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Tears of Freedom: The Final Weeks of the Civil War

Program Number: 17372RJ
Start and End Dates:
10/21/2013 - 10/24/2013;
Duration: 3 nights
Location: Smith Mountain Lake, Virginia
Price starting at: $489.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: History & Culture
Meals: 9; 3 Breakfasts, 3 Lunches, 3 Dinners    
Meal Options: Kosher; Low Salt; Low Fat; Vegetarian    

Explore the oft-ignored stories of those most profoundly affected by the Civil War: the witnesses to the catastrophic battles and the era's 4 million enslaved African-Americans who watched their lives change as the conflict raged across Virginia. Discussions with Park Rangers at Appomattox Courthouse, Petersburg Battlefield and Booker T. Washington's Birthplace, seek out the lesser-known tales of America's struggle to define freedom for all races, from the challenges of the winter of 186465 to the transformations forced on the plantation mistress and the thrill and uncertainty experienced by newly freed slaves.




Highlights

At Appomattox Court House, stand at the site of the surrender meeting between Lee and Grant in the Wilmer McLean House.
Walk the ground of the Burroughs Plantation, where Booker T. Washington was born a slave, and be moved by a presentation on the last days of the Civil War.
Enjoy presentations by Park Rangers from Petersburg, Richmond, Appomattox and Booker T Washington's Birthplace - a unique opportunity to learn about all these historic sites in one location.



Activity Particulars

Minimal walking and standing on this program.




Date Specific Information

10-21-2013

Enjoy the latest in hearing technology listening devices on this date.



Coordinated by Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Center.




Smith Mountain Lake

This popular destination, often called the "Jewel of the Blue Ridge Mountains," comprises 500 miles of shoreline within a historic three-county region that includes Jefferson's "Poplar Forest" retreat and the birthplace of Booker T. Washington.



Accommodations
Ground-floor rooms in modern lodging on Smith Mountain Lake; wheelchair-accessible private baths.
Meals and Lodgings
   Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center
  Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Center 3 nights
 Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center
Type: Conference Center
  Contact info: 775 Hermitage Rd.
Wirtz, VA 24184 USA
phone: 540-721-2759 xext264
web: www.skelton4hcenter.org
  Room amenities: Each room is equipped with a dresser and abundant shelf/closet space, a table and two chairs for relaxing/reading. Table lamps and a clock radio are provided in each guest room.
  Facility amenities: The Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center is a modern, multi-purpose conference facility. Up to 400 people can gather in the Center's dining and auditorium facility and/or meet in our 12 meeting rooms. In addition, we offer two picnic shelters, basketball, volleyball and tennis courts, horseshoes, mini-golf course, campfire circle, amphitheater campfire, sports fields, nature trails and a beautiful scene from the shoreline gazebo and deck. The Center has 57 lodging rooms with private baths than can sleep up to 228 people and offers wireless internet service throughout the Center. We offer a quiet, peaceful setting which provides our Road Scholar guests the opportunity to focus on the coursework for the week and the time to get to know one another in greater depth.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Additional nights prior: $50-$60 Lodging may be available before and/or after each program begins. Please contact Dennis Crowley at 540-721-2759, ext. 264 to make arrangements.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: $50-$60 Lodging may be available before and/or after each program begins. Please contact Dennis Crowley at 540-721-2759, ext. 264 to make arrangements.
  Check out time: 12:00 PM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
Taubman Conference Center - 3 PM You will be staying at Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center that night.
  End of Program:
Taubman Conference Center - Noon You will be staying at Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required.
  Parking availability:
There is ample free parking available within 50 feet of lodging and classrooms.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Center
  Nearest city or town:  Roanoke, VA
  Nearest highway: US 220 which leads to I-81
  Nearest airport:  Roanoke, VA
  From End of Program
  Location: Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Center
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Roanoke, VA

 

To Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Yellow Cab
phone: 540-345-7711
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Approximately $70
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

25 miles

   

Very often Participants are able to obtain return transportation to the Roanoke, VA airport with fellow Participants they have met during the program; however, if this is not an option, additional transportation providers available to the Roanoke airport include: Liberty Cab - 540-344-1776, Prestige Limo - 540-342-8049, Executive Limo - 540-366-4644, Airport Limo - 540-345-7710

 

Roanoke, VA

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Yellow Cab
phone: 540-345-7711
Advanced Reservations Required

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Approximately $70
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

45 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

25 miles

   

Additional transportation providers available from the Roanoke airport include: Liberty Cab - 540-344-1776, Prestige Limo - 540-342-8049, Executive Limo - 540-366-4644, Airport Limo - 540-345-7710

 
Driving Directions
  Roanoke, VA From I-81 take exit 143 - I-581 220 (220 South) through Roanoke and then Boones Mill (approximately 13 miles from Roanoke) - being careful to avoid the speed traps continually in operation along this route - to the traffic light at Wirtz Road (Route 697). A Dairy Queen and an Exxon station will be on the corner on your left. Turn left on Wirtz Road and follow this road for approximately 5 miles to a stop sign. At the stop sign turn left on to Booker T. Washington Highway (Route 122). Go ahead 1 mile to Burnt Chimney Road (Route 670) and take a hard right onto 670. Follow this road for 7 miles to Lovely Valley Road (Route 668) - you'll start to see small green signs directing to the 4-H Center - and take a right onto Lovely Valley Road. Follow this road for 1 mile to the stop sign. Turn right onto Crafts Ford Road (Route 944) - go approximately 1 1/2 miles to a sharp curve and turn left onto Hermitage Road (Route 669). Follow Hermitage Road to the Center - the Taubman Conference Center where registration is conducted is the first building on the left as you enter the Center grounds just past the cemetery. A map with detailed directions will be included in the Welcome packet you'll receive about 4 weeks prior to the beginning of the Road Scholar program.
Equipment Requirements: We always suggest that participants bring along appropriate rain gear and a flashlight - just in case.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrival/Center Tour/Dinner/Orientation/Get Acquainted Session
(Monday, October 21)

Note: Our casual walking tour of the Center grounds and facilities will last approximately one half hour. Participants should be able to walk up a relatively steep walkway; however, they may opt out of this portion of the walk.



   
 Afternoon: Participants are welcome to arrive at the Center any time after 1 PM; however, formal registration begins at 3 PM and extends until 5 PM. At 5 we'll gather together in the Taubman Conference Room to begin a voluntary, casual walking tour of the Center grounds and facilities. The tour will last about 30 minutes and will be followed by dinner.
 Dinner: Your first meal with us will be dinner served in Smith Hall - the Center's dining and administrative facility. All meals are served in an "all you can eat buffet" style which typically has people coming back for oftentimes more than seconds - including dessert.
 Evening: Your Road Scholar Coordinator will begin the Orientation/Get Acquainted portion of the program promptly at 7 PM. The first 45 minutes of the session are spent on administrative issues including a brief description of the structure of 4-H. We'll then view a 10 minute film which provides a nice overview of the Smith Mountain Lake area. After a short break we'll reconvene for the "get acquainted" portion of the evening. Given past experience we should be through by 8:30 PM allowing you ample opportunity to rest up for the next day's activities.
   
Accommodations: Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Breakfast/Welcome/Appomattox/Lunch/Tour of Appomattox/Dinner/Movie
(Tuesday, October 22)

Note: We'll travel to Appomattox Court House for an introductory film followed by a tour of the Wilmer McLean house - the site of the surrender of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Participants should be able to walk a short distance and stand for approximately one hour.



   
 Breakfast: Our first breakfast at the Center will begin at 7:30 AM - the buffet line will remain open until 8:15; however, as is usually the case, most participants will arrive early to begin sampling the fare.
 Morning: From 8:45 until Noon we'll learn about the fascinating story of the battles leading up to the surrender of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia from the resident Interpretive Specialists at the Petersburg Battlefield and Appomattox Court House National Park. These dramatic encounters were the beginning of the end of the Confederacy as well as the end of the war for the many civilians caught up in the turmoil. Special emphasis will be placed on the experiences of the non-combatants as well as the dangers faced by the soldiers - both North and South.
 Lunch: Lunch is served from Noon until 12:45.
 Afternoon: During the afternoon we'll travel to Appomattox Court House for a tour of the surrender site and hear from interpretive specialists how this event involved civilians - both slave and free - in the Appomattox area. At this point it became clear to all involved that the Confederacy was rapidly dissolving and that slavery was coming to an ignominious end. Relive those moments and also enjoy a tour of the Wilmer McLean house - the location of the actual surrender ceremony.
 Dinner: Dinner from 5:30 until 6:15 PM.
 Evening: After a full and intellectually stimulating day it will be a nice change of pace to view a light comedy - we'll show the movie "What About Bob?" - the 1991 film that was shot on location at Smith Mountain Lake.
   
Accommodations: Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Breakfast/Booker T. Washington/Lunch/Tour of Booker T. Washington Birthplace and National Monument/Boat Ride on Smith Mountain Lake/Dinner/Entertainment
(Wednesday, October 23)

Note: Our short trip to Booker T. Washington's Birthplace and National Monument will take only 15 minutes. While there participants should be able to walk a short distance and stand for approximately one hour.



   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at 7:30 and be sure to eat a hearty one since we'll be "on the road" for most of the day.
 Morning: During the morning session Park Rangers from Booker T. Washington's Birthplace and National Monument will present the stirring story of Washington's rise from slavery on the Burroughs Plantation to his role as the President of Tuskegee University and as a leader of the African American community in the late 19th and early 20th century.
 Lunch: Lunch at the Center.
 Afternoon: During the afternoon session you'll view a short film explaining Washington's accomplishments following his birth and time spent in slavery on the Burroughs Plantation. You'll also experience a special tour of the Burroughs Plantation and view the surroundings in which Washington was born and lived the first eight years of his event filled life. Another film detailing his time spent as President of Tuskegee University and his role as an African American leader will complete our visit. We'll then travel to a local marina for a short boat trip on Smith Mountain Lake.
 Dinner: Dinner at 5:30.
 Evening: The entertainment will leave you pleasantly surprised and mesmerized by the talent on display. Since you all have a long trip home tomorrow the "show" will conclude by 10 PM.
   
Accommodations: Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational Conference Center
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Breakfast/The Aftermath of War and Emancipation Presented by National Park Service Living Historians/Lunch/Departure
(Thursday, October 24)

Note: We will return to Washington's Birthplace for a special recreation of the exciting and yet terrifying moment when the slaves on the Burroughs Plantation first learned of their freedom through a reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by a Union cavalry officer.



   
 Breakfast: Breakfast at 7:30.
 Morning: Class begins at 8:45 after room checkout. We'll travel to Washington's Birthplace for a special recreation of the exciting and yet terrifying moment when the slaves on the Burroughs Plantation first learned of their freedom through a reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by a Union cavalry officer. The jubilation surrounding their emancipation quickly turned to confusion and doubt about how they would now live their lives without a means of support. Booker T. Washington was among the throng now left solely on their own and how he and others managed to live and thrive in their newly found freedom is a stirring story that still speaks to us today.
 Lunch: Picnic lunch provided on the Burroughs Plantation.
 Afternoon: Departure after lunch. Have a safe trip home and come back to see us soon.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


April 1865


Author: Jay Winik


Booker T Washington: A Re-Examination


Author: Lee Walker


Guest of Honor: Booker T Washington, Theodore Roosevelt and the White House Dinner That Shocked a Nation


Author: Deborah Davis


The Appomattox Campaign


Author: Chris Calkins


The Battles of Appomattox


Author: Chris Calkins


The Final Bivouac


Author: Chris Calkins


The Story of My Life and Work


Author: Booker T Washington


Up From History


Author: Robert Norrell


Up From Slavery


Author: Booker T Washington




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