conduct field surveys which “pay attention to the little things.” Through these field surveys, we hope to identify and provide basic information about sites which may be archaeologically important so researchers, government, and the general public can take them into account in deciding which areas need further research, and in making plans for various parts of the island. To this end, information gathered during our service programs will be entered into a computer, and reports created for the Museum, the National Park, and the general public. Depart for Service Site for introduction to site, more specific instruction on artifact recognition and identification, and additional information which will allow us to turn theory into practice.
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch
 Afternoon: After lunch, we will begin Service Work: Types Service Work performed on this program may include the following types of activities (list is not comprehensive): - Identification of Archaeological Sites – conducting a sweep across a given parcel of land to identify potential archaeological sites – caves, umu kai (cooking places), lithic workshops, hare moa (chicken houses), hare paenga (canoe-shaped house foundations), manavai (circular stone walls used in agriculture), basalt quarries, etc – the type of sites typically found throughout Rapa Nui. - Site Documentation – May include clearing of plants by hand and/or with various tools, physical written description, drawing maps, photography, GPS location, etc. - Cave Exploration and Documentation – There are a few small caves on the property (we will need to crawl into some of them), and there are 4-6 larger caves on the nearby National Park land. Some of the caves have been lived in; we can assist in exploring and documenting these caves. - Archaeological and/or Historic Wall-Building – There are crumbled wall remnants which need to be rebuilt. Estimate stones of 30-40 pounds each. This project is offered as an option to group members who are interested in assisting the rebuild of the walls. Obviously the physical demands of this project need to be considered to make sure that you are comfortable and able to do this type of work without injuring yourself. - Assistance at the Sebastian Englert Archaeological Museum – The museum can often use help with various projects, including cataloging artifacts, scanning documents at the Mulloy Library, etc. Some of these projects can be accomplished by those interested in working for only a day, while others require more training and thus a multi-day commitment.
 Dinner: Hotel Dining Room
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Archaeological Service Work/Continuation of Field Service Work/Free Evening
(Thursday, April 10)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai .
 Morning: Depart for Service Site - Along the way we’ll stop at Hanga Kio`e, a small bay just past town, where there are two more ahu restored by Mulloy. Ahu #1, is surmounted by a small moai, and Ahu #2 has a fragment of a statue. They were part of a larger site that includes Ahu Akapu with its solitary moai. The wall of Ahu Akapu originally reached to Ahu #2. Archaeological service work commences upon arrival to site.
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch
 Afternoon: Continuation of Archaeological Service Work.
 Dinner: Dinner is on your own to explore the many restaurants within easy walking distance of Hotel Otai.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 6: Class & Field Trip to Padre Sabastian Englert Archaeological Museum/Continuation of Field Service WorkContinuation of Field Service Work/Home Hosted Dinner
(Friday, April 11)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Class: The People of Old – Rapa Nui Ancient Culture Field Trip: Today we will visit the Padre Sebastian Englert Archaeological Museum to view artifacts, including the only intact white coral moai eye, as well as displays of local geology, flora and fauna; maps; illustrations of house types; and many other elements of Rapa Nui culture. Padre Sebastian Englert was a missionary priest who lived on the island nearly 35 years and studied the people, the culture and the carvings. White numbers are still visible on some of the moai and pukao that are part of the system he developed while inventorying the island’s artifacts. The new museum and associated facilities were built with a grant in aid from Japan.
 Lunch: Lunch at the Hotel
 Afternoon: Depart for Service Site - Continuation of Archaeological Service Work.
 Dinner: Partake in a home-hosted dinner
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Anakena Field Trip/More Sites
(Saturday, April 12)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai .
 Morning: Field Trip: Anakena, one of the island’s two sandy beaches, to study the important archaeological sites along the way and at Anakena. We travel by way of Vaitea, the headquarters of the infamous sheep ranch. As Chile had no clear policy for the governing of Rapa Nui between annexation in 1888 and 1897, when Enrique Merlet, a Chilean businessman, bought or leased nearly all of Rapa Nui’s land, his wool raising company became the de facto government. Early in the 20th century, Williamson, Balfour & Company, a British business, acquired Merlet’s Rapa Nui holdings and managed the island through its Compania Explotadora de la Isla de Pascua (CEDIP), under a lease from the Chilean government. Also, the over 70,000 grazing sheep did untold damage to the environment. Ground dwelling birds and indigenous plants were completely eradicated. Massive erosion took place and foreign vegetation took root. Continuing along the north coast, we arrive at Anakena, a beautiful, sheltered, white sand beach surrounded by swaying palm trees, which are quite unusual in Rapa Nui. This beach, the largest in Rapa Nui, is where Hotu Matu`a is said to have beached his canoe and lived in one of several caves while waiting for his boat-shaped house to be completed. While the foundations of an unusually large oval house, 82 feet long, are visible nearby, it contained no traces of very early habitation. On the hill over-looking the beach is Ahu Nau Nau, a very complex site including seven finely carved moai with elaborately decorated backs and at least four levels of ahu construction. On the hillside above Ahu Nau Nau is Ahu Ature Huki. Closer to the beach, there are several more ancient ahu without moai. Upon arrival at Anakena, those who desire will have an opportunity to swim in the beautiful beach – towels will be provided by the hotel. You may also elect to simply relax and enjoy the beauty of the area .
 Lunch: Picnic lunch
 Afternoon: Field trip continues...we drive to Ahu Te Pito Kura, located next to a fishing cove on La Perouse Bay. Ahu Te Pito Kura contains the largest moai ever erected on an ahu – over 32 feet tall with ears about 8 feet long. Archaeologists indicate that this was probably the last moai to be thrown down, sometime after 1838. Next to the ahu is a large round stone believed by the Rapanui to have great spiritual power and to represent Rapa Nui as the navel (center) of the world. Next we head to Ahu Hekii, which has an enormous sea wall, large paenga, and several moai and pukao strewn around the site. Across the road is Pu o Hiro (Trumpet of Hiro), which was originally located in the vicinity of Ahu Mahatua, but was stolen by raiding warriors in prehistoric times and brought to this location. According to legend, blowing into this stone would cause the fish to swim to shore to be caught. The “trumpet” is a stone with natural holes and komari petroglyphs. Ahu Ra`ai, located beside a small bay, is known for its paenga (well carved and smoothed stone for petroglyphs) upon which many petroglyphs are carved. Several ahu, tupa (tower shaped structures whose function is unknown), and pipi horeko (smaller towers) are found on this site. Our last stop will be by the Poike Ditch. The ditch was, according to legend, where the Long Ears and Short Ears had their famed battle. As you look down the mountain to the right you can see Ahu Tongariki. (The Poike Peninsula, at the eastern tip of the island, is geologically the oldest portion of Rapa Nui.On it are situated three small volcanoes, the middle one being where the Spanish planted a cross in 1770 and claimed the island for Spain. There is no official road in this area. The land is used for cattle grazing, and access is denied due to massive erosion in the area. Many historically important sites are located on the peninsula, including caves and ahu.) Social hour before dinner
 Dinner: Hotel dining room
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Optional Church Service/ Parque Nacional Rapa Nui
(Sunday, April 13)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Free Time or Optional Church Service at the Historic Rapa Nui Roman Catholic Church – beautiful choral singing in the Rapa Nui language (arrive early for seating). The hand carved wooden statues and the designs on the vestments are fascinating – traditional Catholic images with a Rapanui twist. Just outside the front door of the church are the tombstones of Father Eugene Eyraud, the island’s first missionary, and Father Sebastian Englert, the archaeologist-priest.
 Lunch: Hotel Dining Room
 Afternoon: Field Trip: Parque Nacional Rapa Nui, one of the most intriguing and well known sites in Rapa Nui. At the Parque Nacional Rapa Nui, we’ll study Rano Kao volcanic crater and Orongo Ceremonial Village, two of the truly great sights of Rapa Nui. The park, which is on the south-western point of the triangle, provides spectacular views of the whole island. The ceremonial village, Orongo, is on the seaward edge of the crater of Rano Kao. The huge crater lake, a bog filled with native totora reeds, acts as the fresh water reservoir for the island. At the edge of this sacred site, hundreds of intricate petroglyphs are carved into massive boulders. The first site in Orongo is an ancient ahu, fronted by stones containing circular depressions whose use is unknown. Past thought was that they represented a solstice timing device, but it does not function appropriately that way. Many stones in the area are carved with petroglyphs, including a makemake near the ahu. At the narrowest section of the crater rim is Mata Ngarau, the sacred area reserved only for priests.Every rock surrounding the doors to their homes has been carved with sacred signs and symbols – 1,785 in all. The most prevalent petroglyphs are 375 birdmen; 195 komari (vulva signs) carved near or on top of birdman signs; and 140 faces of Makemake, the creator god of the island. From the national park, we head to Ana Kai Tangata, which can be translated as “place-eat-men” or an equally valid translation is “place-men-eat,” which could mean a place where men took shelter for meals. The cave is known for its ancient paintings of sooty terns flying across the roof. Unfortunately the shale rock on which these were painted is falling in thin slabs, and evidence of the painting will soon no longer exist. Along the path to the cave are manavai (enclosed gardens)
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Service Work/Service Work
(Monday, April 14)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Service Work
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch
 Afternoon: Continuation of service work projects
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: Full Day of Service Work
(Tuesday, April 15)
   
 Breakfast: Hotel dining room
 Morning: Service work projects
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch in the field
 Afternoon: Service Work
 Dinner: Dinner will be on your own to explore local fare.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 11: Service Work/Free Afternoon
(Wednesday, April 16)
   
 Breakfast: Local Continental-Style Breakfast at Hotel Otai
 Morning: Service work projects
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel
 Afternoon: Free afternoon to rest, relax, or explore
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: Conclusion of Service Work/Wrap Up Session/Farewell Dinner
(Thursday, April 17)
   
 Breakfast: Hotel dining room
 Morning: Service Work
 Lunch: Picnic Lunch
 Afternoon: Conclude Service Work for this program Wrap Up Session
 Dinner: Depart to Te Ra`ai, a dinner & show which includes dinner cooked in an umu (traditional Rapa Nui earth oven), face-painting Rapa Nui-style, and a traditional Rapa Nui dance show
   
Accommodations: Hotel Otai
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: Prepare for Departure/Depart for USA via Santiago
(Friday, April 18)
   
 Breakfast: Hotel dining room - at your leisure
 Morning: Prepare for Departure, Place Luggage outside room for pick-up – Check out of hotel – Clear all bills
 Lunch: In flight
 Afternoon: Depart Rapa Nui on afternoon flight to Santiago.
 Dinner: In-Flight
 Evening: Connect in Santiago to late evening flight departure to USA, arrive USA in the morning on the following day.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Arrival USA Early Morning
(Saturday, April 19)
   
 Arrive To: Arrive USA
 Breakfast: Breakfast on flight
   
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
 
  Rapa Nui Easter Island Tourism
Check this website for information on Easter Island. As Easter Island is part of Chile, the Chilean tourism office is in Washington DC. Phone # 866-937-2445 or via email at ofitur@embassyofchile.org For additional information, visit www.visit-chile.org
  Easter Island Foundation
The Easter Island Foundation hosts a very useful website for travelers. A portion of the website is a guide for travelers, and even contains photos. It’s a good resource because it also includes a good history of the island is posted so you can get a feel for the island before visiting. For additional information, visit www.islandheritage.org
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


Rapa Nui, Island of Memory


Author: Lee, Georgia Ph.D.


Description: This book is a celebration of the people of Rapa Nui--embracing their continuity with the past. Included are numerous photos documenting island life over the last 25 years. These and the many personal anecdotes make Rapa Nui, Island of Memory easy reading.



The Log of the El Dorado (Capt. Benson’s Own Story)


Author: Benson, Captain N. P.


Description: Out of print ; Easter Island sailing history adventure



Island at the Center of the World


Author: Englert, Father Sebastian Englert


Description: (Translated by William Mulloy) Out of print, available used.



Island at The End of the World


Author: Fischer, Steven


Description: "Fischer''s fluent narrative reveals how smallness, isolation, and a fragile environment have shaped the history of this tiny community. . . . Its strength lies equally in the author’s sensitive micro-study approach and its subject matter. Above all, it deserves a wide readership because Easter Island still presents a global warning about the imperative of environmental sustainability."--American Historical Review (Philippa Mein Smith American Historical Review)



The Complete Guide to Easter Island


Author: McLaughlin, Shawn


Description: Very comprehensive guide. If you read only one book, this is our recommendation



Easter Island Rapa Nui, a Land of Rocky Dream


Author: Ramirez, Jose Miguel


Description: The text was written by the archaeologist José Miguel Ramírez, who was Superintendent of the Easter Island National Park for seven years. This is a very high-quality book, with 192 pages, which dimensions are of 20 x 30 cm (approximately 10 x 12.5 inches). It contains more than 220 full-color photographs that range from aerial photos taken during various flights and under different light conditions, to underwater pictures of caves and native fish species of the island. It has a large number of photographs of archaeological sites and landscapes, but, and perhaps most importantly, the last 58 pages are devoted to photographs of islanders of Rapa Nui that belong to the Rapa Nui ethnic group. Also included are images of the Tapati Rapa Nui, which is an event that brings their ancient customs and rates to life.



Rapanui: Tradition & Survival on Easter Island, 2nd edition


Author: McCall, Grant.


Description: General history of Easter Island, its culture and society from ancient to modern times.



The Mystery of Easter Island, The Story of an Expedition


Author: Scoresby Routledge, Mrs


Description: Historical adventure travel





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