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Discover Spain and Portugal: A Journey Through Iberia

Program Number: 14257RJ
Start and End Dates:
5/9/2013 - 5/26/2013;
Duration: 17 nights
Location: Spain/Portugal
Price starting at: $4,269.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type:
Meals: 42; 16 Breakfasts, 15 Lunches, 11 Dinners    
Meal Options: Vegetarian    

After the Reconquista expelled the Muslims from Iberia, Portugal emerged as an independent kingdom while Spain began a process of reunification under the kings of Castille. Uncover the historic bonds and modern divisions that continue to shape identities on the Iberian Peninsula, from Portugal’s Prince Henry the Navigator, to Madrid’s Habsburg and Bourbon dynasties and each country’s colonial expansion and wealth during the Age of Discovery.




Highlights

• Examine the Reconquista in Iberia, colonial expansion and contemporary history of Portugal.
• Stroll through the medieval heart of Toledo.
• Experts reveal the art, architecture and history of Madrid and Barcelona.



Activity Particulars

Walking one mile at a time, standing at least one hour. Extensive walking on cobblestones, other uneven ground. Some stairs without railings.




Date Specific Information

5-9-2013

Enjoy the latest in hearing technology — listening devices — on this date.



Itinerary Summary

Arrival Lisbon (Portugal), 4 nights; coach via Evora to Merida (Spain), 1 night; coach to Toledo, 1 night; coach to Madrid, 4 nights; coach to Barcelona, 6 nights; departure.



Overnight flight from the U.S.A.
1 night
Arrival Lisbon (Portugal)
4 nights

In the former Roman salt port of Lisbon, historians trace the centuries of Reconquista, the early recognition of the Kingdom of Portugal and colonial expansion under Prince Henry the Navigator. Enjoy an evening of Portugal’s famed “Fado” songs and visit the Gulbenkian Foundation, Sintra National Palace, the Jerónimos Monastery and the National Tile Museum.



Coach via Evora (Portugal) to Merida (Spain)
1 night
Coach to Toledo
1 night

Explore the medieval center of Evora and Merida’s National Museum of Roman Art, designed by Pritzker Prize winner Rafael Moneo. In Toledo, marvel at the Moorish character of the synagogue of "El Transito."



Coach to Madrid
4 nights

Trace Madrid’s evolution from medieval times to the Habsburg and Bourbon dynasties and discuss the Spanish Civil War, Franco and Spain’s transition to democracy. Explore the Royal Palace and El Prado Museum and venture to El Escorial Monastery, and the Alcázar of Segovia.



Coach to Barcelona
6 nights
Departure

In the region’s capital city, uncover Catalonia’s origins, language, expansion and role in forming the modern Spanish state. Discuss Modernism and explore the Picasso Museum, Figueres Dali Museum, Gala-Dali Castle Residence and Catalonia History Museum. Journey through Barcelona by foot to Parc Guell and Gaudi’s House Museum, Barrio Gotico and Tarragona’s Roman remains. Enjoy an evening of traditional Catalonian folkloric dance with music and costumes.




Accommodations
Lisbon: Centrally located hotel. Merida: Four-star hotel. Toledo: Converted 17th-century bakery. Madrid: Four-star hotel within walking distance of Plaza Cibeles and Puerta del Sol. Barcelona: Comfortable, centrally located hotel.
Meals and Lodgings
   Hotel Mundial
  Lisbon, Portugal 4 nights
   Hotel Tryp Medea
  Merida, Spain 1 night
   Hotel San Juan de Los Reyes
  Toledo, Spain 1 night
   Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
  Madrid, Spain 4 nights
   Hotel Catalonia Berna
  Barcelona, Spain 6 nights
 Hotel Mundial
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The Mundial hotel is located right in the heart of Lisbon, in the Baixa Pombalina district, with the São Jorge castle as backdrop and a stone's throw away from Praça do Rossio square, an area with easy and quick access to the main sights of the city.
  Contact info: Rua Dom Duarte, 4
1100 Lisbon,   Portugal
phone: +351 21 884 20 00
  Room amenities: Equipped with direct dial telephone, air conditioning, heating, individual safe, hairdryer, mini-bar, bathrobe, radio, satellite TV.
  Facility amenities: Laundry Service, 24 Hours Room Service, Handicapped Rooms Available
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: TBD Contact program provider for special rates and reservations.
  Check in time: 2:00 PM

 Hotel Tryp Medea
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The Tryp Medea is a modern, purpose built hotel, located in the area surrounding the old Roman bridge, an obligatory stop in the Spanish Silver Route.
  Contact info: Avda. de Portugal, s/n,
Merida,  06800 Spain
phone: +34 -92-437-2400
web: www.solmelia.com
  Room amenities: air conditioned rooms with en-suite bathrooms, hair driers.
  Facility amenities: Breakfast and Dining Rooms, meeting rooms, room-service.Wi fi internet access at extra cost.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes

 Hotel San Juan de Los Reyes
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: The magnificent listed building dated from 1889, completely gutted inside and rebuilt as a Hotel in 2000. Right at the center of the old Toledo next to El Greco's House and Museum, just across the road from the Former Synagogue Del Transito.
  Contact info: C/ Reyes Católicos, 5.
45002-Toledo,   Spain
phone: +34 -925-283-535
web: www.hotel-sanjuandelosreyes.com
  Room amenities: Free DSL Internet connection- Free safe -Satellite TV and Digital +Music channels- Mini bar Hydro-massage bathtub. - Hairdryer. - Magnifying mirror. - Amenities - Individual Adjustable heat and AC
  Facility amenities: Coffee shop, Restaurant, Souvenir shop, 24 Hrs reception, lifts to all floors. Air conditioning throughout the Hotel Free internet access.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes

 Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
Type: Full Service Hotel
  Description: This interesting hotel is located in the very heart of Madrid, just a few steps away from Plaza Cibeles and the Puerta del Sol, in a building dating from the beginning of the 20th century. Its excellent location, very close to the Prado Museum and the Thyssen Gallery, makes it possible to take full advantage of Madrid’s cultural offerings. Furthermore, the hotel offers all of its visitors a fantastic restaurant, a seasonal swimming pool and 5 function rooms that can be used to hold all types of events.
  Contact info: Gran Vía, 7-9
Madrid,  28013 Spain
phone: +34 91 531 22 22
web: www.hoteles-catalonia.com/en/our_hotels/europa/spain/madrid/madrid/hotel_catalonia_gran_via/index.jsp
  Room amenities: Air conditioning and heating, flat screen satellite TV, free internet access, hair dryer, infrared light (bathroom), marble bathroom, minibar, room service, safe deposit box, telephone in bathroom, telephone with direct line
  Facility amenities: Access for the handicapped, air conditioning and heating, bar, dry cleaning, fitness area, foreign exchange, internet, jacuzzi, laundry service, porter, restaurant, sauna, valuables deposit service.
  Smoking allowed: No
  Elevators available: Yes

 Hotel Catalonia Berna
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: Located in a fully restored historical building in a central position just two blocks from "La Pedrera" (Gaudi - Casa Mila) and four blocks from Plaza Catalunya.
  Contact info: Roger de Lluria, 60
Barcelona 08009,   Spain
phone: +34 93 272 00 50
web: www.hoteles-catalonia.com
  Room amenities: Private facilities,hair dryer, in room a/c & heating, tel., Satellite TV, Minibar, Safe deposit box. Wi-fi
  Facility amenities: Restaurant, Bar, Lounge and a spacious Lobby, lift to all floors. internet and wi-fi in public areas
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights after: TBA Please call Road Scholar Travel Services for details.
  Check out time: 11:00 AM


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
This program begins with lunch at the program hotel in Lisbon. Orientation is in the early evening. You will be staying at Hotel Mundial that night.
  End of Program:
This program ends after breakfast at the program hotel in Barcelona. You will be staying at Hotel Catalonia Berna the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required.
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
  Train or bus availability: Intercity trains and buses to/from most Spanish and European cities.
To Start of Program
  Location:  Lisbon
  Nearest city or town:  Lisbon
  Nearest airport:  Portelas de Sacavem (Lisbon)
  Transportation to site: Take a taxi from outside the arrival terminal. There is also a group transfer available for independent travelers at no additional cost. The transfer time will be confirmed in the final program materials approximately 5 weeks prior to departure.
  From End of Program
  Location:  Barcelona
  Nearest airport:  Barcelona Airport
  Transportation from site: Aerobus from Plaza Catalunya to Airport. Local Taxis. There is also a group transfer available for independent travelers at no additional cost. The transfer time will be confirmed in the final program materials approximately 5 weeks prior to departure.
The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Depart the US for Lisbon, Portugal
(Thursday, May 9)
   
 Depart From: Depart from the US on an overnight flight to Lisbon, Portugal.

Day 2: Arrival to Lisbon / Panoramic Orientation Drive
(Friday, May 10)
   
 Morning: You will meet your fellow participants at Lisbon Airport, and your Group Leader or an Road Scholar representative will assist you in transfering to your Hotel in downtown Lisbon.
 Lunch: Lunch at the Hotel Restaurant, followed by check-in to your room.
 Afternoon: This afternoon a guided orientation drive around the center of Lisbon will introduce some of the most important sights of the City including the Tower of Belem, Monument to the Discoveries, the Monastery of Jeronimos, and the Alfama district ending with a guided walk from "Bairro Alto" through "Chiado and "Baixa".
 Dinner: Your Group leader will an orientation and information meeting at the hotel to introduce you to your fellow travelers before dinner at the hotel restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Mundial
Meals Included: Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Gulbenkian Foundation and the Portuguese National Tile Museum
(Saturday, May 11)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture at the hotel: Portuguese Art & Architecture: "Gothic Manueline" style, the "Baroque" in Portugal, and Masters of Portuguese painting and fine arts. After the lecture, walk to the Gulbenkian Foundation Museum for an expert-led exploration of its collection.
 Lunch: Lunch at Gulbenkian Foundation self-service cafeteria.
 Afternoon: This afternoon enjoy an expert-led discovery of the centuries old decorative art of ceramic tiles at the Portuguese National Tile Museum housed at the former "Madre de Deus" Convent.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Mundial
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Lecture at the Hotel / Alcobaca Monastery and Fortress Village of Obidos / Fado Music and Songs
(Sunday, May 12)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture at the hotel: Eight hundred years of Christian Reconquest of Iberia; Muslim Cultural Influences in Portugal; Re-establishment of the Christian Kingdoms and the recognition of Portugal; Prince Henry the Navigator and his contribution to Portuguese colonial expansion.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant en route to the Alcobaca Monastery.
 Afternoon: This afternoon we venture into the countryside and drive to Alcobaca to visit the Monastery founded by the first Portuguese King, Afonso Henriques, in 1153, and that maintained a close association with the Kings of Portugal throughout its history. We continue to the walled Fortress village of Obidos. Freed from the Moors in 1148, it was presented by King D. Diniz to his young wife D. Isabel.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
 Evening: This evening enjoy an exclusive private performance of Fado instruments, music and songs and learn about this traditional Portuguese Folk music.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Mundial
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: National Palace of Sintra & "Cabo da Roca"
(Monday, May 13)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture at the hotel: Modern and Contemporary Portugal – Urban development, culture and the political system; Iberia – Relations between Portugal and Spain from the 18th century to date. After the lecture we drive to the former village of Sintra, today a part of "greater Lisbon" that still preserves village atmosphere and flavors. Enjoy an expert-led discovery of the National Palace of Sintra towering at the center of the former Village.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local Restaurant in Sintra Village.
 Afternoon: Enjoy some free time to explore the Village of Sintra before returning to Lisbon. Enroute we stop at "Cabo da Roca" and its lighthouse marking the most western point of Europe overlooking the Atlantic ocean.
 Dinner: This evening enjoy some free time to explore the local restaurants of Lisbon on your own.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Mundial
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 6: Discover Evora and Merida, the Roman town "Emerita Augusta"
(Tuesday, May 14)
   
