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PERU

The Incas, the Amazon and Coastal Desert: An Active Family Adventure in Peru

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Road Scholar
Program #20942RJ
13 Days | 12 Nights
ACTIVITY LEVEL: Moderately Challenging
While all of our learning adventures offer extraordinary value, our "Best Value" programs were rated by our participants themselves who thought their dollar went particularly far.
Love to learn in a small-group setting? This collection of programs has at most 10-24 participants.
See our Small Group programs.
EasyFor people looking to exercise their minds more than their bodies. There’s minimal walking and not too many stairs.
ModerateThese programs get you on your feet and include activities such as walking up to a mile in a day through a city and standing in a museum for a few hours.
ActiveFor people who enjoy walking as much as two miles a day, perhaps to explore historic neighborhoods or a nature trail.
Moderately ChallengingFor hardy explorers who enjoy a good physical challenge, spending most of their days on the go.
ChallengingGet ready to keep up with our highest-energy group. These demanding — and rewarding — programs are for seasoned outdoor enthusiasts.
Elevation Note
Machu Picchu: 8,200 ft/Cusco: 11,000 ft

Itinerary for Dec 21 — Jan 2, 2015

Expand all
Type: Hotel

Description: The Casa Andina Select hotel is located in Lima's trendy Miraflores neighborhood, within easy access to restaurants and local attractions. The newly constructed hotel has 155 rooms with modern installations and various amenities meant to satisfy the needs of both leisure and business travelers.

Contact info:
Calle Schell 452
Miraflores, Lima, Peru
phone: +51-1-2139739
web: www.casa-andina.com

Room amenities: Comfortable rooms with private baths, hair dryer, AC, safety deposit box, minibar, soundproof windows, direct dial phone, and cable TV.

Facility amenities: Restaurant, Spa, gym, sun terrace with Jacuzzi, conference rooms, business center, high-speed Wi-Fi Internet access, laundry service, valet service, currency exchange, 24 hr front desk, luggage storage, and souvenir shop.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Subject to availability.
Please contact the Program Coordinator, Holbrook Travel, at 1-800-866-7111 or roadscholarprograms@holbrooktravel.com for information on availability and rates.


Day One: Sunday, December 21 - Depart the U.S./Arrive in Lima, Peru.
Arrive To: Road Scholar group flights arrive in Lima.

Proceed through Immigrations, Baggage Claim, and Customs. After completing Customs formalities and exiting the restricted arrivals area, please take a moment to look for the Road Scholar representative who will be holding a Road Scholar sign (does not apply to independently booked flights).

**Please note that this is an international travel day; no meals or program activities are scheduled on this day. Hotel check-in usually begins at 3 p.m.

Lodging: Casa Andina Select

Type: Resort

Description: This attractive hotel is situated along Paracas Beach, on the Paracas Peninsula in southern Peru. In addition to being just a short drive from the Pisco International Airport, the hotel is well situated for day-trips to neighboring Paracas National Reserve.

Contact info:
Lote 30-34 Urb. Santo Domingo
Paracas, Pisco, Peru
phone: +51-1-6171000
web: doubletree3.hilton.com/en/hotels/peru/doubletree-resort-by-hilton-hotel-paracas-peru-PIOPEDT/index.html

Room amenities: Large balcony with views of Paracas Bay or the hotel gardens, living room area, kitchenette with microwave and refrigerator, high-speed wireless internet, TV with premium channels, alarm clock radio with MP3 device and modern bathroom with hair dryer.

Facility amenities: Business center, fitness center, meeting rooms, catering services, swimming pool, restaurant, and a bar.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes


Day Two: Monday, December 22 - Paracas - Program Orientation/Transfer to Pa...
Breakfast: At hotel restaurant.

Morning: Program orientation.Begin transfer to Paracas.

Meet your group leader and fellow Road Scholar participants during a welcome and introduction session at the hotel. We will review the up-to-date daily schedule and any changes, discuss responsibilities, safety guidelines, emergency procedures, and answer any questions you may have.

Please be aware that program activities and scheduled times could change due to local circumstances. In the event of changes, we will alert you as quickly as possible. Thank you for your understanding.

The small fishing village of Paracas is located on the edge of the Paracas National Reserve-- 160 miles south of Lima.

Lunch: At a local restaurant en route to Paracas.

Afternoon: Check-in and free time to enjoy the hotel.

Unwind at the hotel, set in the desert paradise of Paracas Beach. Lounge in lush palm gardens on the property or plunge into the hotel’s 8,000 square ft. pool.

Dinner: At local restaurant.

Lodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Paracas

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Resort

Description: This attractive hotel is situated along Paracas Beach, on the Paracas Peninsula in southern Peru. In addition to being just a short drive from the Pisco International Airport, the hotel is well situated for day-trips to neighboring Paracas National Reserve.

Contact info:
Lote 30-34 Urb. Santo Domingo
Paracas, Pisco, Peru
phone: +51-1-6171000
web: doubletree3.hilton.com/en/hotels/peru/doubletree-resort-by-hilton-hotel-paracas-peru-PIOPEDT/index.html

Room amenities: Large balcony with views of Paracas Bay or the hotel gardens, living room area, kitchenette with microwave and refrigerator, high-speed wireless internet, TV with premium channels, alarm clock radio with MP3 device and modern bathroom with hair dryer.

Facility amenities: Business center, fitness center, meeting rooms, catering services, swimming pool, restaurant, and a bar.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes


Day Three: Tuesday, December 23 - Paracas - Wildlife Viewing at Ballestras Is...
Paracas -
Wildlife Viewing at Ballestras Islands/Paracas National Reserve/Sand Boarding on Dunes.


Note: Note: Occasionally cold fronts consisting of cold winds and rain come north from Patagonia. They last for approximately 36 hours and temperatures can drop as low as 46 degrees. Activities will continue as planned unless the conditions worsen, which is rare. Wildlife can still be seen but may be elusive under such conditions during a cold front.

Breakfast: At hotel restaurant.

Morning: Enjoy a boat ride to the Ballestas islands. On the way to the small archipelago, take a moment to admire views of "El Candelabro" on a hillside overlooking the bay. The mysterious drawing, reminiscent of a candelabra, dates back to pre-Inca times. While navigating around the islands (visitors are not allowed to disembark), look for fur seals, sea lions, and penguins. The prolific birdlife will be incorporated into a discussion on the abundance of the Humboldt Current as a food source.

Return to the mainland and visit Paracas National Reserve.

Sweeping up from the Antarctic, the Humboldt Current causes upwellings of plankton-rich water-- the foundation of an ecological pyramid crowned by thousands of breeding cormorants, boobies, gulls and terns, and mammals such as whales, dolphins and sea lions. In addition, during the southern winter, many shear-waters, petrels, and even albatrosses migrate from Antarctica to the Pacific coast of Peru. The Humboldt Current is home to the most productive fisheries in the world, and this area is reputed to be the largest producer of fishmeal on earth.

Lunch: At a hotel restaurant.

Afternoon: Participate in a unique desert sport practiced in the region--sand boarding! Lie down, sit or stand (similar to snowboarding) on specially designed sand boards and ride the golden dunes! The area near Paracas is home to the annual Peru Sand Boarding Cup.

Return to the hotel.

Dinner: Barbecue dinner alfresco under the southern skies.

Lodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Paracas

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Casa Andina Select hotel is located in Lima's trendy Miraflores neighborhood, within easy access to restaurants and local attractions. The newly constructed hotel has 155 rooms with modern installations and various amenities meant to satisfy the needs of both leisure and business travelers.

Contact info:
Calle Schell 452
Miraflores, Lima, Peru
phone: +51-1-2139739
web: www.casa-andina.com

Room amenities: Comfortable rooms with private baths, hair dryer, AC, safety deposit box, minibar, soundproof windows, direct dial phone, and cable TV.

Facility amenities: Restaurant, Spa, gym, sun terrace with Jacuzzi, conference rooms, business center, high-speed Wi-Fi Internet access, laundry service, valet service, currency exchange, 24 hr front desk, luggage storage, and souvenir shop.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Subject to availability.
Please contact the Program Coordinator, Holbrook Travel, at 1-800-866-7111 or roadscholarprograms@holbrooktravel.com for information on availability and rates.


Day Four: Wednesday, December 24 - Lima - Transfer to Lima/Cultural Interaction...
Lima -
Transfer to Lima/Cultural Interaction at Local Afro-Peruvian Community/Larco Museum.


Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: En route, visit a local Afro-Peruvian community to learn about their culture and dance traditions.

Lunch: At a local restaurant en-route.

Afternoon: Arrive to Lima.

Field Trip to the Larco Museum.

The privately funded Larco Museum, also known as Museo Rafael Larco Herrera, holds one of the world’s largest collections of Peruvian pre-Colombian artifacts and showcases pieces from lesser known cultures such as the Moche, Chimú, and Nazca, as well as the famous Inca. Its name honors the founder’s father, Don Rafael Larco Herrera, a well-known collector of pre-Columbian artifacts and archaeology aficionado. The museum is housed in an 18th century mansion in the Pueblo Libre District of Lima and has 6 exhibit halls, 11 storage rooms, a vault for gold and silver exhibits, a terrace with large stone displays, and a garden with a patio.

Dinner: At a local restaurant.

Lodging: Casa Andina Select

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Lodge

Description: The Posada Amazonas is a jungle lodge located within the territory of the Infierno Community (a 2,000 hectare, private, communal reserve) adjacent to the Tambopata National Reserve. Its great accessibility from Puerto Maldonado makes it an easy choice for travelers looking to have an introductory experience in Amazonia. To get there you must fly to Puerto Maldonado from Lima or Cusco on daily commercial flights lasting 45 or 90 minutes respectively. From the airport guests are transported by truck to the Infierno River Port to board boats for a forty five minute trip to Posada Amazonas. Posada Amazonas is located ten minutes walking from the river. Posada Amazonas has no electricity. Light is provided by numerous kerosene lamps and candles. A generator is turned on once a day to recharge batteries for guests or lodge facilities. At night it is very dark, so guests are encouraged to bring a good flashlight.

Contact info:
Infierno Community adjacent to Tambopata National Reserve
00000000, Peru
phone: +511 719-6422
web: www.perunature.com

Room amenities: The rooms are 7 x 4 meters so they can comfortably hold three beds, although most are set up for two. The walls dividing each room are built using cane, and extend from the floor to about 2.5 meters height making each room private. The side that looks out to the forest does not have a wall or screening of any kind, acting as a large window facing the forest. The lodge was able to incorporate this "luxurious" design is because mosquitos are not really a problem around the lodge clearing and the open section allows for an intimate contact with the rainforest. A second small window on the opposite side, set up very high, keeps the rooms well ventilated. Doors are replaced with drapes. Rooms are not soundproof. Each room has a private bathroom with hot and cold water. Rooms and bathrooms are separated by drapes. Each room has beds, mosquito nets, bedside tables and hammocks or lounge chairs. Rooms are decorated with bas- relief wood-carvings representing stories and characters from Ese-eja traditions.

Facility amenities: Posada Amazonas is built using a combination of traditional native materials (wood, palm fronds, wild cane and clay) and architecture and modern day eco-lodge technology. The lodge itself consists of a complex of four sections: rooms, dining area and kitchen, relaxation area and internal support facilities. The entire roof of the lodge is constructed using high quality crisneja palm fronds, whereas the floors are of tropical mahogany. The rooms complex is built of four 9 X 24 meter structures with six rooms per facility, for a total of 30 bedrooms.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Five: Thursday, December 25 - Amazon - Flight to Puerto Maldonado/Boat Rid...
Amazon -
Flight to Puerto Maldonado/Boat Ride to Lodge/Wildlife Observation at Canopy Tower.


Note: Please take only an overnight bag for a 3 night stay in the Amazon. You may leave your main bag at the Puerto Maldonado headquarters in their locked storage. For the boat ride to lodge, take only your backpack with essentials such as water, insect repellent, flashlight, rain gear and camera. Your overnight bag will be transported to the lodge and delivered to your room after arrival. Once you arrive to the lodge, there is a short walk and you should be able to comfortably carry your belongings.

Breakfast: At hotel restaurant.

Morning: Check-out of the hotel. Transfer to the airport in order to catch a flight to Puerto Maldonado (approx. 2:55 hours/with one stop). Upon arrival in Puerto Maldonado, transfer by bus to the Infierno River Port (approximately 12 miles).

Board a boat at the Infierno River Port for a scenic boat ride to the lodge (approx. 1 hour).

Lunch: Boxed lunch on the boat.

Afternoon: Arrive at the lodge and check-in. Orientation and welcome to the lodge.

This afternoon, enjoy a field trip to the Canopy Tower.

A twenty minute walk from the lodge leads to the 120 ft scaffolding canopy tower. Platforms are located at different heights, so that visitors can view the various levels of the rainforest and study the differences in flora and fauna. There are approximately 200 steps to get from the base of the tower to the very top. From the top platform there are spectacular views of the vast expanses of forest and the course of the Tambopata River. Toucans, parrots or macaws can often be seen silhouetted against the horizon and mixed species of canopy flocks frequent the treetops around the tower.

Walk back to the lodge.

Dinner: In the lodges’ dining room.

Lodging: Posada Amazonas

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Lodge

Description: The Posada Amazonas is a jungle lodge located within the territory of the Infierno Community (a 2,000 hectare, private, communal reserve) adjacent to the Tambopata National Reserve. Its great accessibility from Puerto Maldonado makes it an easy choice for travelers looking to have an introductory experience in Amazonia. To get there you must fly to Puerto Maldonado from Lima or Cusco on daily commercial flights lasting 45 or 90 minutes respectively. From the airport guests are transported by truck to the Infierno River Port to board boats for a forty five minute trip to Posada Amazonas. Posada Amazonas is located ten minutes walking from the river. Posada Amazonas has no electricity. Light is provided by numerous kerosene lamps and candles. A generator is turned on once a day to recharge batteries for guests or lodge facilities. At night it is very dark, so guests are encouraged to bring a good flashlight.

Contact info:
Infierno Community adjacent to Tambopata National Reserve
00000000, Peru
phone: +511 719-6422
web: www.perunature.com

Room amenities: The rooms are 7 x 4 meters so they can comfortably hold three beds, although most are set up for two. The walls dividing each room are built using cane, and extend from the floor to about 2.5 meters height making each room private. The side that looks out to the forest does not have a wall or screening of any kind, acting as a large window facing the forest. The lodge was able to incorporate this "luxurious" design is because mosquitos are not really a problem around the lodge clearing and the open section allows for an intimate contact with the rainforest. A second small window on the opposite side, set up very high, keeps the rooms well ventilated. Doors are replaced with drapes. Rooms are not soundproof. Each room has a private bathroom with hot and cold water. Rooms and bathrooms are separated by drapes. Each room has beds, mosquito nets, bedside tables and hammocks or lounge chairs. Rooms are decorated with bas- relief wood-carvings representing stories and characters from Ese-eja traditions.

Facility amenities: Posada Amazonas is built using a combination of traditional native materials (wood, palm fronds, wild cane and clay) and architecture and modern day eco-lodge technology. The lodge itself consists of a complex of four sections: rooms, dining area and kitchen, relaxation area and internal support facilities. The entire roof of the lodge is constructed using high quality crisneja palm fronds, whereas the floors are of tropical mahogany. The rooms complex is built of four 9 X 24 meter structures with six rooms per facility, for a total of 30 bedrooms.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Six: Friday, December 26 - Amazon - Wildlife Boat Ride at Tres Chimbada...
Amazon -
Wildlife Boat Ride at Tres Chimbadas Oxbow Lake/Ethno Botanical Visit with Local Community/Guided Night Walk.


Note: For the afternoon Kayak activity, if you choose not to kayak, you may do the excursion in a motorized boat that will follow the kayakers from the lodge to the local community botanical garden.

Breakfast: In the lodge's dining room.

Morning: Field trip to Tres Chimbadas Oxbow Lake.

To reach the lake, we will take a 30 minute boat ride and then hike on trails for approximately 45 minutes. Once at the lake, we will board a catamaran and paddle the calm waters in search of a resident family of giant river otters as well as caimans, hoatzins, and horned screamers the live in the area.

Return to the lodge.

Lunch: In the lodge’s dining room.

Afternoon: After lunch, enjoy an ethno botanical activity during a visit to a local community.

Kayak down the river to a local community; a motorized support boat will follow. After meeting the shaman and going through the required introductions (translated by local guides), accompany residents on an exploratory walk to learn about medicinal plants. Learn how to identify and use rainforest plants to treat all nature of ailments.

Group returns to the lodge via motorized boat.

Dinner: In the lodge's dining room.

Evening: This evening, enjoy a guided night walk in search of nocturnal wildlife. Bring your flashlights and join an expert guide in identifying forest animals that are rarely seen during the day.

Lodging: Posada Amazonas

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Lodge

Description: The Posada Amazonas is a jungle lodge located within the territory of the Infierno Community (a 2,000 hectare, private, communal reserve) adjacent to the Tambopata National Reserve. Its great accessibility from Puerto Maldonado makes it an easy choice for travelers looking to have an introductory experience in Amazonia. To get there you must fly to Puerto Maldonado from Lima or Cusco on daily commercial flights lasting 45 or 90 minutes respectively. From the airport guests are transported by truck to the Infierno River Port to board boats for a forty five minute trip to Posada Amazonas. Posada Amazonas is located ten minutes walking from the river. Posada Amazonas has no electricity. Light is provided by numerous kerosene lamps and candles. A generator is turned on once a day to recharge batteries for guests or lodge facilities. At night it is very dark, so guests are encouraged to bring a good flashlight.

Contact info:
Infierno Community adjacent to Tambopata National Reserve
00000000, Peru
phone: +511 719-6422
web: www.perunature.com

Room amenities: The rooms are 7 x 4 meters so they can comfortably hold three beds, although most are set up for two. The walls dividing each room are built using cane, and extend from the floor to about 2.5 meters height making each room private. The side that looks out to the forest does not have a wall or screening of any kind, acting as a large window facing the forest. The lodge was able to incorporate this "luxurious" design is because mosquitos are not really a problem around the lodge clearing and the open section allows for an intimate contact with the rainforest. A second small window on the opposite side, set up very high, keeps the rooms well ventilated. Doors are replaced with drapes. Rooms are not soundproof. Each room has a private bathroom with hot and cold water. Rooms and bathrooms are separated by drapes. Each room has beds, mosquito nets, bedside tables and hammocks or lounge chairs. Rooms are decorated with bas- relief wood-carvings representing stories and characters from Ese-eja traditions.

Facility amenities: Posada Amazonas is built using a combination of traditional native materials (wood, palm fronds, wild cane and clay) and architecture and modern day eco-lodge technology. The lodge itself consists of a complex of four sections: rooms, dining area and kitchen, relaxation area and internal support facilities. The entire roof of the lodge is constructed using high quality crisneja palm fronds, whereas the floors are of tropical mahogany. The rooms complex is built of four 9 X 24 meter structures with six rooms per facility, for a total of 30 bedrooms.

Smoking policy: No
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Seven: Saturday, December 27 - Amazon - Parrot Clay Lick/Rainforest Hike/L...
Note: During the dry season, June through September, cold fronts from the South Atlantic (friajes) occur once every month or so, with daily average temperatures dropping to 59 degrees and evening temperatures to approximately 55 degrees. Wildlife can be seen, however, this will depend on weather conditions.

Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: Early morning field trip to a parrot clay lick.

After a 20 minute walk on forest trails, take cover behind an observation blind positioned approximately 50 ft from the clay lick. Marvel at the dozens of chattering parrots and parakeets that congregate along the river bank to eat clay. Commonly seen species include Mealy and Yellow- headed Amazons, Blue-headed Parrots and Dusky-headed Parakeets.

After visiting the clay lick, take part in a two-hour guided forest hike. Pay homage to the region's largest tree--a giant Ceiba tree. Learn about the layers of the rainforest and its unique flora along the way.

Return to the lodge.

Lunch: In the lodge's dining room.

Afternoon: Afternoon visit to a local farm.

A short, 30 minute, boat ride takes us downriver to a local farm. Accompany the farmer on a walk around several crops, some familiar and some not so familiar, to learn about agricultural practices in the area. Discover the important part each plant and tree plays in the survival of people living in this remote jungle region.

Return to the lodge.

Dinner: In the lodge's dining room.

Lodging: Posada Amazonas

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Three-Star Hotel

Description: The hotel is a former 18th-century, colonial style Franciscan monastery. The posada is set in gardens at the heart of the Sacred Valley.

Contact info:
Plaza Manco II de Yucay
Urubamba, Peru
phone: +51 84 201 107
web: www.sonesta.com/SacredValley

Room amenities: 84 rooms with climate control, television and direct-dial telephone and safe deposit. Hair dryers are available upon request.

Facility amenities: Restaurant and bar, business center with Internet access, room service, laundry service, shop and Andean market. The Kallpa Wasi Spa has massage, gym, sauna, outdoor Jacuzzi and yoga classes.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Eight: Sunday, December 28 - Sacred Valley - Boat Transfer to Puerto Mald...
Sacred Valley -
Boat Transfer to Puerto Maldonado/Flight to Cusco/Awanakancha Alpaca Center/Evening Discussion.


Breakfast: In the lodges’ dining room.

Morning: Say farewell to Tambopata and board a boat to Puerto Maldonado. Transfer to the airport to catch a flight to Cusco (approx. 1 hour flight).

Lunch: Box lunch en route.

Afternoon: Arrive in Cusco and transfer from the airport to the Sacred Valley. Visit Awanakancha Alpaca Center and learn about the four different camelids (vicuña, llama, alpaca, and guanaco) found in Peru. While viewing the animals up close, try to take note of the differences in size, fur, head shape, etc. so that you can tell them apart during your travels in the highlands.

Arrive at the hotel and check-in, followed by time at leisure to rest or enjoy hotel amenities.

Discussion: Life in the Sacred Valley during the time of the Incas.

Dinner: At the hotel restaurant.

Lodging: Posada del Inca Yucay

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Three-Star Hotel

Description: The hotel is a former 18th-century, colonial style Franciscan monastery. The posada is set in gardens at the heart of the Sacred Valley.

Contact info:
Plaza Manco II de Yucay
Urubamba, Peru
phone: +51 84 201 107
web: www.sonesta.com/SacredValley

Room amenities: 84 rooms with climate control, television and direct-dial telephone and safe deposit. Hair dryers are available upon request.

Facility amenities: Restaurant and bar, business center with Internet access, room service, laundry service, shop and Andean market. The Kallpa Wasi Spa has massage, gym, sauna, outdoor Jacuzzi and yoga classes.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Nine: Monday, December 29 - Sacred Valley - Local Produce Market Visit/...
Sacred Valley -
Local Produce Market Visit/Cultural Interaction at Local Community/Food of the Andes.


Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: Morning visit to a local market and on-site discussion on the importance of the Sacred Valley as the ‘farmer’s market’ for the Inca Empire. Identify and learn about the fruits and vegetables that are unique to this region. Select items from the market to be cooked and sampled at dinner.

Learn which ancient traditions are still practiced by modern day descendants of the Inca during a visit to a local weaving community at Chinchero.

Weaving is a way of life in Chinchero—as important for preserving ancient traditions as it is for earning a livelihood. The town, located on the Inca road between Cusco and Machu Picchu, was an early Inca center built by Emperor Tupa Inca as his country estate. During Inca reign, textiles were woven and offered to mark special occasions, from peace treaties and sacrifices to marriage ceremonies and puberty rites. In Chinchero, local children grow up playing with their mother’s spindle and loom; by age six or seven most children learn to weave by watching their elders. They begin by weaving jakimas, or narrow ribbons, before moving on to more complicated pieces.

Lunch: Enjoy a traditional lunch.

Afternoon: Continue to Moray an Inca Agricultural research station.

Moray is believed to be an Incan agricultural center used to improve high altitude crops – an essential commodity for the huge Incan armies and road building teams essential to support the empire.

Return to hotel.

Participate in a cooking session at the hotel and learn to prepare the fresh foods purchased at the market in the morning.

Dinner: At the hotel restaurant.

Lodging: Posada del Inca Yucay

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Three-Star Hotel

Description: The hotel is a former 18th-century, colonial style Franciscan monastery. The posada is set in gardens at the heart of the Sacred Valley.

Contact info:
Plaza Manco II de Yucay
Urubamba, Peru
phone: +51 84 201 107
web: www.sonesta.com/SacredValley

Room amenities: 84 rooms with climate control, television and direct-dial telephone and safe deposit. Hair dryers are available upon request.

Facility amenities: Restaurant and bar, business center with Internet access, room service, laundry service, shop and Andean market. The Kallpa Wasi Spa has massage, gym, sauna, outdoor Jacuzzi and yoga classes.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Ten: Tuesday, December 30 - Sacred Valley - Train Ride Through the Ande...
Sacred Valley -
Train Ride Through the Andes/Exploring Machu Picchu


Note: Participants should try to get plenty of rest the night before in preparation for the very early start on this day. There is a weight limit of 11 pounds for luggage/backpacks on the Peru Rail transfer to Machu Picchu.

Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: Transfer to the Ollantaytambo Station to catch a train to Aguas Calientes/Machu Picchu.

Disembark at Aguas Calientes Station. Board a bus for the transfer up the mountain, on a series of switchbacks that will take us to the Machu Picchu complex.

Field trip to Machu Picchu.

Hiram Bingham found Machu Picchu in 1911, with the help of a local farmer who knew about the ruins, while searching for Vilcabamba and Vitcos. He hypothesized that the site was a "citadel," existing for strategic and defense purposes. He also speculated that the site was a refuge for Cusco's Virgins of the Sun, based upon the finding of skulls there, although not scientifically classified as female. Breakthroughs in archaeology since 1985 have, taken as a whole, supported the emerging view of Machu Picchu as a ceremonial and administrative center for a very populous region. Machu Picchu was built, flourished, and fell into demise within a period of 100 years.

Lunch: At a local restaurant in the vicinity of the ruins.

Afternoon: Board a bus and transfer back to Aguas Calientes. Catch a train back to Ollantaytambo Station and transfer to the hotel.

Dinner: At the hotel restaurant.

Lodging: Posada del Inca Yucay

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: Like other buildings in the historic section of Cusco, the hotel has an interesting story to tell about its origins. It was built in the 1560s, only a few decades after Spanish forces conquered the Inca capital. Tiled roofs, balconies, arched doorways, Inca stone foundations, and an airy central courtyard reflect the building’s colonial origins and add to the hotel’s charm.

Contact info:
Plaza Regocijo 299
Cusco, Peru
phone: +51-84-263276
web: www.royalinkahotel.pe/

Room amenities: Temperature control, phone, TV, and in-room safe. Rooms have views of Cusco's historic streets or the attractive inner coutryard.

Facility amenities: Restaurant, bar, laundry service, and WiFi.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.


Day Eleven: Wednesday, December 31 - Cusco - Rafting/Transfer to Cusco/Sacsayhuam...
Cusco -
Rafting/Transfer to Cusco/Sacsayhuaman Ruins/Music of the Inca.


Note: If you do not want to participate in rafting, you may remain at the hotel. For lunch you will be transferred to the picnic site to eat with the group.

Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: This morning experience the thrill of white water rafting in the Sacred Valley of the Incas! Enjoy great rapids and breathtaking scenery on the Ollanta section of the Urubamba River. This section is easily enjoyed by all levels of whitewater experience. Start at km 84 on the Urubamba to Ollantaytambo route and receive a helmet, life vest, a windbreaker jacket and wetsuit. After changing, there is a safety briefing before beginning the exhilarating run down the river for approximately 2 hours. With our expert river rafters practice the maneuvers required and soak in the breathtaking landscape of the towering Andes mountains, with beautiful Inca terraces amongst the lush vegetation. After this calm practice section on the river hit some thrilling Class II & III rapids through a beautiful canyon with the possibility of finding local wildlife, including the torrent duck and other avian species. At the end of the tour changing tents will be available. Enjoy a picnic lunch overlooking the banks of the river.

Lunch: Picnic after rafting.

Afternoon: After lunch transfer to Cusco. Before reaching Cusco, visit the impressive Sacsayhuaman.

The fortress of Sacsayhuaman forms the head of the Puma design of old Cusco. It is a wonder of technical achievement and a testament to human will. It is a mystery how it was constructed, since the stones are not found in the region, and most of the blocks weigh more than a ton. The largest rock weighs more than 300 tons. Sacsayhuaman is constructed of huge polygonal blocks which interlock with one another. The stones are so precisely placed that a knife blade cannot be inserted between them.

Arrive to the hotel with some time to freshen up.

Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the western hemisphere. The Inca considered Cusco to be the center of not only their empire, but the center of the world. After its conquest, the Spanish looted the city and began to build a new city on the original Inca foundations. Present day Cusco is a cultural center for colonial South America.

Interactive session with a musician who discusses and demonstrates the musical instruments of the Inca and the importance of music to their religious ceremonies.

Dinner: At a local restaurant.

Lodging: Royal Inka I Hotel

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Type: Hotel

Description: The Casa Andina Select hotel is located in Lima's trendy Miraflores neighborhood, within easy access to restaurants and local attractions. The newly constructed hotel has 155 rooms with modern installations and various amenities meant to satisfy the needs of both leisure and business travelers.

Contact info:
Calle Schell 452
Miraflores, Lima, Peru
phone: +51-1-2139739
web: www.casa-andina.com

Room amenities: Comfortable rooms with private baths, hair dryer, AC, safety deposit box, minibar, soundproof windows, direct dial phone, and cable TV.

Facility amenities: Restaurant, Spa, gym, sun terrace with Jacuzzi, conference rooms, business center, high-speed Wi-Fi Internet access, laundry service, valet service, currency exchange, 24 hr front desk, luggage storage, and souvenir shop.

Smoking policy: Yes
Smoking policies vary by facility. During all group events and activities, smoking is prohibited.

Elevator: Yes

Additional nights before: Subject to availability.
Please contact the Program Coordinator, Holbrook Travel, at 1-800-866-7111 or roadscholarprograms@holbrooktravel.com for information on availability and rates.


Day Twelve: Thursday, January 01 - Lima - Historic Downtown Lima/Water Front St...
Breakfast: At the hotel restaurant.

Morning: Transfer to the airport to board a flight to Lima (approx. 1:25 hours) Arrive in Lima and transfer to hotel.

Lunch: At a local restaurant.

Afternoon: After lunch, visit Lima’s historic downtown and the famous Plaza de Armas.

Francisco Pizarro, Spain’s infamous conquistador and conqueror of the Inca Empire, founded Lima in 1535. When Spain designated Lima the Viceroyalty of Spain in 1542, the city became the wealthiest and most important urban center in Spanish South America. The central area of Lima still retains its original colonial character. Notable historic sites include the beautiful Plaza de Armas, the Governmental Palace, La Catedral, the Church of San Francisco, and the Jiron de la Union.

Join in a favorite pastime of Limeños during an afternoon walk along the city’s Malecon (waterfront) in Miraflores, enjoying magnificent views of the Pacfic Ocean and landscaped parks.

The Malecon encompasses 6 miles of parks along Miraflores’ rocky seaside cliffs. Paths in the Malecon are commonly frequented by families, joggers, and cyclists; a great recreational site for anyone looking to enjoy some fresh air and green spaces.

Spend your last evening in Peru with your new Road Scholar friends, finish your packing, or get a good night's sleep in preparation for international departures tomorrow.

Dinner: Farewell Dinner at the hotel restaurant.

Lodging: Casa Andina Select

Meals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Day Thirteen: Friday, January 02 - Depart for U.S./Arrive in the U.S.
Depart From: Transfer to airport for international flight to the U.S.

This concludes the program. We hope you enjoyed your Road Scholar adventure! When you get home, remember to stay in touch via the Road Scholar Social Network; share memories, pictures, and comments about your recent travels.

Note: Participants with independent travel arrangements and/or scheduled on later flights can keep their hotel rooms until check-out time on this day. Except for breakfast, all other meals are on your own on this day.

Breakfast: At the local restaurant (dependent on flight times).

Meals Included: Breakfast

Important information about your itinerary:
Please know that while we do everything we can to finalize all aspects of our programs well in advance, there are logistics that occasionally must be altered. Our website will reflect the most recent information, and we are committed to providing you with final program details no later than eight weeks prior to the start of programs outside the U.S. and three weeks prior to the start of programs within the U.S. If you ever have questions about your program, please don't hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to assist you.

Our Value Promise To You

You won't find a better value.

Included
at no additional cost on this date ...
12 nights of accommodations
34 meals: 12 breakfasts, 11 lunches, 11 dinners
4 Expert-led lectures
15 Field trips
1 Hands-on experiences
3 Flights during the program

Ratings

4.9
Ratings are determined by participant evaluations.

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