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WILLIAMSBURG, VIRGINIA

Freedom, Faults and Frustrations: The Real Story of the Civil War on the Virginia Peninsula

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Road Scholar
Program #17428RJ
6 Days | 5 Nights
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Moderately Challenging
Love to learn in a small-group setting? This collection of programs has at most 10-24 participants.
See our Small Group programs.
EasyFor people looking to exercise their minds more than their bodies. There’s minimal walking and not too many stairs.
ModerateThese programs get you on your feet and include activities such as walking up to a mile in a day through a city and standing in a museum for a few hours.
ActiveFor people who enjoy walking as much as two miles a day, perhaps to explore historic neighborhoods or a nature trail.
Moderately ChallengingFor hardy explorers who enjoy a good physical challenge, spending most of their days on the go.
ChallengingGet ready to keep up with our highest-energy group. These demanding — and rewarding — programs are for seasoned outdoor enthusiasts.

Itinerary for Apr 28 — May 3, 2013

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Type: Hotel

Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.

Contact info:
351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com

Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge

Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds)
Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.

Check in time: 4:00 PM


Day One: Sunday, April 28 - Overview of the Civil War on the Peninsula
Afternoon: Registration and Welcome. Meet your fellow Participants and get settled into your room.

Dinner: Enjoy a good, traditional style dinner with a Southern accent, served buffet style in a private dining area. All dinners for the week will be in this venue.

Evening: Class: "An Overview of the Civil War on the Virginia Peninsula, 1861-62" Learn about the maneuverings and clashes in this strategically critical area that began right after the firing on Fort Sumter. Hear about flamboyant generals and others that were overly cautious. Discover how this region contributed major policy trends to the debate on slavery and emancipation.

Lodging: Clarion Hotel Historic District

Meals Included: Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.

Contact info:
351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com

Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge

Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds)
Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.

Check in time: 4:00 PM


Day Two: Monday, April 29 - Field Trips to Fort Monroe National Monument and ...
Field Trips to Fort Monroe National Monument and site of the Battle of Big Bethel

Note: Most of the walking on the field trip is on paved walks on level ground. Those not wishing to climb onto the ramparts can continue their exploration of the museum.

Breakfast: Start the day with a generous buffet breakfast in our private dining area.

Morning: Class: "War Comes to the Peninsula: The Battle of Big Bethel and the Burning of Hampton" Explore the first year of the war when the Union fortified Fort Monroe which guarded the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay. Discover General Benjamin Butler's unique application of the concept of contraband. Learn about the tragic burning of the town of Hampton by Confederate troops under the flamboyant General John B. Magruder. Class: "Fort Monroe during the Civil War" This fort was built in the early nineteenth century on the site of two colonial era forts and was a crucial foothold for Union forces less than 100 miles from the Confederate capital at Richmond. It served as a launching point for a number of campaigns, became "Freedom's Fort" for thousands of escaping slaves, and was visited on more than one occasion by Abraham Lincoln. Learn about the rich history of this army post that continued right up to the 21st century when it was recently designated a National Monument and turned over to the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Lunch: A lighter mid-day fare will be served in our private dining area.

Afternoon: Field Trip: " Fort Monroe" Travel to historical Fort Monroe where you will explore the Casemate Museum that chronicles the fort's history. Peer into the room that housed the imprisoned Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Follow your guide to Quarters #1 where R. E. Lee once lived, see the Lincoln Cannon, and investigate the beautiful Centurion's Chapel. On the way home, stop off to visit the site of the Battle of Big Bethel, which many count as the first real land battle of the war. This site is hidden away and rarely explored, but includes the remnants of earthworks and a monument to the first Confederate soldier killed in fighting.

Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.

Evening: Free Evening: Catch your breath, rest your legs, and gather your thoughts to prepare for the start of the march up the Peninsula tomorrow.

Lodging: Clarion Hotel Historic District

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.

Contact info:
351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com

Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge

Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds)
Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.

Check in time: 4:00 PM


Day Three: Tuesday, April 30 - The Battle of Williamsburg's Redoubt #1, guided w...
The Battle of Williamsburg's Redoubt #1, guided walk through Williamsburg town highlighting Civil War history

Note: Today's field trips involve a good deal of walking, mostly on paved paths and roads, at a leisurely pace and with many pauses.

Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.

Morning: Class: "The Battle of Williamsburg: Maneuvering in the Mud" Investigate the movements of both armies up the Virginia Peninsula after Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston decided to pull his divisions back closer to Richmond and its strong defenses. Learn about the delaying movement that he undertook just east of Williamsburg to ensure that he could get most of the army to safety. This small but important battle had large effects on the reputations of a number of generals on both sides. Field Trip: "Redoubt Park, Williamsburg" Visit a number of sites on this guided excursion to get a good grasp of the extent of the Battle of Williamsburg. The new Redoubt Park on the site of a couple of the earthworks near the town includes interpretive signs and walking paths. The town itself, now know for its colonial interpretation, has several venues that were important during the course of the battle and subsequent occupation.

Lunch: A lighter mid-day fare will be served in our private dining area.

Afternoon: Free Afternoon: Further explore on your own other historical sites in the area that span 400 years of history.

Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.

Evening: Class: "The Battle of the Ironclads: The USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia" In early March of 1862, Hampton Roads witnessed a monumental clash that changed forever naval warfare. Learn about the refitting of the Merrimack by the Confederate government to create the ironclad CSS Virginia. Marvel at her initial success in attacks on the wooden ships of the US Navy. Then learn about her nemesis, the ironclad USS Monitor, the "Cheese Box on a Raft" that arrived in a nick of time to save the Union fleet. This was one of the great naval confrontations of all time and the story is full of amazing details.

Lodging: Clarion Hotel Historic District

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.

Contact info:
351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com

Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge

Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds)
Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.

Check in time: 4:00 PM


Day Four: Wednesday, May 01 - Visits to the USS Monitor Center, the site of the...
Visits to the USS Monitor Center, the site of the Battle of Dam #1, and Yorktown Battlefield and Village

Note: The afternoon is a fast-paced visit to a museum and two battle sites. Extensive walking over uneven ground and standing is involved while in the field.

Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.

Morning: Class: "The Siege of Yorktown: Much Ado but Nothing" Learn about McClellan's fixation on taking Yorktown where Confederate troops had rebuilt the old Revolutionary War earthworks to anchor the north end of the Warwick River Line. The siege involved the massive infusion of heavy siege guns and saw the use of hot air balloons for observation of the enemy.

Lunch: Enjoy a delicious box lunch in the cafe' at the Mariners' Museum, including a choice of drinks and a tasty dessert.

Afternoon: Field Trip: "USS Monitor Center (Mariners' Museum); Battle of Damn #1 Site; Yorktown Battlefield" Visit the wonderful new Monitor Center where artifacts from the famous vessel recovered from the ocean floor are being preserved and displayed. The trip will include an exclusive behind-the-scenes visit to the lab where the preservation work is taking place. You will be inches from parts of the this famous ship! Extra time is also provided for further independent exploration of the Monitor Center and the rest of the Mariners' Museum. Later in the afternoon walk among the original earthworks built by troops from both sides along the Warwick River at the site of the Battle of Dam #1. Finish the field trip with a visit to Yorktown to see the battlements surrounding the little village and the national cemetery where so many casualties of the campaign lie.

Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.

Evening: Class: "The First Texas and Gaines's Mill in the Seven Days Campaign" This Confederate regiment had a storied history during the war, with famous commanders that included John Bell Hood. Investigate its role during the Peninsula Campaign and the Confederate breakthrough at the bloody Battle of Gaines's Mill just outside of Richmond at the beginning of the Seven Days. The presentation is usually given by a modern day member of the First Texas reenactment unit.

Lodging: Clarion Hotel Historic District

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Clarion Hotel Historic District features 143 well-appointed guest rooms. On-site recreational offerings include a fitness center, an indoor heated pool with whirlpool and a game room. The hotel also offers great food and entertainment at the Bourbon Street Restaurant, which serves breakfast, lunch and dinner. Walking distance to Colonial Williamsburg and two miles to Busch Gardens.

Contact info:
351 York Street
Williamsburg, VA 23185 USA
phone: 757-229-4100
web: www.clarionwilliamsburg.com

Room amenities: Room Amenities: Free high speed Internet access in all guest rooms and public spaces; dual-line speaker telephone; iron/ironing board; in-room movies; coffee maker; hair dryer; in room safes at no additional charge

Facility amenities: Facilities: 24-Hour Front Desk, business center, guest laundromat, dry cleaning service, fitness facility, game room, lounge, indoor whirlpool and indoor pool.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: $69p+ ($89+ sp. event wknds)
Make arrangements directly with the hotel. Limited rooms available at the discounted Road Scholar rate. Rate not available if hotel is sold out. Reservations require credit card guarantee. Cancellation must be made 48 hrs prior to arrival to avoid charge.

Check in time: 4:00 PM


Day Five: Thursday, May 02 - The Seven Days Battles: Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hi...
The Seven Days Battles: Gaines' Mill, Malvern Hill; also Berkeley Plantation

Note: This is an all day trip with several stops where participants must get on and off the bus. Walking at the sites is through fields and woods over uneven ground.

Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.

Morning: Field Trip: "Gaines's Mill and Cold Harbor" Strap on you hiking shoes for this exploration of the intertwined battlefields where the armies fought first in 1862 and then again in 1864 during Grant's Overland Campaign. A National Park Service Ranger will lead you over the same ground that the soldiers struggled and died on, explaining for you the movements of the troops and the consequences of the battles. Time will also be spent at the Visitor Center to view a brief slide show and see the interactive map.

Lunch: Lunch "in the field" with a box lunch that includes sandwich, chips, fruit, drink, and cookie.

Afternoon: Field Trip: " Malvern Hill and Berkeley Plantation" Don't take off those hiking shoes yet! Travel after lunch to the site of the last battle of the Seven Days, where General Daniel Harvey Hill, gazing out over the field after the disastrous Confederate charge, proclaimed, "This is not war. This is murder". Finish the day with a stop at Berkeley Plantation where, appropriately enough to end this day's excursions, you will hear the story of how the poignant bugle call "Taps" was composed.

Dinner: Dinner will again be at the hotel in our private dining area.

Evening: Performance: "Civil War Music" Delight in the songs and sounds that would have been familiar to Civil War soldiers as you are entertained and informed by a costumed interpreter.

Lodging: Clarion Hotel Historic District

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Day Six: Friday, May 03 - The African American Experience on the Peninsula
Breakfast: Breakfast at your leisure in our private dining area.

Morning: Performance: "The Contraband Story and the African American Experience" Enter the world of the African American slave after battle was waged up and down the Peninsula. A wonderfully talented interpreter will tell you of the incredible struggle of slaves to gain freedom and describe what the war meant to them. Share with her the poignant story of her search for her lost daughter and the results of the heart-wrenching reunion. Class: "The Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days in Perspective" Review the battles won and lost, the lessons learned or missed, and the reputations gained or stained during this tumultuous time. Consider what the war can teach us today and the light it throws on America's journey to freedom.

Lunch: Box lunch ready after class for the trip back home

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch


Free Time Opportunities


Williamsburg, VA
Williamsburg/Jamestown/YorktownWhen you come to our Road Scholar program, you will find the schedule filled with classes and extracurricular activities. Your free time will be limited to only a few hours a day. We spend much of our time on field trips to relevant historical sites. Because of the rich history of the area, we won't come close to going to every interesting place in the vicinity of Williamsburg. Consider coming a day or two early or staying a day or two after the program so you can explore the whole 400 year history of the region.
For additional information, visit: www.wm.edu/Road Scholar

Important information about your itinerary:
Please know that while we do everything we can to finalize all aspects of our programs well in advance, there are logistics that occasionally must be altered. Our website will reflect the most recent information, and we are committed to providing you with final program details no later than eight weeks prior to the start of programs outside the U.S. and three weeks prior to the start of programs within the U.S. If you ever have questions about your program, please don't hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to assist you.
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Our Value Promise To You

You won't find a better value.

Included
at no additional cost on this date ...
5 nights of accommodations
15 meals: 5 breakfasts, 5 lunches, 5 dinners
8 Expert-led lectures
5 Field trips
2 Performances

Ratings

4.8
Ratings are determined by participant evaluations.

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