 Breakfast: Early buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: Leaving Lisbon behind, we transfer to Merida. On the way we will stop in Evora, a well preserved walled medieval city where a local expert will take you on a guided walk introducing this charming former Royal town, very important during the Monarchy.
 Lunch: Early lunch at a local restaurant en route to Spain
 Afternoon: Continuing to Merida, you are now in Spain. A local expert will take you on an exploration inside the well preserved Roman remains dating from 24 B.C. including the Amphitheater, the Theater, and a former Roman Temple amongst other impressive landmarks. Afterwards enjoy some free time to explore the National Museum of Roman Art and some of the most important items of its collection of over 40.000 Roman pieces and articrafts found in the area. The museum is housed in an impressive building designed by Rafael Moneo Valles, the well known Spanish Architect. We arrive at the Hotel in the late afternoon for check-in and a well deserved rest; perhaps enjoy its comfortable modern day spa.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Tryp Medea
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Toledo Walking Exploration
(Wednesday, May 15)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel restaurant.
 Morning: This morning check-out of the hotel and transfer to Toledo.
 Lunch: A late lunch will be served at a local restaurant upon arrival in Toledo.
 Afternoon: After lunch your local expert will take you on a walking exploration of the Cathedral, the sacristy of Santo Tome, and the Musem El Greco. We will end with a visit to one of the two former Synagogues of "El Transito" or Santa Maria La Blanca, now museums, before arriving and checking in at the Hotel.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
   
Accommodations: Hotel San Juan de Los Reyes
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Depart Toledo / Panoramic Discovery of Madrid
(Thursday, May 16)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning enjoy exploring Toledo on your own. Later, check-out of your room and transfer to Madrid.
 Lunch: Lunch at the Hotel upon arrival.
 Afternoon: After lunch an expert-led panoramic drive will introduce the City of Madrid and its most important landmarks.
 Dinner: This evening we walk to a nearby restaurant for a "tapas" style dinner.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Lecture at the Hotel / Prado Museum
(Friday, May 17)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture at the hotel: Old Madrid: Capital of a Golden Age; Madrid of the Habsburgs; The Bourbon Dynasty from the18th century to present time.
 Lunch: Lunch at or near the hotel.
 Afternoon: This afternoon your local expert will take you on an exploration of "Museo del Prado" one of the most important landmarks of Madrid and the most prestigious Museums of Spain. After the guided visit you will have the remainder of the afternoon free to continue exploring the Museum, or the city of Madrid, on your own.
 Dinner: Enjoy some free time tonight to explore the local restaurants with some of your fellow travelers or on your own.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 10: Lecture at the Hotel / The Royal Palace
(Saturday, May 18)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture: Introduction to Spanish Painting - El Greco, Velasquez, Zurbaran, Ribera and Murillo.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel.
 Afternoon: During an expert-led discovery explore some of the over 2,000 rooms of the Royal Palace, rebuilt by Phillip V after the fire in 1734.
 Dinner: This evening enjoy time at leisure to explore some of the local restaurants.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 11: Segovia: The Alcazar & Roman Aqueduct and "El Escorial"
(Sunday, May 19)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: Transfer to Segovia this morning for an expert-led discovery of this former Roman town with its Roman Aqueduct, and the Royal Alcazar.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant in Segovia.
 Afternoon: After lunch our expert will introduce you to El Escorial Monastery
 Dinner: This evening you will meet some local university students for an hour of question and answers before joining them for dinner tonight at the Hotel.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Gran Via
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: Lecture / Transfer to Barcelona
(Monday, May 20)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture: Modern Spain: Spanish Nationalism & Identity, The Civil War: 40 years of Franco, Transition to Democracy (1975-1982).
 Lunch: After the lecture have lunch on your own before our departure for Barcelona.
 Afternoon: Transfer to Barcelona via motor coach.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel upon arrival in Barcelona.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Dinner

Day 13: Lecture / Barcelona Orientation drive
(Tuesday, May 21)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning attend a lecture about Catalonian Identity at the Museum of History of Catalonia.
 Lunch: Lunch at a local restaurant.
 Afternoon: This afternoon an excursion will take you on an orientation drive around Barcelona before an expert-led discovery of "Barrio Gotico" will introduce you to some of the Medieval buildings and former Palaces of this historical area of Barcelona.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Antoni Gaudi: Parc Guell and the Gaudi House Museum
(Wednesday, May 22)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast at the hotel.
 Morning: This morning depart for an expert-led discovery of Parc Guell, a garden complex with architectural elements designed by Antoni Gaudi, followed by an exloration of Gaudi's former house, now a museum.
 Lunch: Lunch at the hotel.
 Afternoon: This afternoon enjoy some free time to explore Barcelona on your own.
 Dinner: Dinner is on your own tonight to explore the local restaurants of Barcelona.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 15: City of Tarragona / Catalan Folk Music and Dances
(Thursday, May 23)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: Depart for an expert-led lecture / discovery of Tarragona, an ancient city with many well-preserved Roman remains . Also enjoy a drive along the coast line of Catalonia.
 Lunch: Lunch en route before returning to Barcelona.
 Afternoon: For the remainder of the afternoon you are free to explore Barcelona and its Museums, galleries and shops on your own.
 Dinner: Hotel dining room.
 Evening: After dinner we make it a late night out and transfer to a local community centre to join the rehearsal of "Esbart San Marti" for a private presentation of a dress-rehearsal featuring traditional Catalunya folk song and dances, and a chance to meet the participants afterwards for a drink at the "canteen"
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 16: "Fundacion Museo Dali" in Figueres / Gala Castle Residence
(Friday, May 24)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: After breakfast depart to Figueres for an expert-led discovery of the Dali Foundation, a Museum designed by Dali himself to house his works. A brief lecture on board the coach during the drive will introduce you to Salvador Dali.
 Lunch: Transfer to Pubol for lunch at a local restaurant
 Afternoon: This afternoon enjoy an expert-led exploration of "La Pera" Gala's Castle residence built by Dali in Pubol.
 Dinner: Enjoy some free time tonight to explore the local restaurants with some of your fellow travelers or on your own.
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Day 17: Lecture / Picasso Museum
(Saturday, May 25)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: This morning enjoy a lecture: "Life and works of four exponents of Modernism: Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Salvador Dali and Antoni Gaudi.
 Lunch: Lunch at the cafeteria of "Museo Picasso"
 Afternoon: After lunch enjoy an expert-led discovery of Museo Picasso. The remainder of the afternoon is at leisure to explore on your own, relax at the Hotel and pack your bags for tomorrow's departure.
 Dinner: Dinner at the Hotel restaurant
   
Accommodations: Hotel Catalonia Berna
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 18: Transfer to Airport
(Sunday, May 26)
   
 Breakfast: Buffet breakfast in the hotel dining room.
 Morning: Group Transfer to the Airport for departure flights.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast

Free Time Opportunities
 
  Barcelona Suggestions
During the Welcome and information meeting, a local "what is on" guide plus a list of "Suggestions for your Free time" with city maps and transportation maps, will be hand out to you.
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


A Traveller's History of Spain


Author: Juan Lalaguna


Description: A swift survey from prehistory through the Romans, Goths and Moors to the present.



Barcelona


Author: Robert Hughes


Description: A Longitude favorite, this big, thoroughly enjoyable cultural history of the city touches on architecture, art, religion and literature from Roman outpost to the present.



Eyewitness Guide Lisbon


Author: Eyewitness Guides


Description: A compact, illustrated guide to the city featuring excellent neighborhood maps and hundreds of color photographs. It also includes chapters on the surrounding areas and Lisbon's coast.



Eyewitness Guide Spain


Author: Eyewitness Guides


Description: This superb, colorful guide covering all of Spain features bright photography, dozens of maps and a region-by-region synopsis of the country's attractions.



Iberia, Spanish Travels & Reflections


Author: James Michener


Description: In this best-selling travelogue, Michener presents a compulsively readable and well-observed account of his love affair with Spain and all things Spanish. It has achieved the status of a classic, rich in detail and insightful.



Journey to Portugal, In Pursuit of Portugal's History and Culture


Author: Jose Saramago


Description: Jose Saramago's richly detailed account of his journey across Portugal in 1979. He combines his vivid impressions of the Portuguese landscape and people with a dose of history, fiction and meditations.



Painting in Spain 1500-1700


Author: Jonathan Brown


Description: Velazquez and El Greco are but a few of the Spanish artists discussed in this in-depth study of the art produced during Spain's golden age.



Spain & Portugal Adventure Map


Author: National Geographic


Description: A colorful, shaded relief map of Spain and Portugal at a scale of 1:1,000,000. Includes Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca, and the Canary Islands.



The Arts in Spain, From Prehistory to Modernism


Author: John Moffit


Description: From the cave painting at Altimira through the Golden Age, to the works of Picasso and Miro, this book documents the course of art in Spain, with 150 illustrations.



The Ornament of the World, How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain


Author: Maria Rosa Menocal, Harold Bloom (Introduction)


Description: A lively, illuminating portrait of the Andalucian Kingdom, its cultural achievements and religious tolerance from the eighth century to 1492.





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