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Ecuador & Peru: Exploring the Inca’s Sacred Empire and the Amazon Region

Program Number: 15476RJ
Start and End Dates:
10/17/2013 - 10/31/2013; 9/24/2014 - 10/9/2014;
Duration: 14 nights
Location: Peru/Ecuador
Price starting at: $4,719.00 - Price may vary based on date, departure city
Program Type: Adventure Afloat Study Cruise; River Boats Activity Level: t (see description)
Meals: 40; 14 Breakfasts, 13 Lunches, 13 Dinners    
Meal Options: Low Fat    

Join a team of naturalists on a six-night expedition through Ecuador’s Amazon Region. Spot river dolphins, giant river otters, parrots, monkeys, poison frogs, hoatzins, and other creatures. Venture into hidden tributaries on small boat excursions, head ashore for rainforest hikes and a night safari, and meet indigenous peoples to gain a remarkable perspective of life along the river. Then, journey to Andean highlands of Peru and the extraordinary Incan city of Machu Picchu.




Activity Particulars

Walking 1-2 miles per day, some uneven terrain and steps without railings. Elevations up to 12,400 feet.



Itinerary At-a-Glance

Quito (Ecuador), 2 nights; aboard ship, 6 nights; Lima (Peru), 1 night; Sacred Valley (Yucay), 2 nights; Machu Picchu, 1 night; Cusco, 2 nights; Lima, 1 night; departure.



Days 1-2: Arrival Quito (Ecuador):

Begin your study of Andean civilizations at the Casa del Alabado museum. Learn about the plight of the Latin American people at Capilla del Hombre, and explore Quito’s colonial streets. Lodging: Centrally located hotel.



Days 3-8: Flight to Coca and boat transfer / embark Manatee Amazon Explorer:

Naturalists highlight the ecology, cultures and 21st-century challenges of Amazonia. Spot river dolphins, monkeys, giant river otters, parrots, hoatzins, and other creatures. Venture into hidden tributaries on small boat excursions and head ashore for rainforest hikes and a night safari.



Days 9-11: Disembark and boat transfer to Coca / flight, via Quito, to Lima (Peru) / coach to Sacred Valley (Yucay):

Discover the agricultural genius of the Incas while in the Sacred Valley and visit the Ollantaytambo Ruins. Lodging: Airport hotel and comfortable country lodge.



Day 12: Train and coach to Machu Picchu:

Absorb spectacular views of the Andes en route to Aguas Calientes, then spend the afternoon on an expert-led excursion through the ruins of the Lost City of the Incas, Machu Picchu. Lodging: Comfortable hotel.



Days 13-14: Train and coach to Cusco:

Explore the mysterious walled Inca complex of Sacsayhuaman and the historic city of Cusco, then enjoy an authentic Andean dinner and a musical presentation. Lodging: Centrally located hotel.



Days 15-16:Flight to Lima / departure:

Lodging: Centrally located hotel.



Manatee Amazon Explorer

The Manatee Amazon Explorer has the capacity to accommodate up to 30 passengers in 14 of its charming double, double-twin and single-twin cabins. Each cabin is equipped with air conditioning, closets, a private bathroom complete with a special shower massage, hot and cold water, 24 hours of electricity and 110-voltage outlets and switches. Public areas include a bar, lounge, and dining room. She is also equipped with a small fleet of motorized canoes which provide unlimited mobility and allow for the exploration of the most remote areas and inaccessible shores.


Accommodations
Comfortable, centrally located hotels, double-occupancy bedrooms, private baths.
Meals and Lodgings
   Casa Andina Select
  Lima, Peru 2 nights
   M/V Jungle Discovery
  Amazonia, Peru 6 nights
   Posada del Inca
  Yucay, Peru 2 nights
   El Mapi Hotel
  Aguas Calientes, Peru 1 night
   Casa Andina Private Collection – Cusco
  Cusco, Peru 2 nights
   Casa Andina Select
  Lima, Peru 1 night
 Casa Andina Select
Type: Hotel
  Description: The Casa Andina Select hotel is located in Lima's trendy Miraflores neighborhood, within easy access to restaurants and local attractions. The newly constructed hotel has 155 rooms with modern installations and various amenities meant to satisfy the needs of both leisure and business travelers.
  Contact info: Calle Schell 452
Miraflores, Lima,   Peru
phone: +51-1-2139739
web: www.casa-andina.com
  Room amenities: Comfortable rooms with private baths, hair dryer, AC, safety deposit box, minibar, soundproof windows, direct dial phone, and cable TV.
  Facility amenities: Restaurant, Spa, gym, sun terrace with Jacuzzi, conference rooms, business center, high-speed Wi-Fi Internet access, laundry service, valet service, currency exchange, 24 hr front desk, luggage storage, and souvenir shop.
  Smoking allowed: Yes
  Elevators available: Yes
  Additional nights prior: Subject to availability. Please contact the Program Coordinator, Holbrook Travel, at 1-800-866-7111 or roadscholarprograms@holbrooktravel.com for information on availability and rates.
  Additional nights after: Subject to availability. Please contact the Program Coordinator, Holbrook Travel, at 1-800-866-7111 or roadscholarprograms@holbrooktravel.com for information on availability and rates.

 M/V Jungle Discovery
Type: Riverboat
  Description: The MV Jungle Discovery measures 98.4 ft in length and 34.8 ft in beam and has 3 decks. The modern river vessel was built in 2005 and is able to carry up to 30 passengers in its 15 comfortable, air conditioned cabins. All cabins on the MVJungle Discovery are outward facing and have windows.
  Ship Information: LENGHT: 30 m / 98.4 ft BEAM: 10.60 m / 34.8 ft DRAFT: 1.15 m / 3.8 ft COUNTRY FLAG: IQUITOS, PERU YEAR CONSTRUCTION: 2005 GENERAL ENGINES: 2 X VOLVO PENTA 235 HP AUXILIARY ENGINES: 2 X OUTBOARD 75HP GENERATORS: 2 X PERKINS 45 KVH CURRENT: 110 V / 220 V - 12 / 24 AMP FRESH WATER TREATMENT: SPECIAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR RIVER WATER IN SHOWER AND SINK SEWAGE TREATMENT: SEWAGE TREATMENT SYSTEM FOR BLACK WATER NAVIGATION & SAFETY: RADIO SSB & VHF, GPS, RADAR AND DEPTH SONAR SPEED: 5 – 8 KNOTS CAPACITY: 30 PASSENGERS
  Contact info: 00000000000000000
00000000000000,   Peru
phone: +0000000000000000
  Room amenities: Each cabin has a large picture window, air conditioning, and its own private bathroom with hot and cold water. The MV Jungle Discovery only has outer cabins. Cabin sizes vary by cruise category. Cabins located on the Sun Deck and Main Deck are larger and have access to the outer decks instead of an inner hallway.
  Facility amenities: Social areas include an air conditioned dining room, a bar, a panoramic terrace, and a spacious sundeck.
  Smoking allowed: No

 Posada del Inca
Type: Hotel
  Description: Country lodge built on the site of a 350 year old monastery.
  Contact info: Plaza Manco II de Yucay 123
Yucay,  0000 Peru
phone: +518-420-1107
web: www.sonesta.com
  Room amenities: Heating, direct dial telephones, and in-room safe.
  Facility amenities: Restaurant, bar, business center, meeting room, gift shop, and luggage storage.
  Smoking allowed: Yes

 El Mapi Hotel
Type: Hotel
  Description: El Mapi (formerly Machu Picchu Inn) provides a wonderful location from which you can admire the quaint and folksy town known as Aguas Calientes.
  Contact info: 109 Pachacutec Ave.
Machu Picchu Pueblo
Aguas Calientes,   Peru
phone: +51-84-211011
web: www.elmapihotel.com/
  Room amenities: Each room is equipped with blackout curtains, 100% cotton sheets, down duvets, hypoallergenic pillows, cotton bath robes, natural herbal amenities, 32" flat screen TVs and tight-focus reading lights.
  Facility amenities: Assistance between Machu Picchu train station and the hotel, luggage storage, wake up calls, 24 hr reception desk, restaurant, DirecTv, Wi-fi, turndown services between 6pm- 8pm, self-guided fern walk, oxygen upon request, hot water pool, gift shop, and computer room.
  Smoking allowed: No

 Casa Andina Private Collection – Cusco
Type: Four-Star Hotel
  Description: Converted from an 18th century colonial house, the hotel is located 3 blocks away from Cusco’s main square.
  Contact info: Plazoleta de Limacpampa Chico 473
Cusco,   Peru
phone: +51-84-232610
web: www.casa-andina.com
  Room amenities: 100 rooms with heat, cable television, safe deposit box, direct-dial telephone, coffee making facility and private bathroom with hairdryer. Oxygen available upon request.
  Facility amenities: Restaurant and bar, Wi-Fi Internet access, PC with internet access, laundry service, room service, medical assistance and currency exchange.
  Smoking allowed: Yes


Travel Details
  Start of Program:
Arrivals at the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima, Peru. Hotel check-in begins at 3 p.m. You will be staying at Casa Andina Select that night.
  End of Program:
Departures from the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima, Peru. Hotel check-out by 11 a.m. You will be staying at Casa Andina Select the night before.
  Required documents:
The Road Scholar Health & Safety Form is required. A yellow fever certificate is necessary for those visiting the Amazon region of Peru.
  Required innoculations:
Yes: A yellow fever certificate is required when visiting the Amazon region of Peru. You will be traveling in an endemic area for yellow fever. Please contact the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for health information specific to Peru (800) CDC-INFO or www.cdc.gov.
  Parking availability:
N/A
Transportation (For Independent Travelers)
  Train or bus availability: N/A
To Start of Program
  Location:  Lima
  Transportation to site: Taxi services are available at the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima. Participants who wish to use a taxi should consider selecting one of the official airport taxi companies (e.g., Taxis Green) with desks located in the arrivals hall of the airport. The services are payable in nuevo soles or American dollars.
  From End of Program
  Location: Lima
  Transportation from site: Taxi transportation is available from the hotel to the international airport in Lima. Please ask for assistance at the hotel's front desk.
    (Additional transportation information same as above)


Required innoculations:

Yes: A yellow fever certificate is required when visiting the Amazon region of Peru. You will be traveling in an endemic area for yellow fever. Please contact the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for health information specific to Peru (800) CDC-INFO or www.cdc.gov.

Elevation Note: Cusco 11,000 ft/Chincheros 12,330 ft

The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.


Daily Schedule

Day 1: Arrivals in Lima, Peru.
(Thursday, October 17)
   
 Arrive To: Arrivals in Lima.

Proceed through Immigrations, Baggage Claim and Customs before exiting the secured area of the airport. The Road Scholar representative will be waiting outside the exit door with a Road Scholar sign (only applies to Road Scholar group flights).

Transfer to the hotel and check-in.

Please note that this is an international travel day; no meals or program activities are scheduled on this day. Hotel check-in usually begins at 3 p.m.
   
Accommodations: Casa Andina Select

Day 2: Lima -
Exploring Colonial Lima.

(Friday, October 18)
   
 Breakfast: At hotel restaurant.
 Morning: Program orientation session.

Lecture: Overview & Diversity of Peru.

Field trip to the Archaeological Museum.

This is Peru's oldest and largest state museum. It is housed in an old colonial mansion on Plaza Bolivar, in the Pueblo Libre District of Lima. The museum displays a large collection of ceramics, textiles, sculptures, and ancient Peruvian metals dating back to pre-Hispanic times. Some notable pieces in this collection are the Raimondi Stela and Tello Obelisk. Another portion of the exhibits focuses on the country's colonial and Republican periods.
 Lunch: At local restaurant.
 Afternoon: Walking orientation through Lima including the Cathedral.

The most important church in any town in Peru is usually called La Catedral (Cathedral). In the case of Lima, La Catedral is also the most important church in all of Peru. This beautiful colonial building in the Plaza de las Armas presumably houses the remains of Francisco Pizarro--whether the bones are authentic or not is a matter of conjecture.
 Dinner: Dinner at the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Casa Andina Select
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 3: Amazonia Cruise -
Flight to Iquitos/Cachaza Factory/Cruise the Napo River.

(Saturday, October 19)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel. **

**In the event the group is confirmed on the early morning flight to Iquitos, a light breakfast will be served on the flight.
 Morning: Transfer to the airport to board a flight to Iquitos.

Arrive in Iquitos. Transfer to the main dock and board the MV Jungle Discovery.

After being welcomed aboard, participants will enjoy a general ship orientation, including an introduction to the crew and a safety briefing.

As the ship lifts anchor and begins to leave Iquitos, observe the riverfront area, local lumber factories,and small riverine villages along the way.

 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: At the Yanamono Creek, pay a visit to a local factory that specializes in making sugarcane liquor called "cachaza" (cachaça, if made in Brazil). Learn about the history of this potent alcoholic beverage and observe the distillation process that transforms pressed sugar cane juice into a tasty beverage.

As the day begins to wind down, board motorized canoes and navigate downstream towards the mouth of the Napo River. Search for resident wildlife such as pink and gray river dolphins, herons, and numerous other wading birds.

Return to the boat for the night.
 Dinner: On board the boat.
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 4: Amazonia Cruise -
Cultural Interaction with Indigenous Peoples/Forest Hike/Nighttime Nature Excursion.

(Sunday, October 20)
   
 Breakfast: This morning we will be moored at Palometa Creek, near Pebas Village.

After boarding motorized canoes, enjoy a guided excursion to a nearby black water lake in search of birds--such as the exotic Hoatzin--and other resident wildlife.

Return to the boat for breakfast.

 Morning: After a delicious breakfast, embark on a cultural field trip to a Bora or Wuitoto Indian community.

The indigenous population in this area continues to hold fast to their customs, utlizing traditional handmade tools to accomplish everyday tasks, surviving off the land, and living in thatched buildings.

Return to the boat.
 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: After lunch, take part in a guided hike through old and new growth forest at Limon Creek.

Study the incredible vegetation found in the rainforest, from low lying plants such as moss and ferns, to giant Kapok trees. Admire the diversity of shapes and sizes of foliage and vines, and learn about the incredible medicinal properties of various plant specimens. Scan the forest canopy for Squirrel and Capuchin monkeys, Yellow-headed Caracaras, and Oriole Blackbirds. But don't forget to mind your step! The deceivingly dull forest floor is alive with all nature of insects and reptiles hiding beneath the layers of decomposing leaves and other forest debris. Look out for industrious leaf-cutter ants as they march home with the fruits of their labor.

Return to the boat.
 Dinner: On board the boat.
 Evening: Cap the day with a nighttime boat excursion. Search for nocturnal animal species and revel in the rhythmic music of the forest.

The lack of light pollution in the region makes for some good star gazing opportunities!
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 5: Amazonia Cruise -
Wildlife on the Amazon River/Life in a Jungle Village/Piranha Fishing & Nighttime Caiman Spotting.

(Monday, October 21)
   
 Breakfast: Early morning boat excursion along the banks of the Amazon River. Search for monkeys, toucans, parrots, kingfishers, and other wildlife as the jungle begins to wake up.

Return to the boat for breakfast.
 Morning: At mid-morning, stop at Paranaquiro for a visit to a typical Amazon village.

As the boat continues its journey down the Amazon River, notice the people who live along its banks; learn about their way of life, study the simple architecture of their thatched dwellings, and delight in the local children who are oftentimes seen waving from the shore.
 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: Arrive at Caballo Cocha Lake's channel. For the next hour, enjoy navigating up the narrow channel and searching for wildlife along the verdant riverbanks. Look for gray and pink Amazon River dolphins that tend to congregate near the mouth of the channel.

Disembark at Caballo Cocha. After a short walk, board motorized canoes in search of a good fishing spot. With a makeshift fishing rod and a hook baited with a piece of beef, try your hand at catching piranhas (pirañas). Learn the real truth behind this much maligned prehistoric-looking freshwater fish.

Return to the boat.
 Dinner: On board the boat.
 Evening: After dinner, embark on a caiman spotting excursion. With the aid of flashlights, look for pairs of reflective eyes above the water's surface. If you are lucky, you might get to see a caiman up close when your trained guide attempts to catch one bare-handed!
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 6: Amazonia Cruise -
Amazon's Three Frontiers/Wildlife on the Cayaru River.

(Tuesday, October 22)
   
 Breakfast: On board the boat.
 Morning: After breakfast, board motorized canoes and transfer to the border cities of Leticia, Colombia and Tabatinga, Brazil (no need for visas since you will be in transit). Take the opportunity to walk about these neighboring communities and study the interesting blend of Spanish, Portuguese, and indigenous cultures.

Return to the boat.
 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: From the comfort of the observation deck, study the passing jungle and its wildlife as we navigate up the Amazon River on the way back to Iquitos.

Time permitting, enjoy a brief stop at Micos Island, Columbia to try and spot resident monkey species and admire the iconic Victoria Amazonica Lily pads.

Later in the day, stop at a segment of the Cayaru River to look for birds, sloths, and monkeys.
 Dinner: On board the boat.
 Evening: Optional star gazing from the observation deck.
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 7: Amazonia Cruise -
Early Morning Bird Watching/Jungle Survival Lesson/ Rainforest Hike.

(Wednesday, October 23)
   
 Breakfast: Early this morning, board motorized canoes and explore one of the area's many oxbow lakes in search of resident birds. The initial morning hours present great viewing opportunities as birds tend to be most active during the early hours of the day and at sundown.

Return to the boat for breakfast.
 Morning: After breakfast, join your naturalist guide on an extensive walk through old growth and new growth forest, near the San Juan of Camucheros village.

During your hike, you will learn about survival techniques such as finding food and water, recognizing what plants to use for medicinal purposes, and how to build a fire. Familiarize yourself with rainforest ecology and savor your proximity to nature during this full morning in the jungle.

Return to the boat.
 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: Disembark and venture into the rainforest in search of orchids, ferns, Ceiba trees, strangler figs, bromeliads, and numerous other plant life.

Visit a nearby black-water channel to look for macaws, toucans, tanagers, woodpeckers and more.

Return to the boat.
 Dinner: On board the boat.
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 8: Amazonia Cruise -
Early Morning Birding/Yagua Village/Fishing on the Apayacu River.

(Thursday, October 24)
   
 Breakfast: Early morning wake-up call. With binoculars in hand, board a motorized canoe to a nearby black-water lake for birding activities. Pink river dolphins are known to frequent the Ampiyacu River, so be on the lookout along the way!

Return to the boat for breakfast.
 Morning: Enjoy a morning of cultural interaction during a field trip to a Yagua Indian village. Familiarize yourself with blowgun hunting techniques and observe traditional dances as the villagers welcome all to learn about their way of life and cultural traditions.

Bartering is an accepted practice in this region. Those wishing to do so, can attempt to exchange their modern/store-bought products for locally made crafts.

Return to the boat.
 Lunch: On board the boat.
 Afternoon: Spend a fun afternoon fishing for black and red piranhas on the Apayacu River.

 Dinner: On board the boat.
   
Accommodations: M/V Jungle Discovery
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 9: Yucay/Sacred Valley of the Incas -
Flight to Cusco/Scenic Drive to Sacred Valley/Pisac Market/Introduction to Machu Picchu.

(Friday, October 25)
   
 Breakfast: On board the boat.
 Morning: Arrive in Iquitos and disembark.

Transfer to the airport

Morning flight to Cusco (via Lima)

Traditional Inca welcome with coca tea upon arrival at the Cusco airport.

Visit the Pisac Market and watch local artisans at work.

The Pisac Market dates back to the ancient Peruvian days when people in the highlands depended on trade. The traditional produce market is held on Sundays, when natives come to trade vegetables, herbs and potatoes for other goods like matches, oranges and medicines. During other days of the week, the town hosts a handicrafts market where all nature of locally made crafts can be seen on display.

 Lunch: Box lunch en route.
 Afternoon: Arrive at the hotel and check-in.

Lecture: Late afternoon tea with an expert on the Machu Picchu ruins who will discuss the spiritual and mystical significance of the Inca sites.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Posada del Inca
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 10: Sacred Valley of the Incas -
Chincheros Town/Andean Agriculture/ Ollantaytambo Ruins.

(Saturday, October 26)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Morning visit to Chincheros town including a visit to a weaving cooperative, where you will meet with locals and learn about traditional weaving styles and techniques.

Weaving is a way of life in Chincheros, as important for preserving ancient traditions as it is for earning a livelihood. Located in the Peruvian Andes on the Inca road between Cusco and Machu Picchu, Chincheros was an early Inca center built by emperor Tupa Inca as his country estate. During Inca reign, textiles were woven and offered to mark special occasions, from peace treaties and sacrifices to marriage ceremonies and puberty rites. In Chincheros, children grow up playing with their mother's spindle and loom. By age six or seven, most children learn to weave by watching their elders. They begin by weaving jakimas, or narrow ribbons, before moving on to more complicated pieces.

Learn about Andean agricultural techniques during visits to local farms.

Lecture: The Agriculture of the Incas.
 Lunch: At the hotel.
 Afternoon: Field trip to Ollantaytambo Ruins with a local guide who will highlight the engineering genius of the Inca.

The Ollantaytambo Ruins are not ruins in the traditional sense. Ollantaytambo is a town with original buildings of Inca construction where the Inca retreated to make their last stand in the highlands against the Spanish. Running water still flows through the town in aqueducts and the agricultural terraces above the town are still in use. The pinnacle above the town is a small burial ground.

 Dinner: At the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Posada del Inca
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 11: Machu Picchu Ruins/Scenic Train Ride.
(Sunday, October 27)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Train to Machu Picchu following the Urubamba River with spectacular views of the Andes.

Upon arrival, continue with a bus transfer to the Machu Picchu Ruins
 Lunch: Lunch at local restaurant near the ruins.
 Afternoon: Full afternoon guided field trip in and around Machu Picchu Ruins, including site lecture.

This ancient Inca city was rediscovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, a Yale graduate and U.S. senator fascinated with Inca archaeology. Bingham found Machu Picchu, with the help of a local farmer who knew about the ruins, while searching for Vilcabamba and Vitcos. He hypothesized that the site was a "citadel," existing for strategic and defense purposes. He also speculated that the site was a refuge for Cusco's Virgins of the Sun, based upon the finding of skulls there, although not scientifically classified as female. Breakthroughs in archaeology since 1985 have, taken as a whole, supported the emerging view of Machu Picchu as a ceremonial and administrative center for a very populous region. Machu Picchu was built, flourished, and fell into demise within a period of 100 years.

 Dinner: At the hotel.
   
Accommodations: El Mapi Hotel
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 12: Exploring Aguas Calientes/Transfer to Cusco.
(Monday, October 28)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Guided excursion around the town of Aguas Calientes with a visit to the local market.

Participants who wish to revisit Machu Picchu, can skip the morning excursion and use that time to return to the ruins (at an additional cost) on their own.

NOTE: New regulations reduced the daily quota of visitors allowed to enter Machu Picchu and nearby archaeological sites (e.g., Huayna Picchu) , and entrance tickets are no longer sold on site. Participants wishing to visit the ruins on this day must obtain their tickets in advance. Please contact the program provider for more information.
 Lunch: At the hotel.
 Afternoon: Transfer to train station

Early afternoon train to Ollantaytambo station and bus transfer to Cusco

Arrive at hotel and check-in.

Time at leisure.
 Dinner: At the hotel.
   
Accommodations: Casa Andina Private Collection – Cusco
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 13: Cusco -
Sacsayhuaman Ruins/Colonial Architecture/ Andean Music.

(Tuesday, October 29)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Field trip to the Sacsayhuaman Ruins

The fortress of Sacsayhuaman forms the head of the Puma design of old Cusco. It is a wonder of technical achievement and a testament to human will. It is a mystery how it was constructed, since the stones are not found in the region, and most of the blocks weigh more than a ton. The largest rock weighs more than 300 tons. Sacsayhuaman is constructed of huge polygonal blocks which interlock with one another. The stones are so precisely placed that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them.

Excursion through the city of Cusco.

The center of Cusco is a history lesson. Modern and colonial buildings are built on top of Inca foundations, and colonial churches dominate the central square.
 Lunch: Lunch at a café in the main plaza where you can enjoy the colonial architecture of the city.
 Afternoon: Afternoon at leisure.

Pre-dinner presentation by expert on the history of Inca and Andean musical instruments.
 Dinner: Enjoy traditional Andean cuisine at a local restaurant.
   
Accommodations: Casa Andina Private Collection – Cusco
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 14: Cusco/Lima -
Flight to Lima/A Look at Peruvian Cuisine.

(Wednesday, October 30)
   
 Breakfast: At the hotel.
 Morning: Transfer to the airport.

Mid-morning flight to Lima.

Arrive in Lima and transfer to the hotel.

 Lunch: Enjoy a presentation on Peruvian cuisine at a local restaurant, followed by a farewell lunch.
 Afternoon: Afternoon at leisure to explore Lima, finish packing, or rest at your hotel.
 Dinner: Light dinner at the hotel.
 Evening: Depending on the flight schedules, some participants might need to leave for the international airport this night. These participants will not miss any program activities.

   
Accommodations: Casa Andina Select
Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

Day 15: Departures / Arrive in the U.S.
(Thursday, October 31)
   
 Depart From: Transfer to the Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima for flight back to the U.S.

Note: Participants with independent travel arrangements and/or scheduled on later flights can keep their hotel rooms until check-out time on this day. Except for breakfast, all other meals are on your own on this day.
 Breakfast: Breakfast (dependent on flight times) at the hotel.
   
Meals Included: Breakfast
Important information about your itinerary: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information featured on this website. Itineraries are based on our best information at this time. Circumstances beyond our control may require us to adjust itineraries or other details. We regret any inconvenience this may cause and appreciate your understanding. Information will be sent to you from your Program Provider approximately three weeks prior to the program start date. The prices listed for commercial services and facilities that are not included in the program cost, such as airport shuttles or extra nights lodging, are subject to change without notice. Since Road Scholar cannot guarantee the accuracy of these prices, we strongly suggest contacting the companies directly for the most up-to-date information.

Suggested Reading List


Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide


Author: Louise H. Emmons & François Feer


Description: This beautifully illustrated field guide contains all you need to know about rainforest mammals in Central and South America. It has color plates, range maps and detailed descriptions of each animal, including information about their biology, behavior and natural habitats.



Insight Guide: Amazon Wildlife


Author: Hans-Ulrich Bernard


Description: This colorful guidebook provides readers with an overview of the Amazon Valley; from popular tourist sites to more remote areas and villages. It also features interesting information about local cultures and history.



A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Peru


Author: Clive Byers


Description: A handy shirt pocket guide.



Archaeological Map of Machu Picchu


Author: Wright Water Engineers


Description: Ken Wright's full color site plan shows monuments, topography and physical features of the Inca sanctuary in exquisite detail.



Birds of Peru


Author: Tom Schulenberg, Dan Stotz, John O'Neill, Dan Lane


Description: Gorgeously illustrated, this authoritative guide covers nearly 20% of the world's birds.



Insight Guide Peru


Author: Insight Guides


Description: Panoramic in scope, this illustrated overview brings Peru to life in hundreds of color photographs and vivid essays by a team of experts writing on history, archaeology and culture.



Peru, Birds of the Forest


Author: Rainforest Publications


Description: A handy, double-sided laminated card depicting 100 commonly encountered par-rots, motmots, hummingbirds and other forest birds of Peru.



The Inca Trail, Cuzco & Machu Picchu


Author: Richard Danbury


Description: Not just for those hiking the Inca Trail, this compact guide is an excellent overview of the culture and history and attractions of Cuzco and the Sacred Valley. With a chapter on Lima, good maps, travel information and photographs.



The Incas and their Ancestors, The Archaeology of Peru


Author: Michael Moseley


Description: An outstanding illustrated survey of the archaeology of the Inca, Moche and Nasca civilizations. With hundreds of color illustrations and line drawings, it's an in-depth look at the ancient cultures and history of Peru. A great general introduction.



The Incas, People of the Sun


Author: Carmen Bernard, Paul Bahn (translator)


Description: Featuring hundreds of drawings and photographs, a chronology and long excerpts from the journals of early explorers, this is a colorful pocket encyclopedia of Inca history and archaeology.



The Peru Reader, History, Culture, Politic


Author: Orin Starn


Description: Lively and literate, this meaty anthology ranges from historical accounts to modern analysis.



Tropical Nature


Author: Adrian Forsyth, Ken Miyata


Description: A lively, lucid portrait of the tropics as seen by two uncommonly observant and thoughtful field biologists. Its 17 marvelous essays introduce the habitats, ecology, plants and animals of the Central and South American rainforest





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