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Ancient Trade Routes of Arabia, Egypt and Jordan

Program Number: 21115RJ
Start and End Dates:
3/11/2013 - 3/27/2013;
Duration: 16 nights
Location: Oman/Eritrea/Egypt/Jordan
Price starting at: $1,999.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Adventure Afloat Study Cruise; Ocean Cruises Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 44; 15 Breakfasts, 14 Lunches, 15 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

Follow ancient trade routes along the coasts of Arabia and Africa, plying the waters that inspired the swashbuckling tales of Sinbad the Sailor. Experience the modern Islamic culture of Oman, examine the amazing ruins left behind by the ancient Egyptians, pay a visit to a Bedouin camp in the desert of Jordan and more.




Activity Particulars

Walking a few miles per day. Some uneven terrain and stairs without railings.



Itinerary At-a-Glance

Muscat (Oman), 1 night; aboard MV Minerva, 14 nights.



Day 1: Overnight flight from the U.S.A.


Days 2-4: Arrival Muscat (Oman) / embark MV Minerva:

In this port city surrounded by rugged mountains, step inside the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque and Al Alam Palace. Take a field trip to Nakhl, capital of the ancient Yaruba tribe. Lodging: Four-star hotel.



Days 5-7: At Sea / Salalah:

Spend two days exploring the mountainous region of Dhofar. Find Job’s Tomb, a pilgrimage site for Jews, Christians and Muslims. Journey to the archaeological site of Khor Rori, once an outpost on the “Frankincense Trail.”



Days 8-11: At Sea / Massawa (Eritrea):

Explore this historic Red Sea port whose architecture reflects periods of Arabic, Ottoman and Italian rule. Visit a village of the Rashaida people, a nomadic Arabic tribe.



Days 12-14: At Sea / Safaga (Egypt):

On your first day in Egypt, walk among the ancient temples of Karnak and Luxor then cross the Nile to the Valley of the Kings, where for 500 years the Pharaohs were entombed.



Day 15: Sharm el-Sheikh:

On an exciting 4x4 vehicle excursion, discover the Sinai Desert, the Straits of Tiran and the protected mangrove forest of Nabak National Park.



Days 16-17: Aqaba (Jordan) / disembark / departure:

Venture into the heart of Jordan, where mountains rise dramatically from the rose-red desert. Explore Wadi Rum, a valley famous for its Nabataean rock carvings. A group of Bedouins welcomes you to their camp for refreshments.



MV Minerva

This stylish, newly upgraded vessel is operated by a long-established British company and boasts a loyal following of British travelers. It offers its 350 passengers two restaurants plus al fresco dining, a cinema, two bars, a library/card room, a swimming pool, a gym and a sauna. The spectacular Orpheus Lounge provides panoramic views of your surroundings.


Meals and Lodgings
   Park Inn Muscat
  Colombo, Sri Lanka 1 night
   MV Minerva
  Aboard the MV Minerva, UK:England 15 nights
 Park Inn Muscat
Type: Hotel
  Description: Among hotels in Oman, the Park Inn Muscat stands out with its ideal location near the airport, along with its superb amenities including rooftop pool and modern, classic design. Situated on the main highway linking Muscat International Airport to Ruwi, the city's central business district, Park Inn Muscat hotel guests enjoy easy access to the Al Ghubra beach, businesses and attractions. This comfortable and stylish Muscat hotel offers first-class amenities that include the exceptional rooftop swimming pool, business center, parking and 24-hour front desk assistance.
  Contact info: P.O Box 1635 PC 133
Sultan Qaboos Street Al Khuwair
Muscat,   Oman
phone: + 968 2450 7888
web: www.parkinn.com/
  Room amenities: Standing out among Oman hotels in Muscat, the Park Inn features 175 rooms, decorated in bright hues and equipped with modern, convenient amenities. Guests may choose from Standard rooms, Business Friendly rooms and One Bedroom suites. All of these Muscat rooms and suites offer first-class amenities including Free high-speed, wireless Internet access, coffee and tea making facilities, and in-room safe. Enjoy free access to Fitness Center facilities. Book one of these Oman hotel's guest rooms or suites and discover what sets the Park Inn apart from other Muscat accommodation.
  Facility amenities: This Muscat hotel is nearby the city centre and lies 15 kilometres from the Muscat International Airport. Guests enjoy easy access to Shatti Al Qurum, the main commercial and diplomatic quarter. 175 guest rooms, along with seven suites offer in-room safe, hair dryer and coffee and tea making facilities. Savour a variety of light meals and drinks at the all-day buffet restaurant. Visit RBG Muscat The Sama Terrazza bar serves a fine selection of international refreshments. High-speed, wireless Internet access available throughout the hotel. Relax at the rooftop swimming pool. Utilise the fully equipped fitness center. Shopping enthusiasts revel at retail outlets located within this Muscat hotel. Stay in touch with the hotel's business center. Five versatile meeting rooms are available.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: TBA Please contact Road Scholar Travel Services at 1800-241-1404 for rates and availability.
  Check in time: 2:00 PM

 MV Minerva
Type: Cruise Ship
  Description: No matter which corner of the globe you choose to discover, after exploring ashore, you will always appreciate Minerva’s stately comforts: a relaxed lounge with entertainment, well-stocked library, restaurants, gym, Wheeler bar and Shackleton's bar. An elegant environment in which polished wood and gleaming brass are complemented by works of art and fresh flowers. With over 50 years experience in discovery cruising, Swan Hellenic knows all the ingredients for the perfect cruise. From the on board environment to inspiring itineraries, and from our knowledgeable reservations team to our European ship's officers and attentive crew, we are committed to providing you with the ultimate discovery cruise experience. You will travel with like-minded people and as you share the experiences of your voyage, you may find acquaintances turn into lasting friendships. Your cruise will be further enriched by the presence of distinguished speakers drawn from the academic, diplomatic and media worlds. Their presentations and the more informal conversations you can enjoy in the Darwin Lounge will really bring our destinations to life.
  Ship Information: Gross Tonnage - 12,449 Length - 437 ft Beam - 66 ft Draft - 19 ft Cruising Speed - 14 knots Passenger Decks - 6 Stabilisers - retractable fin Registration - Bahamas Passengers - 350 Crew - 160; mainly Filipino and Ukrainian Officers - British and European Entered Service - 29th April 1996
  Contact info: Swan Hellenic - North America
1800 S.E. 10th Avenue, Suite 205
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33316 USA
phone: 866-923-9182
web: us.swanhellenic.com/homeus.html
  Room amenities: TV, Hairdryer and Personal Safe in Every Cabin
  Facility amenities: Facilities include: 44 Balcony cabins 100 Outside cabins (74% outside cabins including 23% balcony cabins) 2 Restaurants Orpheus Lounge Internet Lounge Livingstone Lounge Darwin Lounge Shackleton & Wheeler Bars Cinema Library/Card Room Boutique and Gift Shop Swimming Pool Gymnasium, Sauna and Spa Services Complimentary Launderette with Washers and Dryers Beauty Salon Medical Centre Telephone, Fax and E-mail Facilities
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
This program begins in the late afternoon on Day 2 in Muscat, Oman at the program hotel. You will be staying at Park Inn Muscat that night.
  End of Program:
This program ends on Day 17 after breakfast on board the MV Minerva. You will be staying at MV Minerva the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. **IMPORTANT: REGISTERING FOR YOUR CRUISE ONLINE** Swan Hellenic requires all guests to provide full passport details, including address and telephone number. They also require next of kin contact information in case of an emergency. This information must be received no later than 60 days prior to departure. Passengers must visit the website at www.swanhellenic.com - click on "Already Booked" then "Required Passenger Information" to enter your details. The embarkation date is the date you board the ship. Furnished data will be provided to foreign government immigration officials and is required for on-board administration. PLEASE NOTE: Your cruise documents will not be issued prior to your online registration, and embarkation onto the ship may be denied. If you did not receive a booking number or if you need assistance registering online, please contact our program department at 1.866.359.5966 and someone will assist you.
  Parking availability:
We do not recommend driving to the site
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
To Start of Program
  Location:  Colombo
  Transportation to site: The Park Inn by Radisson Muscat is positioned near the commercial district and shopping areas, approximately 15 km from the Muscat International Airport (MCT). Taxi's are available at the airport for participants making their own way to the hotel.
  From End of Program
  Location:  Aboard the MV Minerva
  Transportation from site: The transfer to Amman, Jordan is approximately 4 hours. Participants who are not on program #21151 (Extension: Ancient Petra, Rose-Red City) will be picked up at the port, and transferred directly to Amman.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Departures from the US
(Monday, March 11)
   
 In Transit: Flights depart from various US gateways

Day 2: Flights arrive in Muscat, Oman
(Tuesday, March 12)
   
 Arrive To: Muscat, Oman
 Afternoon: Join your group leader and fellow participants for introductions and program orientation.
 Dinner: Welcome dinner at the hotel
   
Accommodations: Park Inn Muscat
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 3: Muscat / Embark MV Minerva
(Wednesday, March 13)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at the hotel
 Morning: Muscat offers a unique opportunity to witness a modern commercial centre existing in harmony with its traditional culture. We will start our excursion with Grand Mosque the most exquisite Mosque in Oman. The developed part of the site, including the fully consolidated areas and landscaping, covers 416,000 square metres. The Mosque complex (covering 40,000 square metres) is constructed on a raised podium in keeping with the tradition of Omani mosques that were built elevated from street level. It can accommodate up to 20,000 worshippers and consists of a main prayer hall, ladies prayer hall, covered passageways, a meeting hall, and library which will eventually contain up to 20,000 books. After Grand Mosque drive to Bait Al Zubair Museum to experience the splendid Omani Heritage. The collection at the museum includes traditional Omani weapons jewellery, costumes, traditional weapons...etc. After the museum, explore Al Alam Palace, the official residence of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said the ruler of Oman. The palace is an architectural marvel for both its design and its location between the twin Portuguese forts Mirani and Jalali.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant
 Afternoon: We depart to Muttrah Souq (traditional market)– one of the most popular souqs in the Middle East. Take a walk in its labyrinthine alleyways beckoning with a myriad of merchandise, from imported fabrics to exotic Oriental spices, perfumes and richly handcrafted artefacts. Here, scents of exotic Arabian perfumes and spices float through the air. Other shops specialise in famous Omani khanjars (daggers), antiques, traditional silver jewellery, and handicrafts in copper, camel bone, wood, leather and hand-made Omani costumes. This afternoon, board the MV Minerva
 Dinner: Dinner on board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Muscat, Oman
(Thursday, March 14)

Note: Admittance to the Fort may be denied to those wearing shorts (either sex) and to those whose shoulders are uncovered. Toilet facilities at the Fort are limited and basic and are Asian style at the hot springs. There are 135 steps in the fort complex. There may be the opportunity to dip your feet in the hot springs where fish give a pedicure. Should you wish to participate in this, please collect a beach towl from the gangway on disembarkation.



   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Nakhl Fort: Drive to Nakhl, the headquarters of the ancient Yaruba tribe - a small group directly descended from the early Arab immigrants from Yemen - and discover the restored massive ochre fort set high on a rocky outcrop in the center of the village, overlooking extensive date plantations.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Your after noon is free to continue to explore the port, or relax on board the ship.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Cruising the Arabian Sea
(Friday, March 15)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a moring lecture.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on on board the ship as you sail the Arabian sea.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Salalah, Oman
(Saturday, March 16)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Spend the day at sea, sailing towards Salalah, Oman
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Continue sailing towards Salalah. The ship is scheduled to arrive at approximately 6:00 pm.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Salalah, Oman
(Sunday, March 17)

Note: Admittance to Job's Tomb may be denied to those who are wearing shorts (either sex) and to those whose shoulders are uncovered, ladies may also be required to cover their heads. As all visitors are required to remove their shoes when walking around the outside of the tomb you may wish to bring a pair of socks. Basic toilets are available at Al Balid and Job's Tomb.



   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Sights of Salalah: Explore western Dhofar combining scenic drives and visits to the main sites around Salalah. Visit Job's Tomb, a sacred pilgrimage site for Muslims, Christians and Jews. This simple tomb is housed in a small domed building on Jebel Issin. Enjoy the panoramic views over the striking Qata Mountains and Jubriah plain. Closer to Salalah, a visit to the Al Balid Archeological Museum will give an insight to the once thriving frankincense trade and the opportunity to view some of the frankincense trees that give rise to this prosperous trade.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Free time in the afternoon to explore the port on your own, or relax on board the ship
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Crusing the Arabian Sea
(Monday, March 18)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a morning lecture
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail the Arabian sea.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Cruising the Arabian Sea
(Tuesday, March 19)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a morning lecture.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail the Arabian sea.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: At Sea / Massawa, Eritrea
(Wednesday, March 20)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a morning lecture.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail towards Massawa, Eritrea.
 Dinner: On board the ship
 Evening: Ship arrives in Massawa late this evening
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11: Massawa, Eritrea
(Thursday, March 21)

Note: Tourism is in its very early stages in Massawa. You will witness the economic and structural problems of the town with many buildings in need of repair. Tourist infrastructure is in its very early stages - transport and the level of guiding are not geared toward western expectations. Nevertheless we hope that you will enjoy this unique opportunity to gain an authentic and revealing insight into the life in this region of the Red Sea.



   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Massawa City Discovery: Discover the Eritrean port town of Massawa, strategically located on the shores of the Red Sea and the largest deep water port on the Red Sea. The town has, for centuries, attracted the attention of traders and empires, the architecture reflecting periods of Arabic settlement, Ottoman rule, Italian colonisation, and Ethiopian rule prior to Independence. Massawa has suffered greatly from earthquakes and further damage was inflicted during fierce fighting in World War II and, more recently, the long Eritrean War of Independence which ended in 1991. The field trip will include a sightseeing drive through the old town near the port where you will see the Arab influence of coral buildings and ornate, decorative doorways. Located on a series of islands, you will also visit Taulud Island where more western and Ottoman architecture can be viewed. Here the main sights are the Old Railway Station, St. Mariam Cathedral, the 1920 Banco d'Italia as well as the formerly magnificent Imperial Palace and the impressive Tank Monument commemorating the end of the War of Independence. You will visit the Regional Museum with exhibits on the Red Sea, Archaeology as well as the Colonial era and Eritrean life. There will also be the opportunity to visit a salt factory.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Free time to explore the port on your own, or relax on board the ship.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: Cruising the Red Sea
(Friday, March 22)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a morning lecture.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail the Red Sea
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: Cruising the Red Sea
(Saturday, March 23)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Join your study leader for a morning lecture.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship as you sail towards Safaga, Egypt
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Safaga, Egypt
(Sunday, March 24)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Valley of the Kings: Drive across the desert to Luxor for your first visit to the magnificent Karnak Temple, and view its stunning columns. Continue for lunch before crossing to the west bank of the Nile to visit the dramatic Valley of the Kings, where you can visit three tombs independently. You will also enjoy a short visit to the Ramesseum and a photo stop at the Colossi of Memnon. NOTE: All coaches traveling to/from Luxor are required to travel in convoy with a police escort. The convoy may be stopped at checkpoints enroute and these stops may vary in length. As guiding is not permitted in the tombs, guides will giveyou explanations outside and you will visit the tombs independently. Entry to the Tomb of Tutankhamun costs approximately $20 USD per person. This charge is not included in this excursion and is payable locally if you wish to visit the tomb independently.
 Lunch: Lunch will be served at a hotel on the east bank.
 Afternoon: Return through the desert to Safaga.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 15: Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
(Monday, March 25)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Desert Drive: Undertaken in 4WD vehicles, this exciting excursion reveals views of the southern Sinai desert, the Straits of Tiran and the coast of Saudi Arabia. An hour’s drive will bring you to the Nabak National Park where you can see the mangrove forest – the most northerly in the world – and enjoy a short visit to the National Park Visitor Centre. Continue your desert drive, enjoying dramatic views of the desert’s mountains and wadis; a stop will also be made to sample traditional tea and bread in a Bedouin camp. PLEASE NOTE: As this excursion involves travelling off-road, please be aware that the rough terrain will make the journey bumpy and uncomfortable at times. Each 4x4 vehicle accommodates 6-8 passengers on inward facing bench style seating. Good walking shoes are recommended. There are only very basic toilets on this field trip.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Glass Bottom Boad Trip: Drive to a local hotel to join your glass-bottom boat from which you can discover the fantastic reefs and exotic marine life that flourish in the clear waters of the Red Sea. NOTE: You will need to walk across the beach and along a floating jetty (which is wobbly - no handrail) to join the glass bottom boats. The boat trip will last approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 16: Aqaba, Jordan
(Tuesday, March 26)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Wadi Rum: Drive into the heart of Jordan to see extraordinarily shaped mountains rising out of the rose-red desert. There’ll be a photo stop en route at the Seven Pillars of Wisdom – a dramatic formation of hills – before driving into the Wadi to see the Nabataean rock carvings and Lawrence’s Well. Later you can enjoy refreshments at a Bedouin camp before returning to Aqaba.
 Lunch: On board the ship
 Afternoon: Relax on board the ship, or explore the port on your own. The ship will be in port overnight.
 Dinner: On board the ship
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 17: Aqaba, Jordan / Disembark
(Wednesday, March 27)
   
 Breakfast: On board the ship
 Morning: Disembark the ship for flights returning to North America. If you are continuing on to the Petra extension, you will transfer by coach to Petra.
   
Accommodations: MV Minerva
Meals Included: Breakfast
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


A Traveller's History of Egypt


Author: Harry Ades


Description: This effectively condensed chronological history takes in the full sweep from the earliest inhabitants to 21st century politics.



Culture Smart! Egypt


Author: Jailan Zayan


Description: A handy pocket guide to understanding local customs and etiquette.



Culture Smart! Oman


Author: Simone Nowell


Description: This handy introduction to local attitudes, beliefs and culture includes tips for travelers.



Death on the Nile


Author: Agatha Christie


Description: How could we resist? Christie wrote Egypt's most famous murder mystery on the terrace of the Old Cataract Hotel in Aswan.



Down the Nile, Alone in a Fisherman's Skiff


Author: Rosemary Mahoney


Description: Mahoney weaves the tale of her quest to row the Nile with deft portraits of the people she meets in this marvelously engaging chronicle.



Egypt Map


Author: Nelles


Description: The coverage of this easy-fold map -- with insets of Luxor, Valley of the Kings, Giza, the Nile River Valley, Cairo and other sites -- includes Petra, Jerusalem and most of Israel.



Explorers of the Nile


Author: Tim Jeal


Description: Tim Jeal widens his scope in this spirited new history of the great 19th-century quest for the origins of the Nile, covering the many expeditions and complex rivalries of Burton and Speke, Livingstone and Stanley and other Victorian adventurers with panache.



Islam, A Short History


Author: Karen Armstrong


Description: Armstrong brings authority and experience to this vivid, clear-headed survey of the history and impact of Islam from the birth of Muhammad to present-day challenges. The best short introduction to the subject.



Lonely Planet Ethiopia & Eritrea


Author: Frances Linzee Gordon


Description: A comprehensive guide in the Lonely Planet style featuring maps, background detail on the country and culture -- and practical information for the traveler.



Lonely Planet Jordan


Author: Jenny Walker


Description: A practical guide in the popular series, featuring 54 maps, tips and much sightseeing information.



Luxor Illustrated, With Aswan, Abu Simbel and the Nile


Author: Michael Haag


Description: The ideal companion to a Nile cruise, Haag introduces all the famous monuments and temples of Upper Egypt from Luxor, Karnak, Valley of the Kings and the tomb of Tutankhamun to the marvels of Aswan and Abu Simbel in full color.



Married to a Bedouin


Author: Marguerite van Geldermalsen


Description: "Where you staying?" the Bedouin asked. "Why you not stay with me tonight -- in my cave?" Thus begins the fascinating odyssey of a young nurse from New Zealand who would marry and raise her family among the community of 100 Bedouin families living in the ancient city of Petra.



Nine Parts of Desire, The Hidden World of Islamic Women


Author: Geraldine Brooks


Description: A highly readable overview of the role of women in Islamic society, drawn from the author's many interviews with women throughout the Arab World.



Northeast Africa and Arabia Map


Author: Michelin Travel Publications


Description: A folded map of the Northeast region of the continent at a scale of 1:4,000,000.



Petra, The Rose-Red City


Author: Christian Auge, Jean-Marie Dentzer


Description: Jam-packed with color illustrations, archival material, maps and site plans, this shirt-pocket encyclopedia is our best-selling book on Petra.



Surrender or Starve: Travels in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea


Author: Robert D. Kaplan


Description: Robert Kaplan, the prolific journalist and author of Balkan Ghosts, travelled through Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea for this illuminating travelogue examining the culture, religion, and politics of the region.



The Complete Valley of the Kings


Author: Nicholas Reeves, Richard Wilkinson


Description: A thorough and intriguing look at the burial place of the New Kingdom pharaohs, this book brings together the art, architecture and history of the valley; contains profiles of archaeologists, diagrams and detailed site descriptions.



The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Egypt


Author: Bill Manley


Description: Ingenious color maps, site plans, photographs and accompanying essays trace Egyptian civilization from the founding of Memphis through the sacking of Thebes and the invasion by Alexander the Great in 332 BC in this authoritative, remarkably concise history.



The Search for Ancient Egypt


Author: Jean Vercoutter


Description: This pocket encyclopedia, packed with illustrations, tells the tale of Greek travelers, buried treasure, international intrigue and scholarship as it delves into the world's long-standing fascination with Egypt's glorious heritage.





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