Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo lies beneath Black Mesa at the confluence of the Rio Grande and the Rio Chama. This was the site of the first Spanish settlement in New Mexico in 1598 and birthplace of Po'Pay, who led the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
Ohkay Owingeh currently operates a number of prosperous businesses and is one of northern New Mexico's major employers. It is also home to many artists, particularly those who specialize in carved redware pottery.
With an active spiritual and ceremonial life, Ohkay Owingeh people have blended the strengths of the past with a promising future. This pueblo was first occupied in the late 12th century. When Don Juan de Onate led a band of settlers, soldiers, Mexican Indians and Franciscan priests into the area in 1598, he was so impressed with the industry and friendliness of the native people that he decided the site would serve as the first capital of the vast new Spanish territory of Nuevo Mexico, which stretched from Texas to the Pacific Ocean and north into Utah and Colorado. For 12 years, after the revolt in 1680, the pueblos were free of Spaniards, until Don Juan de Vargas reasserted Spanish control.
Today, Ohkay Owingeh continues to be a center of government. The largest of the six Tewa-speaking pueblos, it has more than 2000 members and covers 12,230 acres.Dinner: Dinner at a selected restaurantEvening: Bus returns to hotel by 9:00 PMLodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Santa FeMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Jemez's historic main village is closed to public, except on a handful of days, including Christmas.
Immigrants from the Four Corners region established settlements in the Jemez area between A.D. 1275 and 1350. When the Spanish first entered the area in 1541, they found half a dozen large, masonry pueblos, some as tall as five stories in some portions and containing more than three thousand rooms. These pueblos and hundreds of smaller living units are believed to have sheltered as many as thirty thousand persons in the 16th century. The people succumbed to superior Spanish weapons and Spanish-introduced diseases, and by the 18th century, the Jemez population had fallen to as few as three hundred survivors living in the current village.
Today, about 3400 tribal members engage in limited farming and livestock production. The residents also produce custom-cut vigas for homebuilding and lumber for furniture. They make a fine pottery with an oyster-white base and black geometric designs as well as black-on-red and black/red-on-tan work as well as jewelry, embroidery, belt-weaving and sculpture.
The village church, San Diego de Jemez Mission, was built around 1880 and extensively remodeled in the early 1990s.Lunch: Holiday luncheon at the Hotel Santa FeAfternoon: After lunch, depart for Tesuque Pueblo for more dances.Dinner: Light supper at the hotelEvening: Optional videoLodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Santa FeMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Bus then departs for trip to Santo Domingo Pueblo where you'll see the Corn Dance. One of the most populous yet least open of all NM pueblos, Santo Domingo is home to many talented artists who rely on contact with outside markets for their livelihood. Those who venture to the pueblo will discover an especially lovely Catholic church and a handful of fine arts and crafts shops. The pueblo is a Keres-speaking pueblo established in the 15th century by immigrants from villages atop the nearby Pajarito Plateau. After the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, residents fled to a nearby mesa-top stronghold for safety.
In 1692, Don Diego de Vargas stormed their mountain refuge and burned it as well as the pueblo. Around 1793, refugees from the pueblos of the Galisteo River drainage, ravaged by nomadic raiders and disease, moved into Santo Domingo. The pueblo's current village was apparently occupied about 1886.
Today, the tribe has a population of more than 4,500 people, two-thirds of whom live on the reservation. The pueblo is best known for its beadmakers, jewelers, and for its pottery. The Santo Domingo church also makes a memorable impression.
Bus departs for return to Santa Fe at 12:45 PM.Lunch: Lunch at a selected restaurantAfternoon: Free afternoon from 2:30 - 6:00 PMDinner: Dinner at the hotel at 6:00 PMEvening: Free eveningLodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Santa FeMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Both New Mexico State Museums, these sites offer extensive collections.
The MIAC features basketry, pottery, jewelry, rugs, and artifacts from Native American tribes of the southwest. The exhibits are beautifully displayed and described.
The Museum of International Folk Art features the enormous folk art collection of Alexander Girard, so creatively displayed, you could spend days in this facility enjoying folk art from all over the world.Lunch: Lunch at a selected restaurantAfternoon: Depart for dances at Cochiti Pueblo after lunch.
About eight centuries ago, ancestors of the Cochiti people settled down at an idyllic spot on the west bank of the Rio Grande in northern New Mexico. Over the centuries, the resourceful people created an elaborate network of acequias (irrigation ditches) that directed life-sustaining water from the mother river.
The Cochiti people are the northernmost speakers of the Keres language group. The foundations of today's pueblo village on the west bank of the Rio Grande below White Rock Canyon were, perhaps, established as early as A.D. 1225.
This would make Cochiti one of the oldest continually inhabited sites in North American and the oldest of the pueblos in the central Rio Grande Valley.
When a Spanish expedition moved through the area in 1581, the explorers found a village of some 230 homes clustered in a block two and three stories tall. The Cochiti people actively participated in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, but returned peacefully to their villages when De Vargas laid seige.
In the 1980s, a huge earthen dam was completed upstream from Cochiti by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The dam and its recreational areas bring many visitors to the area.
Today, the pueblo has more than 1300 residents. It is best known for pottery, storyteller figures and drummaking, and is home to some impressive painters and jewelers as well.Dinner: Dinner at the hotel from 6:00 to 7:00 PMEvening: Program closing
Lodging: DoubleTree by Hilton Santa FeMeals Included: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner