PROGRAM REGISTRATION: After you have your room assignment, come over to the Road Scholar desk in the lobby to register with the program staff and pick up your arrival packet that will contain your name tag and most up-to-date schedule that we'll review during orientation this evening. Be sure to let us know if you expect to arrive after 5:00pm.
Please be aware that program activities and scheduled times could change due to local circumstances. Rarely, classes and field trips may need to be adjusted to accommodate instructors' schedules. In the event of any changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding.Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.Evening: ORIENTATION: In our private meeting room. Greet the program staff and your fellow participants during an introductory get-acquainted session. We'll review the updated schedule, cover responsibilities, safety guidelines, and emergency procedures, and answer any questions, and have an informative overview of the program ahead. The remainder of the evening is yours to continue getting to know one another, walk around, or just relax.
America's Civil War lasted four years, from 1861-1865, with more than 600,000 casualties. In this program that takes place during the Sesquicentennial observance, we look at the final months of the conflict and its consequences. Informative lectures set the stage for three days of field trips where you will see where history was made.Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond DowntownMeals Included: Dinner
On the return to Richmond, we stop at New Market battlefield. after the 1864 battle there, 15 U.S. “Colored” soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor.Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.Evening: PRESENTATION: Lincoln in Virginia. Learn about Lincoln's travels to Virginia as President during the Civil War for several purposes: diplomacy, to oversee the war effort, and to see the long-sought prizes claimed by his army. Lincoln acted behind the scenes to enable the creation of a new state from the western portion of Virginia.Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond DowntownMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Petersburg was a crucial Confederate supply center and the key to Richmond. The siege here was the longest military event of the Civil War -- and the longest in American warfare -- lasting nine-and-a-half months and involving thousands of U. S. Colored Troops. It resulted in I70,000 casualties, untold civilian suffering, and the decline of Lee's army. Grant eventually cut off all of Petersburg's supply lines and Richmond fell on April 3, 1865. Lee surrendered six days later.
Included in our field trip are the trench lines and the site of the Crater, the most infamous incident of the siege that became a symbol of military debacle. Grant later called it “the saddest affair I have ever witnessed in the war."Lunch: Lunch in Petersburg. The historic Old Town neighborhood includes a number of buildings that endured the siege.
We return to the hotel after lunch.Afternoon: FREE AFTERNOON: Take the rest of the day for personal independent exploration. There are numerous options depending on your interests. In the downtown area are the Virginia State Capitol building; St. John’s Church of Patrick Henry fame, a National Historic Landmark; and riverside parks. Father west are the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and Carytown, a neighborhood of boutiques, coffee shops, and eateries. The group leader will be happy to offer suggestions.Dinner: Dinner on your own this evening. With lots of choices, you will surely find something to please your palate. The Shockoe Slip district is about 6 blocks east and there are many new downtown restaurants. The group leader will be happy to offer suggestions.Evening: PRESENTATION: Richmond during April 1865 and After. April 1865 began with the April 1 Battle of Five Forks that turned the line at Petersburg, leading to the fall of that city to Union forces on April 2. That caused Lee to abandon Richmond which fell and burned on April 3. On April 4 Lincoln and his son Tad with a small party walked the streets of Richmond. Grant's army pursued Lee's and caught it, leading to the surrender at Appomattox on April 9; followed by the assassination of President Lincoln on April 14.
After April 1865, Virginia was a Military District run by Army officers. Reconstruction efforts by the Federal government were represented by the Freedman's Bureau, were fully underway by 1867, and lasted about ten years.Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond DowntownMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch
Tredegar Iron Works is a historic site that comprises eight acres along the James River. Tredegar Iron Works produced half the Confederacy's cannons, armor for ironclads, railroad engines, and trackage. There are five surviving buildings from the Iron Works era, which house two Civil War museums. First, in the restored Pattern Building is the main Visitor Center for Richmond National Battlefield, operated by the National Park Service. Here are maps and artifacts of the many battlefields in the Richmond area, mostly east of the city, and the best display on the Evacuation Fire of April 3, 1865. Second, in the Foundry building is The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar, which interprets the Civil War from Union, Confederate, and African American perspectives.
Next we travel to the White House and Museum of the Confederacy. The White House has been fully restored to its appearance when Jefferson Davis and his family lived there during the Civil War. When Lincoln came to Richmond the day after the city fell, he made his way to the house and sat in the chair at Davis's desk. Next door to the White House is the Museum of the Confederacy where we will examine significant artifacts displayed from its rich collection.Lunch: For lunch we will visit a private club on historic Church Hill where the menu will feature traditional Virginia fare.Afternoon: FIELD TRIP: Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site. Maggie Lena Walker, born in 1865, bridged the gap between emancipation and entrepreneurship. In spite of humble beginnings in post-Civil War Richmond, she achieved national prominence as a businesswoman and community leader. She rose to prominence as a leader in the St. Luke's Beneficial Society, one of a number of organizations in the black community for the betterment of their lives and opportunities. Walker built the penny-savings bank at St. Luke's into a key institution for the black business community and became an inspiring symbol of pride and progress, devoting her life to civil rights advancement, economic empowerment, and educational opportunities for Jim Crow-era African Americans and women.
The residence was built in 1883 at 110 1/2 East Leigh Street, a prime location in the heart of Jackson Ward, the center of Richmond's African American business and social life at the turn of the century. The Walkers purchased the house in 1904. The furnishings you see are original family pieces, valuable in understanding Maggie Walker and her era. The community of Jackson Ward has been designated a National Historic Landmark District.Dinner: Dinner is at the hotel. The Pavilion Café offers American fare in an elevated setting with windows all around. Buffet choice of three entrées, two salads with dressing options, vegetables, rolls, and assortment of desserts.Evening: ENTERTAINMENT: “Musical Time Travel.” Enjoy pre-Civil War and Civil War music performed on period instruments by entertaining musicians.Lodging: Crowne Plaza Richmond DowntownMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
The program concludes with lunch. We trust you have enjoyed this fascinating trip into one of the most significant periods in American history and will return for other rewarding Road Scholar programs in the future. Best wishes for all your journeys!Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch