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RICHMOND, VIRGINIA

Two Founders and an Artist in Early America: Patrick Henry, John Marshall, and Edgar Allan Poe

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Road Scholar
Program #7057RJ
6 Days | 5 Nights
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Moderate
While all of our learning adventures offer extraordinary value, our "Best Value" programs were rated by our participants themselves who thought their dollar went particularly far.
EasyFor people looking to exercise their minds more than their bodies. There’s minimal walking and not too many stairs.
ModerateThese programs get you on your feet and include activities such as walking up to a mile in a day through a city and standing in a museum for a few hours.
ActiveFor people who enjoy walking as much as two miles a day, perhaps to explore historic neighborhoods or a nature trail.
Moderately ChallengingFor hardy explorers who enjoy a good physical challenge, spending most of their days on the go.
ChallengingGet ready to keep up with our highest-energy group. These demanding — and rewarding — programs are for seasoned outdoor enthusiasts.
Equipment Requirements
Comfortable walking shoes for field trips.

Itinerary for Oct 27 — Nov 1, 2013

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Type: Full Service Hotel

Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.

Contact info:
555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown

Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access

Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Road Scholar rate
Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.

Check in time: 3:00 PM


Day One: Sunday, October 27 - Welcome to Richmond!/Orientation
Afternoon: Welcome to Richmond, where this program explores the work and lives of three historical figures with ties to the city: Patrick Henry, John Marshall, and Edgar Allan Poe. Patrick Henry was raised in nearby Hanover County, where we'll visit Scotchtown, his home during the 1770s and restored to that period. We'll check out two places where Henry made significant speeches, Hanover Courthouse, the oldest in Virginia, and St. John's Church in Richmond, where Henry famously advocated independence in March 1775. Also at St John's, buried in the churchyard, is Edgar Poe's mother, an actress who died when he was only two. Poe was taken in by the Allans and lived about one-third of his life in Richmond. We'll investigate this Romantic poet and master of short prose--whose works ranged from the clever to the macabre to the lyrical--and visit the Poe Museum, located in Richmond's oldest dwelling, the Old Stone House, and featuring a sometimes quirky collection of Poe memorabilia. We'll examine the life and times of John Marshall, our nation's fourth Chief Justice, who more than any other Founder established the Judiciary as a third and equal branch of the federal government. We'll walk through Marshall's house in fashionable Court End where he lived most of the year during his tenure as Chief Justice. We'll also be conducted through Virginia's splendidly renovated State Capitol with its unmatched art collection, including Houdon's Washington. Participate in fascinating classes, savor luncheon fare at some local haunts, and enjoy evening entertainment in this exciting program. We're looking forward to having you with us! Registration is in the hotel lobby from 3:30 to 5:00 p.m. Register for your room at the hotel desk. Register for the program at the Road Scholar desk.

Dinner: In the hotel dining area. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.

Evening: Orientation and introductions

Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown

Meals Included: Dinner
Type: Full Service Hotel

Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.

Contact info:
555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown

Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access

Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Road Scholar rate
Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.

Check in time: 3:00 PM


Day Two: Monday, October 28 - Classes on Richmond, Henry, Poe
Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.

Morning: Morning This is a sample schedule. Classes and field trips may be rearranged to accommodate instructors' schedules. This morning's class is an introduction to the city of Richmond, sketching its founding and growth, its neighborhoods and characters in the 1700s and early 1800s. It was scarcely more than a small town when it became the state capital during the American Revolution, and that designation brought both Patrick Henry and John Marshall to the city, Henry as a leader in the cause, and Marshall to practice law. It was Richmond's role as a center for trade that was most important for Edgar Allen Poe's foster father, a merchant, and the city's aspiration to culture that brought his mother to perform there, and influenced Poe himself.

Lunch: At hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.

Afternoon: This afternoon's classes focus on Patrick Henry. Henry first gained note as a lawyer in the 1760s in Hanover County, one county removed to the north, where he argued the "Parson's Cause" case in 1765. As the resistance to the crown grew in the colony, Henry came to Richmond for a series of assemblies that met to determine a course of action, and his speeches at these meeting made him prominent. Henry began the first Governor of Virginia after independence was declared and was succeeded by Thomas Jefferson. In the political struggle over the writing and adoption of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Henry became the most prominent opponent in Virginia of increasing federal power.

Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.

Evening: Class this evening explores the life and some of the works of Edgar Allan Poe. Poe always declared himself a Virginian, though he was born in Boston and lived much of his short life (1809-1849) in other eastern seaboard cities. After being orphaned at age two, Poe was raised in Richmond by well-to-do merchant John Allen and his wife, who sent him for education to England and for a brief period the University of Virginia. After leaving for Baltimore and points north, Poe returned to Richmond twice, once in the 1830s as a magazine writer-editor-critic, and finally at the end of his life when he intended to move back and perhaps wed his "Helen." We'll examine some of Poe's works, the universal statements of psychic conflict in his psycho-allegories, and his influence on other authors and on culture.

Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Full Service Hotel

Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.

Contact info:
555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown

Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access

Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Road Scholar rate
Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.

Check in time: 3:00 PM


Day Three: Tuesday, October 29 - Field Trip to Scotchtown, Hanover Courthouse, Poe...
Field Trip to Scotchtown, Hanover Courthouse, Poe Museum, St. John's Church, Class on Marshall

Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.

Morning: Our field trip this morning takes us to Hanover County, to Scotchtown, where Patrick Henry lived during the 1770s. It was at this home, which has been restored to its condition in the time Henry occupied it, that his wife suffered a breakdown and was confined to an apartment in the basement. We will also stop at Hanover Courthouse, the oldest courthouse building in Virginia, where Henry argued the Parson's Cause case.

Lunch: Lunch at Hanover Tavern, an historic establishment once owned by Patrick Henry's father-in-law.

Afternoon: Our field trip this afternoon begins at the Poe Museum, which boasts an intriguing collection of objects associated with Edgar Allan Poe: manuscript materials, furniture from his childhood home, his trunk, walking stick, and boot hooks, prints illustrating his stories, paintings, the only known portrait of his wife Virginia Clemm, and a model of the city of Richmond at the time of Poe's residence. The museum retains much of the old-fashioned atmosphere of its founding in 1922. The complex of buildings that comprise the museum includes Richmond's oldest structure, the Old Stone House, and a pergola in the garden made of bricks from the office of the Southern Literary Messenger where Poe worked. Next we'll travel to St. John's Church, Richmond's original parish, where Poe's mother is buried. St. John's was the setting for the Second Virginia Convention of March 1775 in which Patrick Henry made his famous "Liberty or Death" speech. We'll learn its history, explore the interior and its Tiffany windows, then briefly explore the cemetery that surrounds the Church. There are approximately 12 steps up to the churchyard at St John's, and there is also handicap access.

Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.

Evening: This evening's class focuses on Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835), who played a central role in shaping the nation's judiciary and constitutional government. We'll learn about some of his major decisions and how they are still reflected in the work of the US Supreme Court today. Oliver Wendell Holmes stated that "....if American law were to be represented by a single figure...[it would be]...John Marshall." Because judicial duties only occupied a portion of the year, Marshall mostly resided in Richmond during his tenure as Chief Justice. He was known for shopping at the public market each morning, often stopping at the coffee shop. An interesting fact: the Liberty Bell cracked while tolling Marshall's death in 1835.

Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Full Service Hotel

Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.

Contact info:
555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown

Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access

Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Road Scholar rate
Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.

Check in time: 3:00 PM


Day Four: Wednesday, October 30 - Classes on Henry, Marshall, and Poe/Free afternoo...
Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.

Morning: Class: We'll leartn about Patrick Henry's position as an anti-Federalist in the Ratification of the Constitution, and John Marshall's position as a Federalist.

Lunch: At the hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts.

Afternoon: Your time is your own this afternoon - to visit with old and new friends, to explore attractions in Richmond, to go shopping...whatever your pleasure! We'll be happy to provide suggestions and give you directions and maps.

Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.

Evening: Class: Learn more about Edgar Allan Poe, the "father of mysteries" and the first detective stories.

Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Full Service Hotel

Description: Modern hotel in downtown Richmond located next to Kanawha Plaza, two blocks from financial district, three blocks from James River, and six blocks from Capitol Square and Shockoe Slip District.

Contact info:
555 East Canal Street
Richmond, VA 23219 USA
phone: 804-788-0900
web: crowneplaza.com/ric-downtown

Room amenities: Serta Perfect Sleepers, refrigerator, coffee-maker, microwave (in most rooms), high-speed internet access, HD flat-screen television with cable access

Facility amenities: Free parking in attached garage; business center; fitness center; indoor heated pool, whirlpool, and sauna; courtesy van to 2 mile radius

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Road Scholar rate
Based on availability, participants can arrange up to 3 additional nights before or after the program directly with the hotel.

Check in time: 3:00 PM


Day Five: Thursday, October 31 - Field Trips to John Marshall House, Tredegar Iron...
Field Trips to John Marshall House, Tredegar Iron Works, Virginia State Capitol, Evening Entertainment

Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.

Morning: This morning's field trip begins at John Marshall's house. Located in a fashionable area of Richmond known as Court End, the house John Marshall built was completed in 1790 and Marshall lived there until his death in 1835. Because the Supreme Court was only in session for a portion of the year, for which the justices lived together in a Washington rooming house, John Marshall lived in Richmond most of the year during his tenure as Chief Justice. The house is on the National and the Virginia historic registers and has had few changes since Marshall lived in it. Furnishings and domestic artifacts are true to the period and many were owned by the Marshall family. The House combines Federal characteristics with a Roman temple pediment, Neo-classical motifs, Georgian elements and an English-bond brick water table. Next we will go to the Valentine Richmond History Center, the museum of the city of Richmond.

Lunch: Boxed lunch at the Valentine Richmond History Center.

Afternoon: This afternoon's field trip takes us to the State Capitol, based on designs by Jefferson and which has many well-known monuments on its grounds. Jefferson's design was inspired by the Maison Caree in Nimes, France, and classical Roman temple design. We'll see Houdon's life-size marble statue of George Washington, which stands in the center of the Capitol's Rotunda, and his bust of Lafayette. Busts of Henry and Marshall are found inside the Capitol, and statues of Henry and Poe are on the Capitol grounds. We'll return to the hotel with time to relax before dinner.

Dinner: At hotel. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.

Evening: An evening for your enjoyment - musical entertainment, with lots of history, lots of instruments, and songs you may or may not know!

Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond Downtown

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Day Six: Friday, November 01 - Summary classes, departure
Breakfast: At hotel. Buffet with choice of eggs, bacon, sausage, breakfast potatoes, pancakes, oatmeal, fresh fruit, juice bar, cereals, pastries, and beverages. Chef made to order omelets with a selection of fillings and made to order waffles.

Morning: Enjoy classes that summarize our views of Henry, Marshall, Poe, and Richmond.

Lunch: At hotel. Buffet with choice of three entrees, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, and assortment of desserts. Check-out time for your room is 11:00 am. Thank you for choosing this Road Scholar program!

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch

Important information about your itinerary:
Please know that while we do everything we can to finalize all aspects of our programs well in advance, there are logistics that occasionally must be altered. Our website will reflect the most recent information, and we are committed to providing you with final program details no later than eight weeks prior to the start of programs outside the U.S. and three weeks prior to the start of programs within the U.S. If you ever have questions about your program, please don't hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to assist you.
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Included
at no additional cost on this date ...
5 nights of accommodations
15 meals: 5 breakfasts, 5 lunches, 5 dinners
7 Expert-led lectures
4 Field trips

Ratings

4.9
Ratings are determined by participant evaluations.

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