Road Scholar : Home
Treasures of Sicily

Program Number: 18212RJ
Start and End Dates:
9/30/2013 - 10/16/2013; 5/5/2014 - 5/21/2014; 5/26/2014 - 6/11/2014; 9/8/2014 - 9/24/2014; 9/29/2014 - 10/15/2014; 10/13/2014 - 10/29/2014; 10/20/2014 - 11/5/2014;
Duration: 16 nights
Location: Italy
Price starting at: $4,497.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type:
Meals: 39; 15 Breakfasts, 12 Lunches, 12 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian; Gluten Free    

Experience the dizzyingly diverse cultural influences that combined to create something totally unique in Sicily. Examine the ruins left behind as evidence of Magna Graecia, “Greater Greece,” including some of the most beautiful structures ever built by the Ancient Greeks; learn about the surprising, sometimes spectacular results of the clash between Norman and Arab civilizations; meet the proud, friendly Sicilians who are eager to share their villages, their cuisine and the beauty of their land.




Highlights

• Learn about the Norman Cathedral in Monreale; the Byzantine-style mosaics rival those of St. Mark's in Venice.
• Delve into the history of the Mafia from the 1860 unification movement of Sicily to recent attempts by the government to crack down on this famous organization.
• Discover the orchards and farms of the rich-soiled Mount Etna plains and share a lunch of freshly prepared Sicilian dishes at an agriturismo.



Activity Particulars

Walking up to two miles a day; uneven and hilly terrain at historic sites. Extended periods of standing.




Date Specific Information

9-30-2013, 5-5-2014, 5-26-2014, 9-8-2014, 9-29-2014, 10-13-2014, 10-20-2014

At this writing, the Bronzes of Riace are under restoration and may not be open for viewing. In this case, an alternative will be selected.
Enjoy the latest in hearing technology — listening devices — on this date.



Itinerary Summary

Arrival Giardini Naxos, 4 nights; coach to Syracuse, 4 nights; coach to Palermo, 7 nights; departure



Overnight flight from the U.S.A.
1 night
Arrival Giardini Naxos
4 nights

Learn about Sicily through expert history lectures on the island’s many colonizers. Journey to the charming mountainside comune of Taormina and investigate its stunning Greek theater ruins high above the sea. Examine the architecture of Messina, a city entirely rebuilt after its destruction by a 1908 earthquake.



Coach to Syracuse
4 nights

Experience the rich history of Syracuse, a city more than 2,700 years old. Visit the baroque Cathedral of Syracuse and the Paradise Quarry, where 7,000 Athenian soldiers were imprisoned. Venture to Noto, a UNESCO World Heritage Site known for its stunning churches, and meet the residents of the tiny, timeless village of Buscemi.



Coach to Palermo
7 nights.
Departure

Journey across Sicily to Palermo, the capital of the region of Sicily. Join a local family for a traditional Sicilian lunch in their home. In Agrigento, explore the finest extant ancient Greek temple complex anywhere, including Greece. Discover Palermo, strolling past the colorful fruit and fish carts of the morning market. In Monreale, view magnificent mosaics inside the Norman cathedral, manifesting Byzantine, Romanesque and Arab influences. In town, sample what locals claim are the best cannolis in Italy.




Italy

“Dolce far niente,” the “sweetness of doing nothing.” This ode to leisure is a distinctly Italian phrase, and yet the expression does not do justice to the hard-work ethos of the nation’s inhabitants. The monuments, art and civilization bequeathed to the people of modern Italy are a testament to the industry of their forebearers, and the legacy lives on in today’s Italians, who work hard to better enjoy the sweetness of repose.



Accommodations
Giardini Naxos: Four-star hotel with private beach. Syracuse: Four-star hotel with ocean views. Palermo: Historic, four-star hotel located in former Mercederian monastery.

Road Scholar Instructors
These instructors are participating on at least one date of this program. Please note that changes may occur.
Angelo Fanara

Angelo Fanara is a retired high school English teacher who continues to practice his love of teaching by leading Road Scholar groups in his native Sicily. Enthusiastic, engaging and charming, Angelo loves sharing his extensive knowledge of Sicily’s most important archaeological sites and museums with participants.
 
Catherine Paige

Catherine Paige was born in England and received her master's degree in social work from the University of Sussex. After working as a social worker in Brighton, she transferred to Sicily where she is an English Language Assistant at the University of Palermo. Since moving to Sicily, Catherine has developed an interest in local literature that she will convey in her talk on Sicilian writers.
 
Laura Lanza

Laura Lanza received her degree in literature and philosophy from the University of Palermo. She taught Italian, Latin and Greek in local high schools and enjoys her present role as an excursion leader in the province of Palermo. Laura enjoys traveling to European destinations as well as other continents with her family, and resides in the city of Palermo.
 
Michele Gallo

Michele Gallo is an English teacher and licensed excursion leader in Sicily, and shares his knowledge of the Valley of the Temples in Agrigento with visitors. Michele has contributed to BBC and TBS documentaries featuring UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
 
Meals and Lodgings
   Hellenia Yachting Hotel
  Giardini Naxos, Italy 4 nights
   Hotel Roma
  Syracuse/Island of Ortygia, Italy 4 nights
   Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
  Palermo, Italy 7 nights
 Hellenia Yachting Hotel
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The Hellenia Yachting Hotel is not in Taormina proper, but seaside just a few miles to the south in the quiet beach community of Giardini-Naxos
  Contact info: Via Jannuzzo, 41
Giardini-Naxos, NA 98035 Italy
phone: +39 0942 51737
web: www.hotel-hellenia.it
  Room amenities: Each room is equipped with private bath, a television set, mini bar, hair dryer, complimentary toiletries, and safe box for valuables.
  Facility amenities: The hotel has elegant and modern decor. Situated on the shore, a small private beach for hotel guests and swimming pool, open May to September. Large dining room, elevators to all floors, laundry service. Wi-Fi connectivity in the lobby and on the terrace (charges apply). For checking emails, an internet point is located in the lobby. Laundry service available.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: varies by season To book additional nights at the hotel, email Lavinia Tour, Trinity College’s partnering agency in Rome, info.reserv@laviniatour.it. Another option is to book directly through the hotel’s online reservation system www.hotel-hellenia.it. Indicate to the hotel or agency at the time of your booking that you are with the Road Scholar group and every effort will be made to ensure continuity of room assignment.

 Hotel Roma
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The ancient city was founded 2,700 years ago and was one of the great cities of the Greek ‘new world’ in Italy. At its peak it challenged Athens for control of the Greek colonial possessions, a rivalry that culminated in a war vividly described by the historian Thucydides. With power came contention, and Syracuse passed through the rule of numerous dictators and tyrants before capitulating to the expansion of Rome. Today the archeological ruins of its classical heyday are interspersed within a bustling, modern city which includes Ortygia, the small historic center and charming island overlooking the harbor. The Syracuse program site hotel is one of the few hotels located in the heart of Ortygia, very close to the magnificent center square.
  Contact info: Via Roma, 66
Syracuse, NA 96100 Italy
phone: +0931-465-626
web: www.hotelroma.sr.it
  Room amenities: Satellite television, mini-bar, safe box for valuables, hair dryer and individual climate control.
  Facility amenities: Fine dining at the hotel's restaurant. Relax in the lounge with bar service; take advantage of the fitness room or the Internet point in the lobby.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes

 Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: Formerly a Mercederian monastery (who facilitated prisoner exchanges during the 16th c.) it was combined with 2 adjacent buildings in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to form a bank and stock exchange. Newly restructured and updated in 2005 it is a modern business class hotel with full amenities. The old courtyard, supported by ancient columns, is a covered atrium. Centrally located in the heart of Palermo, near museums and opera theaters, this is an ideal location to explore the city. Enjoy the Liberty epoch decor in the common area and restaurants and modern rooms.
  Contact info: Via dei Cartari 18
Palermo, NA 90133 Italy
phone: +39 091-320-075
web: www.piazzaborsa.it
  Room amenities: Direct dial telephones from room; hair dryer, complimentary toiletries; mini bar; room safe for valuables; individual thermostat; Internet connection, satellite television.
  Facility amenities: Internet point in the lobby. Free Wi-Fi access. Laundry service. Conference center. Spa, massage, and aesthetic center (reservations required), Turkish bath, whirlpool, fitness center with resistance machines (free for guests). Bars, restaurants, boutiques.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights after: varies by season To book additional nights at the hotel, email Lavinia Tour, Trinity College’s partnering agency in Rome, info.reserv@laviniatour.it. Another option is to book directly through the hotel’s online reservation system www.piazzaborsa.it. Indicate to the hotel or agency at the time of your booking that you are with the Road Scholar group and every effort will be made to ensure continuity of room assignment
  Check out time: 10:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
Lunch provided for morning arrivals. Hotel check in 2:00 pm. Meet in lobby at 4:00 for Orientation and Welcome Reception. You will be staying at Hellenia Yachting Hotel that night.
  End of Program:
After breakfast, transfers to the airport. Hotel check out by 11:00 am. You will be staying at Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required.
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
  Train or bus availability: Bus service from Catania Airport to Giardini-Naxos.
To Start of Program
  Location:  Giardini Naxos
  Nearest city or town:  Taormina
  Nearest highway: Autostrada
  Nearest airport:  Fontana Rossa, Catania
  Transportation to site: To reach the program site on your own, there are two options - taxi or public bus. Taxi fare direct from the airport to the hotel is approx. EUR 100. More economical option is public shuttle bus operated by ETNA TRASPORTI www.etnatrasporti.it; email: info@etnatrasporti.it. Service runs hourly from Catania airport to Giardini Naxos. The ticket booth and boarding area are to the right of the terminal exit. Purchase a one-way ticket to Giardini Naxos from the kiosk or directly from the driver. The stop closest to the hotel is Recanati. The ride should take just over one hour. Buses leave every hour from 7:00 am to 7:45 pm, reduced service on Sundays and holidays. Fare is approximately EUR 10 per person including luggage. When you get off at Recanati and gather your luggage from the storage compartment in the belly of the bus, walk in the direction the bus was going, turn right at the corner and the hotel is about 100 yards on the left side of the street. Prices are approximate and subject to change
  From End of Program
  Location:  Departure
  Transportation from site: To reach the airport on your own, a taxi is the most convenient public transportation. Fare to Palermo airport (20 miles outside the city) is about EUR 50. Max. 4 passengers per taxi. Prices are subject to a supplement for night rides or excess luggage.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Departure from points in North America
(Monday, September 30)
   
 In Transit: Overnight flight crosses the Atlantic Ocean. Arrive in Catania, Sicily the following day.

Day 2: Arrival / Welcome Reception
(Tuesday, October 1)

Note: Minimal exertion.



   
 Arrive To: Transfer from Catania airport to hotel in Giardini Naxos. Notice imposing Mt. Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe.
 Lunch: At hotel restaurant.
 Afternoon: Settle in and relax before meeting for an informal gathering and reception to welcome you to Sicily. At the seaside resort town you can walk along the rocky beach or wander around the small commercial center.
 Dinner: At hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Hellenia Yachting Hotel
Meals Included: Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Orientation / Neighborhood Walk / History of Sicily
(Wednesday, October 2)

Note: Minimal exertion.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: The group leader goes over safety and logistics and distributes the most updated schedule detailed with times and restaurant names. A short walk in the vicinity of the hotel points out banks, shops, pharmacies and markets. First of a series of lectures on Sicily’s history. Topics include the ancient Mediterranean colonizers--people from Greece, Phoenicia, Carthage and their impact on this area of Sicily.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel restaurant.
 Afternoon: Leisurely walk with the group leader past the ruins of the original Greek settlement to reach the main town (and commercial center) of Naxos along the gulf.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Hellenia Yachting Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Taormina / Free Time in the Afternoon
(Thursday, October 3)

Note: The 20 min. coach ride to the parking lot of Mt. Tauro still leaves a 400 yard walk up an inclined road. Once on top, the road is fairly level. The walk down to and up from the public garden requires some effort.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: The guided visit of Taormina, charming town on the crest of Mount Tauro, begins at the open air Greek theater. The location is optimal to view the expansive slopes of Mount Etna as its backdrop. The traffic-free streets of the town are lined with shops, boutiques and cafés. It has long been a resort destination for nobility, artists and actors.
 Lunch: Lunch on your own. Chose from the many cafés, trattorias and restaurants in Taormina.
 Afternoon: Free time to stroll, shop, or relax in the welcoming piazzas of Taormina. The public garden offers a splendid view of the coastlines below. The manicured garden has numerous flowering plants, bushes and trees. It is a good place for a picnic if you prefer. Coach to the hotel for a late afternoon lecture on Sicilian Folklore and Traditions.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Hellenia Yachting Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 5: Tindari Archaeological Site / Messina
(Friday, October 4)

Note: Walking in an archaeological zone over uneven paths; standing while the expert discusses the significance of the ruins; rewarded with spectacular view of the Mediterranean Sea from the overlooks of the promontory (weather permitting.) Walk around the center of Messina over paved, level sidewalks.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Tindari is an archaeological site just west of Messina. It was an important Greek and subsequently Roman city. A local expert leads the visit to the theater from where you can enjoy sweeping views of the sea below. He will explain what we can learn about this city from its archaeological remains. This replaces a field trip to Reggio Calabria because the Bronzes of Riace are under restoration and currently not on display.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant that specializes in Sicilian dishes.
 Afternoon: Guided visit of Messina. Notice the uniform early 20th century architecture resulting from the rebuilding following the disastrous 1908 earthquake that leveled the city. A brief stop at the main square in Messina where you can enjoy a Sicilian gelato or cannoli pastry.
 Dinner: At hotel restaurant.
 Evening: Take a final walk around town and pack for the following morning's transfer to Syracuse.
   
Accommodations: Hellenia Yachting Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Transfer to Syracuse / Ortygia / Life in Italy Today
(Saturday, October 5)

Note: The Island of Ortygia is closed to coach traffic; we will disembark on the mainland and walk to the hotel. Porterage service will deliver the luggage to the hotel.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: In a classroom session learn about the institutions that shape life in Italy today. Check out of the hotel and board coach for the transfer ride along the coast, past the city of Catania to Ortygia Island in Syracuse. Observe the change in perspective of the looming Mt. Etna.
 Lunch: Lunch at an agriturismo, a working farm on the slopes of Mt. Etna. Visit the estate and the garden and orchards that thrive on the fertile volcanic soil and enjoy freshly prepared Sicilian dishes.
 Afternoon: Check into the hotel on the island of Ortygia. Orientation walk explores the oldest part of the city of Syracuse. The cathedral is a living example of the different cultures that colonized Sicily, each lending its own architectural style. The present cathedral incorporates architectural elements from a 5th c. BCE temple to Athena. Twenty six of the temple's Doric columns are still in place.
 Dinner: At hotel restaurant and free time to walk around the pedestrian friendly zone.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Roma
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Guided visit to Ortygia / Archaeological Zone
(Sunday, October 6)

Note: The quarries served as a source of stone, and the descent is slight, but uneasy footing. Greek theaters are built using the slope of a hill. Ascent is a little steep, not unlike a modern stadium. You may rest on the stone bleachers.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Visit the Cathedral which was rebuilt in the 18th century with a distinctive Sicilian Baroque style when the ancient facade collapsed in an earthquake. Local artisan workshops, cafés and boutiques abound in Ortygia's pedestrian center of narrow streets and lively squares.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Guided visit to the Archaeological zone in Syracuse, including the Greek theater and the Paradise Quarry, where 7,000 Athenian soldiers were imprisoned. The Greek theater, carved out of the rocky hillside in the 5th century BCE, was one of the most important theaters in the ancient world.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Roma
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 8: Buscemi: Village Frozen in Time / Free Afternoon
(Monday, October 7)

Note: The main road in Buscemi traverses a low hill and streets leading up or down require a little effort.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Step back in time to visit Buscemi, a typical Sicilian town of a century ago, depopulated by emigration. A local escort lead us through the streets, where we visit houses, shops and grape and olive presses of the previous centuries, complete with furnishings of the period. Contrast the foreman's house from that of the day laborer.
 Lunch: Enjoy a rustic style lunch at Ristorante Giannavi in the hills above Syracuse.
 Afternoon: Coach to Syracuse. Free time late afternoon to explore Ortygia at your own pace.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Roma
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Visit to the Archaeological Museum / Noto
(Tuesday, October 8)

Note: Standing while learning about archaeological items on display in the museum. In Noto a short, easy walk brings you to the center of town.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Guided visit to the Archaeological Museum in Syracuse. The collection includes artifacts of the Greeks, Romans and early Christians who settled in Sicily.
 Lunch: Sample local olive oil and farm fresh food for lunch at an agriturismo (working farm) near Noto.
 Afternoon: Free afternoon in Syracuse.
 Dinner: Dinner at hotel restaurant and pack for the next day's departure.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Roma
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: Transfer to Palermo / Roman Villa Casale
(Wednesday, October 9)

Note: The walk around the Roman villa is not strenuous.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: A coach ride across the island. Relax and enjoy the changing scenery of Sicily's interior.
 Lunch: Lunch at Trattoria La Coccinella in the town of Piazza Armerina.
 Afternoon: Piazza Armerina is a small, non-descript town outside of which were discovered, by pure chance, the ruins of a private Roman villa containing a most extensive and impressive series of floor mosaics. The guide will lead us through the villa and explain the meaning and significance of the mosaics, as well as give the most recent theories of who the owner was. Late afternoon arrival at hotel in Palermo.
 Dinner: At hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11: Explore Palermo / Lunch With a Local Family / Palatine Chapel
(Thursday, October 10)

Note: Walking on uneven pavement in the historical center of the city.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: An orientation walk in the neighborhood of the hotel points out ATMs pharmacies, bus stops, etc. Lecture on the diverse cultures that have permeated the Sicilian character.
 Lunch: Sample Sicilian dishes at the home of a gracious family.
 Afternoon: Guided visit of the Duomo and Palatine Chapel, covered from floor to ceiling with mosaics commissioned in the 12th century.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 12: Form and Function of Cathedrals / Market Walk
(Friday, October 11)

Note: Walking on uneven pavement in the historical center of the city.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: An illustrated lecture on how and why cathedrals were built as places of worship. After a break, an expert-led walk to explore the lively market of Palermo where colorful fruit, vegetables, fish, and home goods are displayed on typical and traditional carts.
 Lunch: Lunch on your own and some free time before the afternoon session at the hotel.
 Afternoon: A classroom session on Sicily's role in the birth of the modern Italian republic.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 13: Erice, Marsala and Trapani
(Saturday, October 12)

Note: The walk from the coach drop off point to the ancient gate of the hill town of Erice is somewhat steep.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Guided visit to Erice, an ancient mountain-top city reputedly established by Elymian refugees from the fall of Troy. Eryx, the founding king, introduced the worship of Aphrodite to Sicily and we see ruins of the temple. Also noteworthy are the church and Norman walls. Coach to Trapani for a visit and lunch at the Salt Works. Used since antiquity, the sun and wind provide the ideal location to evaporate sea water through a series of large water basins. Visit the old sea mill and enjoy the type of lunch served to the salt harvesters.
 Lunch: Lunch at a trattoria located in an old salt harvesting warehouse and wind mill. Taste simple but delicious food seasoned with the famous Trapani sea salt.
 Afternoon: Field trip continues to Marsala to visit the archaeological museum which houses the remains of a Punic era ship probably dated to mid 3rd c. BCE. Marsala figures prominently in the Italian Unification, General Garibaldi landed there with his invading army in 1860. The fortified wine Marsala, prime ingredient of "chicken or veal Marsala" and various mixed drinks and desserts, originated here. Opportunity for a Marsala tasting.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Agrigento and the Valley of Temples
(Sunday, October 13)

Note: Uneven dirt path connects the temples and museum, distance about one half mile down a slight incline.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: Coach to the southwestern coast of Sicily for an expert-led visit to the temples and ruins in Agrigento. The area boasts the finest extant Greek temple complex anywhere (including Greece) lined along a plateau above the water, as well as a fascinating archaeological museum with artistic and votive finds from the area.
 Lunch: Lunch at Ristorante Colleverde in Agrigento.
 Afternoon: The visit continues to the Archaeological Museum which houses an important collection of antiquities, including friezes from the Greek temples in Agrigento. Coach to Palermo late afternoon.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 15: Sicilian Writers \ Monreale's Splendid Cathedral
(Monday, October 14)

Note: Minimal walking in the small town of Monreale.



   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: Learn about Pirandello, Sciascia and Tomasi di Lampedusa, three writers who touch on themes of power, justice, and the human condition from the Sicilian perspective.Coach departs late morning for Monreale.
 Lunch: Enjoy lunch at Ristorante La Botte before visiting the sites.
 Afternoon: The massive Norman cathedral at Monreale is adorned in the interior with Byzantine medieval mosaics of the highest workmanship. The town is also know for its cannoli, reputedly the best in Italy. Return to Palermo late afternoon.
 Dinner: Dinner on your own.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 16: Current Reach of the Mafia \ Free Afternoon
(Tuesday, October 15)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: In the classroom a local expert describes the reach of organized crime in Sicily today and traces the origins of the Mafia to the early 18th c. when displaced peasants faced the loss of feudal common rights and turned to bandit
 Lunch: Lunch on your own.
 Afternoon: Free time to explore Palermo on your own.
 Dinner: Farewell dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Grand Hotel Piazza Borsa
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 17: Early Morning transfer to Palermo Airport
(Wednesday, October 16)
   
 Breakfast: Breakfast in the hotel dining room; continental style for participants with early morning departures.
 Morning: Coach to and Depart from Palermo airport.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
 
  Palermo Explore Palermo
Palermo is a city rich with history, art and culture. Many of the highlights are located within a short walk of the hotel. You may wish to take a tour of the famed Teatro Massimo, visit the Archeological Museum or stop into one of the beautiful Baroque churches in the neighborhood. Or, stroll down the Via della Libertà and take in Palermo’s Liberty-style architecture. For additional information, visit www.bestofsicily.com
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


Ancient Sicily, Monuments Past & Present


Author: G. Messineo, E. Borgia


Description: In this illuminating overview, ingenious overlays depict 17 important sites as they appear today and how they may have appeared in the past.



Blue Guide Sicily


Author: Ellen Grady


Description: This in-depth guide to Sicily's ancient history and archaeology features detailed maps and site plans.



Gomorrah


Author: Roberto Saviano, Virginia Jewiss (Translator)


Description: Savaiano's expose of the Naples mob documents in graphic detail the depredations and violence of the killers, criminals and thugs of the Camorra.



Midnight in Sicily, On Art, Food, History, Travel and La Cosa Nostra


Author: Peter Robb


Description: Combining interviews, research and essays on Sicilian history and culture, this vivid report by journalist Peter Robb is a superb introduction to Italy's glorious, corrupt and troubled south.



On Persephone's Island


Author: Mary Taylor Simeti


Description: Strong on the delights of rural life, Simeti's portrait of Sicily takes the form of a yearlong journal, capturing the spirit of the people, daily life, traditions and the land.



Palmento, A Sicilian Wine Odyssey


Author: Robert V. Camuto


Description: An American journalist living in France, Robert Camuto roams the vineyards and visits with vintners from Palermo to Marsala and the volcanic slopes of Mount Etna in this year-long celebration of the culture and spirit of Sicily, Italy's largest and oldest wine region.



Seeking Sicily, A Cultural Journey Through Myth and Reality in the Heart of the Mediterranean


Author: John Keahey


Description: Taken with Sicily, its culture and its literature, Kehey explores the food, history and pure pleasure of the place, using his heroes Giuseppe di Lampedusa, Leonardo Sciascia and other of Sicily's literary greats as a his guide



Sicily Map


Author: Touring Club Italiano


Description: A detailed map of Sicily (1:200,000), printed on water and tear-resistant paper.



Sicily, An Illustrated History


Author: Joseph Privitera


Description: Privitera covers the scope of Sicily and its diverse civilizations in lively prose and well-chosen illustrations in this succinct history.



Sicily, Through Writers' Eyes


Author: Claire Horatio (Editor)


Description: Homer, Herodotus, D.H. Lawrence, Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa and Elio Vittorini Peter Robb are also represented in this magnificent tour of Sicily, its history, culture and allure.



The Greek Cities of Magna Graecia and Sicily


Author: Fausto Longo, Lorena Jannelli, Luca Cerchiai


Description: An engaging history of the Western Greek colonies in Sicily and southern Italy in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C., featuring 240 magnificent color illustrations, maps and a site-by-site review of major archaeological sites.



The Leopard


Author: Giuseppe Di Lampedusa


Description: Evoking a lost world of privilege and tradition, Giuseppe Di Lampedusa's memorable tale, set on a rural Sicilian estate during the days of independence, follows the world-weary Don Fabrizio, Prince of Salina. A classic, now in a 50th anniversary edition.



The Shape of Water


Author: Andrea Camilleri


Description: The first of Camilleri's wildly popular Inspector Montalbano mysteries, nicely translated and shot through (pun intended) with not just memorable characters but also with Sicilian lore and politics. If you like the series, it continues in 12 more installments -- and counting.





You can't find a better value than Road Scholar.


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