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Two Founders and an Artist in Early America: Patrick Henry, John Marshall, and Edgar Allan Poe

Program Number: 7057RJ
Start and End Dates:
10/27/2013 - 11/1/2013;
Duration: 5 nights
Location: Richmond, Virginia
Price starting at: $697.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: History & Culture Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 15; 5 Breakfasts, 5 Lunches, 5 Dinners    
Meal Options: Low Fat; Vegetarian; Low Salt    

Learn about three extraordinary men whose legacies connect in Richmond. Come to know the man behind a famous rallying cry of the American Revolution, Patrick Henry, defender of religious liberty, leader at the forefront of the Virginia revolutionary forces and resolute opponent of a strong federal system. Witness the legacy of Chief Justice John Marshall, unsurpassed contributor to American jurisprudence and great rival to Henry and to Thomas Jefferson. Examine the life and works of Edgar Allan Poe, master of short prose, romantic poet and for Europeans the American prototype of the poor starving artist.




Highlights

• Walk through Scotchtown, Patrick Henry’s home in the 1770s, restored to its original condition, and stand in St. John’s, the “ancient” church where Henry gave his famous speech.
• Explore John Marshall’s 1790 home in fashionable Court End, where as Chief Justice he lived most of the year.
• Absorb the Romantic atmosphere of the Poe Museum, home to a unique collection of Poe memorabilia, and ponder the author’s impact on popular imagination.



Activity Particulars

Walking up to two miles at a moderate pace on uneven terrain. Field trips often include two or three stops, and getting on and off the bus.



Coordinated by Virginia Commonwealth University.




Richmond

Founded in 1607, Virginia's capital is situated at the falls of the James River. This seat of colonial and Civil War history blends the legacy of settlers, patriots, presidents, free blacks and civil rights leaders with superb museums, monuments, mansions and gardens.



Accommodations
Charming hotel with fitness center in downtown River District.
Meals and Lodgings
   Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
  Richmond 6 nights
 Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Type: Full Service Hotel
  Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.
  Contact info: 555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown
  Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access
  Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.
  Check in time: 3:00 PM
  Additional nights after: Road Scholar rate Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.
  Check out time: 12:00 PM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
3:30-5:00 PM in hotel lobby for Road Scholar registration. You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown that night.
  End of Program:
Program ends after early lunch at 11:30 AM. Room checkout is 11:00 AM. You will be staying at Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. none
  Required innoculations:
Yes: Those allergic to bees should carry their own bee sting kit as field trip locations are remote and immediate medical assistance may not be available.
  Parking availability:
Parking in hotel deck is free for the length of the program.
Transportation
To Start of Program
  Location:  Richmond
  Nearest city or town:  Petersburg 25 miles south, Williamsburg 50 miles east
  Nearest highway: I-64 and I-95
  Nearest airport:  Richmond International Airport (RIC)
  From End of Program
  Location: Richmond
    (Additional transportation information same as above)
Travel Details
 

Richmond Amtrak Station (Staples Mill Road)

 

From Train Station

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Taxi stand
phone: NA0-0 0-0-0/ x0-

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20-25 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

8 miles

   

The Richmond Amtrak station at Staples Mill Road is 8 miles from the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The best method of transportation is by taxi, and a cabstand is available. (Bus service is infrequent and slow.) The second Richmond station, Amtrak Downtown at Main Street Station, is much closer, only one mile from the hotel, but has a limited schedule. No cabstand is available, but you can call a cab from the station.

 

Richmond Greyhound Bus Station

 

From Bus Terminal

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
Limited taxi service
phone: NA0-000-00 0 x00-00-0-0/

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

variable
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

15 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

3.5 miles

   

Taxi is the best way to travel from the Greyhound Bus Station to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. No cabstand but you can call a cab from the station. (Local bus service is infrequent and requires a transfer.)

 

Richmond International Airport (RIC)

 

From Airport

 
 

Service:

 

Taxi
CMC Ground Transportation
phone: 804-360-2122

 

Per Person/One Way:

 

Varies, $25-$35
Prices are subject to change.

 

Travel Time:

 

20 minutes 

 

Distance:

 

10 miles

   

Several choices to travel from the airport to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown. The shuttle service listed above is one way. Also, a 24-hour taxi stand is available outside the baggage claim area, with cabs generally from several different companies.

 
Driving Directions
  From the East to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 West to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow signs to I-95 South (first a left exit and then a left turn). On I-95 South, proceed only a short distance and take the third exit, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the North to the Crowne Plaza Downtown Richmond Take I-95 South to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the South to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-95 North to Richmond. At downtown Richmond, take the first exit after crossing James River bridge, Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.
  From the West to the Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown Take I-64 East to Richmond. When I-64 merges with I-95, follow I-64 East/ I-95 South. At downtown Richmond, take Exit 74A, heading west on Downtown Expressway. On Downtown Expressway, take the first exit, Canal Street, which is a 30 cent toll (exact change only). Proceed 4 blocks up Canal Street and Crowne Plaza will be on the left. For drop-off area, turn in under hotel. For entrance to parking garage, take first left off Canal St. after hotel (5th Street) and entrance is at left.


Required innoculations:

Yes: Those allergic to bees should carry their own bee sting kit as field trip locations are remote and immediate medical assistance may not be available.

Equipment Requirements: Comfortable walking shoes for field trips.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Welcome to Richmond!/Orientation
(Sunday, October 27)
   
 Afternoon: Welcome to Richmond, where this program explores the work and lives of three historical figures with ties to the city: Patrick Henry, John Marshall, and Edgar Allan Poe. Patrick Henry was raised in nearby Hanover County, where we'll visit Scotchtown, his home during the 1770s and restored to that period. We'll check out two places where Henry made significant speeches, Hanover Courthouse, the oldest in Virginia, and St. John's Church in Richmond, where Henry famously advocated independence in March 1775. Also at St John's, buried in the churchyard, is Edgar Poe's mother, an actress who died when he was only two. Poe was taken in by the Allans and lived about one-third of his life in Richmond. We'll investigate this Romantic poet and master of short prose--whose works ranged from the clever to the macabre to the lyrical--and visit the Poe Museum, located in Richmond's oldest dwelling, the Old Stone House, and featuring a sometimes quirky collection of Poe memorabilia. We'll examine the life and times of John Marshall, our nation's fourth Chief Justice, who more than any other Founder established the Judiciary as a third and equal branch of the federal government. We'll walk through Marshall's house in fashionable Court End where he lived most of the year during his tenure as Chief Justice. We'll also be conducted through Virginia's splendidly renovated State Capitol with its unmatched art collection, including Houdon's Washington. Participate in fascinating classes, savor luncheon fare at some local haunts, and enjoy evening entertainment in this exciting program. We're looking forward to having you with us! Registration is in the hotel lobby from 3:30 to 5:00 p.m. Register for your room at the hotel desk. Register for the program at the Road Scholar desk.
 Dinner: In the hotel dining area. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Orientation and introductions
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Dinner

Day 2: Classes on Richmond, Henry, Poe
(Monday, October 28)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Morning This is a sample schedule. Classes and field trips may be rearranged to accommodate instructors' schedules. This morning's class is an introduction to the city of Richmond, sketching its founding and growth, its neighborhoods and characters in the 1700s and early 1800s. It was scarcely more than a small town when it became the state capital during the American Revolution, and that designation brought both Patrick Henry and John Marshall to the city, Henry as a leader in the cause, and Marshall to practice law. It was Richmond's role as a center for trade that was most important for Edgar Allen Poe's foster father, a merchant, and the city's aspiration to culture that brought his mother to perform there, and influenced Poe himself.
 Lunch: At hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: This afternoon's classes focus on Patrick Henry. Henry first gained note as a lawyer in the 1760s in Hanover County, one county removed to the north, where he argued the "Parson's Cause" case in 1765. As the resistance to the crown grew in the colony, Henry came to Richmond for a series of assemblies that met to determine a course of action, and his speeches at these meeting made him prominent. Henry began the first Governor of Virginia after independence was declared and was succeeded by Thomas Jefferson. In the political struggle over the writing and adoption of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Henry became the most prominent opponent in Virginia of increasing federal power.
 Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Class this evening explores the life and some of the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Poe always declared himself a Virginian, though he was born in Boston and lived much of his short life (1809-1849) in other eastern seaboard cities. After being orphaned at age two, Poe was raised in Richmond by well-to-do merchant John Allen and his wife, who sent him for education to England and for a brief period the University of Virginia. After leaving for Baltimore and points north, Poe returned to Richmond twice, once in the 1830s as a magazine writer-editor-critic, and finally at the end of his life when he intended to move back and perhaps wed his "Helen." We'll examine some of Poe's works, the universal statements of psychic conflict in his psycho-allegories, and his influence on other authors and on culture.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Field Trip to Scotchtown, Hanover Courthouse, Poe Museum, St. John's Church, Class on Marshall
(Tuesday, October 29)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Our field trip this morning takes us to Hanover County, to Scotchtown, where Patrick Henry lived during the 1770s. It was at this home, which has been restored to its condition in the time Henry occupied it, that his wife suffered a breakdown and was confined to an apartment in the basement. We will also stop at Hanover Courthouse, the oldest courthouse building in Virginia, where Henry argued the Parson's Cause case.
 Lunch: Lunch at Hanover Tavern, an historic establishment once owned by Patrick Henry's father-in-law.
 Afternoon: Our field trip this afternoon begins at the Poe Museum, which boasts an intriguing collection of objects associated with Edgar Allan Poe: manuscript materials, furniture from his childhood home, his trunk, walking stick, and boot hooks, prints illustrating his stories, paintings, the only known portrait of his wife Virginia Clemm, and a model of the city of Richmond at the time of Poe's residence. The museum retains much of the old-fashioned atmosphere of its founding in 1922. The complex of buildings that comprise the museum includes Richmond's oldest structure, the Old Stone House, and a pergola in the garden made of bricks from the office of the Southern Literary Messenger where Poe worked. Next we'll travel to St. John's Church, Richmond's original parish, where Poe's mother is buried. St. John's was the setting for the Second Virginia Convention of March 1775 in which Patrick Henry made his famous "Liberty or Death" speech. We'll learn its history, explore the interior and its Tiffany windows, then briefly explore the cemetery that surrounds the Church. There are approximately 12 steps up to the churchyard at St John's, and there is also handicap access.
 Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: This evening's class focuses on Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835), who played a central role in shaping the nation's judiciary and constitutional government. We'll learn about some of his major decisions and how they are still reflected in the work of the US Supreme Court today. Oliver Wendell Holmes stated that "....if American law were to be represented by a single figure...[it would be]...John Marshall." Because judicial duties only occupied a portion of the year, Marshall mostly resided in Richmond during his tenure as Chief Justice. He was known for shopping at the public market each morning, often stopping at the coffee shop. An interesting fact: the Liberty Bell cracked while tolling Marshall's death in 1835.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Classes on Henry, Marshall, and Poe/Free afternoon
(Wednesday, October 30)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Class: We'll leartn about Patrick Henry's position as an anti-Federalist in the Ratification of the Constitution, and John Marshall's position as a Federalist.
 Lunch: At the hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.
 Afternoon: Your time is your own this afternoon - to visit with old and new friends, to explore attractions in Richmond, to go shopping...whatever your pleasure! We'll be happy to provide suggestions and give you directions and maps.
 Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: Class: Learn more about Edgar Allan Poe, the "father of mysteries" and the first detective stories.
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Field Trips to John Marshall House, Tredegar Iron Works, Virginia State Capitol, Evening Entertainment
(Thursday, October 31)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: This morning's field trip begins at John Marshall's house. Located in a fashionable area of Richmond known as Court End, the house John Marshall built was completed in 1790 and Marshall lived there until his death in 1835. Because the Supreme Court was only in session for a portion of the year, for which the justices lived together in a Washington rooming house, John Marshall lived in Richmond most of the year during his tenure as Chief Justice. The house is on the National and the Virginia historic registers and has had few changes since Marshall lived in it. Furnishings and domestic artifacts are true to the period and many were owned by the Marshall family. The House combines Federal characteristics with a Roman temple pediment, Neo-classical motifs, Georgian elements and an English-bond brick water table. Next we will go to the Valentine Richmond History Center, the museum of the city of Richmond.
 Lunch: Boxed lunch at the Valentine Richmond History Center.
 Afternoon: This afternoon's field trip takes us to the State Capitol, based on designs by Jefferson and which has many well-known monuments on its grounds. Jefferson's design was inspired by the Maison Caree in Nimes, France, and classical Roman temple design. We'll see Houdon's life-size marble statue of George Washington, which stands in the center of the Capitol's Rotunda, and his bust of Lafayette. Busts of Henry and Marshall are found inside the Capitol, and statues of Henry and Poe are on the Capitol grounds. We'll return to the hotel with time to relax before dinner.
 Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.
 Evening: An evening for your enjoyment - musical entertainment, with lots of history, lots of instruments, and songs you may or may not know!
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Summary classes, departure
(Friday, November 1)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.
 Morning: Enjoy classes that summarize our views of Henry, Marshall, Poe, and Richmond.
 Lunch: At hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts. Check-out time for your room is 11:00 am. Thank you for choosing this Road Scholar program!
   
Accommodations: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia, and its People


Author: Marie Tyler-McGraw


Richmond, An Illustrated History


Author: Harry Ward




